Student Health and Risk Prevention Statewide Report 2009

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This report summarizes the findings from the Utah 2009 Prevention Needs Assessment (PNA) Survey that was conducted as part of the Student Health and Risk Prevention (SHARP) Statewide Survey. The survey was
administered to students in grades 6, 8, 10 and 12 in 37 school districts and 10 charter schools across Utah.

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Student Health and Risk Prevention Statewide Report 2009

  1. 1. State of Utah Profile Report 1
  2. 2. Introduction 2009 State of Utah Prevention CONTENTS: Students by Ethnicity may be less than the reported total students. Needs Assessment Survey Introduction Report When using the information in this How to Read the Charts report, please pay attention to the This report summarizes the findings number of students who participated Practical Implications of from the Utah 2009 Prevention Needs from your community. If 60% or the PNA Assessment (PNA) Survey that was more of the students participated, the conducted as part of the Student Health Data Charts: report is a good indicator of the levels and Risk Prevention (SHARP) of substance use, risk, protection, and • Substance Use Statewide Survey. The survey was antisocial behavior. If fewer than 60% administered to students in grades 6, 8, • Heavy Use, participated, consult with your local 10 and 12 in 37 school districts and 10 Need for Treatment & prevention coordinator or a survey charter schools across Utah. Antisocial Behavior professional before generalizing the The results for the State of Utah are Sources & Places of • results to the entire community. presented along with comparisons to past Alcohol Use Coordination and administration of years' results for the State of Utah. • Risk & Protective Factor the Utah PNA Survey was a Results from administrations prior to Profiles collaborative effort of State of Utah, 2005 may be found by consulting past The Risk and Protective Department of Human Services, years’ profile reports. The PNA Survey Factor Model of Division of Substance Abuse and was designed to assess adolescent Prevention Mental Health; Office of Education; substance use, anti-social behavior, and Department of Health; and Bach the risk and protective factors that predict Tools for Assessment Harrison, L.L.C. For more these adolescent problem behaviors. and Planning information about the PNA or Table 1 contains the characteristics of the Risk and Protective prevention services in Utah, please students from the State of Utah who Factor Scale Definitions refer to the Contacts for Prevention completed the survey. Because not all Data Tables section at the end of this report. students answer all of the questions, the total number of Students by Gender and Contacts for Prevention Table 1. Characteristics of Participants State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 Total Students Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent 46,527 100 46,152 100 40,831 100 Students by Grade 6 13,702 29.4 14,547 31.5 13,638 33.4 8 13,014 28.0 13,367 29.0 10,926 26.8 10 11,558 24.8 10,164 22.0 9,275 22.7 12 8,253 17.7 8,074 17.5 6,992 17.1 Students by Gender Male 22,269 48.5 21,987 48.3 19,418 48.3 Female 23,673 51.5 23,576 51.7 20,809 51.7 Students by Ethnicity African American 539 1.2 738 1.5 544 1.4 Asian 872 1.9 856 1.8 695 1.7 Hispanic 4,185 9.1 5,632 11.7 4,848 12.1 American Indian 1,377 3.0 1,054 2.2 778 1.9 Pacific Islander 645 1.4 619 1.3 600 1.5 White 36,084 78.8 37,272 77.8 30,339 75.7 Multi-racial 2,083 4.5 1,767 3.7 2,288 5.7 2
  3. 3. How to Read the Charts in this Report There are six types of charts presented in this report: of levels of alcohol, tobacco or drug (ATOD) 1) substance use charts, 2) heavy substance use & use, antisocial behavior, risk, and protection. antisocial behavior (ASB) charts, 3) sources of Information about other students in the state and alcohol acquisition, 4) places of alcohol consumption the nation can be helpful in determining the 5) risk factor charts and 6) protective factor charts. seriousness of a given level of problem Data from the charts are presented numerically in behavior. Scanning across the charts, you can Tables 3 through 10. easily determine which factors are most (or least) prevalent for your community. This is the Understanding the Format of the Charts first step in identifying the levels of risk and There are several graphical elements common to all protection that are operating in your community the charts. Understanding the format of the charts and which factors your community may choose and what these elements represent is essential in to address. interpreting the results of the 2009 SHARP survey. • The 8-State Norm was developed by Bach • The Bars on substance use and antisocial Harrison L.L.C. to provide states and behavior charts represent the percentage of communities with the ability to compare their students in that grade who reported a given results on risk, protection, and antisocial behavior. The bars on the risk and protective measures with more national measures. Survey factor charts represent the percentage of students participants from Arizona, Louisiana, Montana, whose answers reflect significant risk or Nebraska, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Michigan and protection in that category. zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz Utah were combined into a database of 277,000 students. The results were weighted to make the Each set of differently colored bars represents one contribution of each state proportional to its of the last three administrations of the PNA: 2005, share of the national population. Bach Harrison 2007, and 2009. By looking at the percentages analysts then calculated rates for antisocial over time, it is possible to identify trends in behavior and for students at risk and with substance use and antisocial behavior. By studying protection. The results appear on the charts as the the percentage of youth at risk and with protection 8-State Norm. In order to keep the 8-State Norm over time, it is possible to determine whether the relevant, it is updated approximately every 2 percentage of students at risk or with protection is years as new data become available. increasing, decreasing, or staying the same. This information is important when deciding which risk Lifetime & 30 Day ATOD Use Charts and protective factors warrant attention. • Ever-used is a measure of the percentage of • Dots and Diamonds. The dots on the charts students who tried the particular substance at least represent the percentage of all of the youth once in their lifetime and is used to show the surveyed across Utah who reported substance percentage of students who have had experience use, problem behavior, elevated risk, or elevated with a particular substance. protection. The diamonds represent national data from either the Monitoring the Future • 30-day use is a measure of the percentage of (MTF) Survey or the 8-State Norm. A students who used the substance at least once in comparison to the state-wide and national the 30 days prior to taking the survey and is a results provides additional information for your more sensitive indicator of the level of current use community in determining the relative importance of the substance. 3
  4. 4. How to Read the Charts in this Report (cont’d) Problem Substance Use & ASB Charts Students could mark whether these items related to • Problem substance use is measured in several their drug use and/or their alcohol use. different ways: binge drinking (having five or more • Antisocial behavior (ASB) is a measure of the drinks in a row during the two weeks prior to the percentage of students who report any involvement survey), use of one-half a pack or more of cigarettes during the past year with the nine antisocial per day and youth indicating drinking alcohol and behaviors listed in the charts. driving or reporting riding with a driver who had been drinking alcohol. zzzz zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz zz Sources of Alcohol & Places of Alcohol Use This chart also includes estimates of youth in need These charts present the percentage of students who of alcohol treatment, drug treatment and a obtained alcohol from nine specific sources and the combined scale for students that need either percentage who used alcohol in eight specific places alcohol OR drug treatment. The need for during the past year. The number of students reporting treatment is defined as students who have used use is presented to assist in interpreting the results. alcohol or drugs on ten or more occasions in their lifetime and marked three or more of the following Risk and Protective Factor Charts six items related to their past year drug or alcohol Risk and protective factor scales measure specific use: 1)zspent more time using than intended, aspects of a youth’s life experience that predict whether 2)zneglected some of your usual responsibilities he/she will engage in problem behaviors. The scales, because of use, 3)zwanted to cut down on use, defined in Table 2, are grouped into four domains: 4)zothers objected to your use, 5)zfrequently community, family, school, and peer/individual. The thought about using, 6)zused alcohol or drugs to risk and protective factor charts show the percentage of relieve feeling such as sadness, anger, or boredom. students at risk and with protection for each of the scales. Additional Tables in this Report Tables 11 to 15 contain additional data for prevention • Perception of Parental/Peer Disapproval - The planning and reporting to state and federal agencies. percentage of respondents who report their parents feel regular use of alcohol/ANY use of cigarettes Drug Free Communities or marijuana is wrong or very wrong Table 11 contains information relevant to Drug Free Community (DFC) grantees. These tables report the four Data for Prevention Planning DFC Core Measures on three reported substances (alcohol, Table 12 contains information on student perceptions of tobacco and marijuana): school safety and bullying, classroom and school • Past 30-Day Use - The percentage of respondents discipline, and students’ perception of ATOD use who report using the substance at least ONCE in the among their peers. past 30 days Perceived Parental Approval & ATOD Use • Average Age of Onset - The average age Tables 13, 14 and 15 explore the relationship between respondents report first trying the substance perceived parental approval and ATOD use. A full • Perception of Risk - The percentage of respondents explanation of how to interpret these data is available who report that regular use of the substance has accompanying the tables. moderate risk or great risk 4
  5. 5. Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior * The value for the Other Stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the Other Stimulants category. LIFETIME & 30 DAY ATOD USE 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 6 Ever Used 30-Day Use 100 90 80 70 Percentage (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Alcohol Alcohol Hallucinogens Hallucinogens Prescription Drugs Prescription Drugs Heroin or Other Heroin or Other *Other Stimulants *Other Stimulants Marijuana Inhalants Cocaine Methamphetamines Opiates Narcotic Marijuana Inhalants Cocaine Methamphetamines Opiates Narcotic Steroids Sedatives Sedatives Cigarettes Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Chewing Tobacco Ecstasy State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 MTF** * The value for the stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the stimulants category. * The value for the Other Stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the Other Stimulants category. th ** Monitoring the Future does not survey 6 grade students. 5
  6. 6. Percentage (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Alcohol Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants State 2005 Hallucinogens Cocaine Ever Used Methamphetamines *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates Narcotic State 2007 Prescription Drugs Alcohol 6 Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants LIFETIME & 30 DAY ATOD USE Hallucinogens State 2009 Cocaine Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 8 Methamphetamines 30-Day Use *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates * The value for the Other Stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the Other Stimulants category. Narcotic Prescription Drugs MTF Ecstasy Steroids
  7. 7. Percentage (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Alcohol Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants State 2005 Hallucinogens Cocaine Ever Used Methamphetamines *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates Narcotic State 2007 Prescription Drugs Alcohol 7 Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants LIFETIME & 30 DAY ATOD USE Hallucinogens State 2009 Cocaine Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 10 Methamphetamines 30-Day Use *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates * The value for the Other Stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the Other Stimulants category. Narcotic Prescription Drugs MTF Ecstasy Steroids
  8. 8. Percentage (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Alcohol Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants State 2005 Hallucinogens Cocaine Ever Used Methamphetamines *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates Narcotic State 2007 Prescription Drugs Alcohol 8 Cigarettes Chewing Tobacco Marijuana Inhalants LIFETIME & 30 DAY ATOD USE Hallucinogens State 2009 Cocaine Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 12 Methamphetamines 30-Day Use *Other Stimulants Sedatives Heroin or Other Opiates * The value for the Other Stimulants category for 2005 includes methamphetamines. For 2007 and 2009 methamphetamines are NOT included in the Other Stimulants category. Narcotic Prescription Drugs MTF Ecstasy Steroids
  9. 9. Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior PROBLEM SUBSTANCE USE & ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 6 Problem Use Driving & Alcohol Treatment Needs Antisocial Behavior Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentage (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 **Sold Illegal Drugs drinking alcohol? drinking alcohol? Needs Alcohol or *Binge Drinking in Needs Alcohol **Stolen a Vehicle w/ Idea of Seriously from School **Handgun to School driven by someone **Attacked Someone at School *1/2 Pack of RIDE in a car **Drunk or High **Been Arrested Cigarettes/Day you had been **Carried a Handgun the Past 2 weeks DRIVE a car when **Suspended Needs Drug Hurting Them Treatment Treatment Drug Treatment State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 MTF*/8-State** th ** National Comparison data for Problem 6 grade students.Monitoring the Future values. Monitoring the Future does not survey Use category are ** National Comparison data for Antisocial Behavior are 8-State Norm values. 9
  10. 10. Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior PROBLEM SUBSTANCE USE & ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 8 Problem Use Driving & Alcohol Treatment Needs Antisocial Behavior Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentage (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 **Sold Illegal Drugs drinking alcohol? drinking alcohol? Needs Alcohol or *Binge Drinking in Needs Alcohol **Stolen a Vehicle w/ Idea of Seriously from School **Handgun to School driven by someone **Attacked Someone at School *1/2 Pack of RIDE in a car **Drunk or High **Been Arrested Cigarettes/Day you had been **Carried a Handgun the Past 2 weeks DRIVE a car when **Suspended Needs Drug Hurting Them Treatment Treatment Drug Treatment State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 MTF*/8-State** ** National Comparison data for Problem Use category are Monitoring the Future values. ** National Comparison data for Antisocial Behavior are 8-State Norm values. 10
  11. 11. Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior PROBLEM SUBSTANCE USE & ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 10 Problem Use Driving & Alcohol Treatment Needs Antisocial Behavior Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentage (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 **Sold Illegal Drugs drinking alcohol? drinking alcohol? Needs Alcohol or *Binge Drinking in Needs Alcohol **Stolen a Vehicle w/ Idea of Seriously from School **Handgun to School driven by someone **Attacked Someone at School *1/2 Pack of RIDE in a car **Drunk or High **Been Arrested Cigarettes/Day you had been **Carried a Handgun the Past 2 weeks DRIVE a car when **Suspended Needs Drug Hurting Them Treatment Treatment Drug Treatment State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 MTF*/8-State** ** National Comparison data for Problem Use category are Monitoring the Future values. ** National Comparison data for Antisocial Behavior are 8-State Norm values. 11
  12. 12. Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior PROBLEM SUBSTANCE USE & ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 12 Problem Use Driving & Alcohol Treatment Needs Antisocial Behavior Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentage (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 **Sold Illegal Drugs drinking alcohol? drinking alcohol? Needs Alcohol or *Binge Drinking in Needs Alcohol **Stolen a Vehicle w/ Idea of Seriously from School **Handgun to School driven by someone **Attacked Someone at School *1/2 Pack of RIDE in a car **Drunk or High **Been Arrested Cigarettes/Day you had been **Carried a Handgun the Past 2 weeks DRIVE a car when **Suspended Needs Drug Hurting Them Treatment Treatment Drug Treatment State 2005 State 2007 State 2009 MTF*/8-State** ** National Comparison data for Problem Use category are Monitoring the Future values. ** National Comparison data for Antisocial Behavior are 8-State Norm values. 12
  13. 13. Sources of Alcohol and Places of Use SOURCES OF ALCOHOL* 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grades 6, 8, 10 & 12 Sources of Obtaining Alcohol in the Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentages (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 I got it from someone I got it from a family I got it from home I got it from home I bought it myself I got it in another way I got it from I got it at a party I gave someone member or relative someone I know age 21 or older else money to permission permission from a store buy it for me I know under age 21 other than my parents without my parents’ with my parents’ State 2009, Grade 6 State 2009, Grade 8 State 2009, Grade 10 State 2009, Grade 12 Sample: 1202 students** Sample: 2079 students** Sample: 2712 students** Sample: 2581 students** ** Sources of alcohol use were not measured prior to 2009. ** Sample size represents the number of youth who chose at least one source of obtaining alcohol. Students who indicated they had not drank alcohol in the past year are not included in the sample. ** In the case of smaller sample sizes, caution should be exercised before generalizing results to the entire community. 13
  14. 14. Sources of Alcohol and Places of Use PLACES OF ALCOHOL USE* 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grades 6, 8, 10 & 12 Places Where Alcohol is Used in the Past Year 100 90 80 70 Percentages (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 At someone else’s festival, or concert In some other place someone else’s At my home or At public events such or a nightclub parent permission parent’s permission parent’s permission At an open area home without any At my home with my home with their or back road like a park, beach, as a sporting event, In a car At a restaurant, bar, State 2009, Grade 6 State 2009, Grade 8 State 2009, Grade 10 State 2009, Grade 12 Sample: 1205 students** Sample: 2071 students** Sample: 2672 students** Sample: 2515 students** ** Places of alcohol use were not measured prior to 2009. ** Sample size represents the number of youth who chose at least one place of alcohol consumption. Students who indicated they had not drank alcohol in the past year are not included in the sample. ** In the case of smaller sample sizes, caution should be exercised before generalizing results to the entire community. 14
  15. 15. Percentage (%) of youth at risk 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Low Neighborhood Attachment Laws & Norms Favor Drug Use Perceived Availability of Drugs Community Perceived Availability of Handguns State 2005 Poor Family Management Family Conflict Family History of Antisocial Behavior Family Parental Attitudes Favorable to ASB Parental Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use Academic Failure State 2007 Low Commitment School to School 15 Rebelliousness Early Initiation of ASB RISK PROFILE Early Initiation of Drug Use Attitudes Favorable to ASB Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use State 2009 Risk and Protective Factor Profiles Perceived Risk of Drug Use 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 6 Interaction with Antisocial Peers Peer / Individual Friend's Use of Drugs Rewards for ASB Depressive Symptoms 8-State Gang Involvement Intention to Use Drugs
  16. 16. Percentage (%) of youth with protection 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Rewards for Prosocial Involvement Community Family Attachment State 2005 Opportunities for Prosocial Family Involvement Rewards for Prosocial Involvement Opportunities for Prosocial Involvement State 2007 School Rewards 16 for Prosocial Involvement Religiosity PROTECTIVE PROFILE Belief in the State 2009 Moral Order Risk and Protective Factor Profiles 2009 State of Utah Student Survey, Grade 6 Interaction with Prosocial Peers Peer / Individual Prosocial Involvement 8-State Rewards for Prosocial Involvement

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