Digitale Collectie Nederland: policy, infrastructure and practice


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Presentation for an international group of researchers, IT-staff and lobbyists who have the ambition to realise a combination of infrastructure, digital content and virtual research for colonial architecture and building history.

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Digitale Collectie Nederland: policy, infrastructure and practice

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP Digitale Collectie Nederland: policy, infrastructure and practice Marco Streefkerk DEN FoundationNovember, 20th, 12012
  2. 2. Agenda Intro Digitale Collectie Nederland About DEN Foundation National infrastructure European perspectiveNovember, 20th, 22012
  3. 3. November, 20th, 32012
  4. 4. From chain to cycle New media bring “a culture of mass self-communication in which people increasingly communicate to and through one another, rather than through formal media organisations like broadcasters and publishers”. “All research is becoming more interconnected, collaborative and networked. Science is increasingly driven by the analysis of large overlapping clouds of data.“ Charles Leadbeater,November, 20th, Cloud culture. 42012 Unesco Culture Cycle (2009)
  5. 5. Crowd sourcingNovember, 20th, Source: Doi:10.1145/2103354.2103373 52012
  6. 6. Governmental policy Digitization project of memory organisations should contribute to the Digital Collection of The Netherlands and reuse existing infrastructure. Only then digital resources will be as accessible as possible and reusable for all.November, 20th, 62012
  7. 7. Raad voor Cultuur (Innoveren, participeren)Breaking down of boardersFirst step towards breaking down existing Source: is collaboration between thedifferent networks of memory institutions.A prerequisite for success is thewillingness to share all availableKnowledge and look for valuablecrossovers between domains. And aboveall to name collaboration as core elementof all activities.November, 20th, 72012
  8. 8. Challenge for heritage Source: Digitization2. Innovation3. TransformationNovember, 20th, 82012
  9. 9. Raad voor Cultuur (Netwerken van betekenis) Source: The focus shouldn’t be with large stand alone projects. In order to build sustainable networks, collaboration should be obligatory and we have to commit to standards for access and description. By doing so, available cultural information can be reused by all, be in organisations or consumers.November, 20th, 92012
  10. 10. How much has been digitised? Source: www.numeric.wsNovember, 20th, 102012
  11. 11. Percentage digitised (N=98) Source: Not necessary Is done Awaiting digitizationNovember, 20th, 112012
  12. 12. Current national policy Less government, more entrepreneurs Creating preconditions: Infrastructure Preservation Copyright Different levels: national, regional, local European LevelNovember, 20th, 122012
  13. 13. What is DEN?The DEN Foundation (Digital Heritage Netherlands) is the Dutch knowledge centre for digital heritage.DEN supports good digitisation practices at archives, museums and other cultural heritage institutions.DEN encourages the institutions to jointly create a future-proof national Digital Heritage Collection.DEN is sponsored by the Dutch Ministry of Education, Cultural Affairs and ScienceNovember, 20th, 132012
  14. 14. What does DEN do? Core mission: Knowledge dissemination Share knowledge & experiences with ICT & good practise for digital heritage Support heritage institutions to improve their digital strategies and services  Quality assurance for digital heritage!  Encourage institutions to... ... invest in open technology ... create sustainable (services  Be aware of vendor lock in, (un)sustainable cloud services… ... use the same ICT-standards  Create 1 nationalNovember, 20th, Digital Heritage Collection 142012
  15. 15. Why share knowledge? Archives Information processes Collection descriptions Digital preservation Museums Complex objects Creative front-ends Archaeology Exploitation / re-use Geographic systems Legal issues Concepts vs. Objects Educational tools Visualisation Object metadata Geographic systems IT-backoffice / Retrieval Local target groups Digital preservation Mobile media International standards MonumentsLibraries IT-scalability Business models Multimedia / AV Exploitation November, 20th, 15 2012 Audiovisual archives
  16. 16. Online disseminationKnowledgebase | Blog | Social Media (LinkedIN, Twitter, …)November, 20th, 162012
  17. 17. Quality CycleNovember, 20th, 172012
  18. 18. Digitisation & Policy 2006-2009 Criteria: Innovative Public Access Knowledge dissimination 120 Information Plans 40 digitization projects Comply or Explain on ICTNovember, 20th, 182012
  19. 19. An information plan…• Helps institutions to make ICT an integral part of theiroverall policy.• Supports standardisation by making it a choice, a strategy,not a burden• Defines how to move from project driven digitisation topermanent services• Provides guidance for digital innovation: “always in beta”. November, 20th, 19 2012
  20. 20. Information plans vs. budget Source: www.numeric.wsNovember, 20th, 202012
  21. 21. 2012 link The missingNovember, 20th, A extra management tool 21 Source:
  22. 22. Business Model Innovation Renewing the framework (or logic) used by an organisation for creating or increasing social and economic valueNovember, 20th, 222012
  23. 23. Written and published by Kennisland, DEN & Ministry of Culture (NL), December 2009 Online available at www.den.nlNovember, 20th, 232012
  24. 24. 2012November, 20th, New value propositions 24 Source:
  25. 25. New propositions Source: is imperative that we find the right ways to harmonise the needs of the users with what we have on offer...November, 20th, How do we do that? 252012
  26. 26. Business Model Canvass Source: Alex OsterwalderNovember, 20th, 262012
  27. 27. THE BASICS The Heritage Essentials: Building a Succesful ICT Strategy THE BASICS defines a set of minimal requirements for digitisation.November, 20th, 272012
  28. 28. Offline activitiesExpertmeetings (BASIS, Digital preservation, …) workshops, conferences in… workgroups (e.g. Copyright)… steering committees (e.g. CATCH+)… stakeholders meetings (Persistent Identifiers)… European (research projects) (e.g. ENUMERATE)November, 20th, 282012
  29. 29. InfrastructureNovember, 20th, 292012
  30. 30. Who When Dutch Jewry Beeldbank WOII RKD-artists StamboomNederland WieWasWie Archeos Digitale Atlas Geschiedenis Genlias Nederlandse fotografen Nationale referentiecollectie Biografisch portaal DBNG DBNA Papua portal Bibliopolis Thematis Databank Digitale Dagbladen Bibliotheek.nlSource: Paul Doorenbosch en Marco de Niet nu-en-toen Geheugen van Nederland Verteld verleden Labour History Index Multimedian pilot e-culture Beelden voor de toekomst / ED*T Beeldbank NA Staten Generaal Content Mashup Platform Museumkennis Unicum Dendrochronologie Goudanet MichaelPlus-NL WatWasWaar KICH Cultuurhistorie op internet Collectiewijzer Maritiem Digitaal Atlas Ruimtelijke Kwaliteit Musip Sgraffito in 3D Wumkus Picarta SVCN Thuis in Brabant CRVa Biblio Sacra Aziatische keramiek MijnGelderland Reliwiki November, Zuid-Hollandse collecties digitaal 20th, Volksverhalenbank 30 Where 2012 Cinema Context What
  31. 31. NRC 10-09-2011November, 20th, 312012
  32. 32. In practice: a disaster?Main problems described by the researcher:Organization: Absence of a master plan what will be digitized and how; no central inventory what is available; no steering.Digitalisation: No searching through documents or OCR and metadat is poor.ICT-systems: Configuration of repositories is poor and technology has legacy.Approach: User involvement low.November, 20th, 322012
  33. 33. Possible improvement • Steering by a strong, neutral, cross-domain organization without operational responsibilities. • Reward not only innovation but also consolidation • Make sure there is also a stick to accompany the garrot. • Stimulate collaboration, work towards „shared services‟ • Re-use what‟s already there…November, 20th, 332012
  34. 34. National infrastructure diensten tools Europeana Thema aggregatorSubdomein aggregator Regionale aggregator Nederlandse Digitale Thema aggregator Collectie Regionale aggregator (Nationale aggregator) tools diensten Regionale aggregator Bron: Collectie Europa en terug (2011) Thema aggregator subdomein aggregator RCE: musea RCE: archeologie/ Beeld en Geluid: STAP/NA: KB: architectuur audiovisueel archieven bibliotheken Al het digitale Nederlandse erfgoed in collecties/musea/archieven/instellingenNovember, 20th, 342012
  35. 35. Infrastructural tools & service Source:Hennie Brugman (CATCHPlus)November, 20th, 352012
  36. 36. Levels for heritage service Informatiebestanden met (semantische) zoekmogelijkheid in zowel metadata als in Enriched object volledige (gestructureerde) inhoud en achterliggende (data/video-) bestanden, vgl. wetenschappelijke informatie-systemen, WieWasWie etc. (knowldge system) Content searchable Informatiebestanden met zoekmogelijkheid in zowel metadata als in volledige inhoud (niveau Google), vgl. Digitale Dagbladen, EDBO, (index / search) Digital reproductions Informatiebestanden met zoekmogelijkheid op object en centrale raadpleging van objecten, vgl. Geheugen van Nederland, WatWasWaar. (portal) Thumbnails Zoekindexen van metadata met links naar buiten, vgl. Europeana. (aggregation) Relations (hierarchy, related) Traditionele bibliografieën en centrale catalogi (bijv. STCN) (catalogues) (Basic)des- criptions Collection registration in institutions (vgl. Immix) (registration) HeritageNovember, 20th, 362012 Dutch Collection (assets)
  37. 37. Collaboration1. Elkaar kennen 2. Samen werken (informeel) 3. Samen coördineren (bijv. projecten) 4. Gemeenschappelijke dienstverlening November, 20th, 5. Convergentie 37 2012 Bron: Beyond the silos of the LAMs (OCLC)
  38. 38. NetworksCollaboration at the national level Creative industry Education Government Science Virtueel Platform Kennisnet Forum Standaardisatie CATCH / CATCH+ BIS e-cultuur SURF CLARIN-NL IIP-Create Topics across heritage Business model Aggretation and access Copyright Policy making innovation NL-aggregators, STAP Werkgroep Auteursrechten OCW digitaliseringsoverleg Kennisland, TNO, Erfgoed2.0 FOBID/JC, Digitice Waterwolf, HU Utrecht Digital preservationNCDD, CCDD Collaboration within domains Quality assurance Archeo- Archives AV Librarie Monu- Museum logy s ments sErfgoed Nederland, RCE/KVCE‘Meten is weten’ RCE BRAIN AVA-net KB RCE NMV CAA-NL ACDD B&G SIOB LEU SIMIN Training STAP NIMk Bibliotheek. Museum- NA / RHC’s nl registerGO, Reinwardt, UL/BDMS FOBID LCM UKB Bijzcol Qmus Funding Fondsen, Provincies, Agentschap-NL 20th, November, 38 2012
  39. 39. Organizing „shared services‟- European projects- Innovation programs -Memory organisations Digitization- Creative industry - Companies- Innovatieve - Mass digital.instellingen - On demand- DEN R&D Aggregation -Beeld en - Innovation Geluid / RCE / - Geographical - Knowledge DCN - Thematic -STAP Sharing -Geheugen van-Digitice Nederland-Working group - Provincescopyright Shared services Data Support management - Standards - Local - Copyrights - External/cloud -NCDD (B&G/DANS/ KB/NA) -RCE Software - Market Services-Memory institutions development- (Creative) companies - Public (apps) - Open 20th, November, - B2B - Licences -CATCH / CATCH+39 2012 - Market
  40. 40. Public Private Partnerships Networked heritage and the New users and service creation of a ‘Cultural innovation Commonwealth’. CLICK// HERITAGE Collaboration between heritage, research, government and private sector. Source: of new multidisciplinaire Technology as the new methods of reaserach intermediaryNovember, 20th, 402012
  41. 41. European perspectiveNovember, 20th, 412012
  42. 42. European policy Preservation“Digital versions of old works will notonly guarantee survival through the ages,but reach a much wider audience withoutcausing any risk to the original copy. Access / AccessibilityThrough digital libraries people will be ableto visit the past virtually tofind, understand and experienceEuropes cultural wealth and history.” Value through services (European Commission, Augustus 2008) November, 20th, 42 2012
  43. 43. Comité de Sages1. Digitisation: organisation and funding • Planning: Metamorfoze Source: • Monitoring: De Digitale Feiten / ENUMERATE • Economies of scale: Prestoprime & Impact Competence centres • PPP: Business Model Innovation Cultural Heritage2. Digitisation and online accessibility of public domain material • Improve access: NL-Aggregators • PRIMA-projecten (WieWasWie, Kimomo, CATCH+) • Conditions: Werkgroep Auteursrechten i.o. • Europeana: sterk netwerk3. Digital preservation • Nationale strategie: NCDD / ACDD / CCDD • Ontwikkeling E-depots (KB, DANS, Beeld en Geluid, Nationaal Archief) • Deelname aan internationale projecten (m.n. Planets)November, 20th, 432012
  44. 44. 2012November, 20th, European Data Model 44 Source:
  45. 45. European legal approach Source: http://pro.europeana.euNovember, 20th, 452012
  46. 46. Advice of DEN foundation about metadata and licenses Metadata created by the cultural heritage institution This categorie entails data that are needed for This category entails data that provide a identification and/or localisation of cultural heritage context for (the interpretation of) cultural (objects). It regards data about the creator, publisher, heritage (objects). This context can be the name or title, a short generic description, information information acquired through knowledge or about place and time of creation, geo-location, time research, but it could also be a personal periode or physical characteristics. observation of a heritage professional . Subject description using ontologies, thesauri Advice: these metadata should be available under or knowledge systems are included in this the Creative Commons Zero Public Domain category. Dedication (or similar license). This counts for all metadata of institutions with a public mission. Advice: for public institutions, there are two options to choose from: CC0 or CC- N.B. Objective data resulting from BY (or similar). Institutions that rely for >Objective ownership or management are excluded 50% on government funding, are urged toMetadata can be (e.g. data about acquisition, provenance, choose CC0. The next preferred license is Subjectivederived insurance, storage etc.) CC-BY (Attribution). Metadata areimmediately from based onthe cultural expertise orheritage object. opinion This category entails data that are contributed by users This category entails personals responses or that can be objectively verified, such as the identification observations by users, such as stories, anecdotes, tags, of persons, buildings or events portrayed or represented additional photographs, etc. by cultural heritage objects, or corrections to descriptions made by the cultural heritage institutions. Advice: there is no preferred licence for this category. It depends very much on the content and Advice: this information should be available under context of the user’s contribution. Tags may be the CC0-Dedication. This should be formally published as CC0, while for a personal story of a war announced in user agreements. survivor CC BY-NC-ND Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivates) may be the most appropriate. November, 20th, 46 2012 Metadata created by the user
  47. 47. DEN in Europe Europeana: Europeana Network, WP7, task forces CIP ICT PSP D-Content: eNumerate (TN), Europeana Inside (BPN) FP7-DigiCult: V-MUST, MESCH EACEA culture program: CEMEC CLARIN ERIC: clarin-NL DARIAH  ERIC JPI  Horizon 2020November, 20th, 472012
  48. 48. Domain oriented approach “Digitisation is a process, and as with any process the actual cost depends both on the organisational context, the complexity of the material and the sophistication of the output.” “The estimated total cost of digitising the collections of Europe’s museums, archives and libraries, including the audiovisual material they hold is approximately €100bn” “The cost of preserving and providing access to this material over a 10-year period after digitisation would be in the order of €10bn to €25bn, provided that centralised repository infrastructure isNovember, 20th, made available for the purpose.” 482012
  49. 49. Measuring digital heritage ENUMERATE is the European Thematic Network on Statistics for Digitisation, Digital Preservation and Online Access to Digital Cultural Heritage.November, 20th, 492012
  50. 50. November, 20th, 502012
  51. 51. November, 20th, 512012
  52. 52. November, 20th, 522012
  53. 53. November, 20th, 532012
  54. 54. Let‟s share our knowledge on digitization!November, 20th, 542012