Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Frauke Urban: International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres

1,609 views

Published on

Professor Frauke Urban, Institute of Development Studies.

Presentation to the UK-China Innovation Workshop for Sustainable and Equitable Development, Tsinghua University, 19 March 2010, co-organised by China Institute for Science and Technology Policy (CISTP) at Tsinghua University and the STEPS Centre.

http://anewmanifesto.org/news/china-workshop-presentationschina-workshop-presentations/

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Frauke Urban: International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres

  1. 1. International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres Dr Frauke Urban Climate Change and Development Centre, IDS Tsinghua University, 19 th March 2010 UK-China Innovation for Sustainability and Equitable Development
  2. 2. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>China has rapidly increasing CO 2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>40-50% of the emissions come from the energy sector </li></ul><ul><li>Strong reliance on coal  contribution to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon technologies are needed to reduce emissions and to move towards a low carbon economy </li></ul>
  3. 4. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>UK-China innovation collaboration: </li></ul><ul><li>NZEC: Near Zero Emissions Coal project </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral innovation initiative for carbon capture and storage (CCS) between the UK and China </li></ul><ul><li>CCS is a new technology which captures the CO 2 from fossil fuels during the combustion process and stores it underground in geological formations </li></ul>
  4. 5. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating advanced, near zero emissions coal technology through CCS in China and the EU by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance knowledge transfer between Chinese and UK parties from academia, industry and policy-making </li></ul><ul><li>Build capacity for CCS in China </li></ul><ul><li>Explore options for demonstration projects and CO 2 storage </li></ul><ul><li>Develop CCS innovation technology and construct a demonstration plant by 2015 in China </li></ul>
  5. 6. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Initiators and actors: </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral agreement developed by Chinese and UK policy-makers in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Developed out of the EU-China Summit as part of the EU-China Partnership on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the UK's Department of Energy and Climate Change DECC </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology MOST </li></ul>
  6. 7. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Partners: </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of project partners from academia, private sector businesses and state-owned businesses </li></ul><ul><li>10 UK partners include British Geological Survey, BP, Cambridge University, Imperial College, Shell </li></ul><ul><li>20 Chinese partners include Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tsinghua University, Energy Research Institute, Greengen, BP Centre at Tsinghua, China University of Petroleum, PetroChina </li></ul>
  7. 8. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Time frame: </li></ul><ul><li>2005 – 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Consultations in 2005/2006 </li></ul><ul><li>First phase completed 2007-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: </li></ul><ul><li>First phase: DECC provided £3.5 million funding </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2 / 3: estimated at £7.5 -15 million (Phase 2) and £35-750 million (Phase 3) based on the technology chosen </li></ul>
  8. 9. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Impacts: </li></ul><ul><li>CCS technology could reduce 85% of CO 2 emissions from coal  significant climate change mitigation potential within Chinese energy sector </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing for innovation between China and UK </li></ul><ul><li>Technology cooperation between China and UK for low carbon innovation </li></ul><ul><li>CCS demonstration plant running in China by 2015 </li></ul>
  9. 10. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon development requires the development and promotion of appropriate low carbon technology innovation </li></ul><ul><li>China and other developing countries need support to gain access to and develop low carbon innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Additional funding needed </li></ul>
  10. 12. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate the development and commercialisation of emerging low carbon technologies </li></ul><ul><li>National, regional or global levels </li></ul><ul><li>Support the transition to low carbon development pathways in low and middle-income countries </li></ul><ul><li>Provide additional funding </li></ul>
  11. 13. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Initiators and actors : </li></ul><ul><li>Key actors: DfID, World Bank-based network InfoDev, institutions/experts like Carbon Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Trust held consultations with developing country experts </li></ul><ul><li>DfID to test low carbon innovation approach together with InfoDev </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral innovation initiative for at least three developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Short-listed countries in 2008: China, India, Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia, Mexico, Vietnam and Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>2010 onwards: low carbon innovation centre in China? </li></ul>
  12. 14. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Time frame: </li></ul><ul><li>2008-9: scoping and stakeholder engagement </li></ul><ul><li>2010 onwards: setting up centres </li></ul><ul><li>1-5 year trial period </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates by Carbon Trust: US$ 40 -100 million per centre per year </li></ul><ul><li>Funding from DfID and other bilateral and multilateral development agencies </li></ul>
  13. 15. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Impacts and future plans: </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of low carbon development in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of deployment of low carbon technologies in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Overcome key barriers to innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance R&D by adapting technology to local needs </li></ul><ul><li>Set up business incubator services by providing business skills for start-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Create new enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Provide early stage funding for low carbon ventures </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Gain new insights into innovation policy and markets </li></ul>
  14. 16. Opportunities for collaboration <ul><li>China Low Carbon Platform: Dissemination of research reports, policy documents and news on low carbon innovation for China </li></ul><ul><li>ESRC Rising Powers: China’s impact as an emerging power on energy and climate-relevant issues in low income countries / How could Chinese energy innovation policy affect low income countries in SE Asia and Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal to ESRC: Innovation and technology cooperation for CCS, offshore wind energy and solar power between China and European Union </li></ul>
  15. 18. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

×