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BSA Scouting Heritage


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This is part of a temporary display that is designed to support a Troop activity to earn Scouting Heritage merit badge.
There are still requirements to fullfill to succsesfully earn the merit badge. Two examples include playing a game that might have been played at Brown Sea Island. And to talk to two founding members of the troop.

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BSA Scouting Heritage

  1. 1.      Born: Robert Stephenson Smyth Powell in London on February 22, 1857. His father was Rev. Baden Powell. Father died when Robert was 3 years old. As a tribute to Rev. Powell, the family name was changed to Baden-Powell. In Scouting, usually known simply as “BP”. In 1929, was created Baron Baden-Powell, of Gilwell. Thereafter known as Lord Baden-Powell
  2. 2.  At 18 he failed his college exams  Joined the British Army as an Calvary officer ◦ Sent immediately to India  In 1880, sent to Afghanistan to quell tribal conflicts ◦ British pulled out within a year  At 26, promoted to Captain and sent to S. Africa ◦ Boers were fighting with the Zulu’s  In 1890, stationed in Malta ◦ promoted to Major ◦ Sent on intelligence missions posing as a Butterfly Collector  Participated in the Ashanti Expedition in 1895 ◦ Gold Coast of Africa (Ghana) where tribes were fighting over control of the slave trade ◦ Promoted to Lt. Colonel  1897 promoted to full Colonel commanding the 5th Dragoon Guards in India
  3. 3. While in India, B-P’s first military book entitled “Reconnaissance and Scouting was published. British officers did not “rough it”. Each was assigned 7 servants to see to their every need.
  4. 4.  As commander of a Calvary regiment, B-P used his creativity to design new training techniques ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Training must be fun Best if conducted in small groups Should encourage self-discipline Offer opportunities for accepting responsibility Handbooks work well Advancement based on training achievement  Those that passed received the rank of “Scout”  Emblem was a Fleur-de-lys
  5. 5.  In 1899 B-P sent to S. African Boer War ◦ B-P Commander-in-Chief of the Rhodesian Frontier Force ◦ Dutch, British and native tribes fighting over land and sovereignty  B-P defends the city of Mafeking from the Boers (Dutch) ◦ Siege lasts 217 days ◦ His book “Aids to Scouting” is published  Covers outdoor skills needed for military personnel ◦ B-P becomes a national hero ◦ Promoted to Major-General
  6. 6.   B-P sets up a new S. African army Designs uniforms himself ◦ Khaki shirt with soft collar ◦ Round brimmed campaign hats ◦ Implements his training techniques  Morale and enthusiasm so high, the soldiers adopted the slogan “Be Prepared” ◦ Each division divided into 4 “Districts” ◦ Districts divided into “Troops” ◦ Troops divided into “Patrols” of 6 men  Each has a “patrol leader”
  7. 7.  In 1904 B-P becomes Inspector General of Great Britain and Ireland ◦ Tours England and finds many schools, YMCAs, and other youth military groups are using his book Aids to Scouting as a handbook ◦ Over 50,000 boys participating throughout England ◦ B-P believes participation could be much bigger if boys performed more fun, non-military type activities ◦ He envisions a movement that could help the impoverished youth of England  Begins to modify his Aids to Scouting book to include outdoor camping skills and citizenship
  8. 8.  In 1906 B-P receives a book entitled The Birch-bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians ◦ Authored by Ernest Thomson Seton ◦ An American boys group focused on Indian lore and frontier skills ◦ The two men meet in London and agree to merge their ideas to form a boy’s organization  The Boy Scouts was born ◦ Each area would be set up as a “Council” ◦ Achievement awards were changed from feathers to merit badges
  9. 9.  In 1907 B-P published his outline for the Boy Scouts ◦ Received wide acceptance  Object: To make the rising generation, of whatever class or creed, into good citizens  Subjects: activities such as tracking, woodcraft, lifesaving, health, thrift, self-sacrifice, discipline, responsibility, chivalry, and patriotism  Organization: patrols, led by a Scoutmaster
  10. 10.  On July 29, 1907 B-P held the first Boy Scout summer camp ◦ Brownsea Island, off southern coast of England ◦ Invited 21 boys to attend ◦ Issued S. African army uniforms ◦ Created patrol names (Wolves, Bulls, Ravens)  The first Boy Scout campfire was held on July 31, 1907 ◦ B-P told stories about his military career  The last day of camp, the scouts played games ◦ Scout planned, and led
  11. 11.  In 1908, a re-written handbook “Scouting for Boys” was published ◦ Outlined the Scout Oath, Law, rank advancement to First Class and merit badges. ◦ Created the official scout salute and uniform   Tens of thousands of boys joined within a few years B-P always planned on Scouting to be a part of other organizations ◦ Boys wanted to be Scouts, and only Scouts ◦ Led to a stand-alone Boy Scout organization  By 1909, scouting had spread to India and Canada
  12. 12.     Small island off the coast of southern England Baden-Powell had visited the site as a boy with his brothers Birth of Scouting in August 1907 ◦ 20 Boys arranged in 4 patrols: Wolves, Ravens, Bulls and Curlews ◦ Boys received brass fleur-de-lis badges, the first use of the Scout emblem, and colored knot on shoulder indicating patrol. ◦ After passing tests on knots, tracking, and the national flag, given another brass badge, a scroll with the words Be Prepared, to wear below the fleur-de-lis World Jamborees held in 1973 and 2007
  13. 13.  In 1909, the King of England knighted B-P  In 1910 B-P initiated the Cub Scout program to prepare both boys and adults for scouting  In 1919, the King gave land at Gilwell Park to serve as the official Boy Scout training center  Site of the first Boy Scout Jamboree and Wood Badge leadership training course  In 1920, site of the first Boy Scout World Jamboree ◦ B-P named Chief Scout of the World  B-P died in 1937
  14. 14.    Jamboree: etymology is "19th century, origin unknown”, possibly from Swahili word for hello: jambo Meaning: rowdy, boisterous gathering First World Jamboree – 1920 ◦ Kensington Olympia - London, England ◦ 8,000 Scouts ◦ 34 nations
  15. 15.  In 1909, William Boyce visited London and became lost ◦ A Boy Scout helped him find his way and would not accept a tip, for Scouts were expected to do a good turn daily ◦ Boyce was so impressed, he wrote to B-P about bringing scouting the America  The BSA was established in 1910 ◦ President Theodore Roosevelt was named Chief Scout Citizen ◦ Merged with the Sons of Daniel Boone, a backwoods boys group founded by Daniel Carter Beard  In 1912, the Boys Life magazine was created  Arthur Eldred becomes the first Eagle Scout  Scout dues were 25 cents
  16. 16. Daniel Carter Beard (1850-1941) ◦ Original Founder of the Sons of Daniel Boone (aka Daniel Boone Scouts) ◦ Author of American Boys’ Handy Book ◦ Served as one of the first National Scout Commissioners ◦ Served for thirty years ◦ Helped establish Camp Fire Girls ◦ Boyhood home in Covington, KY is a National Historic Landmark  Private home. Cannot go in.  Several memorial plaques and monuments in and around property
  17. 17. Waite Philips (1883-1964) ◦ Rich oilman from Tulsa, OK ◦ Donated his New Mexico ranch to the BSA  Became the 127,000 acre Philmont Scout Ranch  Abreu family own some of original property. CAPT Mike Abreu is PMW-202 Dr. James West (1876-1948) ◦ The first Chief Scout Executive of the BSA ◦ Served from 1911-1943 ◦ Instrumental in guiding the development of the BSA  Conflicts between Seton and Beard over control of BSA
  18. 18.     Boy Scouts - 1910 Cub Scouts – 1930, but experimental until 1934 Explorer Scouts - 1949 Venturing - 1998
  19. 19.  1914 – 100,000 scouts nationwide  1920 – First World Jamboree held in London  1937 – First US Jamboree held  1939 – Philmont Scout Ranch established  1941 – Webelos established  1945 – 1 million scouts in the US  1982 – 1 million Eagle scouts  2000 – 100 million boys have been scouts  2010 – 17th National Jamboree held in Wash. D.C.  2013- Site for National Jamboree establish in WV
  20. 20.  The highest rank in British scouting is First Class, with the Chief Scout Gold Award earned by completing merit badges  The BSA ranks of Star, Life and Eagle were also initially merit badge awards available to First Class scouts ◦ Eagle became the highest rank in 1911 ◦ The King of England wanted the highest rank in scouting to be the “Kings Scout” ◦ In 1910, the highest BSA rank was “Wolf Scout”  As of 2008, there have been 1.8 million Eagle scouts in the US – 2% of total scout membership
  21. 21.  President Ford (Eagle)   Sec. of Defense Robert Gates (Eagle)  Willie Banks (Eagle)  “Guy” Bluford(Eagle)     Mike Rowe (Eagle)  Steven Spielberg (Eagle)  Sam Walton (Walmart) (Eagle)   Henry Aaron – Home run king Walter Cronkite – TV newsman Henry Fonda – actor Pres. Kennedy Bill Gates – Microsoft Jimmy Stewart – actor
  22. 22.   Official handbook of the Boy Scouts of America – First edition printed in 1911 Boys’ Life monthly magazine. First published in 1911  The magazine's mascot is Pedro the Mailburro, signs his letters with the signature "UU", meant to represent the hoofprints of a burro. 1st Edition 12th Edition