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Well-being of Wales 2017-18: What do we know about children's well-being?

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These slides summarise some key messages about children's well-being, drawn from the Well-being of Wales report for 2017-18

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Well-being of Wales 2017-18: What do we know about children's well-being?

  1. 1. What do we know about children’s well-being? #wellbeingofwales Well-being of Wales 2017-18
  2. 2. These slides summarise some key messages about children’s well-being, drawn from the Well-being of Wales report for 2017-18.
  3. 3. #wellbeingofwales There have been long-term improvements in terms of a healthy start in life, with a decline in low birth weight babies, improvements in dental health and breastfeeding take-up increasing over the decade. Vaccine uptake in young infants remains high and stable. Percentage of 5 year olds with dental decay Percentage of babies who were breastfed at birth Source: Welsh Oral Health Information Unit, National Community Child Health Database 0 20 40 60 80 100 2015-162011-122007-082005-062003-04 0 20 40 60 80 100 2006 2017 New breastfeeding definition in 2012
  4. 4. #wellbeingofwales During secondary school there are dramatic changes in children’s well-being, self-reported health and lifestyles. Whilst at age 11 girls and boys report similar well-being and self-reported health, by aged 16 a gap is evident, with girls reporting lower well-being and worse health. Percentage of children with high life satisfaction, 2013/14 boys Source: Health Behaviour in School aged Children (HBSC), 2013/14 0 20 40 60 80 100 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Year 11 School Year Boys Girls
  5. 5. #wellbeingofwales Rates for smoking and drinking have fallen considerably over the years for those aged 11-16. However the number of healthy lifestyles declines rapidly as children progress through secondary school. Source: Health Behaviour of School Aged Children 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 Smoke at least once a week Drinks at least weekly Percentage of children aged 11-16 following selected health behaviours
  6. 6. Adverse Childhood Experience studies highlight the relationship between harmful experiences in childhood with negative long-term outcomes. #wellbeingofwales Q1 1999 Q2 2017 Source: Welsh Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study Infographic courtesy of Public Health Wales NHS Trust
  7. 7. #wellbeingofwales Children are the population group most likely to be in relative income poverty, with the latest data showing that 28 per cent were living in income poverty. This has fallen over the past few years. Percentage living in relative income poverty 1994-97 2013-16 Source: Households below average income 0 10 20 30 40 50 1994 to 1997 1998 to 2001 2002 to 2005 2006 to 2009 2010 to 2013 2014 to 2017 Pensioners Children Working-age adults All individuals
  8. 8. #wellbeingofwales Fewer children live in workless households, with falls in the latest year and over the medium-term. Percentage of children in workless households 1994-97 2013-16 Source: Annual Population Survey 0 10 20 30 40 50 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Year ending 31st December Wales UK
  9. 9. Foundation Phase on-entry assessments show how children have developed before entering school. #wellbeingofwales Employment rate (per cent) Q1 1999 Q2 2017 Source: On-entry assessments of pupils, Welsh Government On-entry assessments of pupils in reception class 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Disapplied Absent Below 1 Outcome 1 Outcome 2 Outcome 3 Outcome 4+ Female Male Both
  10. 10. #wellbeingofwales Attainment in primary and secondary school has risen in recent years, although there is variation between socio-economic groups. 1994-97 2013-16 Source: Welsh Examinations Database, Welsh Government 0 20 40 60 80 100 2006/07 2009/10 2012/13 2015/16 Pupils aged 15 Year 11 pupils Percentage of pupils achieving Level 2 threshold including a GCSE in English or Welsh first language and mathematics 54.6 28.6 20.6 11.7 0 20 40 60 80 100 All pupils Pupils eligible for free school meals Pupils with Special Educational Needs All children receiving care and support 2016/17 academic year
  11. 11. Participation in education, employment or training for young people post-compulsory education has been increasing in recent years. #wellbeingofwales Q1 1999 Source: Annual Population Survey Percentage of young people in education, employment or training 0 20 40 60 80 100 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Age 16-18 Age 19-24
  12. 12. #wellbeingofwales Attendance and participation in the arts have been increasing over the past decade. Percentage of children (aged 7 to 18) who attended an art event at least once a year 1994-97 2013-16 Source: National Survey for Wales 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
  13. 13. #wellbeingofwales A third of secondary school pupils feel lonely some of the time. Figures for Wales are similar to other parts of the UK, and girls are more likely to feel lonely than boys. 1994-97 2013-16 Source: Millennium Cohort Study 41.0 27.0 15.0 10.0 7.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 None of the time Rarely Some of the time Often All of the time Percentage of secondary school children feeling lonely during summer holiday, 2017
  14. 14. #wellbeingofwales One in ten secondary school pupils are bullied weekly, and these figures are relatively high within the UK. Percentage of secondary school pupils who have been bullied, 2017 1994-97 2013-16 Source: School Health Research Network (SHRN), 2017 0 20 40 60 80 100 Haven't been in past two months Once or twice in two months 2 or 3 times a month About once a week Several times a week
  15. 15. The Well-being of Wales report includes….. #wellbeingofwales
  16. 16. A report summarising information on the well-being of children #wellbeingofwales
  17. 17. Reports on our national progress towards each of the well- being goals #wellbeingofwales
  18. 18. Data for the 46 national indicators #wellbeingofwales
  19. 19. Where can you find the Well-being of Wales report? #wellbeingofwales Well-being report / What do we know about children’s well-being? http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/well-being-wales/?lang=en Interactive mapping of national indicators to goals http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/national-indicators-mapping-well- being-goals/?lang=en
  20. 20. @Statisticswales Stats.info.desk@gov.wales Contact us #wellbeingofwales

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