Nontraditional Careers


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Understanding non-traditional careers by the Utah Office of Education.

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Nontraditional Careers

  1. 1. Nontraditional Careers
  2. 2. Definition of a Nontraditional Career <ul><li>Any occupation in which women or men comprise 25 percent or less of its total employment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Nontraditional Careers? <ul><li>In 2005, 22.4 percent of all female headed households with children under the age of 18 lived in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>For women, the need for better wages is imperative given the high poverty data regarding women and their families. </li></ul><ul><li>The need for workers across the nation exceeds the supply of trained workers available. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Median Earnings by Gender Full Time Employees Male Female 1989 $27,331 $18,769 (68%) 1999 $36,476 $26,324 (72%) 2006 $38,636 $31,000 (81%)
  5. 5. Median Weekly Earnings Chart 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers in constant (2006) dollars by gender, 1979-2006 annual averages
  6. 6. Nontraditional Occupations for Men Bureau of Labor Statistics 2006 Occupation Percent Male Annual Salary Secretaries 3.1% $39,160 Child Care Workers 5.8% $18,820 Registered Nurses 8.7% $59,730 Kindergarten Teachers 2.3% $47,040 Bank Tellers 15.2% $22,810 Social Workers 17.4% $44,950
  7. 7. Nontraditional Occupations for Women Bureau of Labor Statistics 2006 Occupation Percent Female Annual Salary Automobile Mechanics 1.9% $ 38,230 Airplane Pilots/Navigators 5.2% $104,380 Construction Trades 3.6% $ 29,930 Engineers 13.2% $ 72,120 Electronic Technicians 20.2% $ 50,840 Dentists 22.5% $108,340 Architects 24.4% $ 69,760
  8. 8. Men’s and Women’s Wages Compared in 2005 <ul><li>Average wages for occupations for full-time employed women. * </li></ul><ul><li>$28,805 </li></ul><ul><li>*Study by National Women’s Law </li></ul><ul><li>Average wages for occupations for full-time employed men.* </li></ul><ul><li>$36,085 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Distribution of wage/salary Employment by gender and major occupational group Chart 4. Distribution of full-time wage and salary employment by gender and major occupation group, 2006 annual averages Percent distribution of employment by gender
  10. 10. The Facts <ul><li>Both men and women will spend at least 30 to 40 years in the workforce. </li></ul><ul><li>Women who pursue male-dominated careers earn 20 to 30 percent more than those who hold jobs traditionally held by women. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Facts <ul><li>Most women are not able to be full time homemakers. </li></ul><ul><li>There is increased job satisfaction when an individual does what they like rather than what is traditional. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Benefits of Nontraditional Jobs to Women <ul><li>Economic self-sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Higher wages </li></ul><ul><li>Better benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Advancement potential </li></ul><ul><li>Job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Broader job opportunities </li></ul>
  13. 13. Benefits of Nontraditional Jobs to Men <ul><li>Fulfilling work </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Broader job opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Job satisfaction </li></ul>
  14. 14. Barriers to Females in Nontraditional Jobs <ul><li>Social or cultural expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support from family, friends, teachers, classmates, or coworkers (harassment or isolation) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited prior experience </li></ul><ul><li>Education and training (lack of math and science prerequisites) </li></ul><ul><li>Females usually directed to traditional occupations </li></ul>
  15. 15. Barriers to Males in Nontraditional Occupations <ul><li>Social or cultural expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support from family, friend, teachers, classmates, and co-workers </li></ul><ul><li>Education and training (males usually directed away from traditional female occupations) </li></ul><ul><li>Salary (low) </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination and harassment on the job </li></ul>
  16. 16. What Does This Mean? <ul><li>Being able to choose an occupation without fear of harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>Having a spouse who can support the family alone if circumstances require it. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage males and females to take nontraditional classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage female enrollment in math and science. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept classmates and coworkers because of ability and not judge them by gender. </li></ul>
  17. 17. What can be done to increase these possibilities? <ul><li>Partner with community organizations to promote nontraditional careers. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students about nontraditional career options and teach them early in their education experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not stereotype. </li></ul>
  18. 18. What can be done… cont. <ul><li>Check publications and visuals for gender bias statements and pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities and encouragement in the communities and schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Train teachers and counselors about nontraditional issues and how to encourage students and teachers to become involved in these opportunities. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What can be done…cont. <ul><li>Provide nontraditional role models. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight nontraditional programs that are successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students recognize their abilities. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Information for this presentation came from: ٭ “ Tool Kit Handbook” prepared by the Multistate Academic and Vocational Curriculum Consortium (MAVCC) ٭ US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics ٭ Articles from the National Alliance for Partnerships in Equity ٭ Utah State Office of Education, Sherry Marchant, Career Connections Specialist, Career and Technical Education [email_address]