• Albert Edvard – English Prince.• Infidelity• “He always loved me the most”
• Hard of Hearing• Close relationship with Queen Victoria.• Famous for talking loudly
• Loved by the English people• She was very active to help people.• Helped to develop betterhospitals, education, schools
• She used her kids as friends,because she was alone.•She became more and more deaf.• She was unhappy.
• Many royal family in Europe camefrom Alexandra´s father.- Hellas- Denmark- Norway- Russian- Sweden- England- Germany
SOURCES Books- Alexandra af Wales /Inger-Lise Klausen- Alexandra / E.E.P. Tisdall Websites- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandra_of_Denmark- http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxe_coburg_gotha_4.html- http://histclo.com/royal/eng/e7/e7-alex.htm
Abbe charles michel de L’epeè Made by Elisabeth
•Born: 24.november 1712, Versailles.•Died: 23. December 1789, Paris. Age 77.
• He was popular, he was a hearing not a deaf man.• Abbe de L’Epee wanted to study to be a bishop.• One day he went to meet a woman with her two twin’s daughter.
• There he saw two twin girl using sign language.• He was really surprised and looked interested because he had never seen earlier.• Mom to twin’s daughter told they are deaf.• He understand and it look deaf have language too, because hearing people thought deaf people are bad people from hell.• He tried to find some poor deaf people.
• He found six children in addition to the twins.
• Abbe de L’epee learned and tried to communicate with deaf children.• And he established a school to deaf around 1761- 1764
• it looked like he forgot about bishop and focused on deaf.• It looked like deaf is important him.• Because he wants to show people that what deaf can and sign language sign and can write as alike with hearing people.
He and pupils did cooperate and made own sign language for France.
• One day king of France, have a deaf son.• He wants his son go school with pupils and teaches him sign language.• Everyone at France and deaf people are grateful to him because he did best for deaf pupils and sign language.
Statuen from Abbe de L’epeè at deaf school place.
Abbe de L’epeè write books about deaf life before hes dead
ANDREAS CHRISTIAN MØLLERFOUNDER OF THE FIRST DEAF SCHOOL IN NORWAY Made by Benedicte
BIOGRAPHY• Born 18th February, 1796 in Trondheim, Norway• His father Johannes was a cobbler, and Andreas was the third out of eight children in total.• Andreas became deaf at the age of 2.• Andreas finally got to start school, at the age of 14. He studied at The Royal Deaf Institute in Copenhagen.
BIOGRAPHY• Between 1815 and 1817, Andreas stayed at home in Trondheim, and educated deaf children in his parents’ house.• In 1817, there was an available job at the school in Copenhagen. He applied for the job, and got it.• Between 1817 and 1822 he was a teacher at the school in Copenhagen.
BIOGRAPHY• He urged the Norwegian authorities to create a school for the deaf in Norway, with Andreas as a teacher.• 1st November 1824 – the first school for deaf in Norway is created (Throndhjems Døvstummeinstitut)• Had 9 children with his wife Birgitte Marie• Died on Christmas Eve 1874 from aging and bronchitis
THRONDHJEMS DØVSTUMMEINSTITUT• First schoolday in Spring 1825• The school was a ”family business” • Andreas – teacher • Johannes (Andreas’ father) – Economist • Petter (Andreas’ brother) – teacher • More family members started working at the school later.• To begin with, the school held to Waisenhuset near the Cathedral (Domkirken) in Trondheim.
THRONDHJEMS DØVSTUMMEINSTITUT• Møller teached using the French metod till the 1830’s.• 1830’s – Andreas’ father and brother is fired after inappropiate behavior towards students• Andreas started teaching using the German method. (The German method focused more on speech and lipreading)
THRONDHJEMS DØVSTUMMEINSTITUT• Møller stayed at the school until 1855• Today the school is called A.C Møller School and is a part of the Møller competence-centre.
AND HERE IS SOME PICTURES Throndhjems Døvstummeinstitut
The start We dont know who the person was, that established the Russian schools. However the first school was established in1806, in the city of Pavlovsk Pavel Tretyakov was one of them who supported the foundation of this deaf school. In 1932 Russia could brag of their 145 deaf schools, whereas 20 of them were private schools. (it means that there was usually 1 or two who teached deaf children) First deaf school in Pavlovsk, Russia
The degraduation During the dramatic change of the domestic rule of the communists, their leader Stalin meant that sign language was not a substitute, he would rather force them to talk like “normal” people As a consequence of this, many deaf refused to talk, and used sign language, The following year their position in the russian society was degraduated, from being in the middle class to some non- intelligent human beings. This meant that they didn’t get any sort of state support, whether it was important medicines or any of that kind
Daily life Things got a little better in 2007, when the first official café, named Sesto Senso, had hired employees that could sign language The deaf athletes was rather distinguished after several victories, leading them into a important position in the Russian society . Sports are a huge part of the russian society, so it’s no wonder why deaf got a better position in the society.
The manual alphabet The alphabet has similarities with the ASL and DSL (Dutch sign language) However it has some foreign borrowings from other alphabets Despite from having foreign letters in sign language, they have some words that doesn’t have a sign, such as: da-yes, by- would Also they don’t have any sign for scientific terms, which means that they have to fingerspell all the difficult words.
StatisticsChina have 1,3 Billion inhabitants in 2012In 2007 20 million of them were hearingimpairedWhat about Norway? A little more than 5million inhabitants totallyChina does also have:664 deaf schoolsWith 12 000 students http://browse.deviantart.com/?q=chinese+flag#/d38qxzh40 High Schools, 2000 studentsAnd there are 20-30 thousand newborndeaf every year
Development of Deaf Schools 120 years ago: American Missionaries came to China. Among these were Mills, who saw the need of deaf-schools in China. 1887-1949: 42 schools were made during this time. In 1949, however, there was a change in the politics. The Western world noticed China as early as the 17th century, and had made themselves a picture of the country. China did firstly start to pay attention to the Western world in the 19th century. At this time they see that China lags behind in schools, and decides to get better. Now – 622 schools and 40 high schools have been made since 1949 «nine years of compulsory education»: the system in China for young deaf children. From the age of seven years they get compulsory education. Most go back to communities after finishing their compulsory education, some few take further education. 2001: Tianjin school for the Deaf decides to test a new way of education: they use sign language. This proves to be efficient. 2007: Oral teaching, after 50 years, is being depleted, and Sign Language becomes more casual.
The CultureMany deaf have problems finding their identity because of theirupbringing:Most deaf grow up in communities where almost everyone looks down atthem. Many parents to deaf children try in numerous ways to make themhearing; trough surgeries, “healing” and other ineffective ways to “cure”their children.Many deaf people do not know what deaf culture is, and doesn’t feel aconnection to other deaf, due to the fact that their parents would mostlikely not allow them to meet other deaf to socialize.There are no other deaf to look up to, either.Deaf view themself as disabled, this is mostly because in China, many stilldo look at deaf as simply disabled. As a social being, this weakens themand takes away their confidence.Many deaf would prefer a hearing speaking teacher instead of a deaf one,because they want to feel more mainstream, and not be “different” fromthe rest.However, there are people working to spread knowledge about Deaf culturein China. The Schools are using sign language, for an example. There’salso more information given to the deaf and their families about theirpossibilities. In addition, it is most likely going to be easier for many deafto find deaf idols, as now more deaf Chinese students choose highereducation. Problem is, it is even harder to spread such information thefurther away from the cities, where most deaf children are found.
Sign Language in China In China there’s three kinds of sign-language:Chinese Sign Language,which resembles the ChinesewritingMandarin Sign Langauge Because a huge amount ofwhich I haven’t got that much the deaf are born in placesinformation about very far from the modern cities, a lot of «homeAnd the phenomenon which is signs» have developed incalled «home signs», comparison of the amountmeaning signs that developed of deaf in the country.in small communities andaren’t official, used by moreor less individuals.
SOURCES:My main source:http://www.atlas-alliansen.no/index.asp?id=26851(13.11.12)Deaf Cultural Development:http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20101230163233AAhk02y (09.11.12) Artistic:There’s also a few more pages, http://browse.deviantart.com/?q=chinese+flag#/but I’ve not linked them. One of d38qxzhthem was used to find theamount of people living in Chinain 2012, the others were lessreliable and understandablesources for information, or I justdidn’t like their set-up.If you’d like to check them out, please observethat the first link is probably much more reliablethan the second one.