Uinta Basin baseline water quality study


Published on

For more information, please visit http://geology.utah.gov

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Uinta Basin baseline water quality study

  1. 1. Uinta BasinBaseline Water-Quality Study Janae Wallace January 2011 update
  2. 2. OBJECTIVESCreate database of springs, creeks, wellsCreate database of water qualityCreate GIS data- chemistry mapsCreate baseline water quality (spatially andtemporally)- 2009, 2010, 2011Document changes in water quality
  3. 3. Map producedpre-studyshowingpotential wellandsprings tosample-fieldinvestigationshows mostof the sitesare unavailableto sample
  4. 4. Sample sites for data collected during spring of 2009
  5. 5. 2010 Events15 sites- 2 springs, 2 creeks, 11 wells Resample October 2009 Added 1 well site plus Green & White Rivers Spring 2010- added 2 wells (USGS testholes), 1 spring (unable to sample 3 well sites) Autumn 2010- 2 unavailable sites from spring now functioningTotal current sampling sites: 20
  6. 6. Table of Well ID Depth Level # NO3 TDS Fmstatus Park 750 57/350 1 <0.1 1428 Bird’s Nest?of sites Park-USGS 193+ Flowing 3 <0.1 796 Green Rsampled Big Pack 6900 Flowing 3 <0.1 1298 Wasatchto date includesthe site ID, Willow-domest 711 Flowing 3 <0.1 936 Green R?well depth (if Willow creek Surface Surface 3 <0.1 562 Alluvialknown), water Sulfur spring Spring Flowing 3 <0.1 578 Green R?level in ft (if Evacuation Surface Surface 3 <0.1 2832 Alluvialknown), # 4-star 172 70 3 12.6 1260 Alluvialindicatesnumber of times Kings 70-82? 67 2 9.5 2114 ?site was sampled Windmill 1382+? Flowing? 2 <0.1 2394 ?GR? M?NO3 is nitrate Target 53 23 2 9.95 1442 Alluvialconcentration R&N 80&60 49&23 2 7.65 1016 AlluvialTDS is total- Batty 83 28 1 18.8 1908 Alluvialdissolved-solidsconcentration both Seep ridge >2510 Flowing 2 <0.1 3056 Green Rin mg/L; PR Spring Spring Flowing 2 0.4 420 Green R?Fm indicates Sweet H2O Spring Flowing 2 0.6 996 Green R?formation South Camp 98 78 2 <0.1 1172 Green Rwhere water USGS Bitter 1497 824 2 <0.1 886 Douglaslikely derives;black indicates USGS Asphalt 2650 1092 2 <0.1 958 Douglasno longer Green River Surface Surface 2 <0.1 410 Alluvialavailable to White River Surface Surface 3 <0.1 400 Alluvialsample Buck Camp ? ? 1 0.6 834 ?
  7. 7. Sample sites for data collected during spring of 2010
  8. 8. Sample sites for data collected during spring of 2010
  9. 9. South Camp water well located in southernmostpart of the study area near PR Spring and SweetWater Spring; well is likely solar powered
  10. 10. Sweet Water Spring located near South Camp
  11. 11. KingsWell
  12. 12. Use of nearby pond is unknown; source of water likely from diverted USGS Testhole #6 well due south; &/or adjacent Bitter CreekCompound near Bitter Creek used by seasonal workers
  13. 13. USGS Testhole#6 located nearBitter Creek anddue south of BitterCreek Coral
  14. 14. R Sprng-Bitter Creek Coral;several spigots existat this site along witha housing compound;source of waterunknown
  15. 15. Bitter Creek Coral
  16. 16. Bitter Creek Coral Compound (including satellite dishes; source of water is unknown)
  17. 17. USGS Testhole #1 in Asphalt Wash; runoff/piped water feeds pond for wildlife
  18. 18. Another USGS testhole notavailable for sampling locatedsouthwest of Kings well
  19. 19. Another USGS testhole notavailable for sampling locatedin the southern part of WillowCreek drainage
  20. 20. Pack Mountain- Willow Creek- flowingDOGM well, water once allowed to flow to surface (left of slide) during 2009 sampling
  21. 21. Pack Mountain- WillowCreek- flowingDOGM well, water onceallowed to flow tosurface now is siphonedthrough a pipe for 2010sampling
  22. 22. Seep Ridge- samples originallyobtained from pond draining awayfrom pipe directly from well; pond used for wildlife
  23. 23. Seep Ridge- DOGMabandonned well wheresamples originallyobtained from pond drainingaway from pipe directly fromwell; samplesnow obtained nearpipe end shown in top photo
  24. 24. Windmill well - water in pond is generated bypower from the windmill; samplestaken in 2009 when windmill was in operation
  25. 25. Windmill well- During spring2010, the windmill was broken,no sample was taken; laterrepaired during sampling seasonautumn 2010 so a sample wastaken then
  26. 26. 3500 3000 2500 east drainage bedrockTDS (mg/L) 2000 west drainage bedrock Evacuation 1500 creek west alluvium- 1000 Ouray surface west drainage 500 PR Spring Sulfur Spring 0 Well Total-dissolved-solids concentrations plotted by drainage area for data collected during 2009
  27. 27. Piper plot showing ionic chemistry for Autumn 2010Autumn 2010 samples; like symbols are likelyareas tapping the same source of water
  28. 28. Total dissolved solids (mg/L) pa rk 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 0 500 ca nyo Pa rk- n U S W B GS i ll ow ig P -d a om ck w ill es t ow ic Su cr Ev lf ee a c er k ua Sp t io r in n g C re F o ek ur K S in t a r gs w W ell in dm ill ta R r & get N Tr uc k se bat ep ty rid pr ge s so pri ut ng h ca w hi mp te gr ri ee ve ras n ph sw riv al ee e t1 tw r (u sg ate s r th us # 1 gs ) bi change is detected for the sites with the exception of 3 sites bu tt ck e r ca m p well was not sampled (available for sampling); overall, no seasonal TDS seasonal plots; “0” value plot on the x-axis are for times when the spring 10 spring 09 autumn 09 autumn 2010
  29. 29. Nitrate concentration showing seasonal plots; “0” value plot on the x-axis are for times when the well was not sampled; slightly above the x-axis are values that had no detection of nitrate; overall, no seasonal change is detected for the sites 20Nitrate concentration (mg/L) 18 16 14 12 spring 09 autumn 09 10 spring 10 autumn 10 8 6 4 2 0 gs 1) r k ep ty t g p on S ge om k p ar g l ill er Fo ek ow tic er lf e ee k er tte R& rge el uc rin m ac m in SG t dm # St riv at sw riv ba w e rid ny es bi ca th ca pr Tr ow g P sp Cr cr ta tw -U s ur ca in rS te n s ng N h ck n rk ee sg pr Bi ee W hi ut tio us rk -d se bu Ki Pa gr w so (u ill pa Su ua w t1 ac ill al Ev W ph as
  30. 30. Seasonal plots of boron concentration; “0” plots on the x-axis are belowdetection limits; 750 mg/L class 4 water is based on Utah DWQ classification for boron limit for the Green River emptying into Flaming Gorge 6000 5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 750 mg/L DEQ (Class 4 water) 1000 500 0 ee v er ee er ge t tio ring Fo ek g ar n er k i ll r l tty ek S p om k wh mp gs ) llo s tic R& rge el bu itte s o prin uc us # 1 c P a nyo m dm riv SG St at e rid Pa w S u c re ba ri ca ca Cr Tr p ta e tw b th n ite s in ur rS -U s ca ep g ng h ck N w W n pr s Bi rk ut E v lfe se sg rk Ki -d gr sw pa ua wi (u w i ll o ac t1 W al ph as spring 09 autumn 09 spring 10 autumn 2010
  31. 31. Sample sites for the autumn 2010 season; TDS map
  32. 32. Sample sites for the autumn 2010 season; nitrate concentration map
  33. 33. SummaryTDS – no remarkable seasonal/annual changeNitrate- no remarkable seasonal/annual changeBoron – 4 sites exceed 0.75 μg/L UDWQ“Beneficial Use Designation for Class 4 GreenRiver” waterSource of B from dissolution of salineminerals in Green River Fm?10 wells had detectable VOCs, none exceededwater-quality standards
  34. 34. View of Willow Creek Drainage taken from Seep Ridge(view to the southwest)