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Air freight versus Sea freight


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Which mode of transport would you consider the most efficient when looking at 1) Transit time 2) Cost 3) Reliability 4) Connectivity 5) Environment !
Both mode are powering global trade and complementary to each other.

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Air freight versus Sea freight

  1. 1.     Averagespeedofacontainershipis45km/h       whileanaircraftfliesatabout900km/h. FlighttimeAsiatoEurope:10hours ShiptimeAsiatoEurope: 6weeks   DoortoDoorAirFreightis10to20timesfaster  T R A N S I T T I M E C O S T R E L I A B I L I T Y C O N N E C T I V I T Y E N V I R O N M E N T Chargeable weight is an important factor : Sea Freight 1000 KGS = 1 Cubic Meter Air Freight 1000 KGS = 6 Cubic Meter Air Freight is approximately 10 x more expensive port to port but could be only 3 x more expensive door to door on some routes !  With very tight schedules and obligation to honor airport slots, Air Freight tends to have a higher reliability ratio than Sea Freight. There are 23'600 aircraft in operation while over 50'000 ships are trading internationally.   There are about 49 Landlocked countries with no direct access to international waters. Air Freight operates through more than 17'678 airports while Sea Freight through more than 8'292 ports worldwide. The share of World Trade volumes by weight : Maritime 80% vs. Aviation 0.5% Annually, Flights produced 815 million tonnes of CO2 vs. 1000 million tonnes for ships. Maritime is more CO2 friendly and Aviation will be carbon neutral in term of its growth starting 2020  AIR FREIGHT vs SEA FREIGHT AIR AIR AIR SEA SEA Source :,,, Issue 2017-05 Stephane Noll