Cultural studies

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Cultural studies

  1. 1. Cultural Studies Steve Gibson
  2. 2. First Assumption <ul><li>Culture pervades and invades all facets of human behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need a different meaning for culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The various norms, ideas, values, and forms of understanding in a society that help people interpret their reality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>All a part of a culture’s ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology – framework used to makes sense of our existence </li></ul>
  3. 3. First Assumption Cont. <ul><li>Cultural practices and institutions permeate our ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>“ All groups are constantly engaged in creating and remaking meaning systems and embodying these meanings in expressive forms, social practices, and institutions”- Graham Murdock </li></ul><ul><li>Culture wars – cultural struggles over meaning, identity, and influence </li></ul><ul><li>Many behaviors that we practice daily, and others that are less frequent </li></ul>
  4. 4. Second Assumption <ul><li>People are part of a hierarchical structure of power </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning and power are closely related </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is something subordinate groups desire but cannot achieve </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Media <ul><li>Ultimate source of power </li></ul><ul><li>Hall argues that no institution should have the power to decide what the public hears </li></ul><ul><li>Choose what is important </li></ul><ul><li>Tool of the dominant class </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hegemony <ul><li>Defined as the influence, power, or dominance of one social group over another </li></ul><ul><li>Idea can be traced back to Antonio Gramsci </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the founders of the Italian Communist Party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based on false consciousness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief that people are unaware of the domination in their lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People will consent to the ideologies of the dominant culture if they are given “rights” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedoms, material goods, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Hegemony Cont. <ul><li>Theatre of Struggle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition of various cultural ideologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Women’s rights prior to 1920 and women’s rights after 1920 or African American rights prior to the 60s and after the 60s </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Counter-Hegemony <ul><li>People use hegemonic behaviors to challenge the domination in their lives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cosby Show </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Personal Experience <ul><li>Over the span of my life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Beatles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Beach Boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic rock-> Duran Duran, Aerosmith, Guns ‘N Roses, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock/Metal/Punk/Hardcore </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Discussion Question <ul><li>Are there beliefs or qualities that people or yourself possess that cannot be influenced by the dominant culture? If so, where did these beliefs originate? </li></ul>

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