Wesleyan Live Flames on the Plains Redux October 12, 2010
The Image of Flames on the Plains <ul><li>What do you think when you hear “Flames on the Plains?” </li></ul>
Control of the Trans-Missouri West <ul><li>1541-1720  Spain </li></ul><ul><li>1720-1763  France </li></ul><ul><li>1763-180...
Louisiana Purchase & Lewis and Clark Expedition <ul><li>A Military Mission with Multiple Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>a) E...
The Yellowstone Expedition <ul><li>Upper Missouri River Forts (mission failed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequence = Fort At...
Denominational Missions React to Alcohol Abuse in the Fur Trade <ul><li>The Major Issue – Firewater </li></ul><ul><li>Orig...
The Baptists <ul><li>1831 – Jonathan Lykins </li></ul><ul><li>1832 – Moses Merrill Mission at Bellevue </li></ul><ul><ul><...
The Presbyterians <ul><li>1834 – John Dunbar and Samuel Allis </li></ul><ul><li>1835 – Marcus Whitman and Samuel Parker </...
The Episcopalians <ul><li>1838 – Missionary Bishop Jackson Kemper </li></ul><ul><li>1853 – James De Pui-Fort Kearny Chapla...
The Catholics <ul><li>1838 – Jesuit Father Pierre De Smet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>38 trips across Nebraska beginning in 1838...
Note <ul><li>In 1868 Episcopalian Samuel Hinman and Jesuit Pierre De Smet had become so trusted by the Lakota (non-treaty ...
The Methodists <ul><li>1854 – William D. Gage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointed to Fort Kearny Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><l...
Missionary Attitudes towards Indians
Influence of Revolutionary Change on Church and State
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Wesleyan live outline october 12

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Wesleyan live outline october 12

  1. 1. Wesleyan Live Flames on the Plains Redux October 12, 2010
  2. 2. The Image of Flames on the Plains <ul><li>What do you think when you hear “Flames on the Plains?” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Control of the Trans-Missouri West <ul><li>1541-1720 Spain </li></ul><ul><li>1720-1763 France </li></ul><ul><li>1763-1800 Spain again </li></ul><ul><li>1789-1820 British (overlapping with Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>1800-1803 France again (with British) </li></ul><ul><li>1803- United States (with British) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Louisiana Purchase & Lewis and Clark Expedition <ul><li>A Military Mission with Multiple Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>a) Explore the newly acquired territory </li></ul><ul><li>b) Find a route to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>c) Identify natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>d) Asses the viability for new settlements </li></ul><ul><li>e) Establish trade with native peoples </li></ul><ul><li>f) Establish sovereignty over native peoples </li></ul><ul><li>g) curtail warfare among different tribes </li></ul><ul><li>h) provide an alternative to British presence </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Yellowstone Expedition <ul><li>Upper Missouri River Forts (mission failed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequence = Fort Atkinson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major Stephen Long Expedition, 1819-20 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequence = “Great American Desert” Myth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major Consequences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act of 1830 & 1834 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Permanent Indian Territory west of Mississipi River” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protect U. S. Fur Trade </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Denominational Missions React to Alcohol Abuse in the Fur Trade <ul><li>The Major Issue – Firewater </li></ul><ul><li>Original Recipe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 part grain alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 parts water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Recipe after late 1820’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original Recipe + chewing tobacco + cayenne pepper + ginger + molasses + soap + red ink + strycnine </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Baptists <ul><li>1831 – Jonathan Lykins </li></ul><ul><li>1832 – Moses Merrill Mission at Bellevue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Otoe-Missouria </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Presbyterians <ul><li>1834 – John Dunbar and Samuel Allis </li></ul><ul><li>1835 – Marcus Whitman and Samuel Parker </li></ul><ul><li>1846 – Edward McKinne </li></ul><ul><li>1853 – William Hamilton </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Episcopalians <ul><li>1838 – Missionary Bishop Jackson Kemper </li></ul><ul><li>1853 – James De Pui-Fort Kearny Chaplain </li></ul><ul><li>1853 – W. Vaux-Fort Laramie Chaplain </li></ul><ul><li>1856 – Edward Peet – 1 st Omaha Church </li></ul><ul><li>1860 – Samuel Hinman mission to Dakotas </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Catholics <ul><li>1838 – Jesuit Father Pierre De Smet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>38 trips across Nebraska beginning in 1838 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Mass in Nebraska 1851 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Near Lyman, Morrill and Mitchell </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Note <ul><li>In 1868 Episcopalian Samuel Hinman and Jesuit Pierre De Smet had become so trusted by the Lakota (non-treaty Sioux) that they respresented the Lakota at the Fort Laramie Treaty negotiations that created the reservations of Pine Ridge and Rosebud. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Methodists <ul><li>1854 – William D. Gage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointed to Fort Kearny Mission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John M. Chivington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointed presiding elder of Omaha District </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Missionary Attitudes towards Indians
  14. 14. Influence of Revolutionary Change on Church and State

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