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Rani Pinchuk

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Rani Pinchuk

  1. 1. Why Topic Maps ISO/IEC 13250:2003 Rani Pinchuk Space Applications Services Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 Ghent, Belgium
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction to Topic Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Topic Maps standards </li></ul><ul><li>What Space Applications Services does with Topic Maps </li></ul>Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  3. 3. Topic Maps - Introduction Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 www.spaceapplications.com +32 (0)2/721.54.84 Leuvensesteenweg 325, 1932 Zaventem Space Applications Services Company is a Rani Pinchuk David Damen Person is a is a employs employs University Helmholtz Zentrum München Morpheus is a is a is a partners with partners with partners with topic occurrence association name address website telephone image image University of Leipzig Research Institute
  4. 4. Why “Occurrence” ?!? Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 The term “Department of Defense” occurs in page 8 and page 81.
  5. 5. Topic Maps - Merging is located at of type Crime committed Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 lives of type of type Location Guido Antwerp Person Aggravated assault
  6. 6. Topic Maps - Merging Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 lives is located at of type of type of type Location Crime Guido Aggravated assault Antwerp Person committed
  7. 7. Topic Maps - Merging Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 lives is located at of type of type Location Crime Guido Aggravated assault Antwerp Person committed Belgium of type lives is located at of type of type of type Location Crime Guido Human Trafficking Antwerp Person knows Arthur of type United kingdom
  8. 8. Topic Maps - Merging Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 lives is located at of type of type of type Location Crime Guido Aggravated assault Antwerp Person committed lives is located at of type of type of type Location Crime Guido Human Trafficking Antwerp Person knows Arthur of type
  9. 9. Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 Topic Maps & The Semantic Web <ul><li>Topic Maps technology provides the ability to represent knowledge in an informal, natural way – the way we, humans, grasp knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>RDF/OWL is designed for being processed by machines, and therefore is much more formal, more machine-friendly and less human-friendly. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Topic Maps is an ISO standard <ul><li>ISO/IEC 13250:2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-1: Topic Maps — Overview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-2: Topic Maps — Data Model (TMDM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-3: Topic Maps — XML Syntax (XTM 2.0) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-4: CXTM (Canonicalization) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-5: Topic Maps — Reference Model (TMRM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-6: CTM (Compact Notation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 13250-7: GTM (Graphical Notation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 18048: TMQL (Topic Maps Query Language) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 19756: TMCL (Topic Maps Constraints Language) </li></ul></ul>Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  11. 11. The Crisis Management Simulator Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  12. 12. The Crisis Management Simulator – After Action Review . <ul><li>Harvest semantics from the data. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a topic map representing the events. </li></ul><ul><li>When necessary, merge this topic map with domain topic maps. </li></ul><ul><li>Now we could answer meaningful questions such as “where was Brian when the explosion occurred?” </li></ul>Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 Brian Police Officer Roger Main Hall East Corridor Explosion Location Event Audio_442 Audio of type of type of type of type located in located in of type reports to located in of type speaks listens
  13. 13. Federation of Earth Observation Data with Application Domain Data Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  14. 14. Federation of Earth Observation Data with Application Domain Data <ul><li>Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) happens when the dam of a glacier lake breaks. </li></ul><ul><li>The likelihood of GLOF events depends on many factors such as weather, topography and characteristics of the glaciers, the glacier lake and its dam. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to identify precursors to a GLOF event the researcher has to collect data from different resources : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different remote Earth Observation sensors, each might have its own interface. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data which is already collected about the glacier lake and similar glacier lakes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather data, etc. </li></ul></ul>Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  15. 15. Federation of Earth Observation Data with Application Domain Data Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  16. 16. The Control Centre Application Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  17. 17. The Control Centre Application <ul><li>Semantic integration of the available data. </li></ul><ul><li>Although much of the data is not textual (like voice loops, or telemetry), relating other data (e.g. console logs) to this non-textual data provides meaning to this data. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the data browsable so the user can understand the meaning of the data. </li></ul><ul><li>Now we can ask, for example, to “play the voice loops when SOLAR gave error 42”. </li></ul>Flight Note 377 written by writes writes part of listens to broadcasted by monitored by Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 Celine B.USOC Ops Saliha Log Entry 651 Ops Support Tool Log ColCC Flight Controller B.USOC Log Entry ColCC Log Entry Columbus Flight Note Log Entry 827 SOLAR packet 82392 packet 7362 Error 42 packet 51 Packet 5232 Payload Science Data telemetry Health & Status Data House Keeping Data Anomaly Voice Loop recording 75223 ColCC Loop Audio Record Person writes produces produces produces monitored by monitored by pr odu ces
  18. 18. Federation of Space Science Data Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 The International Space Station (ISS) (Courtesy ESA)
  19. 19. Federation of Space Science Data <ul><li>Disciplines: </li></ul><ul><li>Material Science </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid Science </li></ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Space Weather </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Human Physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Space Science </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Space Science </li></ul>Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 <ul><li>Space science experimentation is extremely expensive, yet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited re-use of results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synergies between scientific disciplines are almost non-existent </li></ul></ul>E-USOC
  20. 20. Federation of Space Science Data Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  21. 21. Video Surveillance Application Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  22. 22. Video Surveillance Application observes observes Platform1 Platform2 Platform3 Platform4 Platform5 Platform6 Platform7 Platform8 Platform9 Platform10 Southern Entrance Bus Station Taxi Station Waiting Area Newspapers Shop Tickets Shop Toilets Restaurant Parking Northern Entrance NO1 MH1 TI1 MH3 MH2 MC2 MC1 SO1 ES1 ST1 ES2 ST2 ES3 ST3 ES4 ST4 ES5 ST5 PW1 PE1 PW2 PE2 PW3 PE3 PW4 PE4 PW5 PW6 PE6 PW7 PE7 PW8 PE8 PW9 PE9 PW10 PE5 PE10 Main Hall Main Corridor observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes observes stairs1 stairs2 stairs3 stairs4 stairs5 stairs6 stairs7 stairs8 stairs9 stairs10 Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  23. 23. Video Surveillance Application Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  24. 24. Video Surveillance Application Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010
  25. 25. Other Domains of Application Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010 Knowledge Management Legal Pharmaceutical / medical Intelligence Stock exchange Training
  26. 26. Questions? Ghent, Belgium Standardization Workshop - 15-Dec-2010

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