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19032013 Jacques Bus user controlled personal data management


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19032013 Jacques Bus user controlled personal data management

  1. 1. De Burger BediendUser-controlled Personal Data Management Jacques Bus Digital Enlightenment Forum ePortfolio Expert Meeting 19 Maart 2013, Utrecht, NL
  2. 2. For a sustainable digital society in which:• position and rights of the individual in good relation to the rest of society are supported• digital technology helps us to express our identities• the core societal values we cherish now are taking into accountTo find game-changing solutions that stimulate innovation and sustainableevolution and therefore are beneficial to all. www.digitalenlightenment.orgBoard: Jacques Bus, Kim Cameron, Malcolm Crompton, Willie Donnelly, Mireille Hildebrandt, George Metakides, Björn Ottersten, Elly Plooij– van Gorsel, Reinhard Posh, Kai Rannenberg Honorary members: Sir Tim Berners Lee (MIT), Ann Cavoukian (DPC Ontario), Masao Horibe (JP), Michael Kirby (AU) Hamadoun Touré (ITU)
  3. 3. Digital Enlightenment - ActivitiesOur activities aim at:• better understanding of social impact and policy implications of rapidly developing digital technologies• facilitate novel forms of multi-stakeholder, multi-level and multi-disciplinary collaborations• align technology with basic values and social needs and engage key scientists, industrialists and policy- and decision makers in the process.• strengthen trust and acceptance of products, services and digital infrastructure. A movement, aiming at a broader audience advocating for and modeling a digital democracy. We call for members (persons and organisations) to participate in this movement and contribute to its mission.• DEF Forum 2013 in Brussels (18-20 Sep): Personal Data and Citizenship in the Digital Society• DEF Yearbook 2013: The Value of Personal
  4. 4. User-controlled Personal Data Management (PDM)• Privacy and PD protection is not the same• PDM: Managing the flow of data to ensure that it can deliver the perceived value to the individual• Identity, multiple IDs, Attribute-based credentials.“Appropriate PDM”:• Individual controls access and use for sufficient autonomy to form identity (in broad sense)• Can present attributes depending on context of transaction• Enables constraints relevant to culture and social and legal norms
  5. 5. User-controlled Personal Data Management (PDM)Three layers:1. Trustworthy Infrastructure - architecture, interoperability, platforms for ABC, audit structure, policy compliance, (trust) governance2. Data management - incl. data flow control, access and use; new business models of SP leaving PD control to end user; new models and management of storage3. User Interaction –enabling users to specify permissions or policies simply and intuitively. Consideration for user’s mental model, personal preferences, cultural differences and norms and judiciary
  6. 6. User-controlled Personal Data Management (PDM)Many perspectives:1. Technical- Trust environments and networks, data vaults, multiple ID and ABC management, PbD, PIA, policy compliance, auditing and logging, ...2. Economical – Valorisation, propertisation of PD. New innovative business models based on other relationship SP-user (Life Management Platforms). Service innovation.3. Legal – privacy as human right, dignity, liberty, ... . New EU DP regulation, law enforcement. Code = Law, inscrutable systems that impose constraints without democratic control, legal governance and liability4. Socio-Political – trustworthiness of infrastructure, institutions and applications; are people involved and do they have confidence and find their place as respected members of the changing society?5. International – the role of national (jusridictional) borders, international agreements , standards and cooperation...
  7. 7. User-controlled PDM and ePortfolio managementAll 3 levels must be considered in ePortfolio management:• Trusted infrastructure: architecture, platform, standards, interoperability, (e.g. incl. ABC, data minimisation and claim management, purpose binding of data); trust governance; policy compliance• Data management: instruments to control data flow: access (authentication), integrity and use of PD. New business models for relation between service provider (broker) and clients (potential employers and employees). Will existing brokers change or be moved out?• User interaction: cultural, sectorial rules, norms; educational level of user, searching a job or posting availability; relevance of certain data; personal preferences
  8. 8. User-controlled PDM and ePortfolio managementMany Perspectives to be considered:• Technical: Available technology (Trust platforms or architectures; policy enforcement, ABC, PbD, PIA, …)• Economical: Business models, change patterns, resistence of existing stakeholders, new market actors• Legal: Governance, EU regulation on DP and ID, authentication and signature; national laws on employee protection, education, …• Socio-political: Acceptance by stakeholders, social innovation, political pressure• International: cross-border activities on labour and education market (Web universities, international job competition)
  9. 9. Conclusions• PDM systems innovation and introduction need a layered and multi-facetal approach;• It is necessary to include all stakeholders on the market, incl. existing companies that use old structures or technology• Try to start on a sectorial basis: many-to-many for job matching or eHealth: Trust platform? one-to-many approach in HR management: QIY-type architecture? one-to-many in education: web-based learning
  10. 10. Thank you for your Attention QUESTIONS ?DigiTrust.EUTrust in the Digital