January/February 2012                              Perspectives on Utah’s Economy                                     A Lo...
A Conversation About                             Jobs in Utah                             Kristen Cox, Executive Director,...
contents                                                                      Utahs Employment is Growing                 ...
wasatch front and statewide | by mark knold, chief economist               Utah’s Employment is Growing                   ...
jobs.utah.gov/wi   Trendlines   5
whats happening | by lecia parks langston, economist                       Are We    Covered?     A look at Health Insuran...
For more information about          health insurance coverage in Utah, see:                                  2010 Utah Hea...
economic insight | by michelle beebe, senior business analyst    Unemployment Insurance Benefits                        Th...
The numbers of those filing online increased                         41 percent in the last five years.though we have cert...
national news | by mark knold, chief economist                    Better?                           Barely.               ...
Although the GDP wasnt stellar, it did                                beat gloomy predictions.designed to evaluate U.S. de...
insider news | by nate talley, economist                 Degrees                     of Freedom                           ...
used to populate Table 1 represents        majors acquired by Utahns. For ex-            are probably not employed at all....
for your information | by john krantz, economist         A New Approach to Measuring                             P overty ...
Poverty by Age:       Comparing the New and Old Measures                                               18-64 Years 13.7%  ...
the outlook | by john mathews, economist      The Great Recession &      Manufacturing Jobs      United States and Utah T ...
Utah Manufacturing Percent Job Loss by Sector                                                                in the Great ...
the outlook cont. | by john mathews, economist             Utah’s recovery will be             slow. Full recovery may    ...
the outskirts | by jim robson, economist  The Recovery                             (1) Metro Counties—Box  Needs to       ...
the outskirts cont. | by jim robson, economist       are leading in providing greater job opportunities and            con...
Annual Average Number of Utah Jobs in Metropolitan and        Non-metropolitan Counties: 2007 and for the 12 Months Ending...
occupations | by linda marling church, research analyst                                                         Hazardous ...
Occupational Wages Published June 2011                          (data from May 2010) for Hazardous Materials Removal Worke...
economic news | by john krantz, economist            Dividing the Pie:                                    A Look at Househ...
Selected Household Demographics                                    Average Household Income                   by Quintiles...
industry highlight | by lecia parks langston, economist        Waste Management & Remediation Services        It’s a dirty...
Utah Trendlines: January-February 2012
Utah Trendlines: January-February 2012
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Utah Trendlines: January-February 2012

  1. 1. January/February 2012 Perspectives on Utah’s Economy A Look Forward 2012 Utahs Employment is Growing For Now The Recovery Needs to ContinueAre We Covered?A Look at Health InsuranceCoverage in Utah Department of Workforce Services
  2. 2. A Conversation About Jobs in Utah Kristen Cox, Executive Director, Department of Workforce Services Trendlines Utah Department of Workforce Services D ear Readers: It is hard to As I mentioned, it’s a competitive Executive Director turn on the television, open market and the Department of Work- Kristen Cox a newspaper, or browse the force Services can assist job seekers in Internet without finding a story about improving their opportunities for suc- “job creation.” How many jobs will the cess. With our repository of the latest Workforce Research and Analysis President’s jobs bill create? How many labor market information, online cus- Rick Little, Director could be created with varying congres- tomers have the ability to determine Carrie Mayne, Editor sional proposals? In Utah, we are taking educational requirements, skill sets, a different approach. Governor Herbert wage information, and how many ex- has announced his plan on “100,000 pected openings there are throughout Contributors jobs in 1,000 days.” He did not say that the state for basically every field of Mark Knold he or state government would create employment. We offer assistance in Lecia Parks Langston the jobs–only that we would all work to- preparing a resume that will get no- gether to build a positive environment ticed and information on where to John Mathews for job growth. That is precisely our access additional training for “in-de- Jim Robson focus at the Department of Workforce mand” occupations. At jobs.utah.gov, Nate Talley Services (DWS). job seekers who are thinking about changing career paths or who have Linda Marling Church The latest job numbers show that been out of the job market for an ex- John Krantz Utah’s economy is steadily improving tended period of time can determine Michelle Beebe and growing at a higher rate than the how their current job skills match up national average. While that’s very in today’s labor market. Designer encouraging news, there are still many Pat Swenson job seekers out there looking for work. In addition to our online services, Right now, there are more than 12,000 the Department of Workforce jobs listed on the DWS website, jobs. utah.gov. These are real jobs that run Services offers a series of workshops and seminars in employment centers jobs.utah.gov the gamut of occupations and wages. located throughout the state. These Again, good news, but there is also the workshops include the innovative reality that for every job listed there “Work Success” program, which is may be scores of applicants and job an intensive two-week curriculum for competition is fierce. Our workforce the long-term unemployed job seeker development specialists are actively (the program does have eligibility Trendlines is published every other engaged with employers around the requirements). Our employment month by the Workforce Research and state who have made clear their need counselors specialize in working with Analysis Division. To download this for a qualified and diverse pool of job seekers of all ages and within every publication go to http://jobs.utah.gov/wi. candidates. skill level and can connect them to the Click on “Publications” and select the work place—it’s their job. one you want from the list. To obtain At DWS, among the many employment additional printed copies or to subscribe related services we provide is a one- Our employment counselors and to Trendlines contact: stop-shop, comprehensive toolkit workforce development specialists Department of Workforce Services for jobseekers at jobs.utah.gov. Once are dedicated to connecting Utah Attn: WRA there, a job seeker from any corner of job seekers with employment 140 East 300 South • SLC, UT 84111 the state can search any job title, skill, opportunities that reflect our local (801) 526-9785 • Fax: (801) 526-9238 or key word in every imaginable career economies. We know that Utah’s Email: wipublications@utah.gov category. They will also find direct links borders expand beyond the Wasatch The Workforce Research and Analysis to Utah employer websites and state Front and that from Logan, to Loa, Division generates accurate, timely, and and national job banks. In addition to to LaVerkin each part of our great understandable data and analyses to provide these job search features, job seekers state has different needs and diverse knowledge of ever-changing workforce can sign up to receive real time Twitter economies. We are here to meet those environments that support sound planning updates as new jobs are added to a needs. Our job is helping you find and decision-making. particular career or occupation. yours. Sincerely,2 January/February 2012
  3. 3. contents Utahs Employment is Growing 4 Wasatch Front and Statewide A Look Forward Are We Covered? A Look at Health to 2012 6 Insurance Coverage in Utah Whats Happening Unemployment Insurance Benefits 8 Through the Years Economic Insight Better? Barely pg. 6 10 National News Degrees of Freedom 12 Insider News A New Approach to Measuring Poverty 14 For Your Information The Great Recession and Manufacturing 16 Jobs: United States and Utah The Outlook The Recovery Needs to Continue 19 The Outskirts Hazardous Material Removal Workers: 22 Abating our Wasteful Lifestyle Occupations pg. 24 Dividing the Pie: A Look at Household 24 Income Distribution in Utah DWS-03-44-0112 Economic News Equal Opportunity Employer/ProgramAuxiliary aids and services are available upon request to individuals with disabilities by calling (801) Waste Management & 526-9240. Individuals with speech and/or hearing impairments may call the Relay Utah 26 Remediation Servicesby dialing 711. Spanish Relay Utah: 1-888-346-3162. Industry Highlight Just the Facts... 27 Rate Updatejobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 3
  4. 4. wasatch front and statewide | by mark knold, chief economist Utah’s Employment is Growing T he Utah employment picture is and the economy churn. Even people The growth ending the year on a high note— that is in relation to recent per- without jobs spend money (student loans, unemployment insurance, seems to be formance, not historical performance. Employment growth is in the high dad’s wallet, etc.). homegrown 2-percent range, and it stands a good Utah’s labor force population is chance of moving higher as 2012 un- estimated to grow just below 2 percent influenced, folds. This rate of growth ranks Utah in each year. In one year, that is not the top five states. enough to lead a counter-drive against and population negative economic pressures (making The weight of continuous population it grow when other factors would growth may be growth seems to be the driving force counter or even hinder growth). But behind these employment gains. put together four consecutive years the factor. There are enough negatives still of such growth, and you suddenly enveloping the national economy have an accumulation of population that the influence it endows upon the growth with some weight behind it— Utah economy is negligible. Therefore, enough weight to start to overwhelm the growth must be homegrown the economic negatives. Even a large influenced, and population growth enough pool of less-than-normal seems to be the factor. economic spending will eventually coalesce into something of tangible The labor force population (age value. 16 and over) continues to grow in Utah, even across the recession This labor force growth pressure does period to the present. Though some need other economic support. It is were unable to get a job during that bursting out now, but the rest of the period—and others lost theirs—the economic factors at some point will have collective weight of this labor force to kick in to help keep this momentum population still makes commerce going beyond just 2012.4 January/February 2012
  5. 5. jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 5
  6. 6. whats happening | by lecia parks langston, economist Are We Covered? A look at Health Insurance Coverage in Utah Roughly 74 percent of Utah’s population maintained some type of private insurance coverage during 2010. I t used to be that when I fielded a question about health insurance coverage in Utah, I had no data to offer. Thankfully, those days are gone. Due to new questions in both the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Current Population Survey (CPS), I have plenty of data to share. The figures in this article trace to two different sources. Statewide data derives from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement (2010). County-level estimates are model-based figures generated by the Census Bureau using among other inputs, health insurance coverage estimates from the American Community Survey. (The sample size for the CPS is not sufficient to provide county-level estimates.) Covering all the Bases First, let’s outline just what “health insurance coverage” means. The Census Bureau broadly classifies health insurance coverage as ‘private’ or ‘government.’ Private insurance includes employer or union-provided coverage or coverage directly purchased by the individual. Government-provided insurance includes programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, military, CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program), and state-sponsored health plans. Individuals are considered “insured” if they were covered by any type of health insurance for any part of the previous calendar year. Interestingly, research has found that the CPS data tends to under-estimate health insurance coverage—perhaps because respondents answer for the current time-period rather than the past year. Is Utah Covered? Roughly 86 percent of Utahns had some sort of health insurance coverage during 2010. That places us about in the middle when all states are ranked. Plus, we make a slightly better showing than the United States average with 84 percent of its population covered by insurance. Of course, although most of the population in Utah had some type of insurance6 January/February 2012
  7. 7. For more information about health insurance coverage in Utah, see: 2010 Utah Healthcare Coverage by Type* Numbers in Thousands •http://www.census.gov/did/www/sahie/index.html 2,087 Private •http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/index.html 1,922 268 Medicaidcoverage, 14 percent did not. The top six states for health 252insurance coverage—Massachusetts, Hawaii, Wisconsin, Medicare 351Maine, Vermont, and Minnesota—showed insured rates 65 All Personsbetter than 90 percent. States with the lowest coverage tendto be in the southern part of the country—South Carolina, Military 108 Under Age 65Florida, Mississippi, Texas, and our neighbors, Nevada and 67New Mexico all showed coverage rates less than 80 percent. Not 386 Covered 384How are We Covered?Roughly 74 percent of Utah’s population maintained sometype of private insurance coverage during 2010—far higher 2010 Health Insurance Coverage—All Persons*than the national average of 64 percent. Most of those Share of Total Populationwith private coverage—66 percent—were insured under Private 74%employment-based programs. Again, this share proved far 64%higher than the national average of 55 percent. Employment- 66% based 55%Conversely, Utahns appeared much less likely to have some Direct Purchase 10%type of government-provided health insurance than their 10%national counterparts. In Utah, only 10-percent of the 10%population was covered by Medicaid (the federal program Medicaid 16%for low-income people) compared to 16 percent nationwide. 12% Medicare UtahUtahns are also somewhat less likely to be covered by 15%Medicare than their U.S. counterparts—12 percent compared 4% U.S. Militaryto 15 percent. That’s undoubtedly because of Utah’s smaller- 4%than-average senior share of the population. 14% Not Covered 16%County Coverage *Individuals may be counted in more than one category if covered by more than one type of health insurance.The health insurance coverage estimates by county have Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Current Population Survey.some significant differences from the statewide data outlinedpreviously. First, they are estimates rather than survey data.Second, estimates are for 2009 rather than 2010. And finally,the estimates do not cover those over the age of 65 (when 2009 Estimated Percent of Population Under 65 yearsindividuals typically qualify for Medicare). With Health Insurance Coverage* Davis 89% Morgan 87%Looking at the ranking of health-insurance coverage by Carbon 86%county, no clear geographic pattern emerges. Some urban Utah 86% Tooele 86%counties—Davis and Utah—showed high levels of health Summit 86% Box Elder 85%insurance coverage (86 percent or higher). Others—Salt Lake Emery 85%and Weber—displayed coverage rates below the state average Cache 85% Sevier 84%of 84 percent. On the other hand, a few less populated State Total 84%counties showed strong coverage shares. Coverage in Morgan, Juab 84% Salt Lake 83%Carbon, Summit, Box Elder, Emery, and Sevier counties ranked Wayne 83% Garfield 82%above the state average. Nevertheless, with the exception Weber 82%of Washington County, all the lower-tier counties were Iron 82% Duchesne 82%decidedly rural. Much of the difference in the rates of health Wasatch 81%insurance coverage undoubtedly relates to the availability of Washington 80% Sanpete 80%employment-based health insurance. In general, jobs in low- Beaver 80% Millard 80%coverage rural areas—particularly those with high levels of Rich 80% Kane 80% *Includes publicly providedpart-time or seasonal employment—may be less likely to offer Daggett 80% coverage.health insurance coverage. Uintah 79% Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Piute 78% Grand 78% San Juan 77%jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 7
  8. 8. economic insight | by michelle beebe, senior business analyst Unemployment Insurance Benefits Through the Years T he Social Security Act of 1935 duration of 13.4 weeks and the nation initial claims online increase from 25 created the federal-state Unem- had an average weekly benefit amount percent to 66 percent. The percent of ployment Insurance (UI) system of $257 for an average duration of employers filing quarterly tax reports and is still in place to this day. Utah, 16.1 weeks. online has increased from 28 percent however, was one of seven states to to 77 percent. legislate state UI laws prior to federal Utah has worked to modernize its UI enactment. The goals of the program program and provide easier access Utah has been fortunate to stay be- are: (1) stabilize the economy, and (2) for claimants and employers. In the low national unemployment levels, alleviate personal hardship that stems last five years, we have seen the from involuntary job loss. With the percent of claimants exception of three states (AK, NJ, and filing PA), the UI program is funded entirely by employer payroll taxes. Every dol- lar paid in unemployment benefits is estimated to generate $1.60 in eco- nomic activity. In September 2011, Utah’s average weekly benefit amount was $308 for an average duration of 14.9 weeks. The national third quarter numbers show an average weekly benefit amount of $291 with an average duration of 17.6 weeks. Compare this to the third quarter of 2002, when Utah’s average weekly benefit amount equaled $275 for an average8 January/February 2012
  9. 9. The numbers of those filing online increased 41 percent in the last five years.though we have certainly seen an 12-month moving average peaked inimpact from the most recent reces- November 2009 at just below 14,000,sion. Our initial claims filing reached which is the same time that addition-its highest level in over 25 years al tiers became available on EUC08. You can follow this progressionin December 2008, with 18,000- Since then, we have maintained a every week on our blog atplus claims. This peak occurred five fairly steady decline in the numbermonths after the federal govern- of claims filed, though our weekly http://economyutah.blogspot.com/.ment authorized payments from the numbers have just started to pickEmergency Unemployment Com- up as a result of lay-offs in the sea-pensation (EUC08) program. The sonal workforce. UI Claims Filed Monthly 12-Month Moving Average 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Source: Utah Department of Workforce Servicesjobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 9
  10. 10. national news | by mark knold, chief economist Better? Barely. T he national economy is going Italy and possibly France. The more into the 2012 year as the engine the European-money people hesitate that might. The last few months to address the issue, the more of a of the year saw many economists chance these bigger states may become predicting a noticeable stumble in the susceptible. Many economic forecasters U.S. economy, only to have the Gross have already built a Eurozone recession Domestic Product (GDP) perform better into their forecast, so if that happens it than they expected. It wasn’t stellar will not be a surprise. A more uncertain U.S. GDP performance, but it did beat question is how much would that the gloomy predictions. affect the United States economy. Here the pundits are less certain and more Yet the national economy is weak variable. Some see deep pain, others see enough that the gloomy predictions only a glancing blow. won’t go away, even with the economy having shown them wrong at the end That’s not the only thing that could trip of 2011—the underlying feeling is that up the U.S. economy. A nuclear Iran the performance barely qualified as has suddenly risen to the forefront. Any ‘better.’ There are still a lot of clouds kind of drastic military action against and question marks hanging over the this situation is bound to inflame oil horizon to keep these gloom-seers prices, and strong oil price climbs active. bring with them a high probability of disrupting the U.S. economy— The biggest and most immediate is especially a fragile U.S. economy such the European debt situation. A Greece as this one. meltdown would have made headlines, yet would have been contained. By not There are also internal issues. The taking any significant action, this has government debt situation hovers over allowed anxieties to grow into other any long-term U.S. economic discussion. larger, more influential countries like The budgetary supercommittee10 January/February 2012
  11. 11. Although the GDP wasnt stellar, it did beat gloomy predictions.designed to evaluate U.S. debt reduction U.S. Gross Domestic Product Change Quarterlymade no recommendations. Political 2005—Presentdisagreement and confrontation seemto be the current operating mode, evenfreezing up a bipartisan panel. Nowonder observers fear that the desired Official recessioncompromise and cooperation are hard windowto see from this vantage point. There Actualis also the issue of whether the payrolltax cut will be extended, as well asunemployment insurance benefits. Theexpiration of both have the potential ofshaving points off of 2012 GDP growth. ForecastAt present they look menacing, but allof these clouds could turn out to beharmless or minimal. If none springup to be of major consequence uponthe U.S. economy, then the currentpositive economic momentum thatUtah is experiencing can continue tomove forward and build upon itself. It’sdifficult to find anyone who thinks thenational economy will deliver a majorpositive surprise in 2012. Given theamount of clouds that observers pointto as trouble areas, if none develop, that Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Forecast is summarized as a generalmight turn out to be the economy’s expectation from various economic forecasting groups.positive surprise.jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 11
  12. 12. insider news | by nate talley, economist Degrees of Freedom Statistics continue to confirm that education pays! Table 1: Grouped Field of Bachelor’s Degrees Degree Holders for First Major Estimate Percentage Age 25 and Over in Utah • 2010 Total: 465,141 100% Science and Engineering     Computers, Mathematics and Statistics 20,475 4.4% Biological, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences 29,230 6.3% T he relationships between peo- Physical and Related Sciences 13,697 2.9% ple’s educational attainment, employment security, and earn- Psychology 21,448 4.6% ings are well documented. As indi- Social Sciences 34,771 7.5% viduals gain more education, they are less likely to experience unemploy- Engineering 31,549 6.8% ment and more likely to earn higher Multidisciplinary Studies 3,139 0.7% wages, on average. For many, a Bach- elor’s degree is the postsecondary Science and Engineering Related Fields 41,036 8.8% educational pathway through which Business 87,197 18.7% these economic advantages are se- cured. Approximately 29% of Utah’s Education 69,927 15.0% population age 25 and older has at- Arts, Humanities, and Other     tained a Bachelor’s degree or higher. Using data from the Census Bureau’s Literature and Languages 24,621 5.3% American Community Survey (ACS), Liberal Arts and History 16,920 3.6% we can identify how fields of study are distributed among Bachelor’s de- Visual and Performing Arts 16,914 3.6% gree holders in Utah. Communications 19,058 4.1% Table 1 depicts the concentrations Other 35,159 7.6% of grouped fields of study among Utahns ages 25 and older who have Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community a Bachelor’s degree. The ACS data Survey, 1-Year Estimates, Table B1501012 January/February 2012
  13. 13. used to populate Table 1 represents majors acquired by Utahns. For ex- are probably not employed at all. Fur-one major per Bachelor’s degree ample, within the grouped field of ther, many of the high wage earnersholder, although about 10% of this business, the most popular majors in Table 3 have attained educationpopulation has earned more than are accounting, business manage- beyond their Bachelor’s degree, andone degree. ment and administration, and gen- it is their postgraduate education that eral business studies. Likewise, earn- allows them to earn higher wages (forJust over one third of all Utah under- ings for those whose college careers example, health sciences are commongraduate degree holders majored in a were in a business field were highest undergraduate majors of those whobusiness or education field, which is in the majors of accounting, gen- go on to become medical doctors).nearly identical to the national statis- eral business and finance. Tables 2tic. In fact, most of the grouped fields and 3 reflect the most common first Whether you’re evaluating a Bach-of study seen in Table 1 are similarly majors and the highest wage or sal- elor’s degree major by number of re-represented among college graduates ary earnings by first major in Utah, cipients, the earnings of recipients, oron a national scale. during the year 2010. When viewing some other criteria, rest assured that these tables, however, consider that there are many majors from whichBeyond grouped fields of study, we not all Bachelor’s degree holders are to choose that offer a unique field ofcan analyze the prevalence of, and employed in occupations that relate knowledge and skill sets. Simply exer-earnings associated with, detailed to their education, and at least some cise your freedom to choose one. Table 2: Most Common First Majors Degree Holders  Age 25 and Over in Utah • 2010 Estimate Elementary Education 26,795 Accounting 22,401 Business Management and Administration 21,981 Psychology 21,429 English Language and Literature 17,610 General Business 14,638 Nursing 14,547 General Education 14,083 Family and Consumer Sciences 12,537 Computer Science 11,931 Table 3: Highest Wage or Salary Earnings by First Major Wage Age 25 and Over in Utah • 2010 (Minimum 500 cases) Estimate Molecular Biology $144,647 Statistics and Decision Science $89,524 Biochemical Sciences $85,295 Zoology $81,464 Rest assured that there Microbiology $80,725 Physiology $77,667 are many majors from Chemical Engineering $77,036 which to choose that Chemistry $76,902 will appeal to you and Computer Science $72,759 your interests. Pre-Law and Legal Studies $72,437jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 13
  14. 14. for your information | by john krantz, economist A New Approach to Measuring P overty The Official Poverty Measure (OPM) end of the age spectrum, the official was designed in the early 1960s and measure understates the percentage of officially adopted in 1969. But it was people 65 and older in poverty by nearly never intended to be anything more than seven percentage points relative to the a temporary solution to the problem of supplemental measure. For all age groups, measuring poverty. Not until the 1990s the new supplemental poverty measure did work begin on developing a new puts the percentage of those in poverty at method for measuring poverty and only 16 percent while the official measure puts this year did the Census Bureau publish it at 15.2 percent. its initial set of supplemental poverty The new and old measures of poverty estimates. The new supplemental poverty also differ by race and Hispanic origin. measure addresses problems inherent in For Whites, Non-Hispanic Whites, the official poverty measure and provides Asians, and Hispanics of any race, the Poverty by Race a new perspective on the numbers of those in poverty based on age, race, and supplemental measure places a higher Comparing the percentage in poverty relative to the ethnicity. official measure. The only racial group For each household size, the that saw a decrease from the official OPM threshold is set by estimating measure to the supplemental measure the minimum cost of a nutritionally was Blacks, who saw a decrease in the adequate diet and multiplying this percent in poverty by more than two figure by three. But this measure has percentage points. several shortcomings: It does not take The supplemental poverty measure into account public assistance benefits addresses the need to have a poverty received, job-related expenses, child measure that more accurately accounts support payments, and differences in for the receipt of financial and in-kind prices around the country, just to name resources and regional differences in the most important deficiencies. The the cost of living. However, the new white 13.1% new supplemental measure offers an measure is not intended to replace improvement upon the official definition white 14.3% the OPM. The official measure is found by taking into consideration the explicitly in legislation that determines aforementioned shortcomings. eligibility for various government Looking at the OPM and the programs and is used for the purpose supplemental poverty measure side of administering these programs. by side reveals several interesting Instead, the primary purpose of the new differences. The official measure measure is to provide more accurate overstates the percentage of children information about the economic well- under 18 in poverty by more than four being of those with the lowest incomes, percentage points as compared with measured at the level of the nation and the supplemental measure. At the other large regions.14 January/February 2012
  15. 15. Poverty by Age: Comparing the New and Old Measures 18-64 Years 13.7% 18-64 Years 15.2% 65+Years 9% Under 18 Years 22.5% 65+Years 15.9% all people 15.2%Under 18 Years 18.2% all people 16% Official Poverty Measure Supplemental poverty measureand Hispanic Origin:New and Old Measures HISPANIC (ANY RACE) 26.7% HISPANIC (ANY RACE) 28.2% white, ASIAN 12.1% not hispanic 10% BLACK 27.5% ASIAN 16.7% white,not hispanic BLACK 25.4% 11.1% Official Poverty Measure Supplemental poverty measure Source: Current Population Reports (P60-241), U.S. Census Bureau. jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 15
  16. 16. the outlook | by john mathews, economist The Great Recession & Manufacturing Jobs United States and Utah T he Great Recession started in December 2007 and ended in June of 2009. Those are the official dates. All industrial sectors of the economy were impacted. To better understand the effects of the business cycle on the manufacturing sector we need to put it in perspective - to set the stage, if you will. Manufacturing is a very important industry because it’s where ‘stuff’ is made. Stuff we use to make other stuff; stuff that we use off the shelf; and stuff we sell to other countries. Manufacturing has evolved through the years from a primary cog in the industrial revolution to an important, but smaller piece of the economic pie. In the U.S. two important phenomena have affected, and continue to affect, manufacturing. First is the shift in methods of production away from labor intensive to capital (machine) intensive processes. This happens largely through technological advances. Because of technology, machines replace labor. For example, painting cars in the automotive industry is now done by robots instead of workers with spray guns. Second, is the movement of domestic production to production of products outside the U.S. This movement was, and is, a result of capitalistic forces. Goods will be produced where costs are minimized. Labor costs “offshore” are less than in the U.S., resulting in the placement of production activities for many of the more labor intensive processes to where per unit labor costs are lower. In other Manufacturing is an words, the economy, through basic concepts of capitalism (profit and price mechanism) important piece of the sends work where it can be done at a lower economic pie. cost. Consumers buy ‘stuff’ primarily based on price, and the lower the price the more sold. Manufacturing —A Little Background Much has been said of the “demise” of the manufacturing industry in America. As mentioned above, technology and off-shoring have affected the industry, but remember the U.S. produces more manufactured goods than16 January/February 2012
  17. 17. Utah Manufacturing Percent Job Loss by Sector in the Great Recession December 2007-June 2009 Source: Utah Department of Workforce Services. Total Manufacturing Jobs Lost = 16,700 Durable Goods Jobs Lost = 14,500 Nondurable Goods Nonmetallic Jobs Lost = 2,200 mineral products Primaryany other country. In terms of jobs, U.S. 10% metalsmanufacturing employment peaked back in Wood 4%1979 when 19.4 million workers toiled in the Productsindustry. In 2007 (pre-recession) the count of Fabricated metal 13% products 8%U.S. jobs in manufacturing was 13.9 million.Utah has fared much better as manufacturing Nondurable Goods Machinery 5%employment has been growing in the state, 13%increasing from 104,000 in the early 1990s Computer & electronicto 128,000 in 2007. Yet at the national and Misc. products 3%state level, the industry accounts for an 13% Furniture Electrical equip. &ever-decreasing share of total employment. & Related appliances 0%In manufacturing’s heyday nationally, one- Products 21% Transportationquarter of all jobs fell in this sector. Now, that Equip. 10%slice of the jobs pie is about 9.0 percent. InUtah, manufacturing’s largest share of totaljobs was 18 percent back in the 1960s. By2007 it was down to 10 percent.Before analyzing the industry through the United States Manufacturing Percent Jobrecent recession, let’s add another dimensionto the review because it will come to play in Loss by Sector in the Great Recessiona big way in the analysis. Manufacturing is December 2007-June 2009the industry where things are made. It is very Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.diverse, from breakfast cereal to steel girdersfor buildings. This diversity is classified in a Total Manufacturing Jobs Lost = 2 millionstructure that defines what businesses do, Durable Goods Jobs Lost = 1.5 millioni.e. the product they make. The first broad Nondurable Goodsclassification differentiates the industry based Nonmetallic Jobs Lost = 0.5 millionon how long the goods produced are expected mineralto last. Those goods with a three year or less life products Primaryare considered non-durable goods, examples 5% metals Fabricatedbeing food, paper, chemicals, and textiles. 5% metalThose with longer life spans are considered products Wood Products 7% 13%durable goods such as heavy equipment,computers, fabricated metal, vehicles, etc. MachineryWhat Happened to Manufacturing During the 8%Recession NondurableGenerally, when the business cycle peaks, a Goods Computer & electronicslide in economic activity characterized by a 24% products 6%loss of demand for goods and services follows. Electrical equip. &When the demand falls for goods produced by Transportation appliances 3%the manufacturing companies, the demand Equip. 19%for workers drops off and employers cut back Misc.the number of workers. That means the loss 3%of jobs. For the 18 month period of December Furniture & Related Products 7%jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 17
  18. 18. the outlook cont. | by john mathews, economist Utah’s recovery will be slow. Full recovery may take years, but it will happen. 2007 through June 2009 the nation lost more than 2 durable goods manufacturing did lose about 2,200 jobs, a million manufacturing employees, or 15 percent of the relatively small 13 percent proportion of the total 16,700 manufacturing workforce. In Utah the recession’s impact job loss. dropped manufacturing employment from 129,400 to 112,700, a nearly 13 percent decline. That Was Then. What’s Happening Now? June of 2009 seems like a long time ago. It’s been longer Durable Goods Manufacturing Takes the Biggest Hit since the recession officially ended than the duration of At the national level, 76 percent of the total 2 million lost the recession itself. So what’s happened to the economy manufacturing jobs were in durable goods. That’s not an and manufacturing? The numbers tell us that there has equal share as durable goods account for 63 percent of been some improvement, but not by much, and not manufacturing employment, yet three-fourths of all losses widespread over all sectors. The “recovery” is taking were in that group. On the other hand, only 24 percent place but at a very, very slow pace. U.S. manufacturing of job losses occurred in non-durable manufacturing. employment, on a moving year-over month comparison, Hardest hit sectors in durable goods were transportation has been positive each month since October 2009. Job equipment, fabricated metal, machinery, wood products, growth rates have been in a range from 0.6 percent to and furniture. Transportation equipment (auto industry) 1.9 percent. lost 23 percent of its jobs. The other sectors listed lost workers because their products went to the construction The picture in Utah is brighter. Utah’s economy is industry, which in turn went south, due to little demand adding jobs at about a 2.2 percent pace (June 2011). for building or furnishing homes. Manufacturing job growth has been a little slower at 2 percent through the first half of 2011. During the In Utah, durable goods took an even harder hit than June 2010 to June 2011 period, 2,240 manufacturing the nation. About 87 percent of all manufacturing jobs jobs were added lifting employment from 111,490 lost during the recession were in durable goods. That to 113,730. Remember that 16,700 manufacturing means durable goods made up 14,500 of the total 16,700 jobs were lost during the 18-month recession. Utah’s manufacturing jobs lost—a decline of 17 percent. During recovery will be slow. Full recovery may take years, but the 18-month recession, the durable goods industry it will happen. sectors with the most job losses were furniture and related products (-3,430), miscellaneous manufacturing For more information on the nation and the recession’s (-2,180), wood product manufacturing (-2,110), and effects on manufacturing see: transportation equipment (-1,700). Three of these four are tied directly to the construction industry. Non- http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2011/04/art5full.pdf18 January/February 2012
  19. 19. the outskirts | by jim robson, economist The Recovery (1) Metro Counties—Box Needs to Elder, Cache, Davis, Juab, Morgan, Salt Lake, Summit, Tooele, Utah, Washington, and Weber. Continue (2) Non-metro Counties —Beaver, Carbon, Daggett, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Grand, Iron, Kane, Millard, Piute, Rich, San Juan, Sanpete, Sevier, Uintah, Wasatch, and Wayne. O ver the last year or so, employment growth has strengthened in Utah as the recovery from the “Great Recession” continues. Let’s take stock of how Metro (1) Utah and Non-metro (2) Utah have Looking at Utahs fared in gaining back the jobs by industry lost during the recession. Metro and Non- Peak wage and salary payroll employment occurred in Metro Counties December of 2007 in Utah, with significant job losses being recorded during 2008 and 2009. In 2007, the year and how they prior to the recession, there were on average 1,251,400fared with gaining payroll jobs in Utah. 0f these, 92 percent (1,154,000) were in Metro Utah and eight percent (97,600) in Non- back jobs lost metro Utah. in the Great For the twelve months ending in June 2011, there were on average, 1,193,300 payroll jobs in Utah or about Recession. 58,100 fewer than the average for 2007. This is 4.6 percent below Utah’s peak employment prior to the recession. Of this job deficit, the Metro counties are 53,150 or 4.6 percent below their 2007 employment levels and the Non-metro counties are 4,950 jobs or 5.1 percent below their 2007 job count. This analysis compares 2007 to the twelve months ending in June 2011; because when written in late Fall 2011, the June job numbers by county were the most recent wage and salary payroll counts that had been reported to Workforce Services. If we divide payroll jobs into 24 separate industry categories, a picture emerges detailing which industriesjobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 19
  20. 20. the outskirts cont. | by jim robson, economist are leading in providing greater job opportunities and construction, manufacturing, and retail trade. The most which industries have not recovered their 2007 job new jobs are found in local government (excluding status (see industry table). For Metro Utah, the industries public education), health care, and administrative that have the most ground to make up to reach their support (mostly temporary staffing agencies). 2007 levels are construction, manufacturing, and retail trade. The industries that are well above 2007 levels with Finally, if we look at total payroll job growth by county many new jobs are health care, private education, and (see chart), 16 counties added jobs from June 2010 to public education. Of the 24 industry groups for Metro June 2011 and 8 counties saw net job reductions. There Utah, eight have more jobs and 16 have fewer jobs than is a mixture of both Metro and Non-metro counties that in 2007. show job increases and job losses. In the Non-metro Utah counties, the industries with Utah’s economy is gradually gaining strength with many more jobs or fewer jobs than in 2007 is also eight to positive indicators pointing to continuing improvement. 16. Again those industries that still have the most jobs If current trends continue, the state economy should to make up in order to recover their 2007 levels are surpass the overall job count of 2007 in 2013. Nonfarm Payroll Job Growth: June 2010 to June 2011 Source: Utah Department of Workforce Services. Statewide 2.2% Duchesne 7.6% (1) Metro Counties—Box Beaver 5.7% Uintah 5.6% Elder, Cache, Davis, Juab, Summit 5.1% Morgan, Salt Lake, Summit, Tooele 4.7% Tooele, Utah, Washington, Utah 4.4% and Weber. Davis 4.0% Grand 3.5% (2) Non-metro Counties Cache 3.5% —Beaver, Carbon, Daggett, Millard 2.9% Salt Lake 1.9% Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, San Juan 1.2% Grand, Iron, Kane, Millard, Wasatch 1.1% Piute, Rich, San Juan, Sanpete, Washington 1.1% Sevier, Uintah, Wasatch, and Kane 0.9% Wayne. Servier 0.2% Sanpete 0.0% Iron -0.3% Weber -0.5% Daggett -0.8% Metro County Garfield -1.2% Carbon -1.7% Non-Metro County Box Elder -3.6% Morgan -4.9% Juab -5.4% Emery -5.8% Wayne -5.8% Rich -6.1% Piute -11.2%20 January/February 2012
  21. 21. Annual Average Number of Utah Jobs in Metropolitan and Non-metropolitan Counties: 2007 and for the 12 Months Ending June 2011 Metropolitan Utah Counties( 1) Jobs Non-Metropolitan Utah Counties (2) Jobs 2007 2011 Change % Change 2007 2011 Change % Change Industry Annual Annual 2007 to 2011 2007 to 2011 Annual Annual 2007 to 2007 to Average Average (3) Average Average (3) 2011 2011 Total Wage and Salary Payroll Job 1,153,809 1,100,651 -53,158 -4.6% 97,613 92,635 -4,978 -5.1% Health care & social services 101,550 113,893 12,343 12.2% 7,142 7,611 469 6.6% Local government education 53,733 57,970 4,238 7.9% 7,618 7,684 66 0.9% Private education services 30,612 34,723 4,112 13.4% 688 725 38 5.5% Local gov. other than education 38,551 41,654 3,103 8.0% 8,238 8,988 750 9.1% State government education 30,795 33,668 2,873 9.3% 3,228 3,219 -9 -0.3% Professional & technical services 62,665 64,507 1,841 2.9% 2,207 1,970 -236 -10.7% Federal government 33,224 34,850 1,626 4.9% 2,300 2,439 139 6.0% Mining 3,357 3,539 182 5.4% 7,677 7,431 -246 -3.2% Arts, entertainment, recreation 16,779 16,721 -58 -0.3% 1,268 1,007 -261 -20.6% Utilities 2,559 2,489 -70 -2.7% 1,554 1,543 -11 -0.7% Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting 2,833 2,709 -124 -4.4% 1,650 1,724 74 4.5% Accommodation & food services 83,661 83,366 -295 -0.4% 11,114 10,958 -156 -1.4% State gov. other than education 26,763 26,098 -665 -2.5% 2,416 2,342 -74 -3.1% Other services, except government 32,684 31,086 -1,598 -4.9% 2,858 2,625 -233 -8.1% Management of companies 20,107 18,403 -1,704 -8.5% 229 179 -51 -22.1% Real estate, rental, leasing 17,216 15,269 -1,947 -11.3% 1,278 1,108 -170 -13.3% Wholesale trade 44,724 42,643 -2,081 -4.7% 2,559 2,279 -281 -11.0% Transportation & warehousing 42,430 39,828 -2,602 -6.1% 3,995 4,099 105 2.6% Information 31,144 28,114 -3,030 -9.7% 1,304 1,197 -107 -8.2% Finance and Insurance 54,227 49,677 -4,550 -8.4% 2,019 1,912 -106 -5.3% Administrative & waste services 73,400 67,999 -5,401 -7.4% 2,414 2,678 264 11.0% Retail trade 135,130 126,209 -8,920 -6.6% 12,722 11,406 -1,316 -10.3% Manufacturing 122,737 108,352 -14,385 -11.7% 4,959 3,772 -1,187 -23.9% Construction 95,625 59,512 -36,113 -37.8% 7,825 5,460 -2,365 -30.2%For non-metro counties, the industries that have the most jobs to recover their 2007 levelsare construction, manufacturing, and retail trade. The most new jobs are found in localgovernment, health care, and administrative support.jobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 21
  22. 22. occupations | by linda marling church, research analyst Hazardous Materials Removal Workers: Abating our wasteful lifestyle T he closest I have ever knowingly been to hazardous material. Because of the threat of contamination, waste was when I was twelve years old and my workers often wear disposable or reusable coveralls, mother told me to mop the kitchen floor. The gloves, hardhats, shoe covers, safety glasses or goggles, house, a rental, had seen its better days and the floor chemical-resistant clothing, face shields, and devices to really needed some “deep” cleaning so I mixed some protect one’s hearing. Most workers are also required to ammonia and bleach together in a bucket. I quickly wear respirators while working, to protect them from learned never to do that again. It was all I could do to airborne particles or noxious gases. The respirators throw it, bucket and all, out in the garden before the range from simple versions that cover only the mouth fumes overcame me. Little did I know at the time that and nose to self-contained suits with their own air I had created “HHW” or household hazardous waste. supply. Recent improvements to respiratory equipment When I threw it all in the garden, I contaminated both allows for greater comfort, enabling workers to wear the soil and air. equipment for a longer period of time. What are hazardous wastes? They are discarded materials with properties that make them potentially harmful to With our society’s creation of more waste has come human health or the environment. Hazardous wastes specialization within the hazardous material removal can be in the form of liquids, solids, contained gases, field. There are workers involved in transporting or sludge. Think lead, asbestos, radioactive substances, waste, often cross country. There are decontamination mold, to name just a few. These materials typically workers who perform duties similar to those of janitors possess at least one of four characteristics: ignitability, but the materials and areas they clean are radioactive. corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity. Decommissioning workers remove and treat radioactive materials generated by nuclear facilities and power The Standard Occupational Classification Manual defines plants. Emergency and disaster response workers take hazardous materials removal workers’ duties thus: care of spills and clean accident sites. Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous Once hazardous materials have been removed from materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint, the site of origin, they need to be stored in landfills or waste oil, radioactive materials, or contaminated soil. incinerated. Sometimes the materials’ form is changed Specialized training and certification in hazardous from liquid to solid in preparation for storage. All these materials handling or a confined entry permit are activities require protective gear, heavy machinery, and generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment adherence to federal laws. or trucks. Hazardous materials removal workers use a variety of There are no formal education requirements for a person tools and equipment, depending on the work at hand. to become a hazardous waste materials removal worker Equipment ranges from brooms to personal protective although federal, state and local government standards suits that completely isolate workers from the hazardous require specific types of on-the-job training which often22 January/February 2012
  23. 23. Occupational Wages Published June 2011 (data from May 2010) for Hazardous Materials Removal Workers Hourly Hourly Annual Annual Area Name Training Level Inexperienced Median Inexperienced Median Ogden-Clearfield Moderate-term OJT $9.13 $10.88 $18,990 $22,630 MSA (1-12 months) Moderate-term OJT Salt Lake City MSA $13.50 $16.50 $28,080 $34,330 (1-12 months) Moderate-term OJT United States -- $17.92 -- $37,280 (1-12 months) Moderate-term OJT Utah $9.72 $14.64 $20,210 $30,450 (1-12 months)consists of 40 hours of formal training. Workers involved This occupation has a four star rating which means it haswith nuclear waste take about three months of courses a good employment outlook and relatively high wages.learning government regulations as mandated by the It is expected to experience about average employmentNuclear Regulatory Commission. growth with a moderate volume of annual job openings. The need for replacements, rather than from business expansion, is projected to make up the majority of jobAny occupation with “hazardous” in its title is just that. openings in the coming decade. Openings will expandBecause there is increased public awareness concerning due to increased calls for eco-friendly power production.hazardous waste, more of it is being removed. Bureau ofLabor Statistics reports that in 2010 there were sixty-one As a society, Americans create lots of waste, that’s a given.work related deaths in this field, down from eighty-eight With the help of hazardous waste removal workers, wein 2008. are able to hide the evidence. For awhile. Resources • http://jobs.utah.gov/jsp/wi/utalmis/oidoreport.do • http://www.studentscholarships.org/salary/214/hazardous_materials_removal_workers.php • https://www.osha.gov/dep/fatcat/dep_fatcat.html • http://www.bls.gov/ • http://www.epa.gov/ • http://geowords.org/ensci/13/13.htmjobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 23
  24. 24. economic news | by john krantz, economist Dividing the Pie: A Look at Household 4.2% Income Distribution in Utah Bottom 20% 10.2% 2nd Quintile 16% 46.1% Middle 20% Top 20% Share of Total Household Income in Utah by 23.4% Quintiles 2010 4th Quintile Source: ACS 2010 1-Year Estimates, Census Bureau A nger and frustration among those who perceive percent of households received 4.2 percent of aggregate the current distribution of wealth and income in household income with the second and third quintiles the United States as unjust have recently found receiving 10.2 percent and 16 percent, respectively. The expression in the ‘Occupy Wall Street’ movement. These top 40 percent of households received nearly 70 percent sentiments have resonated with individuals across of all household income with 23.4 percent going to the the country leading to the organization of affiliated fourth quintile and 46.1 percent going to the top 20 movements in several cities, including the ‘Occupy percent of households. Salt Lake City’ effort. While many of the protesters are undoubtedly motivated by a variety of different reasons, What causes household income inequality? While this the slogan “We are the 99%” suggests that there is at least question may appear simple to answer, it is not. No single some belief that the distributions of wealth and income cause accounts for all income inequality and there is are issues of primary concern. With this topic recently and considerable disagreement over many of the proposed frequently making the headline news, it is an opportune causes. While no attempt is made here to validate any time to look at the facts concerning income distribution of these explanations, the rise in household income in Utah. inequality has been variously attributed to the decline of labor unions, the increase in dual-earner households, A common approach for examining income inequality is a movement away from a progressive tax system, an to rank households by total income and separate them influx of lower-skilled immigrants, a growth in demand into quintiles. If household income were distributed for highly-educated and highly-skilled labor, a lack of with perfect equality throughout society, each quintile demand for lower-skilled workers resulting from labor- would receive 20 percent of the total household income. saving technologies, and partisan-based public policies, to Regardless of whether it is measured at the level of the name only a few. nation, state, county, city, or census tract, nowhere within the United States is household income distributed with Looking at the data for Utah, several relationships between perfect equality. In fact, household income inequality household income and demographic characteristics are follows a general pattern that holds true at both the clearly discernable. Larger households are associated with national and state levels: The share of aggregate household higher household incomes. Income from capital is also income received by each of the bottom three quintiles is related to household income. While the relationship is less than 20 percent, while the upper two quintiles each not strictly increasing for all quintiles, larger percentages received more than 20 percent. In Utah, the bottom 20 of individuals who receive income in the form of interest,24 January/February 2012
  25. 25. Selected Household Demographics Average Household Income by Quintiles for Utah of the Quintiles • 2010 Bottom 2nd Middle 4th Top $350,000 20% Quintile 20% Quintile 20%Average Household Size 2.29 2.68 3.09 3.55 3.66 $300,000Individuals Receiving $250,000Interest, Dividend, or 7.0% 9.4% 11.7% 11.3% 17.1%Rental Income (15+) $200,000 United States UtahEducational Attainment $150,000(25+):Less Than High School $100,000 19.3% 14.1% 9.4% 6.9% 3.2%Diploma $50,000High School Diploma $14,402 !""#$%& 31.1% 31.4% 26.1% 22.0% 17.1% $0or GEDSome College or Bottom 2nd Middle 4th Top 20% Top 5% 36.4% 35.3% 39.3% 38.1% 33.8% 20% Quintile 20% QuintileAssociates DegreeBachelors Degree or 13.3% 19.2% 25.2% 33.0% 45.8% Source: ACS 2010 1-Year Estimates, Census BureauHigherdividends, or rent are associated with higher levels percent of households in Utah receive $14,000 less thanof household income. The last set of demographic the top 20 percent of all households in the country oncharacteristics considered here concerns the levels of average. Only for the fourth quintile of households doeseducational attainment by quintiles. In the bottom 20 Utah have roughly the same average household incomepercent of households, just over 19 percent of individuals as compared with the nation.age 25 or older do not have a high school diploma andonly 13 percent have a bachelor’s degree or higher. At Why does Utah have the lowest household incomethe other end of the spectrum, among those 25 or older inequality in the nation? While this question is justwho live in the top 20 percent of households, only 3 as difficult to answer as the more general question ofpercent do not have a high school diploma and nearly 46 what causes income inequality, a partial answer can bepercent have a bachelor’s degree or higher. While these provided. According to the previously mentioned Censusrelationships might be expected, the percentages for Bureau report, three of the six variables that exhibited thethose with an associate’s degree or some college across strongest relationships to household income inequalityquintiles are somewhat unexpected. Individuals 25 or were the fraction of households with two or moreolder with an associate’s degree or some college make workers, the fraction of households with no workers, andup between 34 to 39 percent of each quintile and there the fraction of persons 25 or older with less than a highappears to be no systematic relationship to household school diploma. For each of these three variables, Utah isincome. This appears to suggest that the extremes of the considerably different than the nation. Only 20 percenteducational attainment hierarchy (i.e., very low or very of all households in Utah have no workers as comparedhigh levels of education) are more important as potential to 27 percent for the US. Furthermore, 41 percent of thepredictors of household income than intermediate levels households in Utah have two or more workers whileof education. only 33 percent of households nationwide have two or more workers. Finally, Utah has a lower percentageHow unequal is household income in Utah as compared of individuals 25 or older with less than a high schoolwith other states? In a recent report by the Census Bureau, diploma relative to the nation: 9.4 percent as comparedUtah was found to have the lowest income inequality to 14.4 percent.among the 50 states.1 Moreover, the report found that Salt A comprehensive explanation of why Utah has the lowestLake City had the lowest household income inequality household income inequality in the country may requireamong metropolitan areas with populations of 1 million an examination of dozens of variables. Nevertheless, itor more and West Jordan city had the lowest inequality appears that two of the most important reasons for Utah’samong large places with populations of 100,000 or more. low measure of inequality are a relatively high minimumThe lower income inequality in Utah can be appreciated standard of education and a comparatively high numberby comparing mean household incomes by quintiles of workers per household.with the United States. For the bottom three quintiles,Utah’s average household incomes are $3,000 to $4,500 1 The report can be found at http://www.census.gov/higher than the national averages. And the top 20 prod/2011pubs/acs-16.pdfjobs.utah.gov/wi Trendlines 25
  26. 26. industry highlight | by lecia parks langston, economist Waste Management & Remediation Services It’s a dirty job, but somebody’s got to do it. Utah Waste Management/Remediation Services Industry Quick Facts 2010 A ll joking aside, the waste man- Employment 4,100 agement and remediation ser- vices industry plays a vital role Private Sector 3,800 in our economy. Firms categorized in % Change from 2009 7.4% this industry are engaged in the col- lection, treatment, and disposal of Public Sector 300 waste materials. They can haul waste materials, recycle waste materials, % Change from 2009 -3.8% or provide remediation services (the Average Monthly Wage cleanup of contaminated buildings, mines, soil, or water). Utah firms Private Sector $4,296 in this industry do everything from Percent of Utah Total Average Wage 132.8% crime-scene cleanup to radioactive waste disposal. Public Sector $3,022 Percent of Utah Total Average Wage 93.4% Source: Utah Department of Workforce Services. In Utah, the waste management and remediation services industry Number of Private Sector Firms 223 accounts for roughly 4,100 jobs— Largest Firms about 93 percent of them in the private sector. Judging by the 7.4 EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. percent increase in private-sector waste management employment Energy Solutions, LLC during 2010, this industry is certainly Waste Management of Utah “cleaning up” in the labor market. Interestingly, private-sector jobs pay Allied Waste Services of North America substantially better than those in the Ace Disposal, Inc. public sector—perhaps because of the nature of the private sector work. Clean Harbors, Inc. For more information about the waste management and remediation services industries, go to: http://www.bls.gov/iag/tgs/iag562.htm26 January/February 2012