Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013
Computer simulations in an interdisciplinary summer school
initiative for the Energy Sector
P...
Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013
The challenge – designing participation for
sustainability
Participation in social-technical
systems, systems that adapt
In the energy system
Networks in which self-organization is
based on local coördination
Traditional energy market
Energy flows one direction from a
few big producers to many small
consumers (and industries).
• The situation is changing
• Distributed (green) generation
wind turbines, solar panels, etc.
• Consumer becomes producer.
• Role power companies is
changing;
• Ability for consumers to sell
power to each other.
• Each entity is represented by a
software agent;
• Agents can operate semi-
autonomously to negotiate
agreements to buy a...
• But the real market is more
complicated;
• More agents, more
communication.
• But the real market is more
complicated;
• More agents, more
communication.
• Single agents can’t compete on
the large market, smaller
dynamic organisations are
more effective.
• They acquire autonomy.
• Organisations negotiate with
each other.
• Organisations negotiate with
each other and change
Technological self organisation at the level
of the prosumer, based on communication
But …. for citizens to be able
to take responsibility and to act,
to participate,
socio-techical self organisation is need...
Distributed ICT
networks
• Multi-agent systems
• Virtual organisations -
clustering;
• Merging realities
Physical networks
• buildings,
• wind turbines;
• power lines: transmission,
distribution;
• solar panels;
Social networks
• Social structures;
• Governance
• Communities
Social networks
• Social structures
• Governance
• Communities}
Distributed ICT
networks
• Multi-agent systems;
• Virtual ...
Social networks
Governance
Social structures
Distributed ICT
networks
Communication
Virtual organisation
Physical netwokrs...
Distributed management
Multiple players: traders/brokers, prosumers
Dynamic demand/supply at all levels
New market mechani...
Urban design
The first smart grid city in the US:
Boulder, Colorado
Boulder
• Boulder has a very highly educated population
• Environmental concern high on their agenda
• National Renewable ...
Well-regulated socio-techno eco system
The level of autonomy
is the city.
The level of autonomy in another case
is the community.
Requiring design based on
• Design for trust:
social acceptance, transparency, security
• Design for empowerment:
• Design...
Requires design based on
• Design for trust:
social acceptance, transparency, security
• Design for empowerment:
autonomy,...
Requires design based on
• Design for trust:
social acceptance, transparency, security
• Design for empowerment:
autonomy,...
Design to engage, to trust, to relate…
to participate
Taking responsibility, participating…
…requires trust, awareness and
the ability to act.
The focus of Social Networks
Understanding human participation in social technical
ecological systems: social structures, ...
The focus of participation at the level
of Distributed ICT
distributed social overlays/communities, load balancing
distrib...
Studied in projects such as
Self-organisation of energy network on the basis of its
physical health, with agents represent...
Focus of physical networks
Health of the physical network, design of robust
topologies, resources and storage,
Modelling
Prototyping
Serious gaming
System design
Multi-agent systems – the role of
simulation
Design of distributed systems
Single machine
simulation
agents
Design of distributed systems
Single
machine
simulation
Distributed
simulation
AgentScape middleware platform supports
bot...
Distributed simulation?
Vermelding onderdeel organisatie
What are the steps in the development
cycle? Program Time Network Application Application...
AgentScape* is a platform designed
to this purpose…
Framework for
• scalable,
• interactive,
• secure,
• robust,
• interop...
AgentScape Conceptual Model
AgentScape
AgentScape kernel
host
manager
location
manager
agent
server
AgentScape
kernel interface
Web service
gateway
ho...
AgentScape kernel
host
manager
location
manager
agent
server
AgentScape
kernel interface
web service
gateway
host
manager
...
PARTICIPATION
Thank you for your attention!
Design: Cok Francken
For more information: www.participatorysystems.org
SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft)
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SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft)

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SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft)

  1. 1. Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013 Computer simulations in an interdisciplinary summer school initiative for the Energy Sector Prof dr Frances Brazier, Systems Enginerring,TBM, TUDelft
  2. 2. Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013 The challenge – designing participation for sustainability
  3. 3. Participation in social-technical systems, systems that adapt
  4. 4. In the energy system
  5. 5. Networks in which self-organization is based on local coördination
  6. 6. Traditional energy market Energy flows one direction from a few big producers to many small consumers (and industries).
  7. 7. • The situation is changing • Distributed (green) generation wind turbines, solar panels, etc. • Consumer becomes producer.
  8. 8. • Role power companies is changing; • Ability for consumers to sell power to each other.
  9. 9. • Each entity is represented by a software agent; • Agents can operate semi- autonomously to negotiate agreements to buy and sell energy.
  10. 10. • But the real market is more complicated; • More agents, more communication.
  11. 11. • But the real market is more complicated; • More agents, more communication.
  12. 12. • Single agents can’t compete on the large market, smaller dynamic organisations are more effective.
  13. 13. • They acquire autonomy.
  14. 14. • Organisations negotiate with each other.
  15. 15. • Organisations negotiate with each other and change
  16. 16. Technological self organisation at the level of the prosumer, based on communication
  17. 17. But …. for citizens to be able to take responsibility and to act, to participate, socio-techical self organisation is needed.
  18. 18. Distributed ICT networks • Multi-agent systems • Virtual organisations - clustering; • Merging realities
  19. 19. Physical networks • buildings, • wind turbines; • power lines: transmission, distribution; • solar panels;
  20. 20. Social networks • Social structures; • Governance • Communities
  21. 21. Social networks • Social structures • Governance • Communities} Distributed ICT networks • Multi-agent systems; • Virtual organisations -clustering; • Merging realities; } Physical networks • houses, wind turbines; • power lines; • solar panels; } Participation
  22. 22. Social networks Governance Social structures Distributed ICT networks Communication Virtual organisation Physical netwokrs Physical infrastructure
  23. 23. Distributed management Multiple players: traders/brokers, prosumers Dynamic demand/supply at all levels New market mechanisms New regulations Dynamic clustering/communities Distributed ICT Distributed power generation
  24. 24. Urban design
  25. 25. The first smart grid city in the US: Boulder, Colorado
  26. 26. Boulder • Boulder has a very highly educated population • Environmental concern high on their agenda • National Renewable Energy Labs (NREL) leadership • “Boulder is just one big technology magnet when it comes to anything to do with alternative energy, conservation and end use efficiency (Mauldin)”
  27. 27. Well-regulated socio-techno eco system
  28. 28. The level of autonomy is the city.
  29. 29. The level of autonomy in another case is the community.
  30. 30. Requiring design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: • Design for engagement:
  31. 31. Requires design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: autonomy, self-management and self-regulation • Design for engagement:
  32. 32. Requires design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: autonomy, self-management and self-regulation • Design for engagement: interaction and collaboration
  33. 33. Design to engage, to trust, to relate… to participate
  34. 34. Taking responsibility, participating… …requires trust, awareness and the ability to act.
  35. 35. The focus of Social Networks Understanding human participation in social technical ecological systems: social structures, governance, communities
  36. 36. The focus of participation at the level of Distributed ICT distributed social overlays/communities, load balancing distributed aggregation, distributed SLAs, distributed monitoring, distributed clustering Robustness, Resilience, Ability to Adapt, Security, Cascading effects
  37. 37. Studied in projects such as Self-organisation of energy network on the basis of its physical health, with agents representing physical network – topology, distributed (RobuSmart) Securing the European Electricity Supply Against Malicious and accidental thrEats (SESAME, EU) Self-Managed Dynamic Institutions in Power Grids: Sharing the Cost of Reliability (NGI)
  38. 38. Focus of physical networks Health of the physical network, design of robust topologies, resources and storage,
  39. 39. Modelling Prototyping Serious gaming System design Multi-agent systems – the role of simulation
  40. 40. Design of distributed systems Single machine simulation agents
  41. 41. Design of distributed systems Single machine simulation Distributed simulation AgentScape middleware platform supports both simulation and emulation of large-scale heterogeneous agent systems.
  42. 42. Distributed simulation?
  43. 43. Vermelding onderdeel organisatie What are the steps in the development cycle? Program Time Network Application Application Setting Theoretical analysis modeled modeled modeled modeled modeled 1a Synchronized simulation real modeled modeled modeled modeled 1b Asynchronous Simulation real real modeled modeled modeled 2 Emulation real real real modeled modeled 3 Demonstrator real real real real modeled Application deployment real real real real real January 31, 2013 43 Dynamic Adaptive Systems Group, Systems Engineering, TPM
  44. 44. AgentScape* is a platform designed to this purpose… Framework for • scalable, • interactive, • secure, • robust, • interoperable • distributed autonomous systems/agents • supporting service agreement negotiation • and service agreement enforcement *AgentScape development is currently a joint endeavour with Thales NL
  45. 45. AgentScape Conceptual Model
  46. 46. AgentScape AgentScape kernel host manager location manager agent server AgentScape kernel interface Web service gateway host manager agent server AgentScape middleware services AgentScape location
  47. 47. AgentScape kernel host manager location manager agent server AgentScape kernel interface web service gateway host manager agent server AgentScape middleware services Agentscope Network/Environment interface January 31, 2013 47 Dynamic Adaptive Systems Group, Systems Engineering, TPM
  48. 48. PARTICIPATION
  49. 49. Thank you for your attention!
  50. 50. Design: Cok Francken For more information: www.participatorysystems.org

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