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Basic Eschatology: An Introduction

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By PB Teo

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Basic Eschatology: An Introduction

  1. 1. Basic Eschatology: An Introduction 4.9.2016
  2. 2. Introduction • Why? • Expert? no • Series? no • An Introduction • Interactive • Eschatos= last things ~ logy= study or knowledge
  3. 3. Doctrines Examples Tertiary Issues One cup Musical instruments Dress code Primary Doctrines Eldership Baptism by Immersion Sign gifts Dispensationalism Eschatological view Fundamentals of Faith Salvation by Faith Christ alone Scripture alone Deity of Christ Resurrection of Christ Trinity
  4. 4. Content 1. Introduce the major views a. Premillenial, Post-millennial, Amillenial b. Pre-tribulation, Post-tribulation 2. Explain the main justification behind each view 3. Implications of each view 4. Why we believe in the Premillenial, Pre-tribulation view. What we will NOT cover: 1. Details of the events during Great Tribulation 2. Details about the time of the Anti-Christ. 3. Details of Daniel’s 70 weeks (although we will discuss the 70th week)
  5. 5. Outline • Introduction • Three Key events • 2 Key Interpretation Rules • Three Views • Summary
  6. 6. Three Key Events  Millennium – Rev 20  Great Tribulation – Matt 24  Jacob’s trouble Jer 30:5-7  Dan 9:27  Rev 5-18  Rapture – 1 Thess 4:13-18  1 Cor 15:51-53
  7. 7. 2 Key Interpretation Rules  How literal is Literal?  Is the Church = new Israel?
  8. 8. Millennium (Rev 20)  Angel down from Heaven-v1  1000 years – 6x  Rev 20:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7  Satan bound – deceive not – v3  Saints reigned-v.4, 6  First resurrection – v.5,6  Satan released & deceived – v7  The Great White Throne Judgment Works – v11-13
  9. 9. Three Millennial Views Premillennial Millennium 2nd Coming Last Judgment 2nd Coming Last Judgment Millennium Post-Millennial 2nd Coming Last Judgment Symbolic Millennium Amillennial Christ reigns on earth literally for 1000 years Christ reigns through the church for 1000 years, ushered in by the church Christ reigns in the church, in the hearts of believers during church age of symbolic 1000 years
  10. 10. 2 Key interpretation rules  How literal is Literal?  Is the Church = new Israel? (Church replace Israel?)
  11. 11. Does the Church replace Israel?  Distinction between Israel & Church  1 Cor 10:32  Rom 11:1-2, 11, 25-32
  12. 12. Does the Church replace Israel? (Is there earthly future for Israel?)  Abrahamic Covenant  Gen 12:1-3, 7 ; 15:5-20 ; 17:2-8 ; 28:13-15  Literal Land promise  Unconditional  Unfulfilled  Unceasing love - Jer 31:1-5, 31-40  Covenant of Peace- Eze 34:1-2, 25-30
  13. 13. Does the Church replace Israel? (Is there earthly future for Israel?)  Land Promises  Forever - Jer 25:5 , Amos 9:15  This Land - Jer 23:3-8, 24:34-7, 32:36-41  Nations of the earth - Jer 33:6-9  Own Land – Eze 28:25-26  For My Name - Eze 36:22-28  One Nation - Eze 37:21-25
  14. 14. Does the Church replace Israel? (Is there earthly future for Israel?)  Davidic Covenant  2 Sam 7:10-17 ; Ps 89:3-4  Literal Kingdom 2 Sam 7:12  Literal Temple 2 Sam 7:13  David’s Kingdom forever 2 Sam 7:16  Unconditional – “I will”  Unceasing love - Jer 33:22-26 , Rom 11: 1-5, 11-12, 29-32  Jews Understanding – Acts 1:6
  15. 15. Three Millennial Views Premillennial Millennium 2nd Coming Last Judgment 2nd Coming Last Judgment Millennium Post-Millennial 2nd Coming Last Judgment Symbolic Millennium Amillennial Christ reigns on earth literally for 1000 years Christ reigns through the church for 1000 years, ushered in by the church Christ reigns in the church, in the hearts of believers during church age of symbolic 1000 years
  16. 16. Amillennial View
  17. 17. Three Key Events  Millennium – Rev 20  Great Tribulation – Matt 24  Jacob’s trouble Jer 30:5-7  Dan 9:27  Rev 5-18  Rapture – 1 Thess 4:13-18  1 Cor 15:51-53
  18. 18. The Great Tribulation (Matt 24)  Great Tribulation – v21  Abomination of desolation–v15 , Dan 9:27  Sabbath – v20  Cosmic – v29  Nations Mourn – v30  Son of Man in power & glory-v30  Daniel’s people, Holy city- Dan 9:24  Jacob’s trouble- Jer 30:5-7  Blessings after Jacob’s trouble  Jer 30:5-11, 17-18  Isa 11:1-16
  19. 19. Three Key Events  Millennium – Rev 20  Great Tribulation – Matt 24  Jacob’s trouble Jer 30:5-7  Dan 9:27  Rev 5-18  Rapture – 1 Thess 4:13-18  John 14:1-3  1 Cor 15:51-53
  20. 20. Rapture  1 Thess 4:13-18; 1 Cor 15:51-53  Hope v13  Lord personally – v16, John 14:1  In the air – v17  Comfort – v18  Mystery – 1 Cor 15:51  Twinkling of an eye – 1 Cor 15:52
  21. 21. Not for wrath  1 Thess 4:13-18;  Hope v13  Comfort – v18  Mystery – 1 Cor 15:51-53  Wrath to come- 1 Thess 1:10 ; 5:9  Jacob’s trouble – Jer 30:5-7  Daniel’s people – Dan 9:24
  22. 22. Time Gap Principle  Time Gap Principle  Isa 61:1-2 cf Luke 4:17-21  1 Peter 1:10-12 – cf Matt 24:30  Dan 9:24-27
  23. 23. Prophecy Church
  24. 24. Three Views Premillennial Pre-Tribulational MillenniumG.T. 2nd Coming with Church Coming for Church; Rapture Last Judgment Tribulation 2nd Coming Last Judgment Millennium Post-Millennial 2nd Coming Last Judgment Symbolic Millennium G.T. Amillennial
  25. 25. Amillennial View (1) "Amillennialism," therefore, is the teaching about the thousand year period of Revelation 20 that denies that this period is a literal one thousand year period of history during which Christ will establish an earthly kingdom in the world. Positively, amillennialism holds that the thousand year period of Revelation 20 is a figurative description of the entire period from Christ's exaltation until shortly before His second coming. During this period two important events take place. One occurs in the abyss: Satan is bound. The other happens in heaven: the martyrs live and reign with Christ. A DEFENSE OF (REFORMED)AMILLENNIALISM Prof. David J. Engelsma – circa 1995-1996
  26. 26. Amillennial View (2)  Interpretation by “Genre”  1000 years symbolic of church age  144K is symbolic of church  Revelation is symbolism for church age  Great Tribulation is for the church  Second Coming, Rapture, Resurrection, Simultaneous Judgment, same time.
  27. 27. Amillennial View (3)  Church is the new Israel (Replacement Theology)  Israel has no earthly future  Abrahamic covenant (2 views)  Conditional on obedience  Unconditional but fulfilled in Church
  28. 28. Amillennial Difficulties  Revelation events occurs in Church age.
  29. 29. Amillennial Difficulties  Revelation events occurs in Church age.
  30. 30. Amillennial Difficulties  Revelation events occurs in Church age.  Yet to be fulfilled Promises to Israel needs to be spiritualized for the Church.
  31. 31. Summary Premillennial View
  32. 32. Three Views Premillennial Pre-Tribulational MillenniumG.T. 2nd Coming with Church Coming for Church; Rapture Last Judgment Tribulation 2nd Coming Last Judgment Millennium Post-Millennial 2nd Coming Last Judgment Symbolic Millennium G.T. Amillennial
  33. 33. Authors Premillennial Amillennial JN Darby CI Scofield Harry A. Ironside Gleason Archer Donald G. Barnhouse Hal Lindsey Chuck Smith John MacArthur Charles Ryrie Charles Stanley Norman L Geisler Tim LaHaye Dave Hunt Martin Luther John Calvin EY Mullins Abraham Kuyper GC Berkouwer Herschel Hobbs Stanley Grenz JI Packer DA Carson Michael Wilcock Reformed Theology Anglican
  34. 34. Conclusion: 3 Key Rules  Literal, plain meaning  Church is NOT new Israel  Church does NOT replace Israel  Time Gap Principle Premillennial Pre-Tribulational MillenniumG.T. 2nd Coming with Church Coming for Church; Rapture Last Judgment
  35. 35. Premillennial vs Amillennial Premillenial Amillennial 1. Stresses 'literal' interpretation. 1. Both literal and figurative interpretation. 2. 'Israel' always means only the literal, physical descendants of Jacob 2. ‘Israel’ may mean either literal, physical descendants of Jacob or the figurative, spiritual Israel, depending on context. 3. 'Israel of God' in Gal. 6:16 means physical Israel alone. 3. ‘Israel of God’ in Gal. 6:16 means spiritual Israel, parallel to Gal. 3:29; Rom. 2:28-29, 9:6; Phil. 3:3. 4. God has 2 peoples with 2 separate destinies: Israel (earthly) and the Church (heavenly). 4. God has always had only 1 people, the Church gradually developed. 5. The Church was born at Pentecost. 5. The Church began in O. T. (Acts 7:38) and reached fulfillment in the N. T. 6. The Church was not prophesied as such in the O.T. but was a hidden mystery until the N.T 6. There are many O. T. prophecies of the N. T. Church.
  36. 36. Premillennial vs Amillennial Premillennial Amillennial 7. All O.T. prophecies for 'Israel' are for literal Israel, not the Church.' 7. Some O. T. prophecies are for literal Israel, others are for spiritual Israel. 8. The Church is a parenthesis in God's program for the ages. 8. The Church is the culmination of God’s saving purpose for the ages. 9. The main heir to Abraham's covenant was Isaac and literal Israel. 9. The main heir to Abraham’s covenant was Christ and spiritual Israel. 10. The 'New Covenant' of Jer. 31:31- 34 is only for literal Israel and is not the New Covenant of Lk.22:20. 10. The ‘New Covenant’ of Jer. 31 is the same as in Lk. 22; both are for spiritual Israel according to Heb. 8. 11. The Millennium will fulfill the Covenant to Abraham. Israel has a future. 11. Christ fulfilled the Covenant to Abraham. Some Covenanters believe in a future for literal Israel, most don’t.
  37. 37. More Help • Herald of Hope • http://heraldofhope.org.au/ • GotQuestions • http://www.gotquestions.org/Eschatology.html • The Essential Guide to Bible Prophecy • Tim LaHaye, Ed Hindson • The Basis for Premillennial Faith • Charles C. Ryrie • Ung Kim Cheng • http://www.berita-bethel-ung.com • Four Views of the End Times • Rose Publishing
  38. 38. BACKUP
  39. 39. Dispensationalism  God is Immutable- does not change  Jas 1:17 ; Heb 1:12; 13:8 ; Mal 3:6  God deals with Man Differently at Different times
  40. 40. Dispensationalism  OT vs NT  Food  Adam - Gen 1:29  Noah - Gen 9:3  Israel - Lev 11  Church - 1 Tim 4:1-5 ; 1 Cor 10:24-33 ; - Acts 10:11-16 ; Rom 14:14-23
  41. 41. Dispensationalism  Revelation  Past & Now - Heb 1:1-2  Mystery Hidden - Rom 16:25  Preaching – Matt 10:5-7; Matt 28:19-20  Law - John 1:17  Tutor - Gal 3:19-25  Shadow - Heb 10:1-5
  42. 42. Dispensationalism  Oikonomia = administration, dispensation, stewardship, economy  Eph 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him –KJV  Eph 1:10 to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment--to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ. - NIV
  43. 43. Dispensationalism Summary  Grammatico-Historical Interpretation  Literal Interpretation  Considering Recipient  Church is NOT new Israel  1 Cor 10:32  Rom 11:1  God’s Glory – Isa 42:8 ; 43:7  “Covenant Theology”
  44. 44. Dispensationalism GOD Holy, Love, Just, Faithful Faith, Grace
  45. 45. Delivery of the Law  Addressed to:  House of Jacob  People of Israel  Israel to be:  Peculiar Treasure  Kingdom of Priests  Holy Nation  1 Pet 2:9  Preparation to Hear God  Wash – 1 Cor 6:9-11  Limits – Heb 10:18-22
  46. 46. Covenant Theology Covenant theology (also known as Covenantalism, Federal theology, or Federalism) is a Calvinist conceptual overview and interpretive framework for understanding the overall flow of the Bible. It uses the theological concept of covenant as an organizing principle for Christian theology. The standard description of covenant theology views the history of God's dealings with mankind, from Creation to Fall to Redemption to Consummation, under the framework of the three overarching theological covenants of redemption, works, and grace. These three covenants are called theological because they are not explicitly presented as such in the Bible but are thought to be theologically implicit, describing and summarizing the wealth of Scriptural data. Within historical Reformed systems of thought, covenant theology is not merely treated as a point of doctrine or a central dogma, but the structure by which the biblical text organizes itself.
  47. 47. Covenant Theology (2) As a framework for biblical interpretation, covenant theology stands in contrast to dispensationalism in regard to the relationship between the Old Covenant with national Israel and the New Covenant with the house of Israel (Jeremiah 31:31) in Christ's blood. That such a framework exists appears to be at least feasible since from early times (if not in the New Testament) of the Church the Bible of Israel has been known as the Old Testament (or Covenant) in contrast to the Christian addition which has been known as the New Testament (or Covenant). Covenant theology is often referred to as "supersessionism," or "replacement theology" by its detractors, due to the perception that it teaches that God has abandoned the promises made to the Jews and has replaced the Jews with Christians as his chosen people in the earth. Covenant theologians deny that God has abandoned his promises to Israel, but see the fulfillment of the promises to Israel in the person and the work of the Messiah, Jesus of Nazareth, who established the church in organic continuity with Israel, not a separate replacement entity.
  48. 48. Backup While acknowledging that Jews exist as a people, the amillennialist attributes many references to Israel in the New Testament to the Church in a “spiritual “sense. Just how far they will go with this assertion is illustrated by a footnote in Wilcock’s book I Saw Heaven Opened, in which he quotes Leon Morris with approval (Page 80). “The church can be referred to as the twelve tribes (James 1:1 cf Matt.19:28, Luke 22:30) and this is probably the thought when a letter is sent to ‘the dispersion’ (1Pet.1:1). The Christian appears to be the true Jew (Rom.2:29) and the church the ‘Israel of God’ (Gal.6:16). Descriptions of the old Israel are piled up and applied to the church (1Pet.2:9 Eph.1:11,14). It is the church which is God’s ‘pecular people’(Titus 2:14), and Christ’s own who are ‘Abraham’s seed’(Gal.3:29) and ‘the circumcision’(Phil.3:3). Many hold that ‘Israel after the flesh’(1Cor.10:18) implies an ‘Israel after the Spirit’. Here in Revelation John in the same way speaks of those’which say they are Jews and are not, but are of the synagogue of Satan’ (Rev.2:9 3:9). He regards the New Jerusalem as the spiritual home of the Christians (Rev.21:2) and it has on its gates the names of the twelve tribes (Rev.21:12). Leon Morris page 114 The Revelation of St John “ - end quote. HOH Amillennialism – pg 38
  49. 49. Three Views  Premillennial  Amillennial  Postmillennial
  50. 50. Three Millenial Views Premillennial Millennium 2nd Coming Last Judgment 2nd Coming Last Judgment Millennium Post-Millennial 2nd Coming Last Judgment Symbolic Millennium G.T. Amillennial
  51. 51. Amillennial’s Concurrent View
  52. 52. Premillennial View
  53. 53. Premillennial Basis (1)  Literal 1000 years on earth – Rev 20  Literal 12 tribes – Rev 7:4-8  1st Advent-interpretation  30 pieces silver – Zech 11:12-13  3 days & 3 nights – Matt 12:40  Pierced – Ps 22:16  Casting lots – Ps 22:18  Bethlehem Micah 5:2 (ruler in Israel)
  54. 54. Premillennial Basis (2)  Literal 70 yrs Exile  Jer 25:11-12  Jer 29:10-11  Dan 9:2  Zech 1:12 ; 7:4-5  Distinction between Israel & Church  1 Cor 10:32  Rom 11:1-2, 11, 23-24, 25-29
  55. 55. Premillennial Basis (3)  Abrahamic Covenant  Gen 12:1-3, 7 ; 15:5-20 ; 17:2-8 ; 28:13-15  Literal Land promise  Unconditional  Unfulfilled  Blessings after Jacob’s trouble  Jer 30:5-11, 17-18  Isa 11:1-16  Unceasing love - Jer 31:31-40
  56. 56. Premillennial Basis (3)  Davidic Covenant  2 Sam 7:12-17 ; Ps 89:3-4  Literal Kingdom 2 Sam 7:12  Literal Temple 2 Sam 7:13  David’s Kingdom forever 2 Sam 7:16  Unconditional – “I will”  Unceasing love - Jer 33:22-26  Jews Understanding – Acts 1:6
  57. 57. Premillennial Basis (4)  Time Gap Principle  Isa 61:1-2 cf Luke 4:17-21  1 Peter 1:10 – cf Matt 24:30  Dan 9:24-27

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