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Unit57terminology liam belch


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Unit57terminology liam belch

  1. 1. Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology (P1, P2, M1, M2)Term Explanation of term e.g. what itis used for / the effect it has onyour imagesExamplesShutter Speed Shutter speed Is how long the camerashutter stays open changing theamount of exposure and light theimage will get.ISO The ISO number is the sensitivity tolight, the lower the number the lesssensitive to light your camera will beAperture & Depth offield (F stop)The aperture is the Opening on thecamera lens that Determines theamount of light that goes into theimage. The Depth of field is theamount of space that an image issharpest. A Large depth of field willleave the entire image sharp where asif you would like to focus on a certainpart of the image a lower depth offield would be better.Automatic Exposure Putting a Camera on Automaticexposure will Do everything for youdetermined on the picture you aretrying to getManual Exposure Manual Exposure is the photographerwill have to Choose all settingsthemselves allowing them to createtheir desired image on their own.Colour Balance The colour balance is choosing theintensity of chosen colours forexample you could have Whites moreintense than yellows making thatcolour stand out more in the imagechanging it dramatically. This can be
  2. 2. used to Create pictures that invokeemotions such as a picture heavilyrelying on blue could be used toportray sadnessComposition Composition is basically whereeverything in your photograph isplaced and can alter the finaloutcome of your image greatly. If thebackground is not an issue you canuse Photoshop to crop and fix anyissues regarding placement of thecentral subject.Rule of thirds The rule of thirds is a guideline wherethe image is cut into 9 equal squareswith lines and the most importantfeatures of a photograph must rest orbe on these lines. The rule of thirds isapplied by aligning a subject with theguide lines and their intersectionpoints, placing the horizon on the topor bottom line, or allowing linearfeatures in the image to flow fromsection to section. The main reason forobserving the rule of thirds is todiscourage placement of the subjectat the center, or prevent a horizonfrom appearing to divide the picturein halfComplementaryColoursComplementary colours are coloursthat are opposite to each other onthe colour wheel and can be used tocreate striking imagesAnalogous colours Analogous colours are groups ofcolours that are together and blendfrom each other on the colour wheel(orange, orange-yellow, Yellow)
  3. 3. Macro Macro photography is extremely closeup to smaller items or creaturesmaking them larger than life size in theimage itself. Only special lenses areable to get good quality macroimages