UKSA Access to Space Technology Overview


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UKSA Access to Space Technology Overview

  1. 1. A N a t i o n a l S p a c e Te c h n o l o g y Strategy for the UK A c c e s s To S p a c e Areas of Market UK Capability, Position and Overview of Programmes Opportunity and Growth International Competition IdentifiedAccess to Space covers a wide range of The UK has proven capability across a Short term – focus on miniaturisation:technologies and markets, from launch diverse range of Access to Space build a programme around CubeSatvehicles through to de-orbiting devices. technologies. platforms and UKube1 to deliver theAccess is about the ability to exploit We are pioneering work in reusable next generation of high performance,space for applications (commercial, launch vehicles, with space plane low cost small satellites. Use UKmilitary or scientific). The technologies technologies. Current commercial expertise in MEMS technology toto exploit new applications may not efforts are based on traditional ground drive a step change on spacecraftexist yet, and therefore need to be on launched rocket technologies and do electronics, sensors and actuators.our roadmap in order to ensure that the not provide the step change in cost Medium Term – Responsive smallUK is in a leading position in the areas model that could revolutionise the satellite launch vehiclesfor air-launchwhere we currently have market share, market. Developments in ultra-small from UK based airfield assets and-technological strength and growth launch vehicles, with lift capacities of building on existing UK propulsionpotential. 10-50kg, are in development in the capabilities,plus development of lowRecent developments in low-cost USA, but with a military responsive cost autonomous control systems.spacecraft technologies will realise space focus making them expensive Development of supporting groundfrequent deployment ofconstellations of and not desirable for commercial or infrastructurespacecraft,providing previously unach- scientific use. Current UK capability in Longer term – Developments toievable high temporal resolutions. propulsionsystemscould exploit this support low-cost orbitalFurthermore, applications are becom- market gap. infrastructure, including inter-orbitaling more ambitious, requiring space- We are leading Europe in large space- transportation and de-orbitingcraft platforms to provide higher craft structures and new on-board technologies – propulsion/performance across all aspects from propulsion techniques, including Solar structures/ autonomous-roboticstructures and power, to attitude Electric Propulsion and ‘green’ propel- systems, launcher upper stagecontrol. lants. These systems will provide developments for flexible injectionAccess is also about delivering space- inter-orbital transfer capabilities from and reusable launch systemscraft to orbit. The commercial market Earth orbit manoeuvres to interplan-for launch vehicles currently promises etary transfer.many opportunities for new market For many years, we have led the World Investment “Ask”entrants. This is especially driven by in small satellite technologies, now onethe need for more responsive launches of the highest growth sectors in the from Industry andand the growth in plug and play small space market, and the UK is perfectly Government Collectivelyplatforms. The market is valued at positioned to take this forward through£100m/year with 300 small satellites the continued development of next • On-going CubeSat programme.launched/year by 2015. generation small satellites and £1m/year for 5 years = £5mTechnology, systems and a regulatory CubeSats, building on existing strong • Space system miniaturisation(licensing) and legislative frameworkt- brands. developments £2.5mhat encourages investment in the UK • Nanosatellite launch, deploymentforsafe, affordable personal and constellation market example being technologies: £5mVirgin Galactic investing nearly £500m • Inter-orbital transfer capability: £5mwith first flights expected in 2012. • Reusable Launch Vehicle technolo- gies £20m • Large satellite platform technologies development £10m Novel engine developments, and game-changing capablity in launch systems, such as those seen on SKYLON, allow new methods of payload delivery and return to earth, providing re-usable launch systems capability. w w w. a a d k t n . c o . u k / S p a c e S I G