Ecolodges Indonesia Case Study G M S Workshop B K K Sept 08
Biodiversity Conservation & Tourism Development in the GMS, Bangkok, 17 & 18 Sept 2008
Case study: Ecolodges Indonesia
Steve Noakes www.pacificasiatourism.org www.ecolodgesindonesia.com
Biodiversity Conservation & Tourism Development
• Indonesia - only 1.3% of the earth’s land surface
• Disproportionately high share of earth’s biodiversity
• 11% of the world’s plant species,
• 10% of world mammal species, &
• 16% of world bird species.
Indonesia has nearly 70 million people living in or
near forest land, many of them living on
less than US$1 per day.
Illegal logging operations cause widespread destruction
of forests and, although it does earn short-term gains for
a few, it destroys the Livelihoods of people who depend
upon the forests.
Indonesia - serious environmental and economic concerns
• One of the largest tropical timber producers in the world
• Estimated 80 percent of timber exports being illegal
• Indonesian government fails to capture over US$100 million per year in
tax revenue on illegal logging and exports.
• Cheap and plentiful supply of timber from illegal sources depresses
timber prices worldwide by 2 percent to 4 percent.
• Deforestation in Indonesia accounts for 4 percent of
greenhouse gas emissions worldwide.
• Thus deforestation in Indonesia is a major contributor to climate change.
Kalimantan, Indonesia, April 2008
Just two countries, Brazil and Indonesia, account for over
60% of the world’s forest loss.
The mercury from the gold mining process washes into the Sekonyer River,
Tanjung Putting National Park, Kalimantan, Indonesia. April 2008
Helping to protect the threatened
species of Indonesia
Each Lodge within Ecolodges Indonesia:
• depends on the natural environment
• is ecologically sustainable
• is proven to contribute to conservation
• features an environmental training program
• incorporates cultural considerations
• provides a net economic return to the local community
Tanjung Putting National Park
US$45 to US$100 p/p/nght
Proboscis Monkeys, Gibbons, Tarsiers
& other primate species in their natural habitat.
Way Kambas National Park
US$50 p/p/ngt B &B
Siomang Gibbons (with bass, tenor and soprano calls), elephants, rhinos, tigers, sun
bears, tapirs, several species of deer, civets, binturong (mongoose like animals), birds
abound on the rivers of the park especially raptors, king fishers, egrets, bee eaters,
broadbills, pittas, the unique white winged wood duck.
From US$75 dbl
Air conditioned rooms
Solar power, rain water storage
Tanks, reed-bed and water garden
sewage treatment system - all
waste water is returned to the
gardens through irrigation.
Declared a World Heritage Site in 1986 & a Man
and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both
indications of the Park's biological importance.
• Destructive fishing habits
• Local human population increases impact on forest
cover & water resources
• Pollution from raw sewerage & chemical
Udayana University, Bali
From US$65 dbl
87 butterfly species
15 air con rooms
Free wireless internet
Solar power for hot water, pumps &
Extensive rain water storage system,
use of a biological sewage treatment
plant where all waste water is
returned to the gardens through
irrigation. (22 types of bougainvillea)
Biodiversity conservation & sustainable tourism