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Green ICT in Further and Higher
Education: The UK Experience
 Structure
- Background
- Greening OF ICT
- Greening BY ICT
- Greening ICT Curricula
- Drivers
- Conclusions
ABOUT THIS
...
 Provider of digital infrastructure and services
to UK education, as SURF
- high capacity network & related activities
-J...
 Environmental Improvement
- improvement ‘clubs’ with technical inputs
- www.eauc.org.uk
 Responsible Energy Costs
- e.g...
 1998 – world’s first NGO for Green ICT
- research, guidance, policy
 EU Involvement
- Sustainable ICT consultation for ...
GREENING OF ICT
PRODUCTION BURDENS
 A typical semiconductor facility:
- 591 million gallons DI water
- 5.2 million pounds of chemicals
- ...
THE STEAM
COMPUTER
14%
18%
47%
8%
2%
10% 1%
HPC
Servers
PCs
Networks
Telephony
Imaging
AV
SUSTEIT FINDINGS
- UNIVERSITY OF
SHEFFIELD
18% elec...
ENERGY/CARBON IMPACT
TOOL
SUSTEIT FINDINGS -
SECTOR
 760,000 PCs
 215,000 servers
 147,000 networked printers
 £60 million + energy bill
 275,0...
2010 AGENDAS –
DESKTOP
 Powerdown
- Lisa Nelson’s free
software saved £64,000
pa at Liverpool
- ½ year paybacks
 Energy ...
MARGARET
UNIVERSIT
Y
• Wanted greenest
building in UK
• PCs main barrier
• 98% thin client
• 25-30% space
savings
2010 AGENDAS - DATA
CENTRE
 Power Usage Effectiveness
- ratio of total energy (ie
servers + support) to server
energy
 1...
Server Load/
Computing
Operations
Cooling
Equipment
Power
Conversion &
Distribution
Alternative
Energy
Supply
Voltage opti...
2020 AGENDAS
 Device proliferation
 Increasing functionality
 Increasing accessibility
 New applications
 ‘Exabyte re...
2020 AGENDAS
 Technology/material transitions
 Energy aware software
 Net zero carbon
- data centres
- networks
- suppl...
GREENING BY ICT
 SMART 2020
 Benefits
- 15% cut in CO2 emissions by 2020
- $946 billion of cost savings
- 5:1 CO2 avoida...
AVE MARIA UNIVERSITY
19
Intrusion
Detection
Fire Alarm
SystemPower System
Elevator
Mgmt.
Lighting
Controls
HVAC
Control
Ev...
BY ICT – BEHAVIOUR
BY ICT – OPTIMISATION
BY ICT –
DEMATERIALISATION
BY ICT – UTILISATION
GREENING ICT CURRICULA
 New degrees
- MSc in Green IT
 New modules
 Projects
- university IT footprinting
- repairing o...
10 - EXHORTATION
 Greening Government IT
- Central Government's
office estate Carbon
Neutral by 2012
- Carbon neutral acr...
9 – IT SUSTAINABILITY
CONCERN
 Task focus
 Performance worries
 Narrow definitions
 Lack of financial
responsibility
...
8 – CARBON
“EU carbon prices
could remain
languishing at little
more than €20 a
tonne up to 2020,
based on the current
EU ...
7 – ENERGY COST
 Hardware
- Energy Star
- EPEAT
- Ecoflower
 Data Centre
- Energy Star
- European Code of Conduct
 Networks?
 Applicat...
5 – DISCLOSURE
5 – DISCLOSURE
 Organisational comparison
 Building comparison
- Energy certificates
 Benchmarking
 Product comparison...
4 - AESTHETICS
FROM UGLY PROCESSES
3 – CONTINUOUS
IMPROVEMENT
2 – TOTAL COST
NUMBER
1
CONCLUSIONS
 Small inputs can produce large output
 Multi-stakeholder partnerships are the future
 There is no green IT...
CONCLUSIONS
 There is enormous opportunity
 Central support is crucial
- information and understanding
- creating networ...
(MORE) EFFICIENT
STORAGE OPTIONS
 Manage
- policies; deduplication
 Optimise
- from monolithic SAS/SCSI
- to nearline SA...
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SGI10 - Green ICT in Further & Higher Education: The UK Experience - Peter James

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SGI10 - Green ICT in Further & Higher Education: The UK Experience - Peter James

  1. 1. Green ICT in Further and Higher Education: The UK Experience
  2. 2.  Structure - Background - Greening OF ICT - Greening BY ICT - Greening ICT Curricula - Drivers - Conclusions ABOUT THIS  Sustainable ICT? - environmental, social & economic - uses of ICT (e.g. privacy, repression)  Green ICT? - environmental, narrow social  Low Carbon ICT?  Energy Efficient ICT?
  3. 3.  Provider of digital infrastructure and services to UK education, as SURF - high capacity network & related activities -JANET (ja.net) - guidance and advices - ICT-enabled libraries/learning  Research/Action Programmes - SusteIT 2008 - Green IT c £3 million  IT Category in Green Gown Awards  More info - http://jiscgreenict.org ABOUT
  4. 4.  Environmental Improvement - improvement ‘clubs’ with technical inputs - www.eauc.org.uk  Responsible Energy Costs - e.g. devolved energy budgeting, whole life costing  Behavioural/Technical - Sustainable ICT use e.g. desktop powerdown, file storage, HPC, printing, server rooms - Dematerialisation e.g. e-readers, videoconferences - Cloud computing and thin client - Flexible working - Reporting sustainability-related information PROJECTS
  5. 5.  1998 – world’s first NGO for Green ICT - research, guidance, policy  EU Involvement - Sustainable ICT consultation for Lisbon - Sustainable Teleworking (Sustel) project - Expert Groups eg ICT & Energy Efficiency  Green ICT in universities  www.goodcampus.org ABOUT
  6. 6. GREENING OF ICT
  7. 7. PRODUCTION BURDENS  A typical semiconductor facility: - 591 million gallons DI water - 5.2 million pounds of chemicals - 8.8 million kwh of electricity  PC/LCD production - 1,000+ hazardous substances  High energy materials - 2.5 tonnes of rock - for 1 gram of gold
  8. 8. THE STEAM COMPUTER
  9. 9. 14% 18% 47% 8% 2% 10% 1% HPC Servers PCs Networks Telephony Imaging AV SUSTEIT FINDINGS - UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD 18% electricity 15% carbon £1 million pa
  10. 10. ENERGY/CARBON IMPACT TOOL
  11. 11. SUSTEIT FINDINGS - SECTOR  760,000 PCs  215,000 servers  147,000 networked printers  £60 million + energy bill  275,000 tonnes of CO2
  12. 12. 2010 AGENDAS – DESKTOP  Powerdown - Lisa Nelson’s free software saved £64,000 pa at Liverpool - ½ year paybacks  Energy efficient devices  Low power devices  Thin(k) client
  13. 13. MARGARET UNIVERSIT Y • Wanted greenest building in UK • PCs main barrier • 98% thin client • 25-30% space savings
  14. 14. 2010 AGENDAS - DATA CENTRE  Power Usage Effectiveness - ratio of total energy (ie servers + support) to server energy  1990s centres 2.0 +  2007 design 1.5/1.6  University of St Andrews 1.2  CSC, Finland 1.06
  15. 15. Server Load/ Computing Operations Cooling Equipment Power Conversion & Distribution Alternative Energy Supply Voltage optimisation Use of DC power Highly efficient UPS systems Efficient redundancy strategies Power management Consolidation/Virtualisation More efficient device design More efficient storage Better air management Free/efficient cooling Innovative cooling Flexibility and control On-site renewables Waste heat for cooling Fuel cells Thermal storage DATA CENTRE OPPORTUNITIES
  16. 16. 2020 AGENDAS  Device proliferation  Increasing functionality  Increasing accessibility  New applications  ‘Exabyte research’
  17. 17. 2020 AGENDAS  Technology/material transitions  Energy aware software  Net zero carbon - data centres - networks - supply chains  System integration - grid related location  Local integration  Greening the cloud
  18. 18. GREENING BY ICT  SMART 2020  Benefits - 15% cut in CO2 emissions by 2020 - $946 billion of cost savings - 5:1 CO2 avoidance/creation ratio  Means - smart grid - intelligent buildings - new ways of working
  19. 19. AVE MARIA UNIVERSITY 19 Intrusion Detection Fire Alarm SystemPower System Elevator Mgmt. Lighting Controls HVAC Control Evacuation Management Security Users Building Maintenance Users Access Control (security system) Campus Security
  20. 20. BY ICT – BEHAVIOUR
  21. 21. BY ICT – OPTIMISATION
  22. 22. BY ICT – DEMATERIALISATION
  23. 23. BY ICT – UTILISATION
  24. 24. GREENING ICT CURRICULA  New degrees - MSc in Green IT  New modules  Projects - university IT footprinting - repairing old equipment  Absences - change management - software coding
  25. 25. 10 - EXHORTATION  Greening Government IT - Central Government's office estate Carbon Neutral by 2012 - Carbon neutral across the ICT life cycle by 2020  “Countries from around the world are now looking to us for advice on how to follow our lead"
  26. 26. 9 – IT SUSTAINABILITY CONCERN  Task focus  Performance worries  Narrow definitions  Lack of financial responsibility  Complex supply chains in many countries
  27. 27. 8 – CARBON “EU carbon prices could remain languishing at little more than €20 a tonne up to 2020, based on the current EU emissions target and without further restriction of UN carbon offset credits” – Societe Generale
  28. 28. 7 – ENERGY COST
  29. 29.  Hardware - Energy Star - EPEAT - Ecoflower  Data Centre - Energy Star - European Code of Conduct  Networks?  Applications? SUSTAINABILITY CONCERN
  30. 30. 5 – DISCLOSURE
  31. 31. 5 – DISCLOSURE  Organisational comparison  Building comparison - Energy certificates  Benchmarking  Product comparison  Supply chain - monitoring - reassurance
  32. 32. 4 - AESTHETICS
  33. 33. FROM UGLY PROCESSES
  34. 34. 3 – CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT
  35. 35. 2 – TOTAL COST
  36. 36. NUMBER 1
  37. 37. CONCLUSIONS  Small inputs can produce large output  Multi-stakeholder partnerships are the future  There is no green IT community  The biggest gains may not be environmentally driven
  38. 38. CONCLUSIONS  There is enormous opportunity  Central support is crucial - information and understanding - creating networks - practical assistance - overcoming capital/revenue disconnects
  39. 39. (MORE) EFFICIENT STORAGE OPTIONS  Manage - policies; deduplication  Optimise - from monolithic SAS/SCSI - to nearline SAS/SSD mix - 150TB 15 to 2.5kW  Replace - higher efficiency devices  Extend - cloud, shared services

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