Unit 57 photography terminology

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Unit 57 photography terminology

  1. 1. Unit 57 PhotographyTerminologyBy Liam Belch
  2. 2. Shutter speed Is howlong the camerashutter stays openchanging the amountof exposure and lightthe image will get.Shutter Speed
  3. 3. The ISO number is thesensitivity to light, thelower the number the lesssensitive to light yourcamera will beISO
  4. 4. The aperture is the Openingon the camera lens thatDetermines the amount oflight that goes into theimage. The Depth of field isthe amount of space that animage is sharpest. A Largedepth of field will leave theentire image sharp where asif you would like to focus ona certain part of the image alower depth of field wouldbe better.Aperture & Depth of field (F stop)
  5. 5. Putting a Cameraon Automaticexposure will Doeverything for youdetermined on thepicture you aretrying to getAutomatic Exposure
  6. 6. Manual Exposure is thephotographer will haveto Choose all settingsthemselves allowingthem to create theirdesired image on theirown.Manual Exposure
  7. 7. The colour balance ischoosing the intensity ofchosen colours for exampleyou could have Whites moreintense than yellows makingthat colour stand out more inthe image changing itdramatically. This can beused to Create pictures thatinvoke emotions such as apicture heavily relying onblue could be used to portraysadnessColour Balance
  8. 8. Composition is basicallywhere everything in yourphotograph is placed andcan alter the finaloutcome of your imagegreatly. If the backgroundis not an issue you can usePhotoshop to crop and fixany issues regardingplacement of the centralsubject.Composition
  9. 9. The rule of thirds is a guideline wherethe image is cut into 9 equal squareswith lines and the most importantfeatures of a photograph must rest orbe on these lines. The rule of thirds isapplied by aligning a subject with theguide lines and their intersectionpoints, placing the horizon on the topor bottom line, or allowing linearfeatures in the image to flow fromsection to section. The main reasonfor observing the rule of thirds is todiscourage placement of the subjectat the centre, or prevent a horizonfrom appearing to divide the picture inhalfRule of Thirds
  10. 10. Complementary colours arecolours that are opposite toeach other on the colour wheeland can be used to createstriking imagesComplementary Colours
  11. 11. Analogous colours aregroups of colours that aretogether and blend fromeach other on the colourwheel (orange, orange-yellow, Yellow)Analogous colours

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