DE conferentie 2012 - Rens Bod


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DE conferentie 2012 - Rens Bod

  1. 1. Digital Humanities and its Applications Rens Bod Institute for Logic, Language and Computation Faculty of Humanities University of Amsterdam
  2. 2. What are the ‘Humanities’? NWO Report “Duurzame Geesteswetenschappen” (2008):  “The humanities study the expressions of the human mind” such as linguistics, musicology, art history, literary studies, philology, historiography, etc.  In 21st century there are many different ways to investigate expressions of the human mind  Not only historically but also digitally
  3. 3. Humanities and ICT Humanities are about to become the next big step in Information Technology:  Complex data: e.g. film  Is it visual, textual, auditive?  Incomplete data: e.g. manuscripts  How to deal with fragments, unclear handwriting?  Fuzzy data: e.g. paintings  What are the units of painting?
  4. 4. Digital Humanities The digital study of the humanities has led to new public-private initiatives Digital Humanities is a research spearpoint at various universities Several projects with small and large companies
  5. 5. Example: Center for DigitalHumanities In autumn 2011 the UvA Faculty of Humanities made seed money available for public-private projects that should lead to knowledge utilization:  Concrete products in digital humanities and creative industries  Involves senior and junior researchers, even pre-PhD VU and KNAW joined in too, as well as some people from HvA  Has led to additional seed money
  6. 6. Criteria for public-privateprojects in Digital Humanities Humanities-driven  Specific research question that connects with existing research in humanities Private component  Private partner that wants to invest (financially or in kind) Concrete  Should lead to concrete product, in principle marketable Sustainable  Product is accessible also after project is finished (open access). New research prospects should be generated.
  7. 7. Example 1:Digital Canal Ring What painting was hanging where in the Golden Age? The Ecartico-database on which Dr. Marten Jan Bok and Dr. Harm Nijboer have worked for years, will be turned into a commercial app together with Webmapper  Not only interesting for tourists but also for scholars – new connections and patterns are discovered! Webmapper is specialized in geographic technology, and the people involved are:  Edward Mac Gillavry (previously with Tomtom)  Richard Duivenvoorde (previously with Geodata).
  8. 8. Example 2:Musical Similarity How can we find a musical piece similar to another piece w.r.t. meter, tempo, instrumentation? Musical similarity models developed by Dr. Aline Honingh during last 3 years will be turned into a musical app for jogging, ballroom dance and DJ, together with Elephantcandy  Dr. Aline Honingh is a musicologist/information scientist  Bruno Rocha MA is a musicologist Elephantcandy has developed audio software and specialized in music applications  Victor Bergen Henegouwen
  9. 9. Example 3Political Search Who said what to whom in the Dutch Parliament, and why? Interactive public search system will be built based on previous research and applications developed by Dr. Jaap Kamps, Dr. Maarten Marx a.o., together with Spinque  Dr. Jaap Kamps is a cultural information scientist Spinque is an Information Retrieval company specialized in search engines for the web  Dr. Arjen de Vries
  10. 10. Example 4:Emotions in Film How can we automatically detect emotions in film? A database of (emotionally) tagged film shots will be created, based on previous research by Prof. Ed Tan and Prof. Patricia Pisters, together with VicarVision  Ed Tan is professor Communication Sciences  Patricia Pisters is professor Film Studies VicarVision is a major computer vision company specialized in facial emotional expressions  M.J. den Uyl Only project where the concrete product is a database
  11. 11. And many more examples fromComputational Linguistics From machine translation to speech recognition and automatic summarization Yet today I explicitly focused on disciplines other than (computational) linguistics  Since common wisdom has it that these other disciplines do not lead to concrete products.
  12. 12. KNAW and VU are now alsoparticipating & many more partners 13 projects aiming at valorizing knowledge from humanities, all within Joint Center for Digital Humanities  More than 70 people (UvA, KNAW, VU & private partners) KNAW released extra money:  3.5 million to stimulate Computational Humanities projects  15 million Euro for a Center for Humanities and Technology (CHAT), a.o.
  13. 13. Different way of thinking? The idea that humanities are first of all important for Critical Mind or Historical Conscioussness, is mistaken  There have always been world-changing insights in humanities  IBM 2012:  “The humanities are The Next Big Thing”  Steve Jobs 2011:  “True innovation stands at the intersection of humanities and sciences”
  14. 14. Two upcoming talks in thissession Karina van Dalen-Oskam (Huygens ING)  Computationele Letterkunde Stef Scagliola (Erasmus University)  Oral History & ICT