5/5 slave labor in restaurants


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5/5 slave labor in restaurants

  1. 1. Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & FoodServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactCases of human trafficking in restaurantshave been investigated in multiple states,including FL, TX, MA, NY, WI and MN.“These defendants allegedly trafficked in human beings, making money off thebacks of illegal immigrants and treating them like chattel.”– Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara regarding a labor trafficking ring.Victims of humantraffickinginthe restaurant andfoodserviceindustry are forcedto work as waiters, bussers, kitchenstaff, or evencooks/chefs withlittle or no pay. They may experience erraticworkinghours or overwork, withlittle time off to seek help.Employees inrestaurant andfoodservice industries may be U.S.citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents, undocumentedimmigrants,or holders of atemporary work visa.Anemployee at aPolish community centerlearnedabout apotentiallabortraffickingsituationat aChinese restaurant fromawomanwho hadrecently left the situation. The womanwas recruitedfromPolandto come to the U.S. andworkat the restaurant. The womantoldthe community centeremployee that she andthe otherworkers hadto work12-14 hours every day forvery little pay. Theyall livedtogetherinahouse nearthe restaurant that was monitoredwith security cameras, andtheworkers couldonly leave the house to go to work. The ownerof the restaurant frequently wouldyellat the workers fornot workingquickly enough.**Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetailshave beenchangedto protect confidentiality.When does it become trafficking?A job inarestaurant canbecome humantraffickingwhenthe employer or labor recruiter uses force,fraudand/or coercionto intimidate the worker andto make the worker believe that he or she has noother choice but to continue working. Control is increasedinsituations where the workers live inemployer-providedhousingor inthe restaurant itself. Insome instances, investigators haveuncoveredbars andcantinas that not only force female victims of traffickingto work, but also forcethemto provide commercial sex. Commonmeans of control include:Force–Restrictions onthe worker’s ability to leave the restaurant or housing;intentionallyexhaustingwork hours;physical or sexual abuse;constant surveillance.Fraud–Misrepresentationof the work, workingconditions, wages, andimmigrationbenefits of thejob;alteredor bogus contracts;non-payment, underpayment or confiscationof wages;visafraude.g.allowingalegitimate visato expire or failingto provide apromisedvisa, thereby increasingtheworker’s vulnerability to threats of deportationandlimitinghis or her alternative job options.Coercion –Exploitationof aforeignnational restaurant worker’s unfamiliarity withthe language,laws andcustoms of the US;use of security equipment to monitor workers’ whereabouts;threats ofdeportationor other harmto the victimor the victim’s family;verbal andpsychological abuse;confiscationof passports andvisas;debt manipulation.*The above list is not comprehensive orcumulative. One element of force, fraudorcoercionmay bepresent, ormany.VulnerabilitiesLow industry standards for wages and safety –Restaurant workers are vulnerable toLabor Trafficking in theRestaurant IndustryE-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  2. 2. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient QuotesLow industry standards for wages and safety –Restaurant workers are vulnerable toexploitationdue to the work standards incertainparts of the restaurant industry andlack ofenforcement of labor andsafety regulations. Workers inthe restaurant industry are paidlowwagesandadvocacy groups report that wage theft is acommonoccurrence. Kitchenstaff, dishwashers, andcooks may work more than70 hours per week, andtypically do not receive paidvacationor sickleave. Traffickers exploit the lack of worker protections by requiringmore work fromworkers for lesspay, never permittingthemaday off, andnot permittingworkers to procure jobs elsewhere.Immigration Status–Over 60% of workers inthe restaurant industry were bornoutside the UnitedStates. Recent immigrants frequently receive less desirable jobs, lower pay, andlonger hours withfewer benefits. Some immigrant workers obtainrestaurant jobs throughformal or informal recruitingnetworks, andmay have debt, be frequently transferred, or become reliant ontheir employer forhousing.Traffickers oftenuse the threat of deportationas well as document confiscationto maintaincontrol offoreignnational victims. Some victims enter the U.S. withafraudulent visaprocuredthroughorganizedcrime or arecruiter, leavingthemparticularly vulnerable to threats of deportationandunlikely to seek helpfromthe police. Additionally, traffickers prey onimmigrant workers’unfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the US to further manipulate or exploit them.Statistics SnapshotCases of humantraffickinginrestaurants have beeninvestigatedinmultiple states, includingFL,TX, MA, NY, WI andMN andthe prevalence of labor traffickinginrestaurants has beencommonly citedby humantraffickinginvestigators andservice providers as anareaof concern.Inastudy of the restaurant industry inseveral major metropolitanareas by The RestaurantOpportunities Centers United, researchers foundthat nearly 80% of workers didnot receive paidvacationdays, nearly 90% of workers didnot receive paidsick leave. This report also documentswide racial disparities inthe quality of work andwages earnedby workers. For victims of humantraffickingforcedto work inrestaurants, the conditions are frequently more severe.ContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailMore Client Stories"Many things have changed forme since coming to PolarisProject. I now believe it’s nevertoo late to begin again."converted by Web2PDFConvert.com