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Progress on the SKYLON Reusable Spaceplane


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Slides from a presentation given by Alan Bond at the 7th Rutherford Appleton Space Conference

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Progress on the SKYLON Reusable Spaceplane

  1. 1. Progress on theSKYLON Reusable Spaceplane 7th Appleton Space Conference 8 December 2011 Alan Bond Managing Director
  2. 2. SKYLON C1 12 tonnes to LEO 10 tonnes to ISS 200m3 payload bay 4.6m diameter payload Being revised to D1Payload 15 tonnes to LEO
  3. 3. Company Structure (April 2011) Headquarters Design and Test Facilities Culham Science Centre Sheet metalwork & fabrication WantageExperimental production Abingdon Precision engineering Newbury
  4. 4. Progress on SABRE
  5. 5. SABRE-3 Engine Precooler Compressor Air IntakeTurbine Bypass Duct Thrust Chambers
  6. 6. The SABRE Engine CycleA helium loop provides the intermediate cycle.In rocket mode LOX replaces the air fed to the combustionchamber.
  7. 7. Inlet Plenum & IGV Assembly Rotors 1 & 3Rotors 2 & 4
  8. 8. Experimental Contra-rotatingStator-less Turbine Installation
  9. 9. STRICT Thrust Chamber
  10. 10. E-D Nozzle Test Program (STERN)(Joint program Uni. of Bristol and Airborne Engineering)
  11. 11. STERN Thrust Chamber Firing
  12. 12. Reaction Engines Testing Thrust stand for Low-NOx and Strict Programmes J-site at WestcottJoint programme withAirborne Engineering
  13. 13. Strict Engine Test Firing – June 2011
  14. 14. Test LCT-T01-4 @ pc=70 bar 8kg/s LOX cooling Test bench P8, Lampoldshausen Germany
  15. 15. DLR Film Cooling Test Facility at P8 Lampoldshausen measurement segmentnozzle supply line GH2 supply film injector
  16. 16. Precooler Geometry
  17. 17. Matrix Production The prototype pre-cooler will be made from over 16,000 thin-walled Inconel tubes.
  18. 18. Reaction Engines’ Radley Road (Abingdon) Facility All incoming tubes are inspected and processed prior to module assembly.
  19. 19. Pre-Cooler Construction Header tube installationA production moduleunder construction Header/matrix tube Vacuum brazing brazed joints
  20. 20. Precooler Modules
  21. 21. Pre-Cooler Testing at Reaction Engines B9 Helium Flow Pre-Cooler Stop Valve T = 96 K P = 150 Bar Pre-Cooler T = 130 K VIPER 535Air FlowT = ambient T = 260 K Circulator Pre-Cooler By-Pass Temperature Control Bypass LN2 LN2 Reservoir
  22. 22. Pre-Cooler Testing The Pre-Cooler will be tested at REL’s B9 test site using a VIPER 522 jet engine. REL’s B9 installation with VIPER and ‘dummy’ pre-cooler assembly.
  23. 23. High Pressure Helium Loop at B9
  24. 24. Progress on SKYLON
  25. 25. SKYLON D1D1 requirements are now established and validated.Configuration revision proceeds: a fully trimmed solution has been found,but it will require further study before it can be finalised.External contributions to D1 design (expand available skill base): - Aerodyanmic modelling - Structure loads analysis - Payload interface - Avionics and electrical power
  26. 26. SKYLON D1 Airframe Support StudiesRe-entry Modellingwith DLR Braunschweig using TAU CFD codeAeroshell Materialwith Lateral Logic and PyromeralTitanium Matrix Composite Strutswith TISICS Ltd (TSB supported Research)
  27. 27. Phase 3 Programme The Phase 3 Objectives (30 month Programme) Raise engine technology to TRL 6 through ground testing. Complete the design of the SABRE4 to manufacturing drawings. Ensure that the vehicle requirements and SABRE4 engine design are compatible. Flight test the nacelle design (desirable).
  28. 28. Nacelle Flight Test VehicleLength ≈ 9mSpan ≈ 3.5mMass ≈ 1000kg
  29. 29. Phase 3 Programme Phase 3 Cost Estimate Total Engine Programme (with NTV) £220mWhich is comprised by:- Airframe requirement studies £6 Preparation for Phase 4 £30m Engine technology demonstration £30m SABRE4 design £134m NTV £20m The engine is the long lead item but the vehicle system design must begin soon in order to meet entry to service in 2021-2022
  30. 30. SKYLON Review UK Space Agency independent review ESA providing technical support Almost 100 invitees attended two day workshop (Sept 2010) Part of wider review including on site audit by ESA REVIEW CONCLUSIONS‘no impediments or critical items have been identified foreither the SKYLON vehicle or the SABRE engine that area block to further developments’.