Digital Humanities and its Applications Rens Bod Institute for Logic, Language and Computation Faculty of Humanities University of Amsterdam
What are the ‘Humanities’? NWO Report “Duurzame Geesteswetenschappen” (2008): “The humanities study the expressions of the human mind” such as linguistics, musicology, art history, literary studies, philology, historiography, etc. In 21st century there are many different ways to investigate expressions of the human mind Not only historically but also digitally
Humanities and ICT Humanities are about to become the next big step in Information Technology: Complex data: e.g. film Is it visual, textual, auditive? Incomplete data: e.g. manuscripts How to deal with fragments, unclear handwriting? Fuzzy data: e.g. paintings What are the units of painting?
Digital Humanities The digital study of the humanities has led to new public-private initiatives Digital Humanities is a research spearpoint at various universities Several projects with small and large companies
Example: Center for DigitalHumanities In autumn 2011 the UvA Faculty of Humanities made seed money available for public-private projects that should lead to knowledge utilization: Concrete products in digital humanities and creative industries Involves senior and junior researchers, even pre-PhD VU and KNAW joined in too, as well as some people from HvA Has led to additional seed money
Criteria for public-privateprojects in Digital Humanities Humanities-driven Specific research question that connects with existing research in humanities Private component Private partner that wants to invest (financially or in kind) Concrete Should lead to concrete product, in principle marketable Sustainable Product is accessible also after project is finished (open access). New research prospects should be generated.
Example 1:Digital Canal Ring What painting was hanging where in the Golden Age? The Ecartico-database on which Dr. Marten Jan Bok and Dr. Harm Nijboer have worked for years, will be turned into a commercial app together with Webmapper Not only interesting for tourists but also for scholars – new connections and patterns are discovered! Webmapper is specialized in geographic technology, and the people involved are: Edward Mac Gillavry (previously with Tomtom) Richard Duivenvoorde (previously with Geodata).
Example 2:Musical Similarity How can we find a musical piece similar to another piece w.r.t. meter, tempo, instrumentation? Musical similarity models developed by Dr. Aline Honingh during last 3 years will be turned into a musical app for jogging, ballroom dance and DJ, together with Elephantcandy Dr. Aline Honingh is a musicologist/information scientist Bruno Rocha MA is a musicologist Elephantcandy has developed audio software and specialized in music applications Victor Bergen Henegouwen
Example 3Political Search Who said what to whom in the Dutch Parliament, and why? Interactive public search system will be built based on previous research and applications developed by Dr. Jaap Kamps, Dr. Maarten Marx a.o., together with Spinque Dr. Jaap Kamps is a cultural information scientist Spinque is an Information Retrieval company specialized in search engines for the web Dr. Arjen de Vries
Example 4:Emotions in Film How can we automatically detect emotions in film? A database of (emotionally) tagged film shots will be created, based on previous research by Prof. Ed Tan and Prof. Patricia Pisters, together with VicarVision Ed Tan is professor Communication Sciences Patricia Pisters is professor Film Studies VicarVision is a major computer vision company specialized in facial emotional expressions M.J. den Uyl Only project where the concrete product is a database
And many more examples fromComputational Linguistics From machine translation to speech recognition and automatic summarization Yet today I explicitly focused on disciplines other than (computational) linguistics Since common wisdom has it that these other disciplines do not lead to concrete products.
KNAW and VU are now alsoparticipating & many more partners 13 projects aiming at valorizing knowledge from humanities, all within Joint Center for Digital Humanities More than 70 people (UvA, KNAW, VU & private partners) KNAW released extra money: 3.5 million to stimulate Computational Humanities projects 15 million Euro for a Center for Humanities and Technology (CHAT), a.o.
Different way of thinking? The idea that humanities are first of all important for Critical Mind or Historical Conscioussness, is mistaken There have always been world-changing insights in humanities IBM 2012: “The humanities are The Next Big Thing” Steve Jobs 2011: “True innovation stands at the intersection of humanities and sciences”
Two upcoming talks in thissession Karina van Dalen-Oskam (Huygens ING) Computationele Letterkunde Stef Scagliola (Erasmus University) Oral History & ICT