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Well-being of Wales 2017-18

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Measuring progress towards the national well-being goals.

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Well-being of Wales 2017-18

  1. 1. Measuring progress towards the national well-being goals #wellbeingofwales Well-being of Wales 2017-18
  2. 2.  For many indicators we would expect change to take a number of years to be seen.  Additionally, not all indicators are updated annually. So some messages will be unchanged from the previous year. These slides summarise some key messages on Wales’ progress towards its 7 Well-being goals from the Well-being of Wales report for 2017-18
  3. 3. #wellbeingofwales Life expectancy has been increasing over the long term but in recent years those increases have shown signs of slowing and even stopped. The amount of time spent in good health has been on the up but inequalities remain across different groups. Gap in healthy life expectancy between most and least deprived areas Females 18.2 years Males 18.7 years Life expectancy in years 2013-152001-03 Source: ONS and Public Health Wales 50 60 70 80 90 100 2001-03 2014-16 Male Female
  4. 4. #wellbeingofwales Overall one in ten people follow fewer than two healthy lifestyle behaviours, and there was little change in any of the five main healthy lifestyle behaviours in the latest year. Percentage of adults who smoke Percentage of adults who are obese Source: National Survey for Wales and Welsh Health Survey 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2003/04 2017/18 Switch to National Survey in 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2003/04 2017/18 Switch to National Survey in 2015 Overweight / Obese Obese
  5. 5. There has been good progress over the medium term in areas such as breastfeeding and dental health, but obesity in children remains a challenge, and increased in the last year. #wellbeingofwalesSource: Survey of 5 Year Olds Oral Health, Cardiff University and Child Measurement Programme, Public Health Wales 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2016/172011/12 Overweight / Obese Obese Percentage of children (aged 4-5) who are obese Percentage of children (aged 5) with dental decay 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2015-162011-122007-082005-062003-04
  6. 6. In the last year overall labour market performance in Wales has continued to be strong, with gaps in employment and activity rates between Wales and the UK remaining low in historical terms. In common with the wider UK economy, wages growth has remained weak in comparison with the longer term trend. #wellbeingofwales Employment rate (per cent) Q1 1999 Q2 2017 Source: Labour Force Survey, ONS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Q1 1999 Q1 2005 Q1 2010 Q1 2015 Q1 2018 UK Wales Employment rate (per cent)
  7. 7. #wellbeingofwales The gender pay gap has continued to narrow and is now the lowest level on record. But our indicator shows women are less likely than men to be in good quality employment. There remains a significant gap in employment outcomes for disabled people. Disability employment rate difference in percentage points Gender pay difference in full-time hourly pay Sources: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings and Annual Population Survey £0.00 £0.50 £1.00 £1.50 £2.00 1997 2000 2003 2006 2009 2012 2016 35 34 35 34 35 0 20 40 60 80 100 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
  8. 8. Educational attainment continues to increase and more young people are in in education, employment or training. Socio-economic disadvantage remains a key inequality for some outcomes such as educational attainment. #wellbeingofwales Q1 1999 Source: Welsh Government 0 20 40 60 80 100 2004 2017 Age 16-18 Age 19-24 Percentage of young people in education, employment or training Percentage of pupils achieving Level 2 threshold including GCSE in English or Welsh first language and mathematics 2016/17 academic year 54.6 28.6 20.6 11.7 0 20 40 60 80 100 All pupils Pupils eligible for free school meals Pupils with Special Educational Needs All children receiving care and support 2016/17 academic year
  9. 9. #wellbeingofwales Relative income poverty has remained steady for over a decade, and is highest amongst children. There are fewer people estimated to be in material deprivation than in relative income poverty. Percentage living in relative income poverty 1994-97 2013-16 Source: Households below average income 0 10 20 30 40 50 1994 to 1997 1998 to 2001 2002 to 2005 2006 to 2009 2010 to 2013 2014 to 2017 Pensioners Children Working-age adults All individuals
  10. 10. #wellbeingofwales People’s sense of community and belonging depends on a range of factors, although all of the indicators are associated with socio economic status or deprivation. In general, most people are satisfied with where they live, although almost one in five people feel lonely. Percentage of adults who have a sense of community, 2016-17 Source: National Survey for Wales 21 19 16 10 11 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 16-24 25-44 45-64 65-74 75+ Age Group Percentage of adults who feel lonely, 2017-18 36 52 0 20 40 60 80 In material deprivation Not in material deprivation
  11. 11. #wellbeingofwales Although increasing, Black and Ethnic minority population are still under-represented in political life. Race is still judged to be a motivating factor in nearly three quarters of all hate crime and recorded race incidents have been increasing. Source: Local Government Candidates Survey and Police Recorded Hate Crime Tables Proportion of all local government candidates by ethnicity White 98.2% Other ethnic groups 1.8% 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 2011/12 2016/17 Racially motivated hate crimes All hate crimes Number of hate crimes recorded
  12. 12. #wellbeingofwales Many adults attend and participate in culture and sports but this varies by age and background. Although there has been a change in data source, the trends for both have been upwards. Source: National Survey for Wales 83 83 73 68 57 0 20 40 60 80 100 16 to 24 25 to 44 45 to 64 65 to 74 75 or over Age Group Percentage attending/participating in arts, culture or heritage activities at least 3 times in the last year 50 11 8 32 0 20 40 60 80 100 Less than once a week Approximately once a week Approximately twice a week Three times a week or more Frequency Percentage of adults participating in sport
  13. 13. #wellbeingofwales One in five people report they can speak Welsh and this has been stable in recent years, although there is an increase in those “speaking a few words”. Use of the language has remained steady. Percentage of adults who speak Welsh Source: National Survey for Wales, Census of Population Percentage aged 3 or over who can speak Welsh 192020 129 4 0 20 40 60 80 100 2017-182016-172014-15 Speaks a few words of Welsh Speaks Welsh 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 There was no census in 1941
  14. 14. #wellbeingofwales Whilst there is a long term trend of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, the latest data shows an increase in emissions in 2016 compared with 2015. Air pollution continues to be a significant health issue. Greenhouse Gas Emissions (kilotonnes) Average NO2 concentrations in µg/m3 Source: Defra 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 Base 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 2007 2010 2013 2016
  15. 15. #wellbeingofwales Renewable energy generation has been on the rise including in the latest year. But our ecological footprint suggests that our key natural resources are being depleted faster than they can be replenished. Equivalent percentage of electricity consumption from renewables Source: Energy Generation in Wales 11.2 12.2 15.7 16.0 17.7 19.2 20.5 32.3 36.7 42.8 0 20 40 60 80 100 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  16. 16. #wellbeingofwales Whilst the latest evidence shows some positive trends in relation to the Welsh environment, the latest comprehensive assessment of the Welsh natural resources shows that overall, biological diversity is declining, and no ecosystems in Wales can be said to have all the features needed for resilience. Source: State of Natural Resources Report Conditions of Welsh peatland improving Butterfly population stabilising 35 per cent of priority bird species have declining populations High percentage of streams tested in good ecological condition, but this is true for only 13 per cent of ponds
  17. 17. The Well-being of Wales report includes….. #wellbeingofwales
  18. 18. Reports on our national progress towards each of the well- being goals #wellbeingofwales
  19. 19. A report summarising information on the well-being of children #wellbeingofwales
  20. 20. Data for the 46 national indicators #wellbeingofwales
  21. 21. Where can you find the Well-being of Wales report? #wellbeingofwales Well-being report / What do we know about children’s well-being? http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/well-being-wales/?lang=en Interactive mapping of national indicators to goals http://gov.wales/statistics-and-research/national-indicators-mapping-well- being-goals/?lang=en
  22. 22. @Statisticswales Stats.info.desk@gov.wales Contact us #wellbeingofwales

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