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Ecolodges Indonesia Case Study G M S Workshop B K K Sept 08


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Ecolodges Indonesia Case Study G M S Workshop B K K Sept 08

  1. 1. Biodiversity Conservation & Tourism Development in the GMS, Bangkok, 17 & 18 Sept 2008 Case study: Ecolodges Indonesia Steve Noakes
  2. 2. Biodiversity Conservation & Tourism Development • Indonesia - only 1.3% of the earth’s land surface • Disproportionately high share of earth’s biodiversity • 11% of the world’s plant species, • 10% of world mammal species, & • 16% of world bird species. Indonesia has nearly 70 million people living in or near forest land, many of them living on less than US$1 per day. Illegal logging operations cause widespread destruction of forests and, although it does earn short-term gains for a few, it destroys the Livelihoods of people who depend upon the forests.
  3. 3. Indonesia - serious environmental and economic concerns • One of the largest tropical timber producers in the world • Estimated 80 percent of timber exports being illegal • Indonesian government fails to capture over US$100 million per year in tax revenue on illegal logging and exports. • Cheap and plentiful supply of timber from illegal sources depresses timber prices worldwide by 2 percent to 4 percent. • Deforestation in Indonesia accounts for 4 percent of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. • Thus deforestation in Indonesia is a major contributor to climate change.
  4. 4. Kalimantan, Indonesia, April 2008 Just two countries, Brazil and Indonesia, account for over 60% of the world’s forest loss. (
  5. 5. The mercury from the gold mining process washes into the Sekonyer River, Tanjung Putting National Park, Kalimantan, Indonesia. April 2008
  6. 6.
  7. 7. ECOLODGES INDONESIA Helping to protect the threatened species of Indonesia
  8. 8. Each Lodge within Ecolodges Indonesia: • depends on the natural environment • is ecologically sustainable • is proven to contribute to conservation • features an environmental training program • incorporates cultural considerations • provides a net economic return to the local community
  9. 9. Tanjung Putting National Park 35 rooms US$45 to US$100 p/p/nght Observe Orangutans, Proboscis Monkeys, Gibbons, Tarsiers & other primate species in their natural habitat.
  10. 10. Way Kambas National Park 8 rooms US$50 p/p/ngt B &B Solar power
  11. 11. Siomang Gibbons (with bass, tenor and soprano calls), elephants, rhinos, tigers, sun bears, tapirs, several species of deer, civets, binturong (mongoose like animals), birds abound on the rivers of the park especially raptors, king fishers, egrets, bee eaters, broadbills, pittas, the unique white winged wood duck.
  12. 12. Bajo Ecolodge From US$75 dbl Air conditioned rooms Solar power, rain water storage Tanks, reed-bed and water garden sewage treatment system - all waste water is returned to the gardens through irrigation. Declared a World Heritage Site in 1986 & a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both indications of the Park's biological importance. Threats include: • Destructive fishing habits • Local human population increases impact on forest cover & water resources • Pollution from raw sewerage & chemical
  13. 13. Udayana Ecolodge, Jimbaran Heights, Udayana University, Bali From US$65 dbl 87 butterfly species 15 air con rooms Free wireless internet Pool Solar power for hot water, pumps & some lighting, Extensive rain water storage system, use of a biological sewage treatment plant where all waste water is returned to the gardens through irrigation. (22 types of bougainvillea)
  14. 14. Helping to protect the threatened species of Indonesia Biodiversity conservation & sustainable tourism