Answers Geography Quiz

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Answers Geography Quiz

  1. 1. Geography – The Fundas
  2. 2. 1. XXXX is a seasonal shift in the prevailing wind direction, that usually brings with it a different kind of weather. The persistent wind flow is driven by a warm air mass with low pressure at the surface that forms over the continent as it is warmed by the sun. Air from the relatively higher pressure air mass over the ocean flows toward the low pressure over land. Monsoon
  3. 3. 2. What are El Nino and La Nina commonly associated with, besides natural disasters? El Nino is associated with warming of surface waters in Eastern Pacific and La Nina is associated with cooling of surface waters in Eastern Pacific.
  4. 4. 3. What are Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn? The tropics are the two imaginary lines where the sun is directly overhead at noon on the two solstices - near June and December 21. The sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Cancer on June 21 (the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere) and the sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Capricorn on December 21 (the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere).
  5. 5. 4. What is a peninsula? A peninsula is a land mass that juts out into the sea, or is surrounded by water on three sides.
  6. 6. 5. This soil is formed from the deposition of silt carried by rivers and is found e.g., in the Great Northern plains from Punjab to the Assam valley. Name the soil. Alluvial Soil
  7. 7. 6. What is an Isthmus? An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas. The Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North and South America (the Americas), and the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt connects Africa and Asia (or Eurasia).
  8. 8. 7. What are Trade Winds? The trade winds (also called trades) are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator. The trade winds blow predominantly from the northeast in the Northern Hemisphere and from the southeast in the Southern Hemisphere, strengthening during the winter and when the Arctic oscillation is in its warm phase. Historically, the trade winds have been used by captains of sailing ships to cross the world's oceans for centuries; and enabled European empire expansion into the Americas, and trade routes to become established across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
  9. 9. Geography – India
  10. 10. 8. India is supposed to have been formed after separation from which prehistoric super continent? India is entirely contained on the Indian Plate, a major tectonic plate that was formed when it split off from the ancient continent Gondwanaland.
  11. 11. 9. Deccan plateau is typically made of which rock? Igneous rock – Basalt / Granite
  12. 12. 10. How is the southernmost point in the Indian main land, Kanyakumari , also known as? Cape Comorin, Tamil Nadu, 8.06890°N 77.55230°E
  13. 13. 11. Which is the highest fully contained mountain in India? Nanda Devi, 7816 m, Uttaranchal
  14. 14. 12. Which river is known as Yarlung Zangbo too? Brahmaputra
  15. 15. 13. Which imaginary line passes through India? Tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn. Tropic of Cancer
  16. 16. 14. Which part of India is known as the Coromandel Coast? The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula.
  17. 17. 15. Which is largest river island in India? Majuli Island in Assam is the largest river Island in India. Majuli is in the Brahmaputra River, and is about 200 kilometres east from Guwahati, the capital of Assam. Majuli was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit. The total area of the island was 1250 sq.km but due to erosion its present area is 557 sq km.
  18. 18. 16. What is Chilka lake? Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake) is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the World. A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt or brackish water separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed barrier beach, sandbank of marine origin, coral reef, or similar feature.
  19. 19. 17. Which river is called the Sorrow of Bihar? Kosi
  20. 20. 18. What connects Bay of Bengal to Gulf of Mannar? The Palk Strait is a 40-85 mi (64-137 km) wide strait that lies between India's Tamil Nadu state and the island nation of Sri Lanka. It connects the Bay of Bengal to the northeast with the Gulf of Mannar to the south. The strait receives several rivers, most notably the Vaigai River of Tamil Nadu.
  21. 21. Geography – The World
  22. 22. 19. Which world famous trees are these?
  23. 23. 20. Which is the highest mountain in South America? Aconcagua, 6962 m, Argentina
  24. 24. 21. Which ocean has the deepest place on earth, Challenger Deep - Mariana Trench at 10,923 m? Pacific Ocean
  25. 25. 22. Which is the world's highest volcano? Ojos del Salado, 6893 m, Catamarca, Argentina - Atacama, Chile
  26. 26. 23. Which is the largest land locked country in the world? Kazakhstan, 2727300 sq km
  27. 27. 24. Which is the largest inland sea / lake in the world? Caspian Sea, 371000 sq km
  28. 28. 25. Which is the largest sea in the world? South China Sea, 2974600 sq km
  29. 29. 26. Which is the world's largest peninsula? Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen and is surrounded by the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf
  30. 30. 27. Which is the longest line of latitude on the earth? Equator
  31. 31. 28. Which world famous geographical feature is this?
  32. 32. 29. Which is the world's largest glacier outside polar and sub polar regions? Siachen Glacier has the distinction of being the largest glacier outside the polar and the sub-polar regions. It is also the largest glacier in India. Siachen glacier is 75.6 km long and 2.8 km wide.
  33. 33. 30. What world famous geographical feature is this? Tropic of Cancer
  34. 34. Extra
  35. 35. 31. What is an estuary? An estuary is a partly enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and ocean environments and are subject to both marine influences, such as tides, waves, and the influx of saline water; and riverine influences, such as flows of fresh water and sediment. The inflow of both seawater and freshwater provide high levels of nutrients in both the water column and sediment, making estuaries among the most productive natural habitats in the world

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