COLUMBIA SPACE
SHUTTLE DISASTER
Presented By
• Zainab Raja
• Nazish Khalid
Background
Constructed in1975
First flight STS-1, April 12, 1981.
Successfully completed the orbital flight test
progra...
Structure
Three main parts
Weight 2030 tons
Height 56.1 m
STS-107; Columbia's Last
Mission
113th mission
Columbia’s 28th mission
Mission Specialist David BrownCommander Rick HusbandPilot William MccoolIsraeli Payload Specialist Ilan RamonMission Speci...
Take Off
Launch seemed successful
NASA officials, engineers
& the public were relieved
& happy
Crowds along State Road Florida, watching the space
shuttle as it lifts off from its launch pad
1
FLORIDA
TEXAS
January,16.
2003
16 DAYS MISSION
Life sciences,
Material sciences,
Fluid physics
1
FLORIDA
TEXAS
February,1
2003
CAIB
13 board members
120 staff members
400 NASA engineers
25,000 researchers
7-8 months
Examination of 30,000 docum...
Causes
Physical causes
Organizational causes
NASA security officers lower the American flag at Kennedy Space Center after
the shuttle's breakup.
Organizational Causes
The space shuttle program’s history and
culture
– Resource and budgetary constraints
– Fluctuating ...
Harmful cultural traits and organizational
practices
– Reliance on past success as a substitute for
sound engineering pra...
Possibilities
Repairing the damage on-orbit
Rescuing the crew with another shuttle
mission
Rescue option was considered
...
Reliability on past experiences
Failure of foresight
Weak risk assessment
“NASA’s problems cannot be
solved simply by r...
Eliminate External Tank foam shedding
Improved imaging of the Space Shuttle
from liftoff through separation of ET
Orbit...
History of Columbia Space Shuttle
The disaster
Causes of disaster
How it could have been avoided
Weak risk assessment...
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster
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Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster

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  • ,,,,,, And
  • Columbia Accident Investigation Board
  • Lack of integrated management across program elements
  • Columbia Space Shuttle Disaster

    1. 1. COLUMBIA SPACE SHUTTLE DISASTER
    2. 2. Presented By • Zainab Raja • Nazish Khalid
    3. 3. Background Constructed in1975 First flight STS-1, April 12, 1981. Successfully completed the orbital flight test program - missions STS-1 through STS-4 First mission STS-5 in November, 1982 Flew 28 missions in its lifetime
    4. 4. Structure Three main parts Weight 2030 tons Height 56.1 m
    5. 5. STS-107; Columbia's Last Mission 113th mission Columbia’s 28th mission
    6. 6. Mission Specialist David BrownCommander Rick HusbandPilot William MccoolIsraeli Payload Specialist Ilan RamonMission Specialist Laurel ClarkMission Specialist Kalpana ChawlaMission Specialist Michael Anderson
    7. 7. Take Off Launch seemed successful NASA officials, engineers & the public were relieved & happy
    8. 8. Crowds along State Road Florida, watching the space shuttle as it lifts off from its launch pad
    9. 9. 1 FLORIDA TEXAS January,16. 2003
    10. 10. 16 DAYS MISSION Life sciences, Material sciences, Fluid physics
    11. 11. 1 FLORIDA TEXAS February,1 2003
    12. 12. CAIB 13 board members 120 staff members 400 NASA engineers 25,000 researchers 7-8 months Examination of 30,000 documents 200+ formal interviews 3,000 general public reviews
    13. 13. Causes Physical causes Organizational causes
    14. 14. NASA security officers lower the American flag at Kennedy Space Center after the shuttle's breakup.
    15. 15. Organizational Causes The space shuttle program’s history and culture – Resource and budgetary constraints – Fluctuating priorities
    16. 16. Harmful cultural traits and organizational practices – Reliance on past success as a substitute for sound engineering practices – Informal chain of command and decision- making processes – Barriers to effective communication
    17. 17. Possibilities Repairing the damage on-orbit Rescuing the crew with another shuttle mission Rescue option was considered challenging but feasible
    18. 18. Reliability on past experiences Failure of foresight Weak risk assessment “NASA’s problems cannot be solved simply by retirements, resignations, or transferring personnel.”
    19. 19. Eliminate External Tank foam shedding Improved imaging of the Space Shuttle from liftoff through separation of ET Orbiter's sustainability to minor debris damage Assessment of structural integrity Shuttle flight schedule consistent with available resources Independent technical engineering authority
    20. 20. History of Columbia Space Shuttle The disaster Causes of disaster How it could have been avoided Weak risk assessment Recommendations

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