Biotrade
BIODIVERSITY
The wide variety of
living beings on Earth
and the natural
patterns it forms
BIOTRADE
It is the set of activities of collection
and / or production, processing,
marketing of goods and services
derive...
UNCTAD
Biotrade
Initiative
III Conference of
the Parties to the
Convention on
Biological
Diversity, Buenos
Aires, 1996.

P...
SOURCE

BIOTRADE PRINCIPLES

APPROACH

P1 Conservation

P2 Sustainable use
Biodiversity
Convention
Objectives

P3 Fair dis...
•Wild
harvesting
•Farming
practices
Biotrade
Products

•Sustainable
tourism
•Carbon
storage
Biotrade
Services
Traditional
Knowledge

Tangible Commerce
• CBD
• CITES
• Global System for
the Conservation
and Utilization of
Plant Genet...
Biodiversity Barometer 2013
Biodiversity awareness around the world

% Have heard of biodiversity
96

% Correct definition...
Source: Fondo Biocomercio Colombia
Trends according to the program of the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) 2013
Agriculture

Fisheries
and
aquacul...
Ecuador
National
Sustainable
Biotrade
Program

Ministry of
Environment
(Political
Focal Point)

CORPEI
(Technical
focal po...
1) Natural
ingredients and
finished
pharmaceutical
products and
cosmetics industry.

Ecuador
National
Sustainable
Biotrade...
Biodiversity of Ecuador
5th country with
the highest
biodiversity in the
world according
to the National
Biodiversity
Inde...
45 types of
vegetation
17058
species of
vascular
plants (7% of
all species)

13 important
wetlands for
conservation

2 Ter...
Jambi Kiwa

Sisacuma
Ingredients Industry and
industrial products and
cosmetics
NCI UTPL Zapotillo

Biotrade
Success
Initi...
Global Trade of products related with sectors where Biotrade develops.
40 selected products

Source: WITS – Trade Map
Top Exporters

Source: WITS – Trade Map
Top Importers

Source: WITS – Trade Map
Ecuadorian exports to the world of products related with areas where Biocomercio develops 40 products selected

Source: WI...
Ecuadorian exports to the world of products related with areas where
Biocomercio develops vs. Ecuadorian total exports

So...
Main target markets for Ecuadorian exports of products related with sectors
where Biotrade develops

Source: Trade Map – B...
Evolution of the main product markets related with Biotrade of Ecuador

Source: Trade Map – Banco Central del Ecuador
Evolution of International Tourism
Number of tourists per Year

Source: World Bank – UNWTO
International Tourism
Demand for sustainable tourism

Source: Blue and Green 2012
Tourism in Ecuador

Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
Tourism in Ecuador

Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
Tourism in Ecuador

Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
BIOCOMMERCE EXPERIENCES IN THE WORLD
Bio-Initiative programs around the world
National
Programs
• Bolivia
• Colombia
• Cos...
Bolivia – Cupuazú,
production and
marketing of pulp.

Brasil – Natura,
cosmetics.

Bio-Initiatives
in Latin
America

Venez...
Biocommerce powerpoint
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Biocommerce powerpoint

  1. 1. Biotrade
  2. 2. BIODIVERSITY The wide variety of living beings on Earth and the natural patterns it forms
  3. 3. BIOTRADE It is the set of activities of collection and / or production, processing, marketing of goods and services derived from native biodiversity (genetic resources, species and ecosystems) under the criteria of environmental, social and economic sustainability
  4. 4. UNCTAD Biotrade Initiative III Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Buenos Aires, 1996. Promote trade in biological resources. Encourage investment in biological resources Promote the three main objectives set by the CBD
  5. 5. SOURCE BIOTRADE PRINCIPLES APPROACH P1 Conservation P2 Sustainable use Biodiversity Convention Objectives P3 Fair distribution of benefits Adaptive Management Sustainable Development Goals (CDS ODM) P4 Socio-economic sustainability P5 Enforcement of legislation Others (AMUMA, CITES, RAMSAR, CNULD) P6 Observance of the rights of actors P7 Clear rights of land tenure and resource use Value chain Ecosystem Approach
  6. 6. •Wild harvesting •Farming practices Biotrade Products •Sustainable tourism •Carbon storage Biotrade Services
  7. 7. Traditional Knowledge Tangible Commerce • CBD • CITES • Global System for the Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources • GATT - WTO • CBD • CAN Decision 391 • Nagoya Protocol Intellectual Property (IP) • Biotrade Principle # 6 • Increased number of IP mechanisms in recent years.
  8. 8. Biodiversity Barometer 2013 Biodiversity awareness around the world % Have heard of biodiversity 96 % Correct definitions of biodiversity % Partial definition of biodiversity 95 94 83 73 64 51 48 39 37 37 28 25 20 19 15 47 18 19 21 16 9 Europe Source: Union for Ethical BioTrade Asia Japan Germany Switzerland UK France 0.4 Brazil Peru USA 22 10 7 America 29 24 South Korea 21 62 China 52 India 54 64
  9. 9. Source: Fondo Biocomercio Colombia
  10. 10. Trends according to the program of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 2013 Agriculture Fisheries and aquaculture •It is expected that the international market for organic food and beverages will grow from USD 62.9 billion (2011 ) to USD 105 billion (2015 ) •Tea production in accordance with the standards of sustainability has grown by 2000% between the years 2005-2009 •Certified capture fishery or full evaluation register annual catches of 18 million metric tons of seafood (17% of the Yearly catches fishing internationally) •It is projected that the total value of seafood raised according to certified sustainability standards will increase from USD 300 million ( 2008) to USD 1.25 billion in 2015. Forestry •400 million hectares is the total area of certified forests by 2013 (10 % of forest resources globally) . •20 billion in annual sales of certified wood products Industry •Increase of 1500% in ISO 14001 on environmental management systems between 1999 and 2009 , providers are concerned about implementing good environmental practices to secure a place in international supply chains . Renewable Energy Turism •42 % is the average annual growth in the biofuel supply capacity since 1990 •25 % is the average annual growth in supply capacity of wind energy since 1990 •15 % is the average annual growth in supply capacity of photovoltaic solar energy since 1990 •In 2010, investments in renewable energy supply was $ 211 billion ( fivefold increase since 2004) , more than half of these investments were made in developing countries . •Developing countries increased their exports of renewable energy equipment and the potential for export of electricity from renewable sources •In 2012 international tourism reached the first billion tourists •In developing countries, the market share of the industry step of 30% (1980) to 47% (2011). It is expected to reach 57% in 2030. •The fastest growing subsector in sustainable tourism is ecotourism, especially in developing countries that have a comparative advantage (natural environment, cultural heritage, adventure tourism) countries. Source: Green Economy and Trade – Trends, Challenges and Opportunities, PNUMA 2013
  11. 11. Ecuador National Sustainable Biotrade Program Ministry of Environment (Political Focal Point) CORPEI (Technical focal point)
  12. 12. 1) Natural ingredients and finished pharmaceutical products and cosmetics industry. Ecuador National Sustainable Biotrade Program (PNBSE) 3 lines of business 2) Natural ingredients and finished food products industry (including aromatic species). 3) Sustainable Tourism.
  13. 13. Biodiversity of Ecuador 5th country with the highest biodiversity in the world according to the National Biodiversity Index. Most biodiverse country (number of species per unit area)
  14. 14. 45 types of vegetation 17058 species of vascular plants (7% of all species) 13 important wetlands for conservation 2 Terrestrial ecoregions of tropical biodiversity Biodiversity of Ecuador 382 species of mammals (7% of all species) 464 species of amphibians (7.2% of all species) 1655 bird species (18% of all species) Cultural Diversity (traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples and peasant communities)
  15. 15. Jambi Kiwa Sisacuma Ingredients Industry and industrial products and cosmetics NCI UTPL Zapotillo Biotrade Success Initiatives in Ecuador Chankuap Sani Lodge Sustainable Tourism Yasuní Kichwa Ecolodge Source: Biocomercio Ecuador
  16. 16. Global Trade of products related with sectors where Biotrade develops. 40 selected products Source: WITS – Trade Map
  17. 17. Top Exporters Source: WITS – Trade Map
  18. 18. Top Importers Source: WITS – Trade Map
  19. 19. Ecuadorian exports to the world of products related with areas where Biocomercio develops 40 products selected Source: WITS – Trade Map
  20. 20. Ecuadorian exports to the world of products related with areas where Biocomercio develops vs. Ecuadorian total exports Source: Trade Map – Banco Central del Ecuador
  21. 21. Main target markets for Ecuadorian exports of products related with sectors where Biotrade develops Source: Trade Map – Banco Central del Ecuador
  22. 22. Evolution of the main product markets related with Biotrade of Ecuador Source: Trade Map – Banco Central del Ecuador
  23. 23. Evolution of International Tourism Number of tourists per Year Source: World Bank – UNWTO
  24. 24. International Tourism Demand for sustainable tourism Source: Blue and Green 2012
  25. 25. Tourism in Ecuador Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
  26. 26. Tourism in Ecuador Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
  27. 27. Tourism in Ecuador Source: “La experiencia turística en el Ecuador”, Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador, 2011
  28. 28. BIOCOMMERCE EXPERIENCES IN THE WORLD Bio-Initiative programs around the world National Programs • Bolivia • Colombia • Costa Rica • Ecuador • Indonesia • Peru • Uganda • Vietnam Regional Programs • Amazon • Andean Biotrade Facilitation Programme (BTFP) • BTFP I • BTFP II
  29. 29. Bolivia – Cupuazú, production and marketing of pulp. Brasil – Natura, cosmetics. Bio-Initiatives in Latin America Venezuela - Baba y Chigüire, commercial exploitation of wildlife. Colombia – Colombia wings, animal breeding of native butterflies. Peru – AEDES, agricultural exports and experiential ecotourism.

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