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HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa, Lorenzo Fioramonti

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HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa, 12-14 November 2015, Durban, South Africa, More information at: www.oecd.org/statistics/measuring-economic-social-progress

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HLEG thematic workshop on Measurement of Well Being and Development in Africa, Lorenzo Fioramonti

  1. 1. Beyond GDP: Towards a wellbeing dashboard for Africa
  2. 2. GDP vs. Mother Nature
  3. 3. GDP vs. the climate Source: IMF 2011 for GDP and EDGAR 2014 for CO2 emissions data.
  4. 4. Africa rising? The picture in 2013 Cote d’Ivoire 8.7% RSA 2.6% South Sudan 24.4% Angola 4.1% Burundi 4.5% Liberia 11.3% Sierra Leone 20.21% RSA -0.9% Liberia -6% Sierra Leone -22.7% DRC -29.9% Angola -25.2% Cote d’Ivoire -3.4% DRC 8.5% Burundi -13.7%
  5. 5. Saving for the future?
  6. 6. Global GDP growth flattens when environmental damage is accounted for
  7. 7. Global GDP splits from genuine progress in the late 1970s Source: Ida Kubiszewski et al., ‘Beyond GDP: measuring and achieving global genuine progress,’ Ecological Economics, 93, 2013, p.63.
  8. 8. Building on what we have
  9. 9. UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting
  10. 10. Roadmap for a regional dashboard  October 2014  Participating countries: SA, Ghana, Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia, Namibia and Kenya  Other institutions: UNEP, ILO, CSIR, SA Department of Environmental Affairs, SANBI, WRC and various universities  Keynote addresses by Robert Costanza (ANU) and Enrico Giovannini (UN panel on data revolution)
  11. 11. Recommendation 1 – Beyond GDP  Acknowledging ‘misuse’ of GDP moving towards objective wellbeing  Corrections relevant for Africa:  Income inequality  Fiscal flows  Sustainable consumption and production  Lessons to be learned from GPI and Genuine Savings
  12. 12. Recommendation 2 – Regional dashboard  Corrected/complemented GDP should be integrated into a regional dashboard  Dashboard to include:  Human development (e.g. education, health, etc.)  Quality of the environment  Decent work (e.g. beyond mere employment)  Governance  Inclusion and social capital
  13. 13. Recommendation 3 – Pragmatism  Quality of data and limited resources  Information already available  Human development: investment education, infant mortality, enrolment rates, morbidity rates, doctors to population ratio, crime.  Quality environment: air, material flows, land use, ecosystems (through experimental accounts as part of WAVES and SEEA), levels of pollution and waste.  Decent work: labour force surveys standardized across Africa (in partnership with ILO).  Governance: voters’ turnout and Ibrahim Index of African Governance.  Social inclusion/social capital: poverty, time use at household levels  Information that could be gathered if more resources were available:  Human development: life expectancy, literacy rates.  Quality environment: land cover change, water stress, geological surveys.  Decent work: skills development to building economy in touch with local needs.  Governance: citizen participation in policy processes.  Social inclusion/social capital: mapping social connections in civil society, participation in community activities.  Avoid subjective measurements of wellbeing
  14. 14. Recommendation 4 – Reach out to regional initiatives  African Centre for Statistics at UNECA (for expertise and coordination)  African Union Commission (for political support and coordination)  African Development Bank (for infrastructural and economic support).  Key regional organizations to involve: Southern African Development Community (SADC), the East African Community (EAC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
  15. 15. How to approach value?
  16. 16. A window of opportunity
  17. 17. THANKS! www.governanceinnovation.org lorenzo.fioramonti@up.ac.za

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