#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen

Lecture – ViennaOpen 2013
“Open Design, Open Knowledge, Open Crafts”
Shared under CC-...
WHO we are

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHO we are
industrial designers

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
What’s an industrial designer today?

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
"Today, industrial design has put murder on
a mass-production basis. [...] by creating
whole new species of permanent garb...
WHAT we do

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHAT we do
workshops

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHAT we do
workshops
urban regeneration

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
Innovazione Sociale in brevissimo

workshops
urban regeneration
social innovation

INFRASTRUCTURES /
URBAN REGENERATION

V...
ESA

PR

TESTO
CON

M

RIO
ITO
RR
TE

WHAT we do

workshops
ECONOMIA
LOCALE urban regeneration
social innovation
self-cons...
WHAT we do
workshops
urban regeneration
social innovation
self-construction
searching for sustainability
#opencrafts
#open...
WHO we are
industrial designers?

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHO we are
industrial designers?
“eco” designers?

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHO we are
industrial designers?
“eco” designers?
odd craftsmans?
#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHO we are
industrial designers?
“eco” designers?
odd craftsmans?
new age educators??
#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
WHO we are
industrial designers?
“eco” designers?
odd craftsmans?
new age educators??
#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
"Today, industrial design has put murder on a mass-production basis.
[...] by creating whole new species of permanent garb...
What’s next?

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
The paradigm shift
Quantity

Quality

Product

Process
#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
Before

After
R

>
rces
u
so
e

Pollution

?

Pollution

RELATIONS

Pollution

Ga

Waste

rba

PRODUCTION
RELATIONS

ge
Ga...
The preconditions of the current system
1 It’s not possible to stop the input flow
of raw material in any way
2 It’s not p...
R

rces
ou
es

After

Pollution

Pollution
Pollution

Ga

Waste

rba

ge
Ga

Waste

rba

USE

RE

LA

TI

ON

S

?

ge

DI...
Bad designs: Chipboard and PET

credits: D-Kuru / de.wikipedia.org / CC-BY-SA

credits: nicole gordine / en.wikipedia.org ...
New theories for sustainable
production/living
Cradle to Cradle, Ecodesign, Systemic
Design, Natural Capitalism, Degrowth....
Many differences, but some shared
common principles
1 The outputs of a process are the inputs for another
2 The system is ...
Makers, DIY addicts, self-producing designers,
artisans and so on are all contributing to the shift
from a semi-decentrali...
This is the context in which
OpenCrafts starts.

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
Definitions of craft

source: Wiktionary

1 Ability, dexterity, skill in making
plan and carrying the into
execution; dext...
Etymology of craft
source: Wiktionary

from Old English cræft:
strenght, might, courage, skill, art, ability
from Proto-Ge...
Definitions of craft

source: Wiktionary

3 The members of a trade collectively, guild.
A guild is an association based on...
Guilds had a rigid gradation of social ranks,
hindered technological innovation, locked their
knowledge into secrets and h...
Free market allowed more flexible social
structures and easier know-how diffusion,
promoting innovation instead of blockin...
Approach comparison

Guildlike

Free market

Open

Vertical, highly hierarchical
centralized structure

Vertical, hierarch...
OpenCrafts’ aim
Open the traditionally closed crafts and
integrate them with the new,
while pursuing sustainability

#open...
OpenCrafts’ tools
Open, collaborative approach
Open, free culture license (CC-BY-SA)
Community-generated content
Upcycling...
Upcycling?

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
"Recycling," he said, "I call it downcycling. They smash bricks, they
smash everything. What we need is upcycling - where ...
Upcycling, the practice of converting waste materials into products
of greater value, is a philosophy that transforms the ...
The Cradle to Cradle approach
product

use

disposal

Technical Nutrients
BiologicaI Nutrients

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#v...
Approach A

Approach C

Upcycling!

Approch B

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
A quick focus on pallet’s lifecycle
Landfill

E.O.L.

End of Life

Downcycling

#opencrafts
#opendesign
#viennaopen
LANDFILL

METAL (nails, other parts)

WOOD
SHAVINGS

DOWNCYCLING

PELLET

METAL (nails, other parts)

WOOD
SHAVINGS

glues...
An example:
Reinventing Wiener Werkstaette
Purkersdorf chair
by Josef Hoffmann
creating new value and benefits
through upc...
Why Wiener Werkstaette?
1 We are in Vienna :)
2 They opposed the newborn industry
3 They wanted to realize the Gesamtkunst...
Why... pallets?
1 Pallets are not the “best” packaging material
to work with: you can find many kind of better
suited wood...
Start from Step 1
design an object to be durable
and easy to dismantle or dispose, according
to the raw material available...
Step 2
dismantle the pallet(s)

Benefits: retrieve the metal that will go back
to its technical cycle as technical nutrien...
Step 3
clean and smooth the wood

Benefits: obtain a semifinished product that
reveals its own aestethical properties and ...
Step 4
make/assemble the object or, alternatively,
a series of that objects
Benefits: obtain unique objects, each with its...
EOL
the objects is broken, or becomes too old

Benefits: dismantle the object to reuse the wood and
the screws, or repair ...
We designed something that
1
2
3
4
5

Is not a threat to the environment
Is not a threat to the humankind
Is long-lasting
...
Next challenges?
1 Extend and integrate these key concepts
into the new emerging technologies such as
digital fabrication
...
From the last week we are designin an open
ebook with instruction to re-do the work
done in this workshop days. The aim of...
We’re working with Edilpaglia to share
knowledge and know-how about GREB
building tecnique and Permaculture.

#opencrafts
...
We’re in contact with the Open Design +
Hardware group, which is developing the
Open Design Definition on Github.

design....
We’re always searching for associations,
groups, partners, fablab and others to
let OpenCrafts grow, setting free
together...
It was the last slide, so...

Is there any question?
(and many thanks for the patience!)

To download these slides and the...
Upcoming SlideShare
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Opencrafts slides superfluo_viennaopen_v01alpha

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Self construction, digital fabrication and crafts: the relation between these and more topics, trying to introduce OpenCrafts as a knowledge and know-how repository able to find a matching point between the old and the new.

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Opencrafts slides superfluo_viennaopen_v01alpha

  1. 1. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen Lecture – ViennaOpen 2013 “Open Design, Open Knowledge, Open Crafts” Shared under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license Credits: Francesco Fortino, Studio SUPERFLUO Version 0.1alpha Ecodesign, Research & Social Innovation
  2. 2. WHO we are #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  3. 3. WHO we are industrial designers #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  4. 4. What’s an industrial designer today? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  5. 5. "Today, industrial design has put murder on a mass-production basis. [...] by creating whole new species of permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape, and by choosing materials and processes that pollute the air we breathe, designers have become a dangerous breed.” Victor Papanek, designer and educator “Design for the real world: Human Ecology and Social Change”, 1972 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  6. 6. WHAT we do #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  7. 7. WHAT we do workshops #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  8. 8. WHAT we do workshops urban regeneration #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  9. 9. Innovazione Sociale in brevissimo workshops urban regeneration social innovation INFRASTRUCTURES / URBAN REGENERATION VAL UE SA N WHAT we do C COMMITMENT, SHARING AND COMMON LIFE LS OO T D SOCIAL EQUITY ECOLOGY UPCYCLING IDEE DIGITAL FABRICATION JOBS SOCIAL INNOVATION SHARED PRODUCTS GARDENS ECONOMY Cash-in/Products-out flow MANAGEMENT ECONOMICA SUSTAINABIL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  10. 10. ESA PR TESTO CON M RIO ITO RR TE WHAT we do workshops ECONOMIA LOCALE urban regeneration social innovation self-construction #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  11. 11. WHAT we do workshops urban regeneration social innovation self-construction searching for sustainability #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  12. 12. WHO we are industrial designers? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  13. 13. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  14. 14. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  15. 15. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? new age educators?? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  16. 16. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? new age educators?? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  17. 17. "Today, industrial design has put murder on a mass-production basis. [...] by creating whole new species of permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape, and by choosing materials and processes that pollute the air we breathe, designers have become a dangerous breed.” Victor Papanek, designer and educator “Design for the real world: Human Ecology and Social Change”, 1972 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  18. 18. What’s next? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  19. 19. The paradigm shift Quantity Quality Product Process #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  20. 20. Before After R > rces u so e Pollution ? Pollution RELATIONS Pollution Ga Waste rba PRODUCTION RELATIONS ge Ga Waste rba ? USAGE RELATIONS RE TI LA RELATIONS USE ON S ? ge DISPOSAL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  21. 21. The preconditions of the current system 1 It’s not possible to stop the input flow of raw material in any way 2 It’s not possible to stop the output flow of product in any way 3 The only significant output of the factory is the product #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  22. 22. R rces ou es After Pollution Pollution Pollution Ga Waste rba ge Ga Waste rba USE RE LA TI ON S ? ge DISPOSAL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  23. 23. Bad designs: Chipboard and PET credits: D-Kuru / de.wikipedia.org / CC-BY-SA credits: nicole gordine / en.wikipedia.org / CC-BY-SA #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  24. 24. New theories for sustainable production/living Cradle to Cradle, Ecodesign, Systemic Design, Natural Capitalism, Degrowth... #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  25. 25. Many differences, but some shared common principles 1 The outputs of a process are the inputs for another 2 The system is based on balanced and peer relations 3 The system is auto-poietic: it’s self-generating and co-evolve with the territory 4 The system is local: it’s based on its cultural, human, and material resources 5 Society is the centre of the system, designing for the humankind and not for the economy #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  26. 26. Makers, DIY addicts, self-producing designers, artisans and so on are all contributing to the shift from a semi-decentralized model to a distributed, shared one, made beetween (almost) peers. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  27. 27. This is the context in which OpenCrafts starts. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  28. 28. Definitions of craft source: Wiktionary 1 Ability, dexterity, skill in making plan and carrying the into execution; dexterity in managing affairs, adroitness; practical scunning. 2 (obsolete) Strenght, power, might. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  29. 29. Etymology of craft source: Wiktionary from Old English cræft: strenght, might, courage, skill, art, ability from Proto-Germanic kraftaz: power cognate with Dutch kracht; German kraft; Swedish kraft; Icelandic kraftur: strenght, force, power #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  30. 30. Definitions of craft source: Wiktionary 3 The members of a trade collectively, guild. A guild is an association based on its trade. The guilds centralized power and control over production and knowledge during the 16th century. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  31. 31. Guilds had a rigid gradation of social ranks, hindered technological innovation, locked their knowledge into secrets and had a high oppressor/oppressed ratio. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  32. 32. Free market allowed more flexible social structures and easier know-how diffusion, promoting innovation instead of blocking it. It was more OPEN. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  33. 33. Approach comparison Guildlike Free market Open Vertical, highly hierarchical centralized structure Vertical, hierarchical semi-decentralized structure Horizontal, almost non-hierarchical mesh structure Secret, one-discipline Private over public, multi-disciplinary Public, multi-disciplinary Hinders innovation, creativity & self-initiative Based on innovation, creativity & self-initiative but protects private use Shares innovation, creativity and knowledge, promotes self-initiative #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  34. 34. OpenCrafts’ aim Open the traditionally closed crafts and integrate them with the new, while pursuing sustainability #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  35. 35. OpenCrafts’ tools Open, collaborative approach Open, free culture license (CC-BY-SA) Community-generated content Upcycling as design method #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  36. 36. Upcycling? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  37. 37. "Recycling," he said, "I call it downcycling. They smash bricks, they smash everything. What we need is upcycling - where old products are given more value, not less." Reiner Pilz, enterpreneur interview for Salvo, german magazine on architecture and design, 1994 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  38. 38. Upcycling, the practice of converting waste materials into products of greater value, is a philosophy that transforms the way we conceive of waste. Upcycling is not just a solution to a problem, but a new method of thinking about and working with an asset (formerly known as garbage) which is already present in abundance in our communities. Gunter Pauli, Economist, enterpreneur and environmentalist from “Upsizing”, later translated with “Upcycling”, 1996 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  39. 39. The Cradle to Cradle approach product use disposal Technical Nutrients BiologicaI Nutrients #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  40. 40. Approach A Approach C Upcycling! Approch B #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  41. 41. A quick focus on pallet’s lifecycle Landfill E.O.L. End of Life Downcycling #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  42. 42. LANDFILL METAL (nails, other parts) WOOD SHAVINGS DOWNCYCLING PELLET METAL (nails, other parts) WOOD SHAVINGS glues fire-retardant agents antimould agents antifungine agents other chemicals CHIPBOARD! #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  43. 43. An example: Reinventing Wiener Werkstaette Purkersdorf chair by Josef Hoffmann creating new value and benefits through upcycling #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  44. 44. Why Wiener Werkstaette? 1 We are in Vienna :) 2 They opposed the newborn industry 3 They wanted to realize the Gesamtkunstwerk, the total work of art 4 but... they followed an old, closed production model, which resembled guild’ approach for several aspects #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  45. 45. Why... pallets? 1 Pallets are not the “best” packaging material to work with: you can find many kind of better suited wood boxes in any industrial/commercial zone 2 But... this needs time for search, while pallets are the easiest to find #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  46. 46. Start from Step 1 design an object to be durable and easy to dismantle or dispose, according to the raw material available and without mixing technical/biological nutrients. Benefits: obtain something that’s easy to repair or dispose, working just with the material needed to produce it. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  47. 47. Step 2 dismantle the pallet(s) Benefits: retrieve the metal that will go back to its technical cycle as technical nutrient, becoming other nails. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  48. 48. Step 3 clean and smooth the wood Benefits: obtain a semifinished product that reveals its own aestethical properties and differs from traditional wood. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  49. 49. Step 4 make/assemble the object or, alternatively, a series of that objects Benefits: obtain unique objects, each with its own history and peculiar aestethical character. Even if it’s repeated in-series, it won’t never be the same. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  50. 50. EOL the objects is broken, or becomes too old Benefits: dismantle the object to reuse the wood and the screws, or repair it; bury the wood as biological nutrient; safely burn the wood for heat. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  51. 51. We designed something that 1 2 3 4 5 Is not a threat to the environment Is not a threat to the humankind Is long-lasting Optimizes the use of resources It’s a biological nutrient (once at EOL, can safely feed the soil) #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  52. 52. Next challenges? 1 Extend and integrate these key concepts into the new emerging technologies such as digital fabrication 2 Develop a shared, common and OPEN framework about sustainable production principles #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  53. 53. From the last week we are designin an open ebook with instruction to re-do the work done in this workshop days. The aim of this project is to understand if open ebook can give more value to Opencrafts.org, and what new ideas can come from open digital publishing. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  54. 54. We’re working with Edilpaglia to share knowledge and know-how about GREB building tecnique and Permaculture. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  55. 55. We’re in contact with the Open Design + Hardware group, which is developing the Open Design Definition on Github. design.okfn.org #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  56. 56. We’re always searching for associations, groups, partners, fablab and others to let OpenCrafts grow, setting free together all the knowledge! #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  57. 57. It was the last slide, so... Is there any question? (and many thanks for the patience!) To download these slides and the alpha test ebook go to @Studiosuperfluo Twitter account or write to studio.superfluo@gmail.com #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen

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