This report, Aftershocks: The Human Impact of U.S. Deportations to Post-Earthquake Haiti, focuses on deportations that took place after Haiti suffered the worst natural disaster in its history. As the earth shook and up to 300,000 Haitians lost their lives, also shattered were the hopes and dreams of many families who had hoped for a reprieve from being expelled to a devastated country.
In the past five years, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has deported approximately 1,500 people to Haiti who, due to a criminal record, do not qualify for immigration relief called Temporary Protected Status. This includes individuals with chronic and terminal illnesses, as well as people who were born in a third country and had never set foot in Haiti. The United States continues to deport people in spite of the fact that Haiti has been suffering from a massive post-earthquake humanitarian crisis in which 1.5 million people became homeless and nearly a million were affected by a cholera epidemic introduced to the country by United Nations troops.