Statements in the Q sample, and their normalized factor scores for each factorStatement (those at the top of the table were sorted in the most similar way by all Factor scoresfactors, those at the bottom in the least similar way): 1 2 3 4 524 Sustainability research needs to be used: ultimately impact is the most 0 0 -1 0 0important thing13 Sustainability research should prioritise the environment: in the end the planet -1 -1 -2 -1 -2is everyones life support system and it has limits.30 Its not enough to highlight or reveal problems, we need to focus on the what? 0 0 1 1 2and how? of solutions.23 Sustainability research is about building understanding of the relationship 0 1 2 1 1between past, present and future.26 Its about throwing light on different possible pathways of development, and 2 1 3 2 3not stopping at appreciating them but elaborating their merits and demerits14 Its about engaging, reflecting and questioning with the overall aim of 3 4 1 3 4contributing to social change that respects the environment.25 Sustainability research needs to provide new storylines to encourage 3 3 0 2 3mobilisation around more socially and environmentally sustainable goals.10 Since there is no singular definition of sustainability, it can only really be definedthrough unsustainable practices. Thus sustainability research is generally about -2 -1 0 0 1overcoming unsustainable practices.9 Its important that research for sustainability pays attention to the good lessons 0 3 1 1 0from the past as well as just looking at the marginal or oppressed people.11 Research for sustainability should work to advocate for all marginal groups evenif their values dont fit in neatly with those of the researcher or the broad -1 -3 -1 -2 0sustainability agenda.20 Its about creating platforms to give a voice to the most marginalised. 1 -1 2 0 07 Research for sustainability is about revealing and clarifying trade-offs between 0 2 -1 3 1environmental and social concerns.22 Research for sustainability should help to engineer sustainable societies. -3 0 -2 -3 -15 Removing norms and values from science may not ever be fully possible, butdoing good science for sustainability is about minimising the personal biases and -3 -3 -3 0 -1norms of the researcher.32 Its not playing god but acting as an intermediary (guru) to guide people fromclosed to opening up by elaborating on at least one thread that leads to opening up -2 -1 -3 -4 -3or nirvana (people being all sorts of actors).18 Democracy is central to the process of sustainability research, as well as the 0 0 4 3 1uses to which results can be put.12 One persons environmental degradation is another persons improvedlivelihood or decreased disease risk: degradation is a relative concept and when -1 -2 1 -1 1doing research for sustainability, researchers should not impose their own externalframing of the environment, however important they feel it to be.1 Research for sustainability is primarily about changing behaviour -2 1 -1 1 -217 Its about epistemological pluralism. Not only including different disciplines but 3 2 0 2 -1also other sources and types of knowledge.
15 Sustainability research is just an academic manifestation of an ideologically -4 -4 -2 -1 -4motivated and utopian project that is doomed to failure.34 Its primarily about linking knowledge to action. 1 -2 1 0 -28 Research for sustainability should focus primarily on the developing world. -4 -4 -4 -3 027 Ultimately it’s about education and capacity building: sustainability researchshould give people understanding of the choices available to them and the capacity 1 3 -1 -1 2to act on those choices.4 Research for sustainability is about bringing ethics to a global system dominated 2 -2 -2 1 -3by capital.16 Its about helping societies to explore possible futures. 2 0 4 -1 -128 Research for sustainability is about reducing ignorance and uncertainty about -3 -3 -3 -2 2the world.19 Research for sustainability is about challenging power and promoting social 4 1 3 0 -2justice.6 Its about finding win-win (socially just and environmentally sustainable) solutions -1 4 0 -2 -1to difficult problems.21 Sustainability research is about imagination and creativity as much as science 4 2 0 4 -1and politics.2 Its about asking the right questions to open up debate. 1 0 2 4 -333 An important part of research for sustainability is about applying appropriatetechnological solutions for environmental and development problems in particular -1 2 3 -2 2settings.29 Research for sustainability is about enabling the radical transformations 2 -1 0 -3 4required by sustainability agendas.3 Its about improving governance and promoting democracy 1 1 2 2 -431 Research for sustainability is about reducing the ecological footprint of -2 -2 -4 -4 3humanity by all means necessary.