Global Maternity Benefits


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This presentation outlines the disparity of benefit programs with a focus on maternity leave across the globe. In addition, we find which countries are in the lead and conversely the ones which have a long ways to go.

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  • The term "parental leave" includes maternity, paternity, and adoption leave. Often, the minimum benefits are stipulated by law.
  • Parental leave policies: assists parents that are employed prior to giving birth in order to remain at home for a period of time so that they are able to care for the child. Child care policies: parents get assistance in non-parental care for the child by subsidizing whatever type of care the parents select, or parents public programs. "Child care programs serve both working and non-working parents“Early childhood benefits: is the newest policy, this policy supports parents in their everyday care of their child. "The benefits by the government are cash grants that can be used to cover the costs of caring for and infant or toddler"
  • Quebec: 32 weeks of parental leave that can be shared with father, 70% up to $834.61/week for 25 weeks, then 55% up to $655.76/week for 25 weeks
  • The United States is not as workplace family-oriented as many other wealthy countries. According to a study released by Harvard and McGill University researchers in February 2007, workplace policies for families in the U.S. are weaker than those of all high-income countries and even many middle-and low-income countries.For example, the study notes that the United States is one of only five countries out of 173 that does not guarantee some form of paid maternity leave. (The other countries are Lesotho, Liberia, Swaziland, and Papua New Guinea). Other differences include the fact that fathers are granted paid paternity leave or paid parental leave in sixty-five countries; thirty one of these countries offer at least fourteen weeks of paid leave. The U.S. does not guarantee this to fathers.(survey) Sweden, Denmark and Norway have the highest level of maternity benefits—Sweden provides 68 weeks paid maternity leave, Norway provides 56 weeks paid maternity leave and Denmark provides 52.
  • According to Stewart Friedman—professor of Management and founding director of the Wharton School’s Leadership Program and of its Work/Life Integration Project—a "one size fits all" mentality in human resources management often perpetuates frustration among employees. "[It’s not an] uncommon problem in many HR areas where, for the sake of equality, there's a standard policy that is implemented in a way that's universally applicable -- [even though] everyone's life is different and everyone needs different things in terms of how to integrate the different pieces. It's got to be customized.“ Friedman’s research indicates that the solution lies in approaching the components of work, home, community, and self as a comprehensive system. Instead of taking a zero-sum approach.
  • Companies have begun to realize how important the work-life balance is to the productivity and creativity of their employees. Research by Kenexa Research Institute in 2007 shows that those employees who were more favorable toward their organization’s efforts to support work-life balance also indicated a much lower intent to leave the organization, greater pride in their organization, a willingness to recommend it as a place to work and higher overall job satisfaction.
  • Global Maternity Benefits

    1. 1. Global Benefits Parental Leave Benefit Policies from Around the World By Stephen Wesley Benefit Programs: Administration & Design Professor M. Kilroy Winter 2014
    2. 2. Parental Leave Benefit Policies Around the World Presentation Contents         What is Parental Leave? What country has the most inadequate maternity benefit system? Sweden Infographic of Varying Global Leave Policies Infographic of America’s Soaring Costs Challenges for the HR Professional Significance of Work-Life Balance Closing and Summary
    3. 3. What is Parental Leave? Parental leave is an employee benefit that provides paid or unpaid time off work to care for a child or make arrangements for the child's welfare.
    4. 4. Variation in international law National laws vary widely according to the politics of each jurisdiction. 3 different types of child care policies 1. Parental leave policies: 2. Child care policies: 3. Early childhood benefits:
    5. 5. Question? What country has the most inadequate maternity benefit system? 1. Mexico 2. Korea 3. Haiti 4. Brazil 5. Cuba 6. Canada 7. France 8. United States
    6. 6. Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Mexico-18 weeks paid maternity leave Korea- 90 days 100% Haiti- 12 weeks 100% for 6 weeks Brazil- 120 - 180 days 100%, salary partially tax-deductible for employers Cuba- 18 weeks 100% Canada- 50 weeks 55% up to$501/week (15 weeks maternity + 35 weeks parental leave shared with father) France- 16 weeks (100%) rising to 26 weeks (100%) for third child United States- 0 days (CA: 6 weeks 55%, District of Columbia: Requires employers to provide workers with paid days of absence, NJ: 6 weeks 66%, PR: 8 weeks 100%, HI: 58%, NY: 50%)
    7. 7. Sweden
    8. 8. Infographic of Varying Global Leave Policies
    9. 9. America’s Soaring Costs
    10. 10. Challenges for the HR Professional Responsibility of the Employer Control Health and Welfare Benefit Costs
    11. 11. Significance of Establishing Work-Life Balance • Work–life balance is a concept including proper prioritizing between "work" (career and ambition) and "lifestyle"(health, pleasure, leisure, family and spiritual development/meditation). Related, though broader, terms include "lifestyle calm balance" and "lifestyle choices“.
    12. 12. Closing and Summary • The Global Economy will bring about changes • The United States will Evolve • HR Professionals shall continue to meet these challenges • Work-Life Balance is Here to Stay
    13. 13. That’s All Folks
    14. 14. References Encyclopedia, W. (2013, December 28). Parental Leave. Retrieved from Wikipedia: Encyclopedia, W. T. (2010, December). Work-Life Balance. Retrieved from Wikipedia: Hall, K., & Spurlock, C. (2013, February 04). Paid Parental Leave: U.S. vs. The World (INFOGRAPHIC). Retrieved from Huffington Post: Pathe, S. (2014, January 3). How Paid Parental Leave Helps You, Your Newborn and the Job Market. Retrieved from PBS Newshour The Business Desk: