Project_Mumbai Infrastructure Case Study


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This project is from a Spring 2012 course at USC focusing on understanding the relationship between policy and elements of the built environment. As a case study, I looked at how incorporating Mumbai, India's cricket stadiums into its water infrastructure plan.

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Project_Mumbai Infrastructure Case Study

  1. 1. the water crisis in Mumbai, IndiaNETWORK SOLUTIONS Stephanie Byrd PPD 644: Shaping the Built Environment Spring 2012 Professor Vinayak Bharne
  2. 2. a city in crisis RESOURCE STRAIN Population (Current): 13 Million Population Growth (2021): 16 Million Average Water Use Per Day Per PERSON (225 Liters!)Water Supplied to Mumbai Slums Per Day Per HOUSEHOLD (25 Liters!) Annual Rainfall July 26, 2005 Flood 944 mm in ONE DAY Deaths 1000 people 15,000 cattle
  3. 3. infrastructural network THE NEXT STEPGoal: Improve the quality of life in the slums ofMumbai, India by collecting and distributing waterthrough adaptively reused architectural andinfrastructural components; easing flooding andbringing water to an underserved community.
  4. 4. CRICKET STADIUMSPhoto Source:
  5. 5. infrastructure as LANDMARK SuburbanWith 21 MCA (Mumbai Cricket Association) stadiums Mumbaithroughout the Mumbai, they act as an urban anchor in Mumbaithe landscape.During the monsoon season, the structures are abandonedand susceptible to flooding. MCA Cricket StadiumsMapping Information Source:
  6. 6. CRICKET FIELDPhoto Source:
  7. 7. infrastructure as NODEAcross the city, unofficial neighborhood cricket fields give Suburban Mumbaicharacter to the residential areas. MumbaiLocated on the outskirts of slums, these fields typically haveroadways encircling them; meaning they are a floodinghazard to both housing and transit. Neighborhood Cricket Stadiums MCA Cricket StadiumsMapping Information Source:
  8. 8. NULLAHSPhoto Source:
  9. 9. infrastructure as PATH Suburban MumbaiThe nullahs of Mumbai are a wasted resource. MumbaiDried riverbeds, during the monsoon seasons the waterlevels are uncontrolled and unfiltered, causing waste andrainwater to flood surrounding areas. Nullahs Neighborhood Cricket Stadiums MCA Cricket StadiumsMapping Information Source: Envis Centre on Human Settlements School of Planning and Architecture New Dehli
  10. 10. FLOODINGPhoto Source:
  11. 11. infrastructure as EDGE Suburban MumbaiEach monsoon season, rivers, nullahs, and streets overflow,with certain areas of Mumbai annually flooding. MumbaiThese areas have the potential to act as pressure points Seasonal Floodingfor an infrastructural system. Nullahs Neighborhood Cricket Stadiums MCA Cricket StadiumsMapping Information Source: Ranger, et al. An assessment of the potential impact of climate change on flood risk in Mumbai
  12. 12. SLUMSPhoto Source:
  13. 13. infrastructure as DISTRICTThe most affected victims of floods are those Suburban Mumbailiving in the slums. MumbaiThere is little-to-no government-level disaster or evacuation Densest Slumsplan. Even if there were, there are no solid communications Seasonal Flooding Nullahssystems in the slums to aid the residents . Neighborhood Cricket Stadiums MCA Cricket StadiumsMapping Information Source:
  14. 14. Problem: Slums are pushed up against the dirty nullahs,allowing waste to further contaminate them.Solution: Protect the nullahs with a programmatic barrier infrastructural policy effortsby banning construction within 15’ of the nullah’s edge. NULLAH CLEAN-UPOvercrowding and Flood-Risk Small-Scale Waterfront Development
  15. 15. Problem: Even with an annual monsoon, there is a watershortage in the city of Mumbai.Solution: Collect water at unused MCA cricket infrastructural policy effortsstadiums during the monsoon season. RETROFIT STADIUMS
  16. 16. Problem: The city, lacking a clear water distribution system,has both wasted water and shortages, especially in the slums.Solution: Connect water from retrofitted stadiums’ infrastructural policy effortscollections with the cleaned nullahs, and then to slums. DISTRIBUTION Additional Personal Infrastructure Infrastructure Development Development Additional “Nullah” Community Waterscape Tank System On-Site Tanks On-Site Tanks and Filtration and Distribution
  17. 17. Problem: Neighborhood cricket stadiums flood during themonsoons with no benefit for the community.Solution: Complete the infrastructural network within the slums;sinking the neighborhood cricket fields and allowing them to infrastructural policy effortsprotect the slums. LOCAL SUPPLY