The Roman Coliseum The Colosseum is an amphitheater of the Roman Empire period, built in the first centuryin the center of the city of Rome. Originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre(Amphitheatre Flavium), in honor of the Flavian dynasty of emperors who built it, andcalled Colosseum became a large statue located next to it, the Colossus of Nero, notnow preserved. For its architectural features, condition and history, the Colosseum is one of the most famous monuments of classical antiquity. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980 as one of New Seven Wonders of the World on July 7, 2007. In ancient times had a capacity for 50,000 spectators, with eighty rows of bleachers.Those who were close to the arena were the Emperor and the Senate, and as they stood were the lower strata of society. Took place at the Coliseum gladiator fights and public spectacles.
History: In classical Rome In 29 a. C. the Roman consul Statilius Taurus built an amphitheater in the Campus Martius. This building was the first large amphitheater of the city, with all necessary facilities. This building was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome in year 64, with the needof a new amphitheater for the Roman city. The construction of the Colosseum began under the reign of Emperor Vespasianbetween 70 and 72 d. C The site chosen was a flat area between the hills of Celio,Esquiline and Palatine, through which flowed a stream channeled. The site where the amphitheater was built years ago had been devastated by the Great Fire of Rome in 64d. C, And taking advantage of this circumstance, Nero seized much of the land to build his residence: the grandiose Domus Aurea. It ordered the construction of an artificial lake, the Stagnum Neronis, surrounded by gardens and porches. The existing AquaClaudia aqueduct was extended to come to that area, and the giant bronze statue known as the Colossus of Nero was placed near the entrance to the Domus Aurea. This statuereceives the name of the amphitheater coliseum.
"Games" and activities of the Colosseum The Coliseum hosted shows such as venationes (animal fighting) or noxii (executions ofprisoners by animals) and the munera: gladiator fights. It is estimated that these gameswere killed between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people. Also held naumachiae, spectacularnaval battles that required water to flood the arena. It is likely that they were in the early years, before the construction of the basement beneath the sand. The Colosseum had an advanced system of water canals that allowed rapid filling and emptying the lower floor
In the present The Colosseum is without doubt one of the great tourist attractions of Rome. It has beenbrought to the screen on multiple occasions, emphasizing especially the digital reconstruction seen in Gladiator. Since 2000, the authorities maintain the building illuminated for 48 hours at a timesomewhere in the world is commuted or deferred a death sentence to a convict. The Colosseum was ousted in the August 7, 2011 by a bomb alert, which was nonexistent. A phone call had been reported that a can with wires hanging. According to the mayor of Rome: "I had some turpentine, a battery and two wires, but no explosive materials"