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DMCA LAWYER
The Law Offices of Steven C.
Vondran - 2018
Copyright, Trademark, Internet
& Entertainment Law
DMCACounsel.com
Call (877) 276-5084
What is the DMCA?
 Signed into law in 1998
 Has Five Titles
 The Title we will focus on is Title II
 Title II is known as “OCILLA”
 Online Copyright Infringement Liability
Limitation
OCILLA Basics
 Adds Section 512 to the Copyright Act
 Two basic things (for purposes of this lecture)
 ONE – Creates liability safe harbors for Online
Service Provider’s (OSP) so they don’t go out of
business due to copyright infringement claims
(secondary liability).
 17 U.S.C. section 512(C) is our focus
 TWO - Prohibits devices/services whose primary
purpose is to avoid access controls (ex. Password
hack tools), Section 1201 claims
17 U.S.C. 512(c)
 OSP must meet requirements to get “safe
harbor” liability protection
 If qualify = not liable for secondary
(contributory) copyright infringement
 Meaning, not liable for monetary relief
(injunctive relief if still possible)
 If don’t qualify, they can be held liable if
copyright infringement is proven
17 U.S.C. 512(c) Requirements
 Register agent with U.S. Copyright Office
 Adopt policy to deal with repeat infringers (ex.
YouTube three strikes = termination)
 OSP must not interfere with reasonable
copyright protection measures of copyright
holders (ex. Watermarks / DRM)
 No knowledge of infringing activity (actual
knowledge or “red flag” apparent)
 Expeditiously respond to take down notices
17 U.S.C. 512(c) who benefits?
 Examples
 YOUTUBE – Videos that contain infringing music
or video clips
 ETSY STORES – Store sites that allow arts and
crafts and jewelry to be sold
 ONLINE EDUCATION COURSES – hijacked and
put on a competing free website
 PHOTOS SITES (Facebook, twitter, instagram)
 PORN TUBE SITES (posting copyrighted videos)
DMCA Anti-Circumvention
 Section 1201 prohibits
 Devices or services that:
 Are Primarily designed to circumvent access
control technology (ex. Password cracking
tools)
 Have limited purpose other than to circumvent
 Or are marketed as circumvention tool
 Civil and Criminal penalties
DMCA Notice & Takedown
 Aggrieved party sends takedown notice to designated
agent (no agent = site owner). Puts on NOTICE.
 OSP disables access to material
 Counter-notification rights to End User (optional)
 If counter-notification filed (content goes back up in 10
days)
 Aggrieved party must file suit in federal court within 10
days and inform OSP, or content goes up. NO liability
to OSP. Can raise as AFF Defense.
 NOTE: You might consider monetization route
(baseball video on YouTube)
DMCA Notice Requirements
 Must be made in good faith (512(f) bad faith)
 Under penalty of perjury
 Should consider “fair use” before sending
 Make sure it’s a COPYRIGHT claim (not
trademark or right of publicity)
 ID work and location of infringing work
 Provide contact information
 Sign under penalty of perjury.
 Notice NO GOOD = Case jeopardized.
 Similar requirements of counter-notification
17 U.S.C. 512(f) Bad Faith
 Knowing misrepresentations or even “Mistake” are
grounds for 512(f) actions
 Applies to notice and counter-notice
 Damages, attorney fees, punitive damages?
 Must know what’s NOT COPYRIGHT (ideas,
facts, concepts, plots, instructions, scenes-a-faire,
parody, transformative uses, fair use)
 Did you give CREATIVE COMMONS rights?
17 U.S.C. 512(h) Subpoenas
 a "copyright owner or a person authorized to
act on the owner's behalf may request the
clerk of any United States District Court to
issue a subpoena to a service provider for
identification of an alleged infringer"
 Unmasking alleged infringers
 DMCA notice + Clerk Letter + Affidavit
QUESTIONS?
 Who signed Bill into Law?
Free Consultation
 If you are a business owner or individual who
needs help with a DMCA legal issue
 Call us at (877) 276-5084
 Our Web DMCA Resource:
 DMCACounsel.com
 Don’t forget to SUBSCRIBE to our legal
channel.

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Overview of DMCA law

  • 1. DMCA LAWYER The Law Offices of Steven C. Vondran - 2018 Copyright, Trademark, Internet & Entertainment Law DMCACounsel.com Call (877) 276-5084
  • 2. What is the DMCA?  Signed into law in 1998  Has Five Titles  The Title we will focus on is Title II  Title II is known as “OCILLA”  Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation
  • 3. OCILLA Basics  Adds Section 512 to the Copyright Act  Two basic things (for purposes of this lecture)  ONE – Creates liability safe harbors for Online Service Provider’s (OSP) so they don’t go out of business due to copyright infringement claims (secondary liability).  17 U.S.C. section 512(C) is our focus  TWO - Prohibits devices/services whose primary purpose is to avoid access controls (ex. Password hack tools), Section 1201 claims
  • 4. 17 U.S.C. 512(c)  OSP must meet requirements to get “safe harbor” liability protection  If qualify = not liable for secondary (contributory) copyright infringement  Meaning, not liable for monetary relief (injunctive relief if still possible)  If don’t qualify, they can be held liable if copyright infringement is proven
  • 5. 17 U.S.C. 512(c) Requirements  Register agent with U.S. Copyright Office  Adopt policy to deal with repeat infringers (ex. YouTube three strikes = termination)  OSP must not interfere with reasonable copyright protection measures of copyright holders (ex. Watermarks / DRM)  No knowledge of infringing activity (actual knowledge or “red flag” apparent)  Expeditiously respond to take down notices
  • 6. 17 U.S.C. 512(c) who benefits?  Examples  YOUTUBE – Videos that contain infringing music or video clips  ETSY STORES – Store sites that allow arts and crafts and jewelry to be sold  ONLINE EDUCATION COURSES – hijacked and put on a competing free website  PHOTOS SITES (Facebook, twitter, instagram)  PORN TUBE SITES (posting copyrighted videos)
  • 7. DMCA Anti-Circumvention  Section 1201 prohibits  Devices or services that:  Are Primarily designed to circumvent access control technology (ex. Password cracking tools)  Have limited purpose other than to circumvent  Or are marketed as circumvention tool  Civil and Criminal penalties
  • 8. DMCA Notice & Takedown  Aggrieved party sends takedown notice to designated agent (no agent = site owner). Puts on NOTICE.  OSP disables access to material  Counter-notification rights to End User (optional)  If counter-notification filed (content goes back up in 10 days)  Aggrieved party must file suit in federal court within 10 days and inform OSP, or content goes up. NO liability to OSP. Can raise as AFF Defense.  NOTE: You might consider monetization route (baseball video on YouTube)
  • 9. DMCA Notice Requirements  Must be made in good faith (512(f) bad faith)  Under penalty of perjury  Should consider “fair use” before sending  Make sure it’s a COPYRIGHT claim (not trademark or right of publicity)  ID work and location of infringing work  Provide contact information  Sign under penalty of perjury.  Notice NO GOOD = Case jeopardized.  Similar requirements of counter-notification
  • 10. 17 U.S.C. 512(f) Bad Faith  Knowing misrepresentations or even “Mistake” are grounds for 512(f) actions  Applies to notice and counter-notice  Damages, attorney fees, punitive damages?  Must know what’s NOT COPYRIGHT (ideas, facts, concepts, plots, instructions, scenes-a-faire, parody, transformative uses, fair use)  Did you give CREATIVE COMMONS rights?
  • 11. 17 U.S.C. 512(h) Subpoenas  a "copyright owner or a person authorized to act on the owner's behalf may request the clerk of any United States District Court to issue a subpoena to a service provider for identification of an alleged infringer"  Unmasking alleged infringers  DMCA notice + Clerk Letter + Affidavit
  • 12. QUESTIONS?  Who signed Bill into Law?
  • 13. Free Consultation  If you are a business owner or individual who needs help with a DMCA legal issue  Call us at (877) 276-5084  Our Web DMCA Resource:  DMCACounsel.com  Don’t forget to SUBSCRIBE to our legal channel.