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inside:            The future we do not want      Open, inclusive and accountable    governance: Playing Jekyll & Hyde    ...
contents.          1           The future we do not want.                                                                 ...
Excerpts from the summary report of the                                                                                   ...
Committing to the future we want:    Concrete institutional proposals to improve                                          ...
What kind of institutional structure might best help    Simon Hoiberg Olsen                        advance sustainable dev...
Implementing Sustainable Development in an Integrated Manner:    Rob Wheeler    UN Representative                         ...
Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 6
Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 6
Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 6
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Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 6


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Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 6

  1. 1. inside: The future we do not want Open, inclusive and accountable governance: Playing Jekyll & Hyde with the Zero Draft a multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development outreach. RIO+20 26 March
  2. 2. contents. 1 The future we do not want. The future we do not want. Excerpts from the summary report of the 2 Major Groups Expert Meeting, Saturday 24th March Derek Osborn 3 Earth Summit Watch President, Stakeholder Forum 4 Concrete institutional proposals to improve political decision-making 6 The text that has emerged We know that this transformation requires determined political leadership at local, regional, national and Committing to the future we want: a High Commissioner for Future from the first week of Rio+20 5 Generations at Rio+20 international level. We know that implementation requires negotiations has become a strategies, action plans, full use of green economy What kind of institutional structure might best help advance instruments, redirection of financial and investment flows, 6 monstrosity. The already indicators, targets and milestones to monitor progress. sustainable development? inadequate Zero Draft has We know too that the transformation needs the full 7 Reforming UNEP: the need is clear emerged festooned with bracketed engagement, participation and commitment of major amendments, whose general groups, civil society partners and the public at all levels. Implementing Sustainable Development in an Integrated Manner: 8 tendency is profoundly negative. We need champions of sustainable development and future From the Local to Global Level 8 generations, and partnership structures active at all levels. Public participation in MEAs compliance: A proposal to improve the 10 Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development Everyone knows what needs to be done. The poorest families, communities and countries in the world need We know that we need strong and effective international institutions that are capable of monitoring overall help to rise out of their poverty and gain decent lives and progress, marshalling support where it is most needed 11 Interview. José Luis Balmaceda livelihoods. And the whole world needs to transform its to assist the transformation, and chiding and restraining patterns of production and consumption to stop pressing those countries and other bodies whose unsustainable Open, inclusive and accountable governance: 12 Playing Jekyll & Hyde with the Zero Draft so dangerously against the natural planetary limits, activities are most damaging to the planet as a whole, and overwhelming the carrying capacity of the planet and especially, the most vulnerable. damaging the environments of the most vulnerable. 13 Rio+20 Side Event Calendar But does this vision and determination emerge from the 14 News from the Negotiations – Synthesis of Plenary Sessions 12 Most can see the value of interpreting this objective into concrete and specific sustainable development goals for debates and amended text? It does not. We hear and see timidity, caution, suspicion, protection of vested interests, Friday, 23rd March all countries, with timetables that will both specify and and even attempts to undermine and go backward on operationalise the various constituent elements of the rights, actions and issues already agreed. improvements needed for the poorest communities, while pic: Mikey Wally at the same time bearing down on the most damaging During meetings over the weekend, Major Groups have elements of excessive global consumption and production, been shocked as they have taken stock of the failure of diverting them to safer alternatives. the negotiations so far to rise to the level of the challenges which the world faces, or even to the level of ambition OUTREACH IS PUBLISHED BY: Outreach is a multi-stakeholder publication on OUTREACH EDITORIAL TEAM We know that the full resources of modern science and climate change and sustainable development. with which the negotiations began. The Major Groups are Editorial Advisors Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum technology need to be directed towards helping to bring urgently bracing themselves to restate what should be the It is the longest continually produced stakeholder magazine in the sustainable Farooq Ullah Stakeholder Forum about this transformation and that we need to improve true goals of the Rio process and to mark out very clearly development arena, published at various the way in which they interface with decision-making. We the red lines of lowest denominator, beneath which it Editor Georgie Macdonald Stakeholder Forum know that the vast energies and capacities of the corporate international meetings on the environment; would be truly shameful for the negotiations to fall. including the UNCSD meetings (since 1997), Co-editor Amy Cutter Stakeholder Forum sector need to be redirected towards more sustainable UNEP Governing Council, UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) and World Water Week. Published as a daily edition, in both print Editorial Assistant Print Designer Leonardo Rocha Jessica Wolf ANPED Jessica Wolf Design production and that consumption patterns need to be refocused in more sustainable and less wasteful directions. in danger. We must rally to the barricades. . Citizens, the global Sustainable Development Revolution is and web form, Outreach provides a vehicle for critical analysis on key thematic topics in Web Designer Thomas Harrisson Stakeholder Forum the sustainability arena, as well as a voice Stakeholder Forum of regional and local governments, women, Web Designer Matthew Reading-Smith Launch of the second edition of the Pocket Guide toAbout Stakeholder Forum indigenous peoples, trade unions, industry, youth and NGOs. To fully ensure a multi- CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Rob Wheeler UN Representative Simon Olsen IGES Sustainable Development GovernanceStakeholder Forum is an international stakeholder perspective, we aim to engageorganisation working to advance sustainable a wide range of stakeholders for article Foundation for Democracy Matthew Reading- The second edition of the Pocket Guide to Sustainable governance, the guide will help stakeholders navigate their Halina Ward and Sustainable Smith Stakeholder Forum Development Governance has been launched jointly by the way through the proposals contained in the Rio+20 zerodevelopment and promote democracy at a contributions and project funding. Development Stakeholder Forum and the Commonwealth Secretariat. draft as well as the sustainable development governanceglobal level. Our work aims to enhance open, . If you are interested in contributing Jan-Gustavaccountable and participatory international Strandeneas Stakeholder Forum Including new and updated information on some of the key debate more generally. For more information please contact Ana Barreira IIDMAdecision-making on sustainable development to Outreach, please contact the team proposals relating to IFSD and sustainable development Kirsty Schneeberger on: ( or Lalanath de Silva The Access Initiative Christine vonthrough enhancing the involvement Weizsaecker WECF and Ecoropaof stakeholders in intergovernmental Derek Osborn Stakeholder Forum 1processes. For more information, visit: You can also follow us on Twitter: RIO+20 Sebastien Duyck and Alice @OutreachLive
  3. 3. Excerpts from the summary report of the Heads of State Major Groups Expert Meeting, Saturday 24th March are Going to Rio+20. On Saturday 24th March, all Major Groups met to reflect on the negotiations and identify shared inter-major group • SDGs should: address structure; define targets and indicators; offer implementation guidance Who is Going and Why? themes for advocacy, by civil society as one. and action plans, with monitoring at national and international levels; as well as define clear roles for civil society. This very well attended meeting was made possible New Initiative to Track Rio+20 Preparations Country by Country with the generous support of the EU Environment DGs Planetary Boundaries and Science-Policy Interface T Thematic Programme for the Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, including Energy (ENRTP) • A paradigm shift is needed to establish a science- he good news is that the United Nations has just announced that 115 heads of state grant entitled: "Supporting global civil society preparation and policy interface that ensures policy-making is Brazil based on sound science and creates knowledge- have already committed to attend the Rio+20 Earth Summit– roughly the same number engagement for the UNCSD conference in 2012". sharing mechanisms. that attended the first Earth Summit twenty years ago. The not-so-good news is that The six cross-cutting issues the Major Groups agreed • Capacity building is needed to backup the the UN has not revealed any of the specific names, nor is there much information readily to discuss included: Rights, Principles and Outcomes; application of new technologies, and to make available on what various governments are actually doing to science accountable for people, with participation Agriculture and Food; Sustainable Development Goals; Chile prepare for Rio+20. A sample initiative and ownership by civil society. Planetary Boundaries and Science-Policy Interface; Means of Implementation, Finance and Trade; and Energy. Means of Implementation, Finance and Trade To address this information gap, an evolving civil society • The latest amendments to the Zero Draft related partnership is launching Earth Summit Watch. This will Mongolia Rights, Principles and Outcomes to trade subsidiarity, make means of implementation be a web-based platform to track the status of Rio+20 subject to WTO commitment and obligation. is partnering with + • There is an overarching need all the Rio China preparations in every country. We have already begun to Principles, and a rights-based approach, to be This regression and reversion must be avoided. South Korea, gather information from governments on a handful of key articulated in the Preamble – in clear language • Implementation language has to include: a Japan, + questions (“Will your head of state attend?” or “What new – to ensure the cross-cutting application of demand to reduce harmful subsidies; intellectual and China human rights and sustainable development. property rights balance with community rights or scaled-up initiatives is your country preparing for the on a multilateral • Specific language – on equity, a social and common goods; and definition of clear summit?”). + parameters for accountability. regional initiative to protection floor and inclusion of specific Colombia study desertification. sectors and vulnerable groups such as workers, Energy If the Summit is truly going to put the world on a path women, youth, farmers, indigenous peoples, etc. – is essential. • There was support for the transition from fossil toward a more sustainable future, world leaders are going fuels to renewable and clean energies. Developed to have to do more than just show up in Rio de Janeiro Agriculture and Food countries were encouraged to support developing on June 20th. Their governments need to be working with countries’ transition to renewable energy, while • Much stronger language on transitioning from establishing accounting principles to price externalities. Germany stakeholders and reaching out to the public so that presidents and prime ministers come unsustainable agriculture, to more sustainable agriculture and food systems, is needed. • Developing countries were also encouraged to to Rio+20 willing and able to take action. • The balance between global, local and domestic actively promote modern and affordable cook- stoves that would benefit mostly women and girls. It appears that in many countries, governments still need to do much more to get ready access to food markets needs to be protected, as well as urban-rural linkages and connecting food • There is a need to evaluate the potential for Rio+20. The public by and large is not aware or engaged in the process either. We see and sustainable cities. environmental, health, social and economic India Earth Summit Watch as a vehicle for supporting the efforts of civil society groups in • References to science, extension and information impacts of existing and new technologies. various countries to engage with their own governments and ensure that their societies need to be tied to respect for – and inclusion of – are well-represented and ready to make a real contribution in Rio. To encourage indigenous, local and traditional knowledge. advocacy from civil society, the website will showcase the preparations and initiatives • Also recognised was the success of having Conclusion and Next Steps Major Groups will continue to dialogue with Member made by exemplary countries and will highlight the shortcomings of those countries that included livestock into the sustainable Mali development discourse, and agreed that the States about these priorities. Identifying ‘red lines’ or have not yet begun preparations for the Summit. The Watch also complements a number many benefits of improved animal husbandry bottom line positions – the ‘floor’ below which positions of existing online petitions to encourage as many top leaders as possible to attend. need to be better incorporated, in light of the must not fall – for civil society is necessary going forward, huge impact livestock have economically, socially Please let us know if your civil society group is interested in joining the Stakeholder and environmentally. Formal and high level engagement in the intergovernmental Forum, Road to Rio+20, and the Natural Resources Defense Council as a partner in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) process by civil society is core to the coherence of policy Portugal further shaping and undertaking Earth Summit Watch. We are also seeking “Cooperating and to the implementation of any future UN mechanism • SDGs should not be the only outcome from for sustainable development following Rio. The Civil NGOs”, organizations which want to gather and contribute information on what their Rio+20, but they are important means for Society Mechanism at FAO can serve as a template for own country is doing to prepare for Rio. Please visit our website to obtain a copy of our implementing sustainable development goals survey, review the information we have already received, and submit updates. There is enhanced participation. at national levels. Principles and criteria for SDGs should include equity, respect for cultural not much time left to generate the political will in nations around the world to ensure The main common priorities also include the need for a Sao Tome and Principe diversity, universality, stakeholder participation, that the Rio+20 Earth Summit will be a success. We must ACT NOW to ensure that what and accountability by and for all. parallel Outcome Document – the ‘future that could be’ or ‘another future is possible’ – which could incorporate we accomplish at Rio is truly transformative and historic, building a more sustainable priorities into the People’s Sustainability initiatives with future for generations to come. . focus on civil society views. New global initiatives with 3 commitments at all levels are needed.2 Sierra Leone RIO+20 RIO+20 ...and 95 others To learn more, contact mdavidson@
  4. 4. Committing to the future we want: Concrete institutional proposals to improve a High Commissioner for Future Generations Sebastien Duyck and Alice Vincent political decision-making Halina Ward Foundation for Democracy and Sustainable Development at Rio+20 If there is one thing that we could learn from the recurring Paragraph 57 of the Zero Draft refers to the creation A High Commissioner for Future Generations should be economic, social and environmental crises, it is that we of an Ombudsperson or High Commissioner for Future enabled, at any time, to receive representations related to must start reacting to these challenges according to the Generations. But it is too weak. Currently the draft would his or her mission from individuals, states or groups. At level of impact. We must address root causes, rather than commit States only ‘to further consider’ the establishment the inter-state level, the High Commissioner’s powers and provide short-term and superficial solutions. Reports that of a High Commissioner for Future Generations ‘to responsibilities should be sufficiently broad from the start to highlight the impact of environmental crises on vulnerable promote sustainable development’. encompass provision of advice, good offices and mediation, populations, and the importance of guaranteeing a social in the event that requests for such services are received. foundation, confirm this urgency. We can no longer justify The Outcome Document should commit UN Member States the damaging consequences of our decisions on the basis to a clearly timebound process, leading to the creation The work of the High Commissioner for Future of the unsuitability or outdatedness of our institutions. of a UN High Commissioner for Future Generations by Generations should be linked to the work of any umbrella Fortunately, Rio+20 offers a timely opportunity to means of a General Assembly Resolution. That General body for sustainable development. But the Office of the address these challenges and to make governance work Assembly Resolution could incorporate a Statute of the High Commissioner would most appropriately be housed for the long-term benefit of our planet and populations. Office of the High Commissioner for Future Generations. independently of other institutions or agencies, with day In the Rio+20 preparatory processes, proposals on the to day operational accountability to the UN Secretary international framework of sustainable development In 2012 and beyond, it is apparent that multiple pressures General and annual reporting to the General Assembly. (IFSD) have stimulated debate and shed light on several increase the temptation for ‘short-termism’ at government, practical institutional solutions that would facilitate more pic: Andy Matthews individual, and organisational levels. The result is a An early priority for the new High Commissioner for informed decision-making, by considering the interests of systematic failure to respect the needs of future generations. Future Generations should be to lead the development all those impacted by these choices. To further guide decision-makers, a proposal is now on the of a coordinated UN-wide strategy for protection of the table to establish a High Commissioner or Ombudsperson The mission of the High Commissioner for Future interests and needs of future generations. Once adopted The disconnect between political choices and their for Future Generations. This institution would safeguard Generations should be inspired by the original Brundtland following discussion in the General Assembly, the High environmental consequences, highlights the need for a environmental and social conditions for the benefit of definition of sustainable development: “to promote and Commissioner would become the official charged with new institutional mechanism, with the objective to promote current and future generations by securing their institutional protect the interests of future generations in the context leading the UN future generations strategy. In practice, knowledge-based decision making at the international representation in all areas of policy-making. of the imperative to meet the needs of the present the strategy and overall role of the High Commissioner level. An Intergovernmental Panel on Sustainable without compromising the ability of future generations will need to evolve over time. Development could function as an umbrella organisation Finally, the realisation of the right of all stakeholders to to meet their own needs”. with a sustainable development research agenda for the actively take part in decision-making would increase the A High Commissioner for Future Generations would 21st century: reviewing relevant sources and forms of number of perspectives considered, and thus make the The creation of a High Commissioner for Future Generations need a range of powers and responsibilities spanning knowledge (including not only natural sciences, but also decisions reached more inclusive and representative. The would provide a clear institutional underpinning to the international agenda-setting and leadership (including social sciences and traditional knowledge). The Panel implementation of Principle 10 of the 1992 Rio Declaration inherent long-termism of sustainable development; one dialogue and advocacy on matters falling within the should be mandated to provide an assessment of social could be strengthened at Rio by the adoption of two parallel capable of delivering lasting outcomes, not simply political scope of the mission; and offering advice, on request, on and ecological boundaries, and the scientific evidence and concrete approaches. Firstly, any institution created in rhetoric. It would also build on, and complement, existing implementation of relevant existing intergovernmental gathered should contribute to knowledge-based policy Rio should function on the basis of best practices in terms references to future generations in a wide range of regional commitments); monitoring, early warning and multi- making and policy monitoring. of inclusive governance, by including representatives of and global treaties, and other international instruments. stakeholder review; capacity-building for innovation civil society in their bureau. Secondly, governments could at national and subnational levels; and fostering Once decision making is grounded in a solid knowledge agree to develop an international agreement to guarantee Across the UN, the Office of the High Commissioner understanding and analysis related to the mission. base, the time span considered as relevant to weight access to information, effective public participation in for Future Generations would build a body of advice, costs and benefits of each decisions should be extended. environmental matters, and access to justice; and to set analysis and practice to underpin a systematic approach The creation of a High Commissioner for Future The 1992 Earth Summit highlighted a useful principle the stage for negotiations towards the adoption of regional to regard for future generations in UN policy-making and Generations would be an act of faith in our collective in this respect: the precautionary principle. Twenty instruments. The current lack of references to these implementation. ‘Could there be a better way?’ will be a ability as people, and to the collective ability of our years later, the time has come for the full and effective approaches in the Zero Draft is striking. question heard frequently, and insistently, across the High governments, to overcome one of the most pernicious implementation of this principle, through the development Commissioner’s programme of work. features of unsustainable development: the short-termism of a new instrument to hold economic actors accountable for the risks arising from their activities. Such instrument could also guarantee that industrial production, and Some believe that Rio will simply be a talking shop, which will fail to provide meaningful solutions. Let us prove those people wrong and work with decision-makers Multi-stakeholder review across themes, geographies and generations should be among the High Commissioner’s unfairness to future generations. . that undermines equity in the present and guarantees commercialisation of new substances and technologies, key monitoring and assessment tools. Review at the MORE INFO to create firm resolutions to put us back on the right are authorised only when no reasonable doubt exists national level should naturally be grounded in the consent To access the full discussion paper, ‘Committing to track. Increasing consumption and GDP at the price of regarding their potential harm to our environment and the of the state(s) concerned. But there should also be a the future we want: a High Commissioner for Future environmental destruction and social demise is not just natural capital left to future generations. presumption of public transparency in the implementation Generations at Rio+20’, by Halina Ward visit: www.fdsd. unsustainable but also an inadequate quick-fix to our inherently flawed relationship with our planet. We hope of the High Commissioner’s mission. org/2012/03/committing-to-the-future-we-want that Rio+20 can begin to redefine this relationship, so that future generations have the opportunity to make a . healthy and fulfilling life for themselves, just as present generations have come to expect.4 5 RIO+20 RIO+20
  5. 5. What kind of institutional structure might best help Simon Hoiberg Olsen advance sustainable development? As for the way forward, the Rio+20 Outcome Document In the end, it is too early to decide which is the better could contain a paragraph requesting a limited and pointed option; a new separate SDC or a reformed ECOSOC. All Policy Researcher at Governance and Capacity Group Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) mandate change of ECOSOC. The paragraph could specify we can advocate for at this point are the functions and that the amendment only concerns ECOSOC’s name and tools that are necessary to bring sustainable development mandate, and could identify the necessary functions and governance to the forefront of the intergovernmental Sustainable development advocates tools of a reformed ECOSOC. A mandate change might arena. These tools and functions should be part of the have long argued that the current institutional framework for sustainable be necessary to allocate such tools and functions to the current ECOSOC, and this could require opening the UN charter. If a charter amendment is not in the cards, implementation of sustainable development. . Outcome Document as necessary elements for better development (IFSD) needs reform. pic: MiFleur, waiting for the spring amending ECOSOC’s mandate (and even perhaps its Neither the Commission for Sustainable name) could be based on a General Assembly resolution Development, nor the Economic and and be decided by a two-thirds majority. agreements (MEAs) and lack of coherence between them. Social Council (ECOSOC), have been able ECOSOC also lacks the appropriate leadership to enhance the visibility of sustainability concerns. For example, Reforming UNEP: the need is clear to successfully integrate sustainable even though the Annual Ministerial Review and the development decision making into the Development Cooperation Forum (both of ECOSOC) have UN system. The Rio+20 Summit is a undertaken reviews of the millennium development goals (MDGs), they lack tools for integrating all dimensions of Matthew Reading-Smith Jan-Gustav Strandeneas unique opportunity for governments to sustainable development. Assistant Project Officer, Stakeholder Forum Senior Policy Advisor, Stakeholder Forum establish an institution equipped with the mandate, functions, and tools to Some people argue that a reformed IFSD would need at least four functions to make headway towards sustainable Forty years after its founding date, despite unpredictable The UN Secretary General’s high-level Global Sustainability bring sustainability concerns to the development: and insufficient funding, UNEP has been able to maintain Panel’s report ‘Resilient People, Resilient Planet: The forefront of decision making. its function as the watchdog of the global environment. Future We Want’, reiterates the need to upgrade UNEP . 1. Political leadership and agenda setting – to be However, without universal membership or an increase The Panel suggests that the agency act as an umbrella enabled by establishing a High Level political forum, in budget, its capacity has been spread thin and it still organisation ‘to enhance coherence between multilateral One option that has been proposed, and which has or Assembly, to follow and advance the sustainable struggles to be recognised as the paramount organisation environmental agreements and better integrate its work received significant attention, is the establishment of development agenda; working for the global environment. with the activities of development institutions, especially a Sustainable Development Council (SDC), which would raise the profile of sustainable development, from being the UNDP The panel believes the agency’s collaboration .’ 2. Ensuring implementation – to be bolstered by a periodic under the mandate of ECOSOC, to reporting directly to As a result, the reformation of UNEP’s structure and with UNDP could be especially important in the future. review mechanism for increased implementation and the General Assembly. strengthening of its authority, have become reoccurring cooperation; themes throughout the Rio+20 process and it is now However, the process of upgrading UNEP is by no means Some governments are concerned that creating a 3. Enhancing science-policy interface and progress thought a potential outcome of Rio+20 could be the easy, nor is it unanimous. Most notably, the United States, separate SDC is suboptimal, as there is little political tracking – to be achieved by institutionalising a upgrading of UNEP to a specialized agency. China, India, and Russia, do not endorse the proposal. will to create additional new institutions, and doing so sustainable development assessment; and Their positions are: would require funds that are scarcely available within the It is widely acknowledged that UNEP needs to redefine • United States: willing to strengthen UNEP but , intergovernmental arena. Those that hold concern about 4. Strengthening inter-agency coordination – to be its identity and increase its capacity in order to fulfill its thinks that an upgrade to Specialised Agency the creation of a seventh principal organ of the UN have strengthened by an interface to follow-up and provide mandate. There appears to be general agreement on the will weaken its mandate, and as such a move instead proposed the reform of ECOSOC, allowing it to advice to the Secretary General on coordination. following challenges regarding the functionality of UNEP: needs ratification process by each country, the US hold a High Level body on sustainable development. fears that such a ratification process will not make • Funding; it through Congress. Instead it advocates universal One could ponder whether a reformed ECOSOC could membership, restructuring UNEP governance and The argument for elevating the voice of sustainable • Membership; be renamed an SDC or ESEC (Environmental, Social improved scientific decision making. development to Council level within ECOSOC is based on and Economic Council), to give a more balanced • Collaboration between UN agencies and UN programmes; integration and participation. ECOSOC could become • China: Advocates increased financial and technical reflection of the three dimensions of sustainability. The • Authority to oversee and implement multilateral the home of an integrative body, since both economic support, but does not provide suggestions on how proposed high level Sustainable Development Assembly environmental agreements (MEAs); and this can be achieved. and social sustainable development dimensions are should consist of members from economic, social and already embedded there. A new SDC placed under the • Scientific basis for decision-making; • India: Disagrees with elevating the status of UNEP environmental ministries from the highest level of national General Assembly also has the potential to represent all to a WEO or specialised agency. Believes UNEP administrations; as well as stakeholders from civil society There is a general level of support from the intergovernmental three dimensions of sustainable development; however can be strengthened through capacity building, and the private sector. Some elements of ECOSOC, community and civil society to upgrade UNEP At least 110 . better scientific based decision-making and that would render ECOSOC largely superfluous, without countries endorse such a proposal and a possible name such as the Commission on Sustainable Development increased regional presence. actually closing it down. for the specialised agency could be the UN Environment and the Commission on Social Development, could be • Russia: Does not advocate a UNEP transformation, abolished, as these functions would be embedded in Organisation (UNEO). A more radical proposal has been If ECOSOC were to host a high level sustainable instead it makes a suggestion for the the proposed functions of a reformed ECOSOC. This to establish a more independent organisation named the development body, it would require some changes to its intergovernmental community to discuss how to Sustainable Development Assembly could be the main World Environment Organisation (WEO), but this proposal increase UNEP’s efficiency. current setup. ECOSOC has never been able to initiate now seems to have been morphed into the UNEO. UNEO as entity for coordination and policy definition on sustainable an institutional process for merging the dimensions of a specialised agency would hopefully have a mandate giving The most visible proponents of a UNEO come from the development. In terms of membership, universality is sustainable development, despite being first envisioned it functions and authority similar to other international European Union and the African League of Nations. These important for the legitimacy and representativeness of a in the Rio Summit 1992. The environmental pillar, for two bodies have long argued that a specialised agency . new council or the underpinning ECOSOC. However, then organisations, such as the World Health Organisation and instance, is heavily fragmented, due the existence of a International Labour Organisation. would accord UNEP with the necessary political authority it might be necessary to establish be an executive board wide range of autonomous multilateral environmental to enable it to contribute to The Future We Want. with a more limited representation to ensure efficient6 7 RIO+20 decision making. RIO+20
  6. 6. Implementing Sustainable Development in an Integrated Manner: Rob Wheeler UN Representative From the Local to Global Level It is clear that humanity is inconsistent application. While important institutions Council should be tasked with carrying out a review have been established to promote or monitor the process to ensure that all countries and communities are far from living sustainably on integrated pursuit of sustainable development, many have on track, and receive the support they need to carry out planet earth. We do very few not received adequate support, some have languished, and achieve their sustainability plans. and most have not been able to synergize well with things in a fully sustainable complementary processes or institutions. While financial Finally, I want to mention an important part of this local to manner; and thus need to make and other commitments of international support have global planning process that has been rather neglected – been made, they have neither achieved greater coherence the development of such efforts in small rural communities changes across the board. nor always been fully realized in practice. While the and impoverished urban neighborhoods. Perhaps this is Fortunately there are plenty of participation of Major Groups has become the norm, there not too surprising, given that such communities have far is limited success in scaling up or replicating promising fewer resources and institutionalised planning processes examples, best practices and multistakeholder initiatives.’ than do larger towns and municipalities. However, it is success stories, in pretty much pic: Cortes de Cima incredibly important that we include a focus on such all sectors, that demonstrate In order to respond to these findings, a global program or communities in the Rio process and Outcome Document, partnership is needed to bring together leading organisers, In the 1990s the United States was well ahead of the and in the Local and National Action Plans and 10 Year how we can adopt more processes, governments, agencies, and stakeholder curve under the Clinton/Gore Administration. With eight Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption sustainable practices. groups, to determine how to best finance, support, and Sustainability Task Forces drafting recommendations and and Production, given that 70% of those facing extreme implement these processes in a much more effective, reports; multi-sectoral committees, together with an inter- poverty live in rural areas; and most of the rest in It has been recognised, by most of those participating in coherent, integrated, inclusive and participatory manner. agency task force, driving collaboration and integration; impoverished urban communities. the Rio+20 process, that we must proceed in an integrated, and a Presidents Council on Sustainable Development coherent and much more effective or ambitious manner. Similarly, the Report found that, ‘As of 2009, 106 that included Cabinet Officials, key business leaders, and Many examples show how such integrated, multi-sectoral It is thus imperative that we adopt an integrated, multi- countries (out of 192) have reported that they are currently the heads of key civil society organisations, we were well community based planning processes can be successful. sectoral approach to sustainable development that focuses implementing a national sustainable development on our way to developing and implementing a National The Millennium Villages (, on protecting and restoring the natural environment and strategy (NSDS), but these are rarely viewed as the Strategy for Sustainability. (www. Green Productivity - Integrated Community Development providing basic human rights and needs for all. principal vehicles for policy coordination. In practice, a program – implemented in Vietnam through the Asian number of coordinating and planning mechanisms have Unfortunately, these efforts were dropped before the Productivity Organisation ( There are three aspects to this that are essential. First, been used in developing countries, often in parallel, and Bush Administration was even elected, and theyve never htm), and the Global Ecovillage Network (www.ecovillage. integration needs to be both vertical and horizontal. The with similar or overlapping tasks, including conventional been picked up since. Fortunately, a number of State org) have worked in thousands of villages and local development and implementation of local and national development planning, PRSP UNDAF DWCF NCS, NEAP , , , , and local efforts have continued, but they have not been communities to demonstrate how an integrated, multi- sustainability strategies, along with the action plans on and others. The resulting proliferation undermines their well-integrated with Obama Administration efforts to sectoral approach, owned and managed by the local sustainable consumption and production (SCP), still need very purpose by weakening and fragmenting the efforts advance sustainable development. community, can provide dramatic improvements in to be integrated and supported at all levels of government to introduce coherence.’ sustainability, resilience, and the ability to meet basic from the local to global. In other words, a global In the US we have thus missed out on a tremendous human needs and live cooperatively with nature. program is needed to support countries in developing Finally, the SGs Report suggested that, ‘There is a lack of opportunity; but this has been matched by the world and implementing their national strategies; and global a proper framework for vertical integration between local community as well. Many may remember the UNDP The NGO Cluster on Sustainable Rural Development is and national processes also need to be developed to and national processes. Even the prominent Local Agenda Capacity 21 program, which led to many of the asking that the following be added after the section on support sub-national government and local communities 21 processes were hardly reflected in national processes.’ initiatives that resulted in the development of National Cities in Article 102 in the Zero Draft: ‘Support is needed in developing and implementing their local and regional Sustainability Councils and Strategies in the developing to develop an integrated, multi-sectoral community based strategies and plans as a part of, and to inform, national Again, only about half of countries have fulfilled the world. But for some reason, still unknown to most, the approach to sustainable rural development. We call on the processes and implementation efforts. Johannesburg commitment to develop and begin to effort to develop a Capacity 2015 program following the UN to establish a global network of grassroots support implement a National Sustainability Strategy by 2005; Johannesburg Summit, which was intended to pick up organizations, resource and service centers, and training and only a very small percentage of the millions of cities, programs to develop local capacity and assist villages . We also need to include horizontal integration to link, and where Capacity 21 left off – namely with implementation bring together, all of the various planning, development, towns and villages around the planet have developed – was unfortunately never instituted. and rural communities in eradicating poverty and meeting and implementation efforts – across all sectors of local strategies or action plans. basic human needs.’ society – thus increasing the level of coherence and the It is therefore essential that a global program, or at the rate of progress, as improvements in one area support It is therefore essential that better support is developed very least, a UN Partnership Initiative, is established to MORE INFO and assist with others. at the international level, to assist with the development support, and assist in, the development of local to national Rob Wheeler is a UN Representative for the Global and implementation of local to national strategy sustainability planning processes linked with effective, Ecovillage Network, US Citizens Network for Sustainable The Secretary-Generals GAP Report states that, ‘While processes. These Strategies, and also the SCP Action integrated and coherent implementation plans. Local and Development, and Commons Action for the UN integrated planning or policies and national sustainable Plans, must then be based on the Rio Principles, focus National Councils need to be established in all countries development strategies have become acceptable, on achieving Agenda 21, JPOI, the MEAs and all other and communities to drive the process and encourage their impact remains limited because of ad hoc and international sustainability agreements, and strive to responsible action. These Councils and strategies should support humanity in making a rapid transition to a fully include and be based on achieving the SDGs, Targets, sustainable economy and world. and Indicators. And the new UN Sustainable Development8 9 RIO+20 RIO+20