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Literature review

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Literature review

  1. 1. Literature Review How your research fits into the general context and helps explore a question. Background Gaps / possible further research questions My research question ? ? ? ? Research Proposal or Thesis or Research Project Themes, findings, theories, debates, focus on area etc. Literature Review Types Unanswered questions, conflicting findings etc. Literature Review Assignment Lit Review Method Results Discussion Etc. Continues or stops here
  2. 2. Literature Review Literature Review Process Purpose Start Reading Manage Your Notes Focused Reading Writing
  3. 3. Literature Review Literature Review Structure General context Gaps My research Themes, findings, theories, debates, focus on area etc. Unanswered questions, conflicting findings etc. How your research fits into the general context and helps explore a question. The proportion of these depends on your topic and level
  4. 4. Literature Review Literature Review Purpose • Learn what has been done – main: findings, debates, authors, theories etc. • Find what interests you most – define focus • Find a way of looking at the area – theories / perspectives • Find unanswered questions your research could look at • Get ideas for your research method • Justify what you will research and how you research it For You
  5. 5. Literature Review Literature Review Purpose • Understand what has been done before in the area • See where the unanswered questions are • Know how your study will help explore the question • Know how your study fits with previous findings and theories For Your Reader
  6. 6. Literature Review Literature Review Start Reading • Note taking system • Note where you found it • Place in file system • Note good examples of writing • Notice more key words, authors, sources, theories etc. • Might you go in a new direction? •Skim (is it useful?) •Print •Highlight •Understand main topics • Key words • Introductions • Authors • Theories Search Read Generally Note & File Reflect
  7. 7. Literature Review Literature Review Manage Your Notes Find In your sources Collect In your note system Use In your draft • Highlights • Summaries • Questions etc. • Note pages • Endnote etc. • Mind maps etc. • Introduction • Method • Justify your research
  8. 8. Literature Review Literature Review Focused Reading • Quotes • Paraphrase • What other readings are similar? • File sources in alphabetical order • Where in your draft could you use this source? • Does this give you a new direction? • Read in more detail • Look for particular points closely related to your area • Critically evaluate • Specific focus on ideas & methods Search Read Critically Note & File Reflect
  9. 9. Literature Review Literature Review Writing • Write regularly • Write fresh • Include time to ‘let it sit’, then come back Block time • Look at your notes • Look at exemplars • Design the sections Outline • General background: key ideas, terms, etc. • Focus area: theory, methods, findings, etc. • Your research: why, how, expectations, etc. Write sections • Add new things you find later • Delete what becomes irrelevant • Check structure & flow Edit Getfeedback!Getfeedback!
  10. 10. Literature Review Literature Review Links • Easy writing style • Boxes with good practice, common pitfalls • Covers key aspects of literature reviews • Available online at Unitec Library • Easy writing style • Covers study skills for literature reviews • Good examples of note taking • Covers key aspects of literature reviews • Available online at Unitec Library

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