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Dr. Mary Stone Chinese version


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A Chinese / English version about the life of Dr. Mary Stone whose Chinese name was Shi Mei Yu from Kiukiang / Jiujiang, China.

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Dr. Mary Stone Chinese version

  1. 1. Volume II: Dr. Mary Stone: The Middle Kingdoms Miracle Maidens 卷 II: 玛丽·斯通(石美玉 )医生:中国的传奇女性 Table Of Contents 目录 I "With Unbound Feet" I 解放双足 II "The Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital" II 伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德 纪念医院 III "Winning Friends In America" III 赢得美国朋友 IV "A Versatile Woman" IV 多才多艺的女性 Jenny Hughes / Gertrude Howe: 珍妮·昊格珠(胡遵理)/格特鲁德·昊(昊格珠) Dr. Ida Kahn: 康爱德医生 "A childhood In Three Countries" 在三个国家的童年时代 "The University Of Michigan" 密歇根大学 "Seven Years In Kiukiang" 七年的九江生活 "Pioneer Work In Nanchang" 在南昌的开创性工作 Mariam Wong: ______________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ Dr. Mary Stone: The Middle Kingdoms Miracle Maidens by Stanley Crawford
  2. 2. 玛丽·斯通(石美玉)医生:中国的传奇女性史丹利·克劳福德著 (VHMS) photo 照片来自《传教政治家维吉尔哈特》 Shi Mei Yu/ Dr. Mary Stone 石美玉医生(英文名字:玛丽斯通) I "With Unbound Feet" I 解放双足
  3. 3. On the first day of the third moon in 1873 a young father knelt next to his wife who had just given birth to a daughter they named Shi Mei Yu, Beautiful-Gem, and agreed that this perfect child should never be marred by the binding of her feet. It was unheard of! Even the servant women of Kiukiang would have been ashamed of venturing outside the door with unbound feet, even to the beggar women hobbling about on stumps 3-4 inches in length. Not a single girl, even a slave, had been known to grow up with natural feet in all of central China. Yet her parents, descendants of one of the proudest and most aristocratic families of China, with genealogical records for over two thousand years, decided Beautiful-Gem would be the first to violate the customs of her ancestors. It was unbelievable. When she came of age, and most girls began the custom of binding their feet, she discovered being a pioneer was not easy. One day on her way to school, a classmate taunted her, denying her to pass until she rendered obeisance to her bandaged stumps. Not until her mother’s assistance arrived could Shi Mei Yu continue on her way to school. 1873 年 3 月 1 日,一位年轻的父亲跪在妻子身边。她刚刚产下了一名女婴,取名为石美玉,意 为“美丽的玉石”;夫妻俩一致认为这么漂亮的女孩不应该遭受裹脚之苦。中国的女孩不裹脚 可是闻所未闻!在九江,既便是女佣外出,也会因为偶尔没有缠脚而感到羞耻。人们甚至可以 看到女乞丐们裹着三、四寸长的小脚踹跚而行。在中国的中部地区,从女孩到下人,从没听说 有谁不缠脚的。石美玉的父母,虽然祖上显赫,家族的历史长达两千多年,却决定让这个“美 丽的玉石”成为违背祖训的第一人!这简直难以置信。随着她的年龄越来越大,许多同龄的女 孩已经开始裹脚。她发现当第一位不裹脚的女性是很不容易的。有一天石美玉去上学,有位同 学拦住她的去路,嘲笑她没裹脚并让她给自己的裹脚鞠躬。最后还是母亲赶到,她才能继续上 学。 Friends and relatives protested vigorously against such indifference her parents displayed toward her future prospects of finding a husband. “You will never get her a mother-in-law,” they declared, and no doubt this may be true. No one could have foreseen a time in conservative China when men would not only be willing to marry a woman with natural feet, but decidedly prefer them. 石美玉的父母不让女儿裹脚的做法遭到亲友的极力反对,认为石美玉的父母对于她未来的婚姻 漠不关心。他们说:“这会让她找不到婆家。”。他们认定这种担心一定会成为现实。未来的 男士不仅愿意而且更喜欢和没有缠脚的女性成亲,当时保守的中国人没能预见到这一点。 When Shi Mei Yu was eight years old her father took her to Dr. Bushnell, announcing “Make a doctor of my daughter.” This was as startling revelation as the unbound feet! A Chinese Woman Physician was unheard of, yet her father showed limitless faith in his Beautiful-Gem. Upon completion of her basic education necessary for medical training, it was agreed to send her to the mission girl’s boarding school under the care of Miss Hughes. During the next ten years of her life, Beautiful Gem studied both Chinese and English to prepare her for medical college. She also kept busy in the dispensary, assisting the foreign doctors translating ailments of their patients; a wonderful opportunity to obtain hands on experience with the instruments she would command herself in the not too distant future.
  4. 4. 石美玉八岁那年,她的父亲将她带到布什纳尔医生那里。“请教她学医吧”,他说。这如同 女孩不裹足一样的令人吃惊!在中国还从未听说过有女医生,但父亲对他的“美丽的玉石”表 现出了无限的信心!在完成了医学培训所必需的基础学习之后,经同意,石美玉被送往由昊格 珠女士负责的教会女子寄宿学校。在接下来的十年里,为准备升入医学院校,“美丽的玉 石”同时学习汉语和英语。在诊所里,她忙碌着帮助外国医生和病人做翻译,也不浪费锻炼亲 手操作医疗设备的好机会,因为她在不久的工作中需要用到这些设备。 In 1892, her childhood friend, Ida Kahn, accompanied Miss Hughes, boarding a steamer to the United States, then on to Ann Harbor, where they would study medicine at the University of Michigan Medical College. As they passed through customs, an official inquired, “What makes these Chinese girl’s so special from the others who come here?” “All the difference between a Christian and a Heathen,” was Miss Hughes reply. It was a revelation, creating a great interest in these Chinese girls, fully prepared to pass the University of Michigan Medical entrance examinations. While attending school, Shi Mei Yu took pity on the professors who had trouble pronouncing her name and decided on an English translation; Mary Stone would make it easier for them. Announcing this in class one day, she was bewildered by the bits of laughter coming from fellow students; she had said she was an “old maid” and a product of something almost unknown in her own country, an unmarried woman with unbound feet. 1892 年,她儿时的伙伴康爱德与昊格珠女士一起登上了前往美国的轮船。她们来到 Ann 海 港,将在密歇根大学医学院开始学习医学。当她们通关时,一名官员问道:“这些中国女孩与 来这儿的其他人有什么不同?”“ 像基督徒和异教徒一样有天壤之别”,昊格珠女士回答说。 这句话激发了人们对这些中国姑娘的兴趣。经过充分的准备后她们通过密歇根大学的入学考 试。入学之后,石美玉对那些无法正确念出她名字的教授们深感同情,于是决定将其翻译成英 文——玛丽·斯通,这个名字他们读起来会更容易些。当她在班上宣布此事时,同学们的嘲笑 让她很不解;她曾说过,在中国象她这样既没有裹脚也没有出嫁的“老姑娘”,是难得一见 的。 During Shi Mei Yu’s course of study she became strongly impressed with the evils of foot-binding and asked her mother why she had bound her own feet. Her mother replied, “While you were growing up I left my feet bound so people would not think this is where I had the idea for not binding yours.” In 1894, while at a conference in Shanghai, her mother shared the story of Beautiful-Gem, and their decision to keep her feet unbound and moving forward on the stage. She then proceeded to unwind the wraps that bound her own feet, vowing never to re-wrap them again. Her husband was moved to tears, embracing his wife in support of her decision. The last slippers she wore under duress were sent to Shi Mei Yu as testament to their decision. 在石美玉的学习期间,她对裹足痛苦的印象愈加深刻。她问她的母亲为什么她还要缠住自己 的脚。母亲答道:“在你成长过程中,我裹住自己的脚,这样人们就认为不是我不给你裹脚 的。”1894 年,在上海召开的一次会议上,她的母亲给大家讲述了一个关于“美丽宝石”的故 事,以及她们不想再裹脚的决定。然后她的母亲走上讲台,松开裹脚包,发誓再也不裹脚。她
  5. 5. 的父亲感动得泪流满面,以拥抱表示了对妻子的坚定支持。母亲把裹脚时所穿的最后一双拖鞋 送给了石美玉,以示对她们倡议的遵守。 Their four years of studies at Ann Harbor drew to a close, and with diplomas in hand, the young physicians were invited to Chicago for a tour of the hospitals. This is where they met Dr. I. N. Danforth, who remained a life long friend and supporter. He was about to sail for Europe, yet found time to take the young doctors around to meet physicians directing the hospitals they visited. He says, "She won the hearts and minds of all those who met her." 她们在 Ann 海港为期四年的学习临近结束,拿到文凭时,这两位年轻的医生应邀前往芝加哥 的医院进行参观。在那里她们遇见了但福德医生,一个支持她们并与她们结下了毕生友谊的 人。那时他即将起航前往欧洲,但还是抽空领着这两位年轻的医生直接去与医院负责人会面。 他说:“她令所有见到她的人心悦诚服。” Doctors Mary Stone and Ida Kahn returned to China in the autumn of 1896, to a welcome reserved for the most honorable of officials. 1896 年秋,石美玉和康爱德回国,她们受到了最高规格的接待。
  6. 6. Shi Mei Yu / Dr. Mary Stone graduation picture 石美玉/玛丽·斯通 毕业照 It was first thought the young doctors would tour other mission sites, to gradually overcome prejudices, but on the third day a small number of patients showed up at their door and this kept increasing until December; when it became necessary to rent a Chinese house to serve as a hospital. In 1897, Dr. Stone reported their little dispensary had received 2,353 patient’s, performed 343 house calls and currently had 13 beds occupied, all while having visited the hospitals of Nanking for a month. I have a personal story of a child sick for a long time. Deemed incurable by the local Chinese doctor, the family turned to the two young physicians as a last resort. When the young boy completely recovered, his parents wanted to show their gratitude by having a “Merit Board” ceremony. When the day came, tea with cakes were prepared. Fire- crackers, drums, and a bugle lead the paraded into the hospital grounds followed by the family with a Merit Board engraved with red lettering and banners flowing along its sides. Tea and cakes were enjoyed while the Merit Board was hung. As quickly as it began, the joyous crowd disappeared, leaving the Merit Board for all to see. 一开始,为了对教会医院有全面的了解,这两位年轻的医生想参观其他传教点;但在第三天, 便有小部分病人找到她们,之后病人越来越多,以至于到十二月份,已经需要租一幢房子来开 设医院了。在参观南京医院的一个月期间,根据斯通医生报告,1897 年她们的小诊所共接待病
  7. 7. 人 2353 人,出诊 343 次,使用病床有 13 张。我听说了一个故事,有个小孩病了很久,在被当 地的中医认为无药可治后,他的家人最后向这两位年轻的医生求助。当男孩完全康复后,这家 人为了表达谢意,想举行一次立“功德牌”仪式。在那天,他们准备了茶和糕点。鞭炮声、鼓 声和喇叭声领着人们拥进了医院的场地,后面跟着捧着“功德牌”那家人。牌上刻着红字,两 侧旗子飘扬。功德牌被挂起后,人们享受着茶和糕点。欢送牌匾的人们来去匆匆,只留下那块 功德牌供人瞻仰。 Dr. I. N. Danforth: collected donations from Chicago area residents to build the Elizabeth Chinese Watercolor of the Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital. The
  8. 8. yellow placard above the front gate is a piece of black slate with Chinese characters. 但福德医生,从芝加哥民间募集捐款请人创作的但福德纪念医院的伊丽莎白风格的中国 水彩画 —— 图中前门上方黄色布告是在青石板上用汉字书写的。 As the fame of the young physicians grew, they campaigned for a bigger dispensary with letter writing like this: "Our little building measures 28’ X 21’ and has no escape from the heat with trees or awnings, which is certainly not conducive to convalescing". It was not greeted with any return mail until late in 1898; Dr. Stone received a letter from none other than her friend Dr. I.N. Danforth, who had been busy raising funds to construct the Elizabeth Danforth Skelton Memorial Hospital. The doctors drew up their own plans and an architect revised them in Chicago with all the detail and requirements needed to complete it. These plans were carried out to the letter and in 1900; an airy grey brick building with white granite and limestone was ready. The following day as they moved in, the American Counsel advised all foreigners to leave Kiukiang immediately. The mission hospital was reluctant to leave the two doctors fate with the Boxer rebellion running wild, so it was decided all would escape to Japan. 当两位年轻的医生名声鹊起的时候,为了争取更大的诊所,她们在求助信中写道:“我们的小 诊所只有 28 英尺×21 英尺大小,没有树和遮阳篷来防晒,这很不利于患者康复”。诸多回信 都没有起到实质性作用,直到 1898 年底,石美玉医生收到了一封信,来信者不是别人,恰恰是 她的朋友但福德医生。为了开办伊莉莎白·但福德·斯凯尔顿纪念医院,她已经开始忙于筹集 资金。医生们自己起草了方案,然后由一位芝加哥的建筑专家对其中所有细节和建设所需部分 作了改进,随即这些方案被严格执行。1900 年,一座由灰砖砌成、带有白色花岗岩和石灰石而 且通风好的房子落成。就在她们迁入新址的第二天,美国领事馆建议所有外国人立即离开九 江。教会医院勉强同意两位医生留下,随着义和团运动声势的扩大,她们决定前往日本避难。 The hospital escaped injury and when they returned three months later, her report for 1900 says, “Our hospital is a constant reminder of the pain and suffering it alleviates, providing an inspiration in all our work. During the six months since we opened our doors we have received 3,679 outpatient visits with 59 in-patient and 414 house visits." 医院在这场运动中幸存下来。三个月后,当她们返回时,她在 1900 年的年度工作报告中写 到:“我们的医院永远提醒我们要减轻病人的痛苦,这激励着我们的一切工作。医院开营以来 的六个月内,我们共接待 3679 名门诊患者和 59 位住院患者,并且出诊 414 次。
  9. 9. The hospital was formally christened "The Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital" in December of 1901, during the annual meeting of the Central China Methodist Mission held in Kiukiang. 1901 年十二月,在九江举行的华中卫理公会年会上,医院被正式命名为“伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿 ·但福德纪念医院”。 (VHMS) photo 照片来自《传教政治家维吉尔哈特》 Opening ceremony of the Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital with Dr. Ida Kahn by left pillar top row and Dr. Mary Stone by right pillar top row 伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德纪念医院开业庆典上康爱德医生(后排靠左柱)和石美玉医生 (后排靠右柱)
  10. 10. This is the frieze stone with Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital inscription I found entombed next to the parking lot. I asked a motorcycle owner if he would mind moving his wheel parked on top of it. Later, I found this stone in three pieces stacked next to a storage building as the Women's & Children's Hospital is currently undergoing renovation. The red paint sandblasted away along with much of the tooled stone. 这是刻有“伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德纪念医院”的石板,我在停车场边发现了这个被掩埋了的石刻。我请一 位摩托车主将压在其上面的车轮挪开。接下来,我发现这块石板断成了三块,堆在一个仓库旁边,因为当时的妇 女儿童医院正在进行维修。红色的漆随着一些碎石溅色得到处都是。
  11. 11. Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital nurses at graduation ceremony. 伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德纪念医院护士们的毕业照 “On the afternoon of the 7th of December, foreign residents of Kiukiang, representatives from the Central Methodist Mission, and many native residents came together and celebrated the grand opening of the Elizabeth Danforth Skelton Memorial Hospital, of which two Chinese lady physicians
  12. 12. are in charge, Dr. Mary Stone and Dr. Ida Kahn. There were a number of official Chinese ladies, whose rich costumes showed the official rank of wealth of husbands and fathers. The Chentai Prefect, Assistant Perfect and Local Magistrate added their official dignity to the occasion. Noticeably appreciated by all was the first hymn "God save the Emperor.” - The North China Daily Herald - December, 1901 "12 月 7 日下午,旅居在九江的外国人、华中卫理公会的代表和诸多当地民众聚集在一起,隆 重庆祝伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德纪念医院开业。这家医院由两位中国女医生负责,分别是 玛丽·斯通医生和艾达·康医生。到场的还有很多中国官太太和大家闺秀,她们服饰的华丽程 度显示出各自的丈夫或父亲的财富等级。陈台长官、助理长官和地方法官也来捧场。令人铭记 的是最开始的所念赞美歌‘上帝拯救吾王’”。——1901 年 12 月《字林西报》报道。 Bishop Moore presided over the formal opening of the hospital; Mr. Clennell, H.B.M, Counsel for Kiukiang, gave a very good address, to which Dr. Stuart, American Vice Counsel gave a very fitting response, followed with short, pithy speeches by Dr. Beebe and Dr. Hart. The two heroines from Kiukiang kept modestly in the background refusing to be introduced, much to the disappointment of the audience. Although officials insisted that coming forward would be in entire harmony with etiquette propriety, the young Chinese ladies remained firm, represented by their wise teacher, Miss Hughes, who had guided them since childhood. Following refreshments the guests toured the wards, verandas, solarium, dark room, surgery rooms, offices, then back to the Reception Entry of this admirably designed hospital. The operating table of glass and enamel, with skylight overhead, the adjoining sterilizing room containing an apparatus for distilling and purifying, were especially interesting to the Chinese observers. The drug rooms were well stocked with modern instruments, with a microscope at the nucleus of a medical library. Everywhere one looked was evidence of forethought and careful expenditure. 莫尔主教主持了医院的开业庆典。驻九江领事 Clennell 先生作了精美的致辞。而美国副领事 斯图亚特医生也作了很合适的回应,接下来,毕必医生和哈特医生分别发表了简短精练的讲 话。令人们失望的是,来自九江的两位女主角却在后台,谦卑地不肯出来自我介绍。尽管官员 们坚称走上前台将更合礼仪,但依然被两位年轻的中国姑娘拒绝。最后由他们的老师,一手将 她们带大的昊格珠女士代表她们做自我介绍。用过点心之后,人们参观了病房、阳台、日浴 室、暗室、手术室和办公室,然后回到了接待处,医院的设计令人惊羡。玻璃和瓷釉制的手术 台,头顶上的天窗,连同附近的配有一个蒸馏和提纯装置的消毒间尤其令参观者感兴趣。药房 都配有现代化设备,在一个医学图书馆的中间还有一台显微镜。在每个角落人们都能看到这座 医院建筑设计的前瞻性和精心付出。 Chinese people showed high regard for these skillful and dedicated young physicians. Easily seen where the appreciations in commendatory tablets hanging in the entrance hall, and less obvious, gracious and serviceable gifts amounting to more than $2,500. The doctors had received in the past twelve months 7,854 out-patient visits, with 531 in-patient visits. Their services became requested by different official families of both Kiukiang and Nanchang, the capitol of Kiangsi, with patients coming from adjoining provinces. The young physicians made fearless journeys far out into the surrounding countryside crossed the mountains, always receiving perfect safety, courtesy and respect. Often upon returning from a successful visit their chairs would be draped in red cloth
  13. 13. and the physicians carried home in triumph through an adoring crowd, accompanied all the way by the sound of praise, and of course, fire-crackers. 中国民众很尊敬这两位技术精湛、辛勤工作的年轻医生。在进门的墙上,经常可以看到挂着表 达谢意的牌匾,有些不那么醒目却有实用价值的礼物价值高达 2500 多美元。在过去的十二个月 内她们共接待 7854 位门诊患者和 531 位住院病人。她们被邀请到九江和省会南昌的各级官员家 里看病,也有很多邻近省份的病人前来求医。年轻的医生们会不畏艰险、跋山涉水到周边乡村 行医,她们经常受到良好的保护和尊贵礼遇。她们凯旋归来的时候,有时候轿子会被扎上红 布,轿夫们抬着她们穿过欢呼的人群,一路上赢得人们的高声赞美,当然还有鞭炮噼噼啪啪为 她们送行的声音。
  14. 14. Dr. Mary Stone in the (ESDMH) c hildren's ward 石美玉医生在儿科病房 Dr. Mary Stone described the opening of the hospital to Dr. Danforth, adding this note, "The Chinese were very much impressed with your way of commemorating your wife. "Dr. Kahn added, “A Chinese official, as he was walking through said; It would make one well just to stay in such a pleasant place.” 斯通医生向但福德医生描述医院的开业庆典时,她这样写到:“中国民众对你缅怀夫人的方式 印象很深刻。”康医生写到:一名中国官员当时正路过,他说,‘如此欢乐的场景真让人留连 忘返’”。 The first big test of their hospital began in early 1901, when the Yangtze River overflowed its banks, devastating crops and homes of the people living along its vital shores. Tens of thousands were forced to flee, hungry and destitute, with some of them literally starving to death as they flocked to the gates of the hospital. Woman’s Work of the Far East, a mission publication, described an encounter with an old woman who had a three year old baby on her back and another three month old baby inside her torn dirty frock, saturated by the torrents raining down from the clouds that day. “She had not eaten for a couple of days and was forced to resort to begging. Her son was in shock and only able to collect sticks to make a fire, while her husband was down with typhoid fever. They had lost everything. She was given a blanket, some rice and milk for the baby, but still no more than a days worth of nourishment. We never saw her face come around again, leaving us to hope salvation was rewarded them. In what form it came, we can only guess.” 1901 年初,长江洪水泛滥,医院迎来了第一次大考验。大水漫过江堤淹没了庄稼,沿岸的居民 流离失所。因为饥荒和贫困,数以万计的人被迫离开家园。人们涌向医院,有些人在医院门口 活活饿死。宗教刊物《远东妇女工作》描述了这样一幕:一位老母亲肩上背着她三岁的孩子, 胸前还抱着一个三个月大的婴儿,她衣衫褴缕,浑身上下被倾盆大雨淋得透湿。“她已经有两 天没有吃东西了,所以不得不行乞。丈夫因为伤寒病倒了,儿子已近休克,她所能做的只能是拾 点柴火来取暖。洪灾让他们一无所有,有人给她一床毯子、一点点米饭和孩子喝的牛奶,但这 只够一天的营养。我们再也没有看见她回来,只能祈祷她们能获得救助。对于她们后来的命运 我们无从得知。”
  15. 15. In addition to the refugees, the increase in regular patients was taxing the limited supply of medicines and space, forcing patients with minor aliments to be turned away, even if they could pay for their care. During the height of demands for services in Kiukiang, the doctors were requested by officials in Nanchang to come and open a dispensary, addressing the needs of the capitol city. Without question, the Doctors agreed one of them should go, and it fell to Dr. Ida Kahn to make the journey. Beautiful-Gem would be sending her lifelong friend and confidant to respond to a greater need for this new western medicine. To neglect the needs of Nanchang, of which only Dr. Kahn could assure, was out of the question. Dr. Stone bid adieu to her friend with prayers of “God-speed” in her endeavors, willfully accepting the extra burdens thrust upon her by Dr. Ida’s absence. 除了灾民,日常就诊的病人也多起来,医院有些不堪重负。既便能够支付得起医疗费用,但是 因为缺少药品和床位,很多病人不得不带着少量的滋养药品返回家中。在九江的医疗救助需求 正旺之时,南昌的政要们却要求派医生前往那里开设诊所,以满足省会市民的需要。毫无疑 问,医生们都认为应该派一人前往,这个任务落在了康爱德医生身上。“美丽的玉石”将她的 至交密友康爱德派往南昌,以满足那里对西医的更大需求。毕竟不顾及南昌的需求是不可能 的,这样的任务也只有康医生才能顺利完成。石美玉医生送别她的好友,并祈祷她“一路平 安”;而康爱德医生离开之后留下来许多繁重的工作,不过石美玉都心甘情愿地承担起来。 The dispensary started averaging 1,000 patients per month, with Dr. Stone’s surgery schedule becoming much heavier. Her work-force had been reduced by those who journeyed to Nanchang. The records clearly indicated they had decidedly increased the level of confidence amongst the Tao Tai’s (ladies of rank), who had refused surgery, but now were willing to turn to the doctors for help. The largest obstacle for the hospital became the need for more space. Most of the neighbors around the hospital grounds were kind, except one; when an opportunity to relocate the road to the opposite side of the property, his was the only voice of dissent. A local official overruled his objection by stating the hospital does a public service for the greater good of the community. Later, another noisy neighbor called the White Horse Temple was a drain on one ward of the hospital with its incessant banging on the drums and cymbals making it dark, dank and intolerable. A $2,000 donation from the U.S. allowed for the purchase of its property and thus killed two birds with one stone. 诊所每月的病人达千人之多,石美玉医生的手术日程也安排得十分紧凑。因为派了一些人去了 南昌,她的医护人员很紧缺。记录中还清晰记载着他们果断采取措施,提高了道台的几位夫人 对西医的信任度。她们过去曾拒绝手术,但现在愿意接受医疗救助了。医院面积有限成为发展 的最大障碍。医院附近绝大部分的邻居都是很友好;不过,有一次道路有可能改道至医院对 面,有户人家出言反对。一位地方官员驳回了异议,声称医院作为公共服务机构,能为社会带 来更多利益。后来,另有一位邻居抱怨说医院有堵墙上的水从白马寺流过,不断的滴水声就像 敲打着鼓和铜钹,弄得那里阴暗潮湿,叫人难以忍受。医院收到一笔来自美国的 2000 美元捐 款,这样医院就买下了这块地,这才解决问题,真是一石二鸟。
  16. 16. In 1896, Drs. Stone and Kahn had started a medical career from a modified home and 10 years later, Dr. Mary Stone was sole director of an ever expanding facility now known as the Jiujiang Woman’s and Children’s Hospital. 1896 年,石医生和康医生在一间改造的住宅里开始行医。十年后,医院空前发展,石医生也成 了医院惟一的负责人,这家医院就是今天的九江妇幼保健院。 III "Winning Friends In America" During the winter of 1906, Dr. Stone was afflicted by appendicitis which she self-diagnosed and directed treatment providing her some relief. Renewed attacks convinced her and her friends that submitting to an operation was the only means of saving her life. So, early in 1907, after eleven years of unceasing labor, she reluctantly agreed to stop working, taking a well deserved rest. The best medical care was arranged for her in the U.S. and President Roosevelt personally sent a letter to the Commissioner of Immigration requesting the Chinese physician be admitted into the country without delay or strain. She was waived through customs and into a waiting ambulance, then by train to be administered to personally by Dr. Danforth in Chicago. The surgical procedure went off without a hitch and in less than a month from leaving China, Dr. Mary Stone was released to convalesce at the home of Miss Hughes in New Jersey. 1906 年冬,石医生患上了阑尾炎,她给自己诊断之后便采取了保守治疗以缓解病情。疾病的再 次复发,让她和朋友们都认为只有手术才是治疗的唯一方法。于是,1907 年初,在连续工作了 十一年之后,她终于勉强同意放下工作,好好调养一段时间。朋友们为她在美国安排了最好的 手术治疗。罗斯福总统亲自写信,要求移民局长立即接受这位中国医生入境。她被免除办理入 关手续,直接进了救护车,然后乘火车前往芝加哥接受但福德医生的治疗。手术如期进行,离 开中国不到一个月,斯通医生已经在昊格珠女士新泽西州的家中疗养了。 Though Dr. Stone hardly relaxed for any length of time, within a couple of weeks, she was accompanying Miss Hughes to meetings, making friends with all the local society ladies. Soon the house was filled with boxes of blankets, instruments, pillows, a box organ and many other useful items for the hospital back in China. From there Dr. Stone went to New York for a month giving lectures and reporting on the activities at the mission. This lead to the increase of donations to her hospital. An additional two weeks were spent in Chicago visiting hospital’s and attending lectures on a new specialty in medicine; ear, nose and throat. 然而斯通医生在任何时候都闲不下来。在几周内,她陪同昊格珠女士出席聚会,同所有当地上 流社会的女性结交朋友。很快,房间里就堆满了很多箱捐赠给中国医院的毛毯、仪器、枕头, 还有一架风琴以及其他物品。石医生还从新泽西前往纽约,一个月内,她在许多教会活动中作 了演讲和报告,这为她的医院募集了更多的捐赠。随后的两个星期,她去参观了芝加哥的医 院,并且出席了新兴的耳鼻喉专科方面的讲座。
  17. 17. To top off her stay in the U.S., Dr. Stone made a pilgrimage to her Alma Mater, visiting former professors and friends she had not seen since leaving Ann Arbor. The indefatigable little Chinese doctor finally received a much needed furlough before returning to China, returning rested, refreshed and recharged with the latest knowledge of internal medicine. With these new donations, she was able to supply the hospital with more effective equipment, allowing greater efficiency in its daily operation. 石医生在美国的最后一站是拜访母校、看望昔日的教授和朋友,自从她离开 Ann 海港之后,他 们还未曾谋面。中国这位不知疲倦的小医生最终渡过了她宝贵的休假,调养之后,她精神焕发 并且带着最先进的内科医学知识回到了祖国。有了那些新的捐助,她给医院配备了更先进的设 备,大大提高了手术的效率。 IV "A Versatile Woman" Chief among the gifts was the money to build an additional wing onto the existing structure. The need for this addition had become a requirement the day they opened the hospital, but its fruition was always elusive. Either the costs for materials were too high, or a contractor could not be found. Dr. Stone’s ingenuity had squeezed the maximum of activity from its current footprint. Upon her return to Kiukiang, work started immediately to doubling the size of the hospital. The building was finished the following autumn, putting Dr. Stone into “Seventh Heaven”. Along with the new wing of the hospital a bungalow was built in the hills south of Kiukiang, for the children with fevers to escape the intense heat of the Kiu-kiang plains and recuperate in the cool breezes blowing down the sides of Lushan. Being delighted with this additional "Rawlings" bungalow annex to the newly expanded hospital downtown, where the little ones and others can be sent to avoid the unbearable rays from the summer sun. 大部分捐助的资金都用来建造辅楼,辅楼与医院已落成的主楼相连。早在医院开业之始就很需 要这样的辅楼,但是由于种种原因未能实现,总之不是造价太高就是未能找到合适的投资方。 石医生的过人之处就在于,她能立足现实尽量规避不利影响,回到九江之后,她立即着手将医 院的规模扩大一倍。当年秋天,该楼建成,这简直令斯通医生乐不可支。在医院建造新辅楼同 时,她们还在九江南部山簏盖起了一幢平房,将其作为发热的孩子躲避九江平原上的炎热高温 的场所,同时庐山上吹来的习习凉风更有利于孩子们康复。作为市区新扩建医院的附属部分, 这幢“罗林茨”平房令人们十分兴奋,人们可以将小孩和其他人送到那里躲避难以忍受的酷 暑。
  18. 18. Before the stone masons had finished cleaning their trowels, they began to build a home for Miss Hughes, the nurses, and Dr. Stone. The new home was a gift from her newly made friend’s in the U.S.A. During the Chinese New Year, when the obligations of the hospital were less severe, Miss Hughes and Dr. Stone took a trip to Shanghai to purchase furniture with the detail Dr. Stone took in supplying her hospital. Attention was paid to selections of wood, lights, and textiles. The silverware was elegant, but not pretentious, complimenting the Jingdezhen porcelain that was personally made for them by a potter whose child’s life had been saved by Dr. Stone years before. Beautifully brush-stroked enamels were a secret color combination reserved for royalty commissioned pieces. “I shall make the home as homey as I can and it will be opened to common folk as well as Tao-tai.” 在泥石工们完工之前,他们便开始为昊格珠女士、医院的护士们和斯通医生建造住房。所用资 金是她在美国新结交的朋友所捐赠的。春节期间,来医院的就诊的人较少,昊格珠女士和斯通 医生前往上海为医院购买各种设备。她们精心挑选木料、灯具和布料。所选的银器既漂亮又实 用;一位陶工还亲自为她们制作了精美的景德镇瓷器,因为几年前,石医生曾救回他小孩的生 命。瓷器上的珐琅彩描线精美,其保密配色为官窑的瓷器所独有。“我应该尽可能将房子装饰 得舒适些,这里既将向普通百姓也向道台大人开放”。 In 1909 a nurses dormitory was constructed, further expanding the hospital compound and giving the nurses greater seclusion when off-duty. One of the ladies who met Dr. Stone after returning to the U.S. reported, “She is able to do a great many things, and when she asks, she receives, proving no matter how formidable the task, she has proven time and again, she can overcome all the obstacles before her. And talk of mission work, the people at home don’t know the meaning of the words! Here is a plucky little Chinese woman in the midst of "the God” awful heat (I dare not go outside while the suns’ heat scorches the day, nor leave the comforts of shade till nightfall) yet she is busy throughout the day evaluating up to 20 patients before making her rounds as well as going by sedan chair out into the depths of the countryside to heal some afflicted repulsive case of humanity with who knows what.” 1909 年,医院的规模更大了,新落成的护士宿舍楼让护士们在工作之余有了更多的空间。一位 曾和斯通医生相识的女士回到美国后回忆道:“她可以做很多事情,只要她想做,她就能成 功;无论面临多难以完成的任务,她总是一次又一次地证明——她能够克服所有困难。传教团 在中国所遇到的重重困难,美国本土的人是难以理解的!这是一位站在上帝万丈光芒之中的勇 敢中国女性(白天烈日炎炎,我不敢走出门外;直到夜幕降临,才从荫处离开)她一整天都在 忙碌着,每天巡诊之前她要诊治近 20 个病人,然后还要乘轿深入乡村治疗各种疑难杂症”。 Dr. Stone’s successful treatment of the most difficult diseases is all the more remarkable when you learn of the reluctance of the Chinese to consult a physician until near the point of death. Their utter lack of knowledge in caring for the sick, combined with dreadful unhygienic surroundings, created conditions almost too terrible to describe. Women arrived almost dead;
  19. 19. paralyzed or blinded by angry or jealous men, with some doing self-inflicted wounds to escape the injustice they have long endured. One account tells of a woman who came seeking help with every square inch of flesh on her body covered by wounds or blood. She was so diseased, parts of fingers and toes were falling off. The woman was put into isolation and Dr. Stone solely took charge of her care. She used antiseptics and gloves, careful not to infect her own flesh, and after several weeks of enduring excruciating pain, while protesting “Doctor, I’m too filthy for you pure hands to touch,” the woman was nursed back to health. 一般情况下,除非到了病危的时候,中国人通常不愿去看病,所以斯通医生对许多疑难杂症的 成功医治尤其为人称道。老百姓的健康护理知识十分欠缺,而且生活环境很不卫生,他们的健 康状况糟糕到无法形容的程度。女人们被送来时已经奄奄一息、变成残疾或瞎子;有的则为了 逃避长期忍受的歧视,而自寻短见。有这样一个故事:一位女患者被送来时浑身上下都是伤口 和血渍。她病得非常严重,有些手指和脚趾都要脱落了。这个女人被隔离起来,斯通医生亲自 护理她。她服用抗生素、戴上了手套,以免她自已的皮肤受到感染;在度过几周难以忍受的痛 苦之后,患者拒绝接受治疗,说:“医生,我的身体太脏,不能污染你干净的手。”不过经过 护理,她最终得以康复。 A Mr. Charles Dow was astonished to meet the quaint little Chinese woman, who stood on a stool, performing complex surgeries even well experienced physicians with western facilities would be hesitant to perform. He reported she had no head nurse, no surgical assistant; Dr. Stone performed these surgeries entirely unaided except for the faithful nurses she had trained herself. A Dr. Perkins of New York recalls being in her operating room when a woman of 20, who could not be betrothed because of a cleft palate reaching into the nose, was transformed into a marriageable maiden. Dr. Stone’s grandest surgical story is of removing a tumor from an old woman, who for 16 years suffered with an abdominal tumor which weighed 26 kilos. The doctor lamented, “The people appreciate surgery more with every successful outcome. The tuberculosis patients who have seen the quick recovery want me to operate on their lungs.” 有位查尔斯·道先生曾见过这位传奇的中国女性。当时她正站在搁脚凳上做一台非常复杂的手 术。如此高难度的手术,即便是经验老道的医生用西式器械操作时也会有所犹豫。他说除了她 自己培养出来的训练有素的护士外,石医生既没有护士长,也没有手术助手,可是整台手术却 能顺利完成。这让他感到惊讶。来自纽约的珀金斯医生回忆起他在斯通医生手术室里遇见了一 位 20 岁的女性患者,因其兔唇裂至鼻部而无法结婚,斯通医生为她做了整形手术,使她看上去 像一位妙龄少女。斯通医生最著名的手术是给一位高龄妇女摘除肿瘤,该患者自 16 岁起就患有 腹部肿瘤,重达 26 公斤。石医生感叹说:“一次次成功的手术让人们以为手术无所不能,以至 于结核病患者看到病人术后很快康复,希望我也能给他们的肺部做手术”。
  20. 20. Another large commitment of Dr. Stone’s career was the training of nurses. The art of nursing was still in its infancy, and she had to first translate the textbooks from English into Chinese. She had to recruit women who were committed to assisting her in all the multiple tasks required of being a nurse. It was imperative to be able to read and write Chinese, as well as know a little arithmetic and English. The course load she prescribed to her nurses was equal to those of western standards. The reliable and trusted nurses on staff, having completed their education, became dedicated assistants, an ample reward for the time expended towards their education. This spawned the Jiujiang University School of Nursing, of today. 斯通医生生涯中另一大贡献是培训护士。当时的护理学科刚刚起步,她首次将英文教材翻译成 中文。她招募了一些有志于成为护士并能在工作中协助她的女性。首先得教会她们中文的读 写、基本的算术和英文知识。她按照西方的标准来要求护士们的课程学习。在完成课程学习之 后,她们便成了可靠而且值得信任的专业护理人员。培训她们的辛勤付出最终取得了丰硕的回 报。这所护校便是今天九江学院护理学院的前身。 After weeks of unusual strain, Dr. Stone was persuaded to seek relaxation on Lushan. On two occasions she received telegrams requesting her return to the hospital to address more serious complications than they could handle. However, Dr. Stone was most satisfied with the appearance and condition she found under the sole direction of the nursing staff. “Were it not for the efficient results of my assistants, I could not manage the daily tasks a hospital requires. We who want our work to prosper, cannot afford to ignore those who we depend upon for its success.” 在连续几周的高强度的工作之后,人们说服斯通医生上庐山休养。有两次,她接到电报,有些 她们处理不了的事情,请她回去办理。然而,斯通医生在了解情况之后,对护士们的表现非常 满意。“要不是我的助手们认真工作,我是不可能管理好医院的。我们要想更好地工作就决不 能忽视她们所做的贡献”。
  21. 21. A funny story is shared an old ragged woman seeking help. The nurses took hold of her and stripped her naked, even unwinding her bound feet, bathed her and put her into a clean gown the before laying her in a bed. The old woman pleaded for her foot wrappings. “No,” said nurses, "not in our clean beds. "In the evening a small fire would be started with all the clothing worn into the hospital by its patients, still full of festering infection. 有个故事很有趣:一位衣衫褴褛的老妇人来医院求助。护士们抓住她,把她全身的衣服连同裹 脚布都脱下来;然后给她洗澡,睡前还给她穿上了干净的睡衣。老妇人恳请把她的脚重新裹 上。“不!”护士们说,“在干净的被窝里不准这样。晚上,为了避免化脓感染,医院会生起 小火烤干所有患者的衣服。 Dr Stone’s philosophy was given to all the staff: "A well run hospital is one that practices sound economics of 'True Economy, avoiding all waste and extravagance'. Not one cog can be neglected to maintain a smooth operation of day to day business. Attention is encouraged from the record files to the washing machine. This does not necessarily mean buying cheap furniture that has to be replaced frequently, nor cheap food to have the patients suffer from lack of nourishment. To use poor quality drugs prolongs the need to use them and avoid wooden beds that must patronize Standard Oil chemicals to keep them clean. Use thin bedding and quilts to ease washing, and avoid cheap servants who will do nothing. Utilize a trained staff who places value in their work. Provide the instruments and machines necessary for a proper functioning medical care institution. Host a valuable daily operation; this will last longer than if thriftiness is the desirable motive." 斯通医生将她管理医院的理念告诉她的同仁们: “一家运营良好的医院应该节约,避免铺张和浪费。为了医院日常工作顺利进行,节约应从一 点一滴做起。从记录文件到洗衣机的使用,都要注意。购买便宜的家具并不表明就要频繁地更 换,便宜的食品也不表明不能为病人提供营养。使用劣质药品会延长病人的康复时间;要避免 使用木床,因为它们需要用化学品来保持它们清洁。使用薄的床上用品和被褥更容易洗涤,不 雇用偷懒的员工。让受训的员工在工作中树立价值观,添置必要的医疗设备和仪器。让每一天 的手术都见成效,如果说节约对医院良好运营很重要,那么成功手术则是更多而且更持久的节 约”。 As a result those who visited the Elizabeth Skelton Danforth Memorial Hospital conveyed universal testimony of it being one of the finest hospital’s they had ever seen. The need to find those with the means to help support the struggling finances of the dispensary was constant. Dr. Stone would receive a generous compensation from a morning’s call, and need to spend it all in the
  22. 22. afternoon on the many who could not afford to pay for services rendered. The nurses would socialize at homes where they knew a former patient resided, and even non-Christian Chinese were known to donate gift money to relieve the situation. In her regular writing to friends abroad, she encouraged them to mail back the latest articles and procedures published in the medical journals and textbooks of the time. “We feel that in order to keep up with our profession it is necessary to receive the latest works, especially since the medical science is one of the most progressive of all.” Some of the most rewarding of testaments for Dr. Stone came when the whole village would invite her after one villager returned with stories of magical cures being made by this most humble of souls. Men promised not to force their daughter’s to endure the barbaric act of foot binding which caused terrible pain and suffering in a woman’s life, nor would these men display anger at their wives if they so chose to cut the wraps they endured for many years. 结果,凡是参观过伊莉莎白·斯凯尔顿·但福德纪念医院的人们都一致认同:这是他们所到过 的最好的医院之一。医院一直在寻找愿意提供资助的人。有些患者穷得付不起药费,所以常见 到情况是斯通医生刚刚在早晨收到一笔不菲的捐赠,下午就会全被用来抵消他们的医疗费用。 护士们也前往已康复的人家里寻求帮助,既便是不信基督的中国人也会捐款来缓解当前的困 境。在她与国外朋友日常交往的信件中,她请求朋友们将医学杂志和书刊上所登载最新的文章 和资料都邮寄过来,“现在医学已经成为发展最快的学科之一,我认为要保持我们专业技术的 发展,就必须更加努力地学习最新的医学知识。”每当有村民回到村里,给大家讲述这个谦恭 的医生创造的医疗奇迹时,就会有更多的人赞同她反对女人裹脚的主张。男人们都承诺不再强 迫他们的女儿忍受裹足之苦,因为这会给一个女人带来一辈子的痛苦;他们还承诺如果妻子剪 掉多年来让她们痛苦的裹脚布,他们也不会不满。 In 1909, Dr. Stone gave the commencement address at the Nanking Normal School for Women. The Viceroy and other notables of China were present. Dr. Stone was greatly touched when the daughter-in-law of the Viceroy told her she would gladly give up all her fine clothes, jewelry, servants and position, if she could lead as useful a life as Shi Mei Yu. She felt unfulfilled being one of the many puppets in the long court ceremonies with nothing to think of except her appearance and nothing to do but kill time. 1909 年,斯通医生在南京师范学校的毕业典礼上给妇女们作演讲。总督和其他的政要悉数到 场。总督的儿媳对她说,如果她能过着像石美玉医生一样有意义的生活,她愿意放弃所有的名 贵服饰、珠宝、仆人和地位;听到这些,斯通医生深深地被感动了。在冗长的毕业仪式上,她 置身于一群的古板的人之中,什么也不能想,什么也不能做,只能白白地浪费时间,这让她觉 得心里空荡荡的。 Dr. I.M. Danforth wrote that he had a nurse willing to come to China to assist her in the operation of her dispensary, and asked what she thought of this plan. Though she was willing to take her if Dr. Danforth “wished”, she would rather not on the whole. Personally she wrote that she was eager for her to come, yet the training was accomplishing two more things which could only be done if she was purely Chinese. Along with developing their skills, Dr. Stone was convincing her students they were able to do things they never dreamed of, and show people of other nations the only reason why Chinese women for centuries have lived such narrow lives is they had not been
  23. 23. allowed to develop their powers. Bringing in an American nurse might appear as if all these efforts were in vain. She admitted the work taxed her heart and faith, and having another experienced hand on board would help distribute those responsibilities, making for a less stressful atmosphere. The nurse Dr. Danforth was recommending for the position was Caroline Maddock, my great-grandmother. Dr. Stone proposed this new nurse should go to the Wuhu General Hospital and work with her good friend Dr. Edgerton Hart, who was my great grandfather. 但福德医生处有名护士愿来中国做石医生的手术助手,他写信询问石美玉的意见。如果但福德 医生愿意,她个人倒愿意接受这名护士,但综合考虑后,她还是 亲自回信谢绝了。她说她 个人非常希望她的到来,但培训已接近尾声,剩下的两项培训项目,只有地地道道的中国人才 能胜任。除了培养学员的操作技能,斯通医生还让她们认识到,她们可以做到许多出乎她们不 曾想象的事情;她还告诉其他国家的人们,几个世纪以来,社会没有给中国女性学习本领的机 会,这是她们生活在社会底层的惟一原因。而此时引进一名美国护士会让人误以为中国的护士 培训不成功。她承认这项工作耗费她的精力。一名熟练的外国护士也许能分担她的部分工作, 减轻她的工作压力。但福德医生所推荐的那名护士叫凯若琳·马尔克,是我的曾祖母。斯通医 生建议这名护士去芜湖综合医院,同她的好友埃杰顿·哈特医生即我的曾祖父一起工作。 1908 brought particular burdens to Dr. Stone who carried on all her regular tasks until the Chinese revolution forced all the patients, women and children into the foreign concession on the west side of the city. The order came at night and by daylight not a single person was left in the hospital. Dr. Stone turned over the hospital to the revolutionary leaders and her nurses cared for the injured soldiers inside it. Revolutionary leaders wanted her to wear a white bandage to represent their cause, but she explained that though her sympathies lied with them, she must remain neutral as ordered by the Red Cross allowing her to treat the wounded of both sides. 1908 年,斯通医生面临极度的困境。中国革命逼迫所有的病人、妇女和儿童都逃进了城西的租 界区。日夜都有军队来往,医院里的普通患者全跑光了。斯通医生没法再延续以前的日常工 作,她将医院移交给革命领导人,医院里的护士则照顾受伤的战士。那些革命领导人希望她带 上白纱带以示与他们的立场一致,她回答说尽管她同情他们,但她必须保持中立,因为红十字 会已下令她救治战斗双方的伤员。 The Manchu Governor was captured and taken to Kiukiang, where, in chagrin to his confinement he attempted to commit suicide. Deserted by his servants and soldiers and with no one to care for his mortal wound, Dr. Stone cared for him with two nurses until his death. This was the same Governor who refused the right of Chinese citizenship for her in purchasing land for a men's hospital, asserting she was buying property for foreigners. When the leaders heard of his death, they were greatly disturbed for none of them wanted to tell General Ma, as an old oriental custom of he should punish the bearer of ill tidings. Being asked to take the news to General Ma herself was being accorded not only high regard for her title as a doctor but also as a woman. The general asked her many questions about her work and exclaimed afterwards that when things get settled he would support such work; “the Chinese ought to help it”.
  24. 24. 满州总督被俘后,他被带到了九江;由于不堪忍受囚牢之苦,他企图自杀。他受了致命伤,仆 人们和部队都抛弃了他。而斯通医生和两名护士一直照顾着他,直到他去世。而当年石医生想 购地开办男性专科医院,被说成是为外国人购买财产,正是这位总督拒绝她享有作为中国公民 可以买地的权利。官员们得知他的死讯,没有人愿意将这个消息告诉给马将军,,因为马将军 会严惩带去不幸消息的人。这让他们非常为难。石医生受人尊敬,同时又是女性,官员们要求 她去向马将军汇报消息。将军问了她许多工作上的问题,然后说待局势稳定后他将着手支持她 的工作,“是中国人就应该出点力”。
  25. 25. Jenny Hughes & Dr. Mary Stone LA Times: December, 31 1954 珍妮·昊格珠和 石美玉医生 洛杉矶时报:1954 年 12 月 31 日