Data Center Trends - Power and Cooling

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Data Center Trends - Power and Cooling

Learn about the newest data center IT power and cooling trends as they relate to facility infrastructure. Energy efficiency, facility maintainability and reliability will be addressed while providing insight into the data center facility cooling and power technologies.

Published in: Technology

Data Center Trends - Power and Cooling

  1. 1. DATACENTERTRENDSAND Steven Shapiro, P.E., ATD Data Center Practice Lead Morrison Hershfield Mission CriticalDESIGN Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  2. 2. DATA CENTERTRENDS &DESIGNAGENDA • IT TRENDS • COOLING DESIGN TRENDS • POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  3. 3. IT TRENDS• VIRTUALIZATION• DENSITY• DENSITY vs RELIABILITY PROFILE• CHIP COOLING Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  4. 4. VIRTUALIZATION AND DENSITY• For every 18F rise in temperature hardware reliability decreased by 50%• Footprint reduction = 30% per year• Since 2000, power consumption for chips doubled• 17% annual increase in load density in past 10 years IT TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  5. 5. CHIP COOLINGCHIP MANUFACTURERS AREINVESTIGATING:• New Sink Architectures• Water Cooled Sinks• Larger Cooling Fans (up to 70 cfm per server)IT TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  6. 6. DENSITY VS. RELIABILITY PROFILE IV ENTERPRISE WEB HOSTINGTIER III COLO II OLD MAINFRAME I 50 100 150 200 250 300 W/SF Design Criteria IT TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  7. 7. COOLING DESIGN TRENDSFIGHTING DENSITY ANDINCREASING ENERGY EFFIECIENCY • IN THE DATA CENTER • FOR THE DATA CENTER • SYSTEM SELECTION PROCESS • ECONOMIZATION ALTERNATIVES Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  8. 8. IN THE DATA CENTERFan Powered Cabinet Example Cabinet Fans Hot Air Plenum Raised Floor Hot Air Conditioned Air is discharged out of is drawn through the the top via ductwork front of the cabinet COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  9. 9. IN THE DATA CENTERWater Cooled Cabinet Example Cabinet Fans Discharge Air Cooling Coil Supply Return Raised Piping Floor High Pressure Fan Coil Conditioned Airflex hose and quick-connect on rear door is drawn through the fittings to chilled water cools servers front of the cabinet mains COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  10. 10. IN THE DATA CENTER Hot Aisle Cold Aisle Configuration Return AirCold Hot ColdAisle Aisle Aisle Conditioned Air Hot Air Conditioned Air is drawn through the is discharged out of is drawn through the front of the cabinet the back of the cabinet front of the cabinet COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  11. 11. FOR THE DATA CENTERSystem Selection Process COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  12. 12. FOR THE DATA CENTERSystem Alternatives• Chiller/Cooling Tower• Air Cooled Chiller• Adiabatic Cooling/Swamp Cooler (Roof, Ground, CRAH)• Outside Air• Air to Air (Munthers, Schneider, Hunt Aire, Kyoto)• Water Side Economizer (Heat Exchanger)• DX Backup/Full-Partial• Drycoolers COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  13. 13. FOR THE DATA CENTERSystem Selection Process COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  14. 14. FOR THE DATA CENTERSystem AlternativesDirect Air Economizer System Indirect Air Economizer System Outside air does enter Outside air does not enter the data center the data center COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  15. 15. FOR THE DATA CENTERSystem AlternativesDirect Evaporative Air Economizer Indirect Evaporative Air Economizer “Swamp” cooler with outside air “Swamp” cooler without outside entering the data center air entering the data center COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  16. 16. FOR THE DATA CENTER KYOTO WHEELSystem Alternatives Indirect Air-side Economizer COOLING DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  17. 17. POWER DESIGN TRENDS• RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITY• CONCURRENT MAINTAINABILITY• EXAMPLE ONE LINE Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  18. 18. RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITY• Load Density (The Major Issue)• 99.9999% Availability (“Six Sigma”)• 2(N+1), 2N, N+2 Redundancy Common• N or (N+1) Systems Not Good Enough• Fault Tolerant Configurations – Eliminate SPOF’s• Full Concurrent MaintenancePOWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  19. 19. RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITYTypical UPS Configurations• Single Module Systems• Isolated Redundant• Parallel Redundant• Distributed Redundant• Block Redundant POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  20. 20. RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITYTypical UPS ConfigurationsPARALLELREDUNDANT POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  21. 21. RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITYTypical UPS ConfigurationsDISTRIBUTEDREDUNDANT POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  22. 22. RELIABILITY/AVAILABILITY BLOCK REDUNDANTTypical UPS Configurations POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  23. 23. CONCURRENT MAINTAINABILITYGoals • “Change Tires, Transmission and Engine at 60mph…and Don’t Lose Speed.” • No IT Downtime for Preventative and Corrective Maintenance • Scalability POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  24. 24. THE SOLUTION• Dual/Diverse Utility Services• Dual Active Distribution Paths• N+2 Generator Plant• “Self-Healing” Automation and Control• Physical Separation/Compartmentalization• 2N Static UPS• Dual Electrical Cords to IT CabinetsPOWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  25. 25. MEDIUM VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTIONUtility Bypass/Gen Control MaintenanceRed-Normal ‘A’Green-Normal ‘B’Yellow-Generator POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  26. 26. UPS – NORMAL OPERATION Red-Normal ‘A’ Green-Normal ‘B’ Blue-UPS ‘A’ Pink-UPS’B’POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  27. 27. UPS TO RPP NORMAL OPERATION Blue-UPS ‘A’ Pink-UPS’B’POWER DESIGN TRENDS Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design
  28. 28. Thank you and please feelQUESTIONS? free to contact meSteven Shapiro, PE, ATDSShapiro@MorrisonHershfield.com914.420.3213http://www.linkedin.com/in/stevenshapiropeReferences:Uptime Institute White Papers:Tier Myths and MisconceptionsData Center Site Infrastructure Tier Standard: Topology Morrison Hershfield Mission Critical – Data Center Trends and Design

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