World Vegetation (BSTM-F1)


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World Vegetation (BSTM-F1)

  1. 1. Forests Grasslands Xerophytic Moss and Lichen
  2. 2. 1. The latitudes 10° north and south of the Equator are mostly covered in tropical rainforest  Runs in a belt around the equator where the weather is warm and wet  Contains half the known total species of plants and animals in the world  Amazon Jungle in Brazil, parts of southeast asia and central africa
  3. 3. - also known as tropical dry forest - between 10° and 20°N latitude and between 10° and 20°S latitude. - In the dry season, trees lose their leaves
  4. 4. - characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches. - Makes up the biggest forest in the world - In North America it covers most of inland Canada and Alaska as well as parts of the extreme northern continental United States - In Eurasia, it covers most of Sweden, Finland, much of Norway, some lowland/coastal areas of Iceland, much of Russia to the Pacific Ocean (including much of Siberia), and areas of northern Kazakhstan, northern Mongolia, and northern Japan (on the island of Hokkaidō).
  5. 5.   Leaves of trees change colors in autumn, lose their leaves in winter and grow back in spring eastern North America, eastern Asia and Europe.
  6. 6.   Form where the climate is too dry for forests to thrive but there is enough rain to prevent the land from turning into a desert Are found in every continent except Antarctica ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Prairies in North America Pampas in Argentina Veldt in South Africa Steppes in Russia
  7. 7.     Short grass which becomes sparser characterized by grassland plains without trees Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan Another large steppe area (prairie) is located in the central United States and western Canada.
  8. 8.    Grasslands in the tropics Characterized by tall grass Central and East Africa- The Serengeti Plains of Tanzania, The Llanos of the Orinoco basin of Venezuela, Northern Australia
  9. 9.    Vegetation that adopt to drought Found in arid regions Saguaro Desert in Arizona
  10. 10.   Found in the tundra climactic zone North of North America
  11. 11.   a dune is a hill of sand built either by wind or water flow. Erg Chebbi in Morocco
  12. 12.  Merrick’s Butte in Monument Valley, Arizona, USA
  13. 13.  The Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA
  14. 14.  Dominica Cave, Mexico
  15. 15. MT. EVEREST
  16. 16. Baltoro Glacier in Northern Pakistan
  17. 17. Island in the Sky, Canyonland National Park, Northern Utah, USA
  18. 18. Cliffs of Moher in Ireland
  19. 19. Strokkur in Iceland Geyser Andernach in Germany, the tallest cold water geyser
  20. 20. Stromboli near Sicily, Italy
  21. 21. Lake Tahoe in Nevada , USA
  22. 22. Chao Phraya River, Thailand
  23. 23. Iguazu Falls between Brazil and Argentina
  24. 24. Bruny Islands in Tasmania, Australia