Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Access to
global health research
Prevalence and cost of open access
Stefanie Haustein, Elise Smith, Philippe Mongeon, Fei ...
Background: Open Access
• Different forms of OA
• Gold OA
• Delayed OA
• OA uptake
• 46.9% of 2011-2013 papers (Archambaul...
Background: Global Health
• Global health research (GHR) defined as:
• ”an area for study, research, and practice that pla...
Research questions
• What types of publication practices are prevailing in
GHR?
• To what extent do journals allow gold, h...
Methods
• PubMed search for MeSH term “Global Health”
2010-2014: 4,333 documents
• Research articles only:
• 3,366 documen...
Methods
Access categories at the journal level
• Gold OA journal (non-APC)
• Gold OA journal (APC)
• Delayed OA journal
• ...
Methods
Access categories at the paper level
• Gold OA article (non-APC)
• Gold OA article (APC)
• Delayed OA article
• Hy...
Methods
• Citation analysis
• NSF field and year normalized (not presented)
• GHR and year normalized
• Citing countries
•...
Results
Prevalence
Results
Prevalence
Results
Policy compliance of green OA
• 700 subscription and hybrid journals
84% formally support green OA
7% do not forma...
Results
Cost
$1,713,215 for 627 papers
APCs paid:
$2,732 per paper
$2,452 gold
$3,240 hybrid
APCs offered:
$1,864 per gold...
Results
Citation impact
Results
Citing countries
Average distribution of citing countries per paper
Conclusions
• Sharing of knowledge is inherent to and essential in GHR
• 42.0% of articles hidden behind a pay-wall
• Desp...
Stefanie Haustein @stefhaustein
for your attention!
Thank you
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Haustein, S., Smith, E., Mongeon, P., Shu, F., & Larivière, V. (2016): Access to global health research. Prevalence and cost of open access

350 views

Published on

Conference presentation

Haustein, S., Smith, E., Mongeon, P., Shu, F., & Larivière, V. (2016). Access to global health research. Prevalence and cost of gold and hybrid open access. In Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (p. 410–418). Valencia, Spain.

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Haustein, S., Smith, E., Mongeon, P., Shu, F., & Larivière, V. (2016): Access to global health research. Prevalence and cost of open access

  1. 1. Access to global health research Prevalence and cost of open access Stefanie Haustein, Elise Smith, Philippe Mongeon, Fei Shu & Vincent Larivière @stefhaustein @stefhaustein
  2. 2. Background: Open Access • Different forms of OA • Gold OA • Delayed OA • OA uptake • 46.9% of 2011-2013 papers (Archambault et al., 2014) • 12.1% gold and hybrid • 5.9% green in certain repositories, 30.9% other green • OA citation advantage (Archambault et al., 2014) • - 39% citations for gold and hybrid OA • +53% citations for green in certain repositories • +36% citations for other green • Hybrid OA • Green OA Archambault, É., Amyot, D., Deschamps, P., Nicol, A., Provencher, F., Rebout, L., & Roberge, G. (2014). Proportion of Open Access Papers Published in Peer-Reviewed Journals at the European and World Levels 1996-2013. (RTD-B6-PP-2011-2: Study to develop a set of indicators to measure open access). European Commission.
  3. 3. Background: Global Health • Global health research (GHR) defined as: • ”an area for study, research, and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide" (Koplan et al., 2009, p. 1995) • “a multi- and interdisciplinary field concerned with improving health and achieving equity in health for all people.” (MeSH, 2015) • Knowledge sharing is central in GHR • Access to publications essential for researchers and practitioners in LMICs Koplan, J.P., Bond, T.C., Merson, M.H., Reddy, K.S., Rodriguez, M.H., Sewankambo, N.K., et al. (2009): Towards a common definition of global health. The Lancet, 373(9679),1993–5. MeSH (2015): Global Health. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68014943
  4. 4. Research questions • What types of publication practices are prevailing in GHR? • To what extent do journals allow gold, hybrid or green OA? • To what extent do authors make use of various routes of OA? • What are the costs of gold and hybrid OA in GHR? • What are the average prices of gold and hybrid APCs? • Which publishers benefit most from gold and hybrid APCs? • What is the impact of various access categories? • Which papers have the highest citation impact? • Which papers are cited most by LMICs?
  5. 5. Methods • PubMed search for MeSH term “Global Health” 2010-2014: 4,333 documents • Research articles only: • 3,366 documents • 909 journals • Determining publishers (Larivière et al., 2015) • Determining journal access status and APCs • Manual check of all journals and publishers • Sherpa RoMEO status of journal Larivière, V., Haustein, S., & Mongeon, P. (2015). The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era. PLOS ONE, 10(6), e0127502. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127502
  6. 6. Methods Access categories at the journal level • Gold OA journal (non-APC) • Gold OA journal (APC) • Delayed OA journal • Hybrid journal • Subscription only journal • Unknown
  7. 7. Methods Access categories at the paper level • Gold OA article (non-APC) • Gold OA article (APC) • Delayed OA article • Hybrid article • Toll access article • Green OA article • Other free access • Paper status unknown
  8. 8. Methods • Citation analysis • NSF field and year normalized (not presented) • GHR and year normalized • Citing countries • Classification according to World Bank Atlas method • Low income • Lower middle income • Upper middle income • High income • Normalization as a share of citing countries per paper https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378832-what-is-the-world-bank-atlas-method
  9. 9. Results Prevalence
  10. 10. Results Prevalence
  11. 11. Results Policy compliance of green OA • 700 subscription and hybrid journals 84% formally support green OA 7% do not formally support green OA 9% not graded by SHERPA RoMEO • 2,061 papers in 638 RoMEO graded journals • 1,872 papers could have been green OA • 189 papers cannot be self-archived
  12. 12. Results Cost $1,713,215 for 627 papers APCs paid: $2,732 per paper $2,452 gold $3,240 hybrid APCs offered: $1,864 per gold journal $2,978 per hybrid journal For-profit publishers: 23% Elsevier 18% Springer Nature 10% Wiley-Blackwell
  13. 13. Results Citation impact
  14. 14. Results Citing countries Average distribution of citing countries per paper
  15. 15. Conclusions • Sharing of knowledge is inherent to and essential in GHR • 42.0% of articles hidden behind a pay-wall • Despite a higher impact, only 39.2% of papers that could be self-archived are green OA; 60.8%% of green OA potential lost • Particular high hybrid APCs • Although hybrid papers are cited more than gold OA, LMICs are underrepresented among citing countries • Overwhelming proportion of research funds funneled to for-profit publishers
  16. 16. Stefanie Haustein @stefhaustein for your attention! Thank you

×