Why does trafficking exist


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Why does trafficking exist

  1. 1. Human TraffickingOverviewWhy Trafficking ExistsThe TraffickersThe VictimsThe FacilitatorsMyths & MisconceptionsAnti-Trafficking EffortsSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Recognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactLike drugs and arms trafficking, human trafficking is a market-driven criminalindustry that is based on the principles of supply and demand. Many factorsmake children and adults vulnerable to human trafficking. However, humantrafficking does not exist solely because many people who are vulnerable toexploitation. Instead, human trafficking is fueled by a demand for cheap labor orservices, or for commercial sex acts. Human traffickers are those who victimizeothers in their desire to profit from the existing demand. To ultimately solve theproblem of human trafficking, it is essential to address these demand-drivenfactors, as well as to alter the overall market incentives of high-profit and low-risk that traffickers currently exploit.Why does demand thrive?Labor traffickingandsex traffickingof U.S. citizens andforeignnationals persist andthrive for anumber of reasons, including:1. LowRisk:Whenthe community is unaware of this issue, whengovernment andcommunityinstitutions are not trainedto respond, whenthere are ineffective or dormant laws to address thecrime, whensafety nets for victims do not exist, andwhenlawenforcement does not investigateandprosecute the crime, humantraffickers perceive little risk or deterrence to affect theircriminal operations.2. HighProfits:Whenindividuals are willingto buy commercial sex, they create amarket andmakeit profitable for traffickers to sexually exploit childrenandadults.Whenconsumers are willingto buy goods andservices fromindustries that rely onforcedlabor,they create aprofit incentive for labor traffickers to maximize revenue withminimal productioncosts.Left unchecked, humantraffickingwill continue to flourishinenvironments where traffickers canreapsubstantial monetary gains withrelatively lowrisk of gettingcaught.Demand For Labor Trafficking: What You Need To KnowHumantraffickingvictims make analarmingly highnumber of consumer goods andfoodproducts thatare bothimportedto the UnitedStates andproduceddomestically. More oftenthanwe realize,somewhere inthe supply chainof the products we buy, elements of exploitative childlabor or forcedlabor may be present. As economies aroundthe worldintegrate, it has become faster andeasier forgoods producedwithforcedlabor to enter the global market. Inthe U.S., labor traffickers exploit andenslave bothforeignnationals (some of whomenter the U.S. legally)andU.S. citizens. Click here for alist of industries where labor traffickingoccurs.Inmany cases of labor trafficking, consumers provide the demand, andthus the profit incentive, to thetraffickers. These consumers caninclude companies that subcontract certaintypes of services, end-consumers who buy cheapgoods producedby traffickingvictims, or individuals who use the servicesof traffickingvictims. By changingpurchasingchoices andaskingquestions about howour productswere made, consumers have the power to reduce these types of demandandhelpstophumantrafficking.Demand For Sex Trafficking: What You Need To KnowWhy Trafficking Exists E-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  2. 2. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient QuotesIndividuals who buy commercial sex acts create the demandfor sex trafficking. Click here for alist ofvenues withinthe commercial sex industry inwhichsex traffickinghas beenfoundto take place.Many sex buyers may be unaware, ill-informed, or indirect denial of the abusive realities of sextraffickingsituations as they exist withinthe broader sex trade. Whensex traffickingis present,victims are oftensubjectedto violence, threats, controllingbehaviors, false promises, lies, andmanipulationperpetratedby the traffickers/pimps. Popular media, includingcertainbooks, movies,televisionshows, andmusic, sometimes glamorize andromanticize the commercial sex industrywithout properly acknowledgingthe presence of sex trafficking. This glamorizationthenfuels thedemandfor payingsomeone else to have sex withthem. Additionally, it is commonthat victims oftraffickingwill not discuss their situationwithcustomers or ask for helpbecause they are trainedbytheir traffickers to lie andkeepupthe act. As aresult, "johns" may not fully realize the truthbehindthe facade, or the painbehindthe smile. Inplaces andcommunities where there is ademandto buxsex, sex traffickers directly respondto the demandby seekingto offer a"product" to be soldforprofit. To sex traffickers, the "product" they sell are the womenandchildrenthey control.ContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailMore Client Stories"Many things have changed forme since coming to PolarisProject. I now believe it’s nevertoo late to begin again."converted by Web2PDFConvert.com