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United nations convention on the law of the

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United nations convention on the law of the

  1. 1. • The united nations convention on the law of the sea has several names forthis agreement. They include Law of the Sea, orLOS. • Over160 nations participate and the conference lasted until 1982.
  2. 2. • In the 17th Century, limited national rights and jurisdiction over certain waters, the rest of the sea being free to all and belonging to none • Technological development occurred in the mid- 19th and early- 20th century. • Ships become more powerful, but technology • To protect local resources the nations began expanding theirclaims of sovereignty beyond the traditional 3 mile limit.
  3. 3. • The convention addressed several provisions and significant issues including- setting limits, navigation; exclusive economic zones (EEZ); continental shelf jurisdiction; deep seabed mining; the exploitation regime; protection of the marine environment; scientific research; and settlement of disputes. • Although there are still many issues unsettled • With the 160 nations participation the deliberations lasted for nine years, and concluded in 1982 with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, commonly referred to as “UNCLOS” orthe Law of the Sea Treaty • UNCLOS had to prevent reservations orrisk maintaining a fractured regime, in orderto establish a unified law of
  4. 4. • There are a numberof references to environmental duties and obligation within the treaty, although UNCLOS is not an environmental treaty, it frequently addressed environmental concerns. It has an entire section dedicated to the protection and preservation of the marine environment.
  5. 5. • Excluding the United States there are presently there are 160 nations that have ratified UNCLOS. • There have been a few criticisms towards UNCLOS although it is generally hailed as a monumental achievement in the arena of international law. One of the most often heard criticisms is the treaty’s reliance upon national legislation to implement its provisions.
  6. 6. • Daniel J.Daniel J. HollisHollis;;TatjanaTatjana RosenRosen;"United Nations Convention on Law;"United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutlerof the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental InformationJ. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [FirstCoalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth June 22, 2010; Last revisedpublished in the Encyclopedia of Earth June 22, 2010; Last revised Date September 10, 2010;<Date September 10, 2010;< http://www.eoearth.org/article/United_Nations_Convention_on_Law_of_thhttp://www.eoearth.org/article/United_Nations_Convention_on_Law_of_th >> • "United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.""United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea." WikipediaWikipedia.. Wikimedia Foundation, 2003. Web. 4 Nov 2010. <http://www.fact-Wikimedia Foundation, 2003. Web. 4 Nov 2010. <http://www.fact- index.com/u/un/united_nations_convention_on_the_law_of_the_seaindex.com/u/un/united_nations_convention_on_the_law_of_the_sea .html>..html>.
  7. 7. • "Oceans: Source of Life.""Oceans: Source of Life." 20th ANNIVERSARY OF20th ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTIONTHE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION. Web. 24. Web. 24 Nov 2010.Nov 2010. <http://www.un.org/.../images/conven1.jpg>.<http://www.un.org/.../images/conven1.jpg>. • "c1.redgreenandblue.org/.../02/global-warming.jpg.""c1.redgreenandblue.org/.../02/global-warming.jpg." Red Green and BlueRed Green and Blue. Web. 24 Nov 2010.. Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://redgreenandblue.org/.../>.<http://redgreenandblue.org/.../>. • "2009-09 Hamburg (1a).JPG.""2009-09 Hamburg (1a).JPG." Picasa Web AlbumPicasa Web Album.. Web. 24 Nov 2010.Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://picasaweb.google.com/.../Cqi_zcJAOyzD1Fx<http://picasaweb.google.com/.../Cqi_zcJAOyzD1Fx 5w2Prrw5w2Prrw • "FreeCat/Flickr.""FreeCat/Flickr." TreehuggerTreehugger. Web. 24 Nov 2010.. Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://<http:// www.treehugger.com/files/2010/01/european-fis...>.www.treehugger.com/files/2010/01/european-fis...>. • "ISA Logo.""ISA Logo." Underwater Mining InstituteUnderwater Mining Institute. Web. 24. Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://Nov 2010. <http:// www.underwatermining.org/UMI2008/UMI_sponsorwww.underwatermining.org/UMI2008/UMI_sponsor s.htm>.s.htm>. • "Our Oceans are Changing.""Our Oceans are Changing." Norway Mission to theNorway Mission to the UNUN. Web. 26 Nov 2010. <http://www.norway-. Web. 26 Nov 2010. <http://www.norway- un.org/.../071211_lawofseadebate/>.un.org/.../071211_lawofseadebate/>. • "Vietnam, China clash over UN Law of the Sea .""Vietnam, China clash over UN Law of the Sea ." Vietnam, China clash over UN Law of the SeaVietnam, China clash over UN Law of the Sea .. Web. 24 Nov 2010.Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://www.topnews.in/vietnam-china-clash-over-<http://www.topnews.in/vietnam-china-clash-over- un-la...>.un-la...>. • "Maritime zones according to the United Nations"Maritime zones according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.."Convention on the Law of the Sea.." The Race forThe Race for the Articthe Artic. Web. 24 Nov 2010.. Web. 24 Nov 2010. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,5<http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,5 57487,00.html57487,00.html • "Oceans.""Oceans." Survey of Conference ServicesSurvey of Conference Services. Web. 26. Web. 26 Nov 2010.Nov 2010. <http://www.un.int/wcm/content/site/portal/cache/off<http://www.un.int/wcm/content/site/portal/cache/off o...>.o...>. • "Sea areas in International rights.""Sea areas in International rights." United NationsUnited Nations Convention on the Law of the SeaConvention on the Law of the Sea. Web. 26 Nov. Web. 26 Nov 2010.2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Conve<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Conve nti...>.nti...>. • Stratfor Global IntelligenceStratfor Global Intelligence. Web. 26 Nov 2010.. Web. 26 Nov 2010. <http://<http:// www.stratfor.com/analysis/20090615_china_sout...www.stratfor.com/analysis/20090615_china_sout... >.>. • "Ocean Waves." Web. 26 Nov 2010."Ocean Waves." Web. 26 Nov 2010. <http://avaxhome.ws/.../wallpapers/wall_ocean_wav<http://avaxhome.ws/.../wallpapers/wall_ocean_wav es.htmles.html

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