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Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
Key aspects of the different information systems
concerned with food security analysis
Magdi Latif
Regional Knowledge and Information Management Officer
Partnership, Advocacy and Capacity Development Department
Screen 2 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
INTRODUCTION
Decision makers need access to reliable
and up-to-date information on the overall
food security situation.
This lesson will help you to assess key
aspects of the different information
systems concerned with food security
analysis.
It also presents a ‘process’, which can be
adapted to take into account the country
specific context.
Screen 3 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
Information needs are continually changing:
the depth of information needs has
increased.
(There is more awareness of the linkages
between nutrition, food security and
livelihoods).
The need to understand the dynamic
aspects of food security has also increased.
The assessment process needs to examine the links between
the provision of information and its use.
Screen 4 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
Now it is also important to understand:
the institutional context and
capacities within which information
systems or networks operate;
the relationship between information
generation and action.
INFORMATION
GENERATION
In the past, the major focus of the development of Food Security
Information Systems has been on the technical aspects of
information systems.
Screen 5 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
In order to understand the relation between
information generation and action, an
assessment should also explain:INFORMATION
GENERATION
The decision making processes around food security actions
Who the key stakeholders and decision makers are
If and how information is used for making those decisions
To what extent the information provided is demand-driven, which
is an essential aspect for the sustainability of the FSIS.
Screen 6 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
Are in-country food security
information systems efficient,
effective and relevant to changing
circumstances?
The assessment process should answer important questions such as:
Do they meet information needs?
Screen 7 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
1) Assessing the demand for food security information
3) Comparing demand and supply to identify limitations,
overlaps and gaps
2) Assessing the existing supply of food security information
4) Assessing the institutional environment
5) Developing a strategy to strengthen the food security
information systems
Steps in this assessment process are:
Screen 8 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
Example.
The creation of a team to assess the national food security
information systems leading to the definition of a strategy and
operational work plan at country level.
This action plan should:
• focus on the key strengths and opportunities in the existing
systems that need to be protected and promoted, and
• prioritize the key weaknesses and constraints that need to be
addressed.
Who should be invited to participate in the team?
Screen 9 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT
The assessment will provide.
a common vision for the future orientation
and policy linkages of the information network;
options for coordination mechanisms.
This should lead to a consensus on:
how to improve the quality of information; and
how information can be better used.
(to guide the actions most relevant to different
country contexts).
Screen 10 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE DEMAND
STEP 1: Assessing the demand for food security information
Example: droughts and poverty – short term versus long term concerns
Note: Different food security interventions may be needed in countries where
food insecurity is primarily the consequence of recurrent shocks (such as
drought) as opposed to countries where chronic poverty is a primary cause of
hunger.
Different types of food security information will be needed to support decisions on
interventions.
Starting point: an analysis of the national food security situation.
By reviewing the incidence, nature and causes of food insecurity and
vulnerability, you should understand the priorities for food security
policy and programme formulation.
You should then identify the related information needs.
Screen 11 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE DEMAND
Different stakeholders may interpret and see food insecurity differently..
The needs expressed by the
stakeholders highlight different
food insecurity concerns.
It is necessary to establish a
consensus that accommodates all
valid perspectives.
Screen 12 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE DEMAND
The analysis of the national food security situation
should help to identify key areas of concern, where
food security interventions may be needed.
The assessment team must now determine:
who the key actors in responding to the food
security situation are; and
what their primary information needs as users of
the food security information system might be.
Screen 13 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE DEMAND
For more information, please see the Annex “Stakeholder analysis”.
It can help to identify and rank the main user groups.
• Policy makers & their advisers in government
• Government officials, parliamentarians and their technical
staff at the national/sub-national level
• Local government authorities
• Civil society
• The donor community
• Mass Media
• Researchers
• Training institutions
• Private sector
Who are the primary users of a food security information system?
The demand for information comes from a diverse group of stakeholders:
Screen 14 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE DEMAND
The team will then need to identify and prioritize the major types
of information that these user groups require.
Information priorities for different user groups
User groups Information priorities
& frequency
How adequate and
accessible is current
information
Primary Users
e.g. Policy
makers
Secondary
Group
e.g. Mass Media
Tertiary Group
e.g. Civil Society
The information captured during the discussion can be presented
in a table:
Screen 15 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE SUPPLY
You need to assess:
quality,
timing, and
format
in which food security
information is made
available in the country.
STEP 2: Assessing the existing supply of food security information
Screen 16 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE SUPPLY
Make a general inventory
of existing food security
data and information.
In fact, each country will
have different types of
information systems,
generating different
information products,
which need to be described.
Screen 17 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE SUPPLY
For each of the providers of food security-related data and information identified,
the following assessment criteria should be covered:
Purpose for which data and information is collected or analyzed
Coverage and level of disaggregation
Types of data collected
Periodicity and coverage of data collection
Data management procedures
Information products
Means of communication
Main users
Financing arrangements
Strengths and weaknesses
Please see Annex “Data Sheet”, to look at an example on how to record this information.
Screen 18 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
COMPARING INFORMATION DEMAND WITH SUPPLY
The assessment team should analyze the information produced against
the articulated users’ information needs.
This analysis should answer the following key questions:
STEP 3: Comparing demand and supply to identify limitations,
overlaps and gaps.
Is data/information missing and/or overlapping?
What are the limitations of the information
supplied to the users?
Is the data/information appropriate to the users’
needs?
Screen 19 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
User-Producer Matrix
Name of
information
system
Output
generated
What are the user
groups’
information needs?
Is it
appropriate to
the users’
needs?
Identified
Information
system
e.g. Nutrition
Identified
Information
system
e.g. Health
A matrix can bring together the results of the demand side analysis
with the supply side analysis:
COMPARING INFORMATION DEMAND WITH SUPPLY
Screen 20 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
The team looks at institutional roles and responsibilities.
An analysis of the institutional environment should consider:
STEP 4: Assessing the institutional environment
The institutional mandates
Mechanisms for Information sharing
The degree of integrated analysis among institutions
Screen 21 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
An assessment of institutional mandates and inter-institutional
linkages will reveal gaps and/or duplication in roles and activities.
Please see Annex “Institutional Mechanisms and Mandates ”, for a checklist of questions can help
you analyze institutional mandates and inter-institutional linkages.
Which institutions have a mandate for food security policy
development and implementation of food security activities?
Is there is an institution that has the mandate to serve as the
focal point for food security activities?
Is inter-sectoral work seen to add value to the work of individual
institutions?
Screen 22 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
Given the cross-sectoral nature of
food security issues,
information should be shared
among institutions for integrated
food security analysis.
ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Mechanisms for
Information sharing
Please see Annex “Information sharing among institutions and organizations ”, for a checklist of
questions can help you analyze the degree of information sharing and the constraints to improved
cooperation.
Screen 23 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
Even if there is a culture of information sharing, there is still a
requirement to provide an integrated analysis.
ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Integrated analysis
Please see Annex “Integrated analysis for food security information ”, for a checklist of questions
can help you assess the current arrangements for joint analysis and identify opportunities for
improving this collaboration.
Screen 24 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
DEVELOPING A STRATEGY
All the previous steps in the process should provide the basic
material to develop a strategy to strengthen national food
security information systems.
STEP 5: Developing a strategy to strengthen food security
information systems
Please see Annex “SWOC analysis ”, for more information.
One useful tool for synthesizing the evidence gathered and drawing out
recommendations is to conduct a SWOC analysis.
Screen 25 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
Recurrent themes from assessments in many countries have
been identified. These include:
Institutional constraints
Technical constraints
Financial constraints
Lack of political commitment
Examples of possible activities might include:
•Institutional changes to achieve greater integration within and
across sectors and ministries
•Initiatives in the areas of data collections & management
•Use of new technology
•Human capacity building
•Investments in new equipment and software
DEVELOPING A STRATEGY
Screen 26 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
The successful implementation of such a strategy for strengthening food
security information systems is highly dependent on
the commitment of key political decision-makers to provide
adequate and continued support.
DEVELOPING A STRATEGY
Key components of a strategy to strengthen FSIS include defining:
• A priority set of data and information outputs, coverage, and
periodicity
• An institutional framework and coordination mechanisms
• An action plan, budget and identification of available resources
Screen 27 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
EXAMPLES OF FSIS ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
A typical assessment report might include the following sections:
Background and introduction
Summary of situation analysis of food
security and vulnerability concerns
Users’ information needs
Institutional mandates for food
security and vulnerability information
Inventory of stakeholders:
information producers and users
Priority gaps and weaknesses in
meeting priority information needs
You may look at examples
from Lesotho, Samoa, Fiji
(pdf documents) to see how food
security information systems
have been analyzed, and the
type of recommendations that
have been made.
Screen 28 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
SUMMARY
An assessment of a food security information system should start by
analyzing the overall food security situation in the country and identifying the
range of stakeholders with the power and interest to improve food security.
You need to examine what data and information these users need to support
their decision making.
Next you should make an inventory of data and information provided by
existing information systems, assessing quality, timing and format.
A comparison of the users’ information needs with the supply of data and
information will identify gaps, overlaps and redundancies.
You should also consider institutional mandates and inter-institutional
linkages, and the opportunities for integrated analysis.
This assessment should then form the basis for developing a strategy to
strengthen the food security information systems and/or networks.
Screen 29 of 29
Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks
Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
At the end of this lesson you will be able to:
identify the steps needed to assess different information systems
concerned with food security analysis, in terms of their relevance
and performance; and
understand how to take advantage of identified strengths and how to
address weaknesses in the food security information systems (FSIS).

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key aspects of the different information systems presentation

  • 1. Screen 1 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems Key aspects of the different information systems concerned with food security analysis Magdi Latif Regional Knowledge and Information Management Officer Partnership, Advocacy and Capacity Development Department
  • 2. Screen 2 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems INTRODUCTION Decision makers need access to reliable and up-to-date information on the overall food security situation. This lesson will help you to assess key aspects of the different information systems concerned with food security analysis. It also presents a ‘process’, which can be adapted to take into account the country specific context.
  • 3. Screen 3 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT Information needs are continually changing: the depth of information needs has increased. (There is more awareness of the linkages between nutrition, food security and livelihoods). The need to understand the dynamic aspects of food security has also increased. The assessment process needs to examine the links between the provision of information and its use.
  • 4. Screen 4 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT Now it is also important to understand: the institutional context and capacities within which information systems or networks operate; the relationship between information generation and action. INFORMATION GENERATION In the past, the major focus of the development of Food Security Information Systems has been on the technical aspects of information systems.
  • 5. Screen 5 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT In order to understand the relation between information generation and action, an assessment should also explain:INFORMATION GENERATION The decision making processes around food security actions Who the key stakeholders and decision makers are If and how information is used for making those decisions To what extent the information provided is demand-driven, which is an essential aspect for the sustainability of the FSIS.
  • 6. Screen 6 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT Are in-country food security information systems efficient, effective and relevant to changing circumstances? The assessment process should answer important questions such as: Do they meet information needs?
  • 7. Screen 7 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT 1) Assessing the demand for food security information 3) Comparing demand and supply to identify limitations, overlaps and gaps 2) Assessing the existing supply of food security information 4) Assessing the institutional environment 5) Developing a strategy to strengthen the food security information systems Steps in this assessment process are:
  • 8. Screen 8 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT Example. The creation of a team to assess the national food security information systems leading to the definition of a strategy and operational work plan at country level. This action plan should: • focus on the key strengths and opportunities in the existing systems that need to be protected and promoted, and • prioritize the key weaknesses and constraints that need to be addressed. Who should be invited to participate in the team?
  • 9. Screen 9 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems PLANNING THE ASSESSMENT The assessment will provide. a common vision for the future orientation and policy linkages of the information network; options for coordination mechanisms. This should lead to a consensus on: how to improve the quality of information; and how information can be better used. (to guide the actions most relevant to different country contexts).
  • 10. Screen 10 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE DEMAND STEP 1: Assessing the demand for food security information Example: droughts and poverty – short term versus long term concerns Note: Different food security interventions may be needed in countries where food insecurity is primarily the consequence of recurrent shocks (such as drought) as opposed to countries where chronic poverty is a primary cause of hunger. Different types of food security information will be needed to support decisions on interventions. Starting point: an analysis of the national food security situation. By reviewing the incidence, nature and causes of food insecurity and vulnerability, you should understand the priorities for food security policy and programme formulation. You should then identify the related information needs.
  • 11. Screen 11 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE DEMAND Different stakeholders may interpret and see food insecurity differently.. The needs expressed by the stakeholders highlight different food insecurity concerns. It is necessary to establish a consensus that accommodates all valid perspectives.
  • 12. Screen 12 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE DEMAND The analysis of the national food security situation should help to identify key areas of concern, where food security interventions may be needed. The assessment team must now determine: who the key actors in responding to the food security situation are; and what their primary information needs as users of the food security information system might be.
  • 13. Screen 13 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE DEMAND For more information, please see the Annex “Stakeholder analysis”. It can help to identify and rank the main user groups. • Policy makers & their advisers in government • Government officials, parliamentarians and their technical staff at the national/sub-national level • Local government authorities • Civil society • The donor community • Mass Media • Researchers • Training institutions • Private sector Who are the primary users of a food security information system? The demand for information comes from a diverse group of stakeholders:
  • 14. Screen 14 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE DEMAND The team will then need to identify and prioritize the major types of information that these user groups require. Information priorities for different user groups User groups Information priorities & frequency How adequate and accessible is current information Primary Users e.g. Policy makers Secondary Group e.g. Mass Media Tertiary Group e.g. Civil Society The information captured during the discussion can be presented in a table:
  • 15. Screen 15 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE SUPPLY You need to assess: quality, timing, and format in which food security information is made available in the country. STEP 2: Assessing the existing supply of food security information
  • 16. Screen 16 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE SUPPLY Make a general inventory of existing food security data and information. In fact, each country will have different types of information systems, generating different information products, which need to be described.
  • 17. Screen 17 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE SUPPLY For each of the providers of food security-related data and information identified, the following assessment criteria should be covered: Purpose for which data and information is collected or analyzed Coverage and level of disaggregation Types of data collected Periodicity and coverage of data collection Data management procedures Information products Means of communication Main users Financing arrangements Strengths and weaknesses Please see Annex “Data Sheet”, to look at an example on how to record this information.
  • 18. Screen 18 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems COMPARING INFORMATION DEMAND WITH SUPPLY The assessment team should analyze the information produced against the articulated users’ information needs. This analysis should answer the following key questions: STEP 3: Comparing demand and supply to identify limitations, overlaps and gaps. Is data/information missing and/or overlapping? What are the limitations of the information supplied to the users? Is the data/information appropriate to the users’ needs?
  • 19. Screen 19 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems User-Producer Matrix Name of information system Output generated What are the user groups’ information needs? Is it appropriate to the users’ needs? Identified Information system e.g. Nutrition Identified Information system e.g. Health A matrix can bring together the results of the demand side analysis with the supply side analysis: COMPARING INFORMATION DEMAND WITH SUPPLY
  • 20. Screen 20 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT The team looks at institutional roles and responsibilities. An analysis of the institutional environment should consider: STEP 4: Assessing the institutional environment The institutional mandates Mechanisms for Information sharing The degree of integrated analysis among institutions
  • 21. Screen 21 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT An assessment of institutional mandates and inter-institutional linkages will reveal gaps and/or duplication in roles and activities. Please see Annex “Institutional Mechanisms and Mandates ”, for a checklist of questions can help you analyze institutional mandates and inter-institutional linkages. Which institutions have a mandate for food security policy development and implementation of food security activities? Is there is an institution that has the mandate to serve as the focal point for food security activities? Is inter-sectoral work seen to add value to the work of individual institutions?
  • 22. Screen 22 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems Given the cross-sectoral nature of food security issues, information should be shared among institutions for integrated food security analysis. ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT Mechanisms for Information sharing Please see Annex “Information sharing among institutions and organizations ”, for a checklist of questions can help you analyze the degree of information sharing and the constraints to improved cooperation.
  • 23. Screen 23 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems Even if there is a culture of information sharing, there is still a requirement to provide an integrated analysis. ASSESSING THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT Integrated analysis Please see Annex “Integrated analysis for food security information ”, for a checklist of questions can help you assess the current arrangements for joint analysis and identify opportunities for improving this collaboration.
  • 24. Screen 24 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems DEVELOPING A STRATEGY All the previous steps in the process should provide the basic material to develop a strategy to strengthen national food security information systems. STEP 5: Developing a strategy to strengthen food security information systems Please see Annex “SWOC analysis ”, for more information. One useful tool for synthesizing the evidence gathered and drawing out recommendations is to conduct a SWOC analysis.
  • 25. Screen 25 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems Recurrent themes from assessments in many countries have been identified. These include: Institutional constraints Technical constraints Financial constraints Lack of political commitment Examples of possible activities might include: •Institutional changes to achieve greater integration within and across sectors and ministries •Initiatives in the areas of data collections & management •Use of new technology •Human capacity building •Investments in new equipment and software DEVELOPING A STRATEGY
  • 26. Screen 26 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems The successful implementation of such a strategy for strengthening food security information systems is highly dependent on the commitment of key political decision-makers to provide adequate and continued support. DEVELOPING A STRATEGY Key components of a strategy to strengthen FSIS include defining: • A priority set of data and information outputs, coverage, and periodicity • An institutional framework and coordination mechanisms • An action plan, budget and identification of available resources
  • 27. Screen 27 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems EXAMPLES OF FSIS ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS A typical assessment report might include the following sections: Background and introduction Summary of situation analysis of food security and vulnerability concerns Users’ information needs Institutional mandates for food security and vulnerability information Inventory of stakeholders: information producers and users Priority gaps and weaknesses in meeting priority information needs You may look at examples from Lesotho, Samoa, Fiji (pdf documents) to see how food security information systems have been analyzed, and the type of recommendations that have been made.
  • 28. Screen 28 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems SUMMARY An assessment of a food security information system should start by analyzing the overall food security situation in the country and identifying the range of stakeholders with the power and interest to improve food security. You need to examine what data and information these users need to support their decision making. Next you should make an inventory of data and information provided by existing information systems, assessing quality, timing and format. A comparison of the users’ information needs with the supply of data and information will identify gaps, overlaps and redundancies. You should also consider institutional mandates and inter-institutional linkages, and the opportunities for integrated analysis. This assessment should then form the basis for developing a strategy to strengthen the food security information systems and/or networks.
  • 29. Screen 29 of 29 Unit: Food Security Information Systems and Networks Lesson 3: Improving Food Security Information Systems LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson you will be able to: identify the steps needed to assess different information systems concerned with food security analysis, in terms of their relevance and performance; and understand how to take advantage of identified strengths and how to address weaknesses in the food security information systems (FSIS).