Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Acknowledgement : Information and pictorial illustrations to create  this work have been drawn from class notes,  prescri...
 The list of states of matter need not be in order. This presentation has all the states of matter and has a line or two ...
Solid It holds a rigid shape without a container.
Amorphous Solid A solid in which there is no long-range order  of the positions of the atoms.
Crystalline Solid A solid in which the constituent atoms,  molecules, or ions are packed in a regularly  ordered, repeati...
Plastic Crystal A molecular solid with long-range positional  order but with constituent molecules  retaining rotational ...
Liquid A mostly non-compressible fluid. Able to  conform to the shape of its container but  retaining a (nearly) constant...
String-Net Liquid Atoms in this state have apparently unstable  arrangement, like a liquid, but are still  consistent in ...
Liquid Crystal Properties intermediate between liquids and  crystals. Generally, able to flow like a liquid  but exhibiti...
Gas A compressible fluid. Not only will a gas  conform to the shape of its container but it  will also expand to fill the...
Super Critical Fluid At sufficiently high temperatures and  pressures the distinction between liquid and  gas disappears.
Plasma Free charged particles, usually in equal  numbers, such as ions and electrons. Unlike  gases, plasmas may self-gen...
Quantum Hall State A state that gives rise to quantized Hall  voltage measured in the direction  perpendicular to the cur...
Quantum Spin Hall State A theoretical phase that may pave the way  for the development of electronic devices  that dissip...
Bose Einstein Condensate A phase in which a large number of bosons all  inhabit the same quantum state, in effect  becomi...
Fermionic Condensate Similar to the Bose-Einstein condensate but  composed of fermions. The Pauli exclusion  principle pr...
Super Fluid A phase achieved by a few cryogenic liquids  at extreme temperature where they become  able to flow without f...
Super Solid Similar to a super fluid, a super solid is able to  move without friction but retains a rigid  shape.
Degenerate Matter Matter under very high pressure, supported  by the Pauli exclusion principle.
Electron Degenerate Matter Found inside white dwarf stars. Electrons  remain bound to atoms but are able to  transfer to ...
Neutron Degenerate Matter Found in Neutron stars. Vast gravitational  pressure compresses atoms so strongly that  the ele...
Strange Matter A type of quark matter that may exist inside  some neutron stars close to the Tolman  Oppenheimer Volkoff ...
Quark Gluon Plasma A phase in which quarks become free and  able to move independently (rather than  being perpetually bo...
Weakly Symmetric Matter For up to 10-12 seconds after the Big Bang the  strong, weak and electromagnetic forces  were uni...
Strongly Symmetric Matter For up to 10-36 seconds after the big bang the  energy density of the universe was so high  tha...
Thank You !!! Compiled By : Sudarshan.S.K. Mail Your Feedback And Suggestions For Improvement To : suddurocks@yahoo.in
States of matter
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

States of matter

2,024 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

States of matter

  1. 1. Acknowledgement : Information and pictorial illustrations to create this work have been drawn from class notes, prescribed text books and various internet resources. The author gratefully acknowledges the same. Any objections to the use of internet resources may please be indicated to suddurocks@yahoo.in so that the same can be removed from the illustrations used in this file. This presentation is created with the sole intention of benefitting a large number of student community. This may not be used for any commercial purpose.
  2. 2.  The list of states of matter need not be in order. This presentation has all the states of matter and has a line or two about each state of matter.
  3. 3. Solid It holds a rigid shape without a container.
  4. 4. Amorphous Solid A solid in which there is no long-range order of the positions of the atoms.
  5. 5. Crystalline Solid A solid in which the constituent atoms, molecules, or ions are packed in a regularly ordered, repeating pattern.
  6. 6. Plastic Crystal A molecular solid with long-range positional order but with constituent molecules retaining rotational freedom.
  7. 7. Liquid A mostly non-compressible fluid. Able to conform to the shape of its container but retaining a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
  8. 8. String-Net Liquid Atoms in this state have apparently unstable arrangement, like a liquid, but are still consistent in overall pattern, like a solid.
  9. 9. Liquid Crystal Properties intermediate between liquids and crystals. Generally, able to flow like a liquid but exhibiting long-range order.
  10. 10. Gas A compressible fluid. Not only will a gas conform to the shape of its container but it will also expand to fill the container.
  11. 11. Super Critical Fluid At sufficiently high temperatures and pressures the distinction between liquid and gas disappears.
  12. 12. Plasma Free charged particles, usually in equal numbers, such as ions and electrons. Unlike gases, plasmas may self-generate magnetic fields and electric currents, and respond strongly and collectively to electromagnetic forces.
  13. 13. Quantum Hall State A state that gives rise to quantized Hall voltage measured in the direction perpendicular to the current flow.
  14. 14. Quantum Spin Hall State A theoretical phase that may pave the way for the development of electronic devices that dissipate less energy and generate less heat. This is a derivation of the Quantum Hall state of matter.
  15. 15. Bose Einstein Condensate A phase in which a large number of bosons all inhabit the same quantum state, in effect becoming one single wave/particle.
  16. 16. Fermionic Condensate Similar to the Bose-Einstein condensate but composed of fermions. The Pauli exclusion principle prevents fermions from entering the same quantum state, but a pair of fermions can behave as a boson, and multiple such pairs can then enter the same quantum state without restriction.
  17. 17. Super Fluid A phase achieved by a few cryogenic liquids at extreme temperature where they become able to flow without friction A super fluid can flow up the side of an open container and down the outside. Placing a super fluid in a spinning container will result in quantized Vortices.
  18. 18. Super Solid Similar to a super fluid, a super solid is able to move without friction but retains a rigid shape.
  19. 19. Degenerate Matter Matter under very high pressure, supported by the Pauli exclusion principle.
  20. 20. Electron Degenerate Matter Found inside white dwarf stars. Electrons remain bound to atoms but are able to transfer to adjacent atoms.
  21. 21. Neutron Degenerate Matter Found in Neutron stars. Vast gravitational pressure compresses atoms so strongly that the electrons are forced to combine with protons via inverse beta-decay, resulting in a super dense conglomeration of neutrons.
  22. 22. Strange Matter A type of quark matter that may exist inside some neutron stars close to the Tolman Oppenheimer Volkoff limit (approximately 2 to 3 solar masses). May be stable at lower energy states once formed.
  23. 23. Quark Gluon Plasma A phase in which quarks become free and able to move independently (rather than being perpetually bound into particles) in a sea of gluons (subatomic particles that transmit the strong force that binds quarks together). May be briefly attainable in particle accelerators.
  24. 24. Weakly Symmetric Matter For up to 10-12 seconds after the Big Bang the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces were unified.
  25. 25. Strongly Symmetric Matter For up to 10-36 seconds after the big bang the energy density of the universe was so high that the four forces of nature : strong, weak, electromagnetic and gravitations and are thought to have been unified into one single force. As the universe expanded, the temperature and density dropped and the gravitational force separated, a process called Symmetry breaking.
  26. 26. Thank You !!! Compiled By : Sudarshan.S.K. Mail Your Feedback And Suggestions For Improvement To : suddurocks@yahoo.in

×