Nutrient recommendations for older adults

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Nutrient recommendations for older adults

  1. 1. Nutrient Recommendations for1 Older Adults
  2. 2. Calories2  Aging causes a decrease in lean muscle, metabolic rate, and physical activity  5% decrease in total kcal needs each DECADE  Can be improved / reversed -appropriate kcal intake -nutrient -dense food choices -regular physical activity
  3. 3. MyPyramid Calorie Levels3
  4. 4. Protein4  Infants –1.5 g / kg body weight  Adults –0.8 g / kg body weight  Older Adults –1 g / kg body weight-not making as much HCl  Factors affecting protein intake -cost, chewing, overall intake, GI problems
  5. 5. Water and Fiber5  Water AI same as adults: 3.7 L men, 2.7 L women  Fiber needs decrease as kcal needs decrease: -Adult Men –38 g / day ->50 Adult Men –30 g / day -Adult Women –25 g / day -> 50 Adult Women –21 g / day-  Most only consume 2/3 of recommend fiber  May prevent constipation and decrease risk of DM
  6. 6. Vitamins and Minerals6  Most recommendations do not change, exceptions:  Calcium - absorption efficiency decreases - RDA increases from 1000 mg - 1200 mg/day  Vitamin D - synthesis decreases - RDA increases from 5 micrograms – 10-15 μg/d  Iron – females only - cessation of menstruation - RDA decreases from 18 mg – 8 mg/day
  7. 7. Nutrient and Food Intake7  Quantity of food decreases with decreased kcal needs  Micronutrient needs do not decrease  Micronutrients of concern - vitamin E - magnesium - fiber - calcium - potassium - B12 - Zinc
  8. 8. Sources of nutrients that may be lacking8  Vitamin E – veggie oils, nuts, seeds  Mg – green leafy veggies, beans, grains, nuts, milk  Fiber – whole grains, beans, veggies and fruit  Ca – milk products, green leafy veggies  K – fruits, veggies, milk products, grains, meats  B12 – animal products  Zinc – meat, seafood, dairy
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