Outreach Magazine: May UN Meetings Day 9


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Outreach Magazine: May UN Meetings Day 9

  1. 1. inside: Earth Debates: dissecting the green economy Beyond Rio+20: sustaining momentum and focusing action a multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development out reach. 03 May 2012www.stakeholderforum.org/sf/outreach/ pic: IFPRI-IMAGES
  2. 2. contents. 1 Earth Debates: dissecting the green economy 2 It’s up to all of us: conclusions from the Closing Earth Debate 3 The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Coalition’s road to Rio 4 International Insights on the Green Economy 3 Feeding the Future: sustainable solutions for food security 5 Tapping into Carbon Money - The Mikoko Pamoja Project; Sustainable cities Valuation of Ecosystem Services and its role in Green Economy and Society 6 Global Warning Poem 7 Beyond Rio+20: sustaining momentum and focusing action 8 The future we want for people and the planet 4 9 A generation seeks to mold the future 10 Incorporating intergenerational equity within international environmental law 11 Startgame 12 Only One Earth; Missing voices: green business leaders speak out about Rio+20 13 Pledge for a Better Planet; Rio+20 Side Event Calendar 8 14 Reflections on the negotiations pic: James Cridland OUTREACH IS PUBLISHED BY: Outreach is a multi-stakeholder publication on OUTREACH EDITORIAL TEAM climate change and sustainable development. Editorial Advisors Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum It is the longest continually produced stakeholder magazine in the sustainable Farooq Ullah Stakeholder Forum development arena, published at various Editor Georgie Macdonald Stakeholder Forum international meetings on the environment; Co-editor Amy Cutter Stakeholder Forum including the UNCSD meetings (since 1997), UNEP Governing Council, UNFCCC Conference Editorial Assistant Jack Cornforth Stakeholder Forum of the Parties (COP) and World Water Week. Print Designer Jessica Wolf Jessica Wolf Design Published as a daily edition, in both print and web form, Outreach provides a vehicle Web Designer Thomas Harrisson Stakeholder Forum for critical analysis on key thematic topics in Web Designer Matthew Reading-Smith Stakeholder Forum the sustainability arena, as well as a voice of regional and local governments, women, CONTRIBUTING WRITERSAbout Stakeholder Forum indigenous peoples, trade unions, industry, Jim Kitchen Soil Association Krushil Patel Zoological Society of London youth and NGOs. To fully ensure a multi- stakeholder perspective, we aim to engage Noel N Mbaru Kenya Willice OkothStakeholder Forum is an international Onyango Kenya Youth Networkorganisation working to advance sustainable a wide range of stakeholders for article Tomas Badura IEEPdevelopment and promote democracy at a contributions and project funding. Martha Shaw 360º mediaglobal level. Our work aims to enhance open, Laura Valente de Sustainability Policies and If you are interested in contributing Macedo Management Consultant Naomi Kumazawa MGCYaccountable and participatory internationaldecision-making on sustainable development to Outreach, please contact the team United Nations NGO Liaison Georgie Macdonald Stakeholder Forum Marion Dahan (gmacdonald@stakeholderforum.org or Servicethrough enhancing the involvementof stakeholders in intergovernmental acutter@stakeholderforum.org) Steve Waygood Aviva Investors Mary Turnipseed University of Californiaprocesses. For more information, visit: You can also follow us on Twitter: New Economics Foundation Nicolò Wojewoda Road to Rio+20 Charlie Youngwww.stakeholderforum.org @OutreachLive Marie Rumsby Royal Society Martin Powell
  3. 3. Earth Debates: dissecting the green economy Georgie Macdonald Project Officer, Stakeholder ForumOver the past 4 months, in the heart of London, the Natural (Carbon Disclosure Project). The discussions centredHistory Museum, British Council and Stakeholder Forum on the inadequacies of GDP as a measure of societalhave hosted a series of debates to build momentum and progress and how it has led to an obsession with endless,drive dialogue in the run-up to Rio+20. Last week saw uncontrolled growth, which doesn’t take into account thethe closing event, bringing together conclusions from the condition of its natural capital or the ecosystem servicesseries. Today’s Outreach will present insights from those provided by the environment. Panellists agreed that otherinvolved, on what they believe we should prioritise in our metrics and indicators need to supplement GDP and thattransition to a green and fair economy. a system should be developed with the involvement of accountants who are often left out of the debate. PanellistsPanellists and guests represented a wide range of viewed Rio+20 as an opportunity to advance this agenda.stakeholder group – including government, business,academia, and civil society – ensuring a rich dialogue. Green cities in a green economy – how to pioneer aTo add energy to the discussions and maximise audienceparticipation, the debates were limited to an hour, sustainable transition? (14 March 2012)replete with questions from observers both online and in With the majority of the world’s population living inattendance. To reach beyond the studio, the debates were cities, they are fast becoming powerhouses for futurefilmed and streamed live on the web, allowing audiences development and growth - planning their future willaround the world to engage in the discussions by Tweeting make or break a green economy. Panellists Prof Thomastheir questions directly to the Chair, Richard Black. Using Elmqvist (Stockholm Resilience Centre), David Stubbstheir extensive international network, the British Council (London 2012), Conor Riffle (Carbon Disclosure Project),aired the debates in over nine countries, including Brazil, and Paul Toyne (WSP Group) defined green cities asGermany, India, Sweden and Ethiopia. a ‘better place to live’, looking at the vital role of cities in leading sustainable development. Individualism wasThe four debates, summarised below, focused on core viewed as central to green cities’ success, developingaspects of a green and fair economy. within a society’s structure and working with the local habitat. Finally, public-private partnerships were viewed asEcosystems Economics – can we put a price on nature? critical in driving innovation and ensuring a city remains competitive.(25 January 2012)Concentrating on the vital role that the environment Food security – how to feed the population in 2050?plays within our economy, panellists Professor SirRobert Watson (Chief Scientific Advisor to Department (11 April 2012)for Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs), Will Is it possible to feed 9 billion people? The resoundingEvison (PricewaterhouseCoopers), Claire Brown (UNEP- answer given by panellists Sue Dibb (Food Ethics Council),World Conservation Monitoring Centre) and Ian Dickie Barry Gardiner (UK Member of Parliament), John Ingram(Aldersgate Group), discussed the valuation of nature, and (NERC) and Camilla Toulmin (IIED), was yes. Panelliststhe responsibility of developed countries to compensate looked at issues surrounding agricultural practices,poorer nations for becoming rich through the exploitation education, government policy and waste, and came to aof the world’s natural capital. Bob Watson concluded, range of conclusions. Barry Gardiner noted that reforming“the benefits that we get from nature, such as flood the food system is the most complex question ofcontrol, pollination services and clean air have often been administrative justice that the world has faced, and that ittaken for granted because we get them for free...There should be seen as a matter of economics – the allocationis a clear need to better manage our ecosystems, and of scarce resources. Equity was seen as central, given thegovernment, the private sector and the public will need to 2 billion without access to enough food and the conversework together to ensure we protect what nature provides.” problem of obesity faced in developed countries. WhenBeyond GDP – how to measure progress? population growth, but one of efficiency and equity . looking at food scarcity, the problem is therefore not solely(22 February 2012)Measuring growth and progress, looking Beyond GDP ,was tackled by panellists Hannah Ryder (Department for MORE INFOInternational Development), Andrew Simms (nef), Emily Videos of all the debates are available at: www.nhm.ac.uk/Benson (Green Economy Coalition), and Paul Simpson nature-online/biodiversity/earth-debates/watch/index.html 1 RIO+20
  4. 4. It’s up to all of us: conclusions from the Closing Earth Debate We all share the responsibility in reducing our Concluding remarks from partners: consumption and preserving our environment, but The science research and collections of natural history leadership by governments and business is urgently museums contribute to the evidence of unprecedented required, especially in the run-up to Rio+20. This was global environmental change facing both current and future the overwhelming message communicated by the guests generations. However, scientific knowledge alone is not at the Closing Earth Debates Dinner last Thursday (26th enough and a key issue is how it leads to new behaviour; April). Attended by 150 global and local representatives especially when it points to the need for a significant, from civil society, academia, government and business, mainstream restructuring of how people live. Natural history the evening pulled together discussions from the previous museums are also trusted cultural organisations which can four Earth Debates (see page 1). help inspire and influence through dialogue and the Earth Debates is one example of finding new ways encourage the Organised by partners the Natural History Museum, necessary debate and hopefully lead to the responses that will British Council and Stakeholder Forum, the evening was ensure the future health, wealth and wellbeing of our fragile sponsored by Aviva Investors. Aviva’s Chief Responsible planet, its living systems and humanity. Investment Officer, Steve Waygood, opened the event Bob Bloomfield, Head of Innovation and Special Projects, by introducing their Corporate Sustainability Reporting Natural History Museum Coalition. Earth Debates Chair, Richard Black, then gave an overview of the four debates, highlighting areas for In the world today we are facing a number of global challenges, further discussion. Guests were invited to continue many of them related to sustainable development. In order discussions on their table, with facilitation by 40 British to face these challenges, we need to bring different players Council International Green Ambassadors (see page 4), together; scientists and entrepreneurs, policy makers and NGOs, bought over especially for the event. The floor was then community groups and businesses, because only by working opened up for debate. Topics covered included: together, to find integrated, society-relevant solutions, can we • Consumption vs. population growth, labelled by achieve real progress on the road to good planetary stewardship, one guest as ‘the elephant in the room’, followed by to the benefit of future generations. Furthermore, this needs to be an overall agreement that these are both inextricably done on an international level, linking individuals and networks linked. This discussion was supplemented with who share the same goals, wherever they may be. As the UKs insights from The Royal Society’s People and the international organisation for education and culture, working in Planet report; over 110 countries, we are pleased to have been involved in the Earth Debates initiative and to have  brought new voices from • The urgent need for new prosperity measurements around the world into the discussion. beyond GDP; Claire McNulty, Director Science, British Council • The importance of social science, both in changing how we value wealth and happiness, and Although the negotiations towards Rio+20 are painfully our obsession with short-term thinking; slow, there is an emerging consensus around the concept of establishing Sustainable Development Goals to guide the • The need to review current regulations, both world’s transition to a fairer, more sustainable economy over nationally and within the UN, to ensure they are the next 20 years. Coupled with a determination to strengthen effective, efficient and well understood, both by local, national, international and corporate capacity to deliver governments and the public; these goals and implement sustainability, it is possible that Rio+20 could give new momentum to addressing all the • The lack of pricing structures for both nature and themes taken up in these debates and to advance sustainable . carbon, with concerns being raised over the denial development across the world. of the rights of future generations and the failure Derek Osborn, President, Stakeholder Forum of current market structures to fairly price natural resources; and The opening remarks from Richard Black & Steve Waygood • Lastly, there was an ardent call for all citizens to are available at: www.stakeholderforum.org/sf/outreach/index.php/ take responsibility for their environmental footprints riopodcasts and to live within planetary boundaries; however it was recognised that there is not enough guidance or education on how to do this, and government input Sponsored by here is pivotal.2 RIO+20
  5. 5. The Corporate Sustainability ReportingSteve WaygoodAviva Investors Coalition’s road to Rio Rio+20 provides a historic The Coalition has been encouraged by the level of support for the proposal from many nations and industry global opportunity to create associations. We were also very pleased to see that much a more sustainable future. of the proposal was included within the original Zero Draft Outcome Document for the Rio+20, which was published We urgently need to address in January. But as the negotiations have progressed, the the sustainability of our Coalition has become concerned and disappointed with the latest draft, which is far too passive. capital markets. This is why, in September last year, Aviva The latest version of the Outcome Document indicates that no real action is intended.  We need a greater commitmentInvestors convened the Corporate from the Rio agenda in order to move the corporate Sustainability Reporting sustainability debate forward.  We believe that the form Coalition. of action needs to be much more explicit and state a commitment to the establishment of a Convention. TheThe Coalition now represents investors with assets under ‘comply or explain’ element of the proposal is also missing,management of approximately US$2 trillion, as well as which is disappointing as we believe it is important forfinancial institutions, professional bodies and NGOs. The those companies which opt-out of sustainability reporting,Corporate Sustainability Reporting Coalition has a shared to explain their rationale to their shareholders, creditorsbelief in the need for corporate sustainability reporting, and other stakeholders. And finally, if we are to reallydue to the vital role it plays in the move towards more make progress in the transition to more sustainable capitalsustainable capital markets. markets, the follow-up process – post-Rio – should be made clear. Following Rio, the General Assembly should conveneInvestors have an important role to play in this transition to an ad hoc intergovernmental negotiating committee toa more sustainable future, but in order to do so they need prepare this Convention for signature within two years. information about the sustainability of the companieswhich they own and invest in. Today, while investors have Currently, 75% of companies do not report on sustainabilityinformation about a company’s profits and cash flows, issues at all. An international convention would level thethey don’t know about its sustainability. This is why playing field and engage more companies on the journeythe Coalition has come together to ask for UN Member toward business sustainability. The world now needs to moveStates at Rio+20 to develop a Convention requiring all from the innovative and pioneering approach of a minoritylisted and large private companies to either integrate of companies, to a true global mainstream practice for allmaterial sustainability issues within their annual report companies. Without this Convention – at the current rate ofand accounts – or explain why they have not done so. The progress – it will be decades before sustainability reportingConvention would not dictate the form that the report is common practice across global markets. Unless this isshould take – this would be determined by corporate solved, we, as investors will not be able to play the partboards using the considerable amount of guidance that which the international community would like us to play.now exists and deciding for themselves what they believeto be most appropriate for the firm and its prospects. If Rio+20 is to be successful in moving us towards a green economy, sustainability reporting will not only have to be a vital component, but there also has to be a clear path to achieving this post-Rio. With nearly a month to go we hope that nations will share our concerns at the current direction of negotiations, and seek to strengthen the wording of the Outcomes Document. We also look forward to our continued engagement with . all stakeholders, to ensure that we make the most of the opportunity that the Rio+20 Summit presents MORE INFO More information on the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Coalition is available at: www.aviva.com/earthsummit2012 3 RIO+20
  6. 6. International Insights on the Green Economy The following four articles are written by the British Council’s Green Ambassadors who took part in the Closing Earth Debate Dinner, details of which are on page 2. In order to inject international perspectives into the Earth Debates, British Council invited forty delegates from countries around the world, to take part in an all day workshop on Rio+20 and the Earth Debate. Participants discussed the topics covered in the Earth Debates series – adding experiences from their countries – and prepared short statements, which they presented to their tables at the dinner in the evening. The following two pages include short insights from some of . the Ambassadors on the aspects of a green economy they believe to be most important Feeding the Future: sustainable solutions for food security Jim Kitchen Green Ambassador and Project Manager, Soil Association, Northern Ireland Organic and other agro-ecological farming systems can cereals would be available for human consumption, enough help the world feed itself, but in addition to changing our to feed an additional 1.2 billion people in 2050. Replacing farming systems, we need to eat differently, waste less meat mainly fed on grains, with beef, lamb and mutton from food and change how we feed our livestock. These are the animals grazing on grass, would not only provide better main conclusions from a recent Soil Association report, quality meat, but also reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Feeding the Future. Reducing food waste is also crucial. Globally, around one Today we produce enough food to satisfy the nutritional third of the food produced for human consumption is either requirements of every person on the plant. Yet nearly 1 billion lost or wasted. The majority of this wastage occurs in Europe people are hungry and another billion are malnourished, and North America and food wastage low income countries most of them living in poor rural areas of the Global South. is mainly caused by financial and technical limitations in At the same time, at least a billion people are overweight or harvesting, storage, infrastructure and packaging. obese, mostly resident in richer Western countries. Scientists have modelled ways to feed 9 billion people Predictions indicate that by 2050 there will be 9 billion in 2050 on healthy diets, in an environmentally people in the world. Some have argued that, in order sustainable way. These models have shown that waste to accommodate for this, we would need to increase reduction could reduce food demand by 25% in richer our food production by 70%. This argument rests on countries. A further study found that organic agriculture two assumptions; (i) that there will be no reduction in could feed a world population of 9.2 billion in 2050 if the consumption patterns of the Global North, (ii) and relatively modest diets were adopted and equality in food that the current Western diet, involving much higher distribution was assured. These scenarios assume that quantities of meat and dairy products, will spread to the countries like the UK will both produce food differently Global South. But there is another way. A different system . and eat differently. It is clear, for both environmental and health reasons, that diets must change MORE INFO Right now, 35–40% of all cereals produced worldwide are Our report Feeding the Future provides a summary of the fed to livestock, and this could rise to 50% by 2050 if meat latest research on how organic food can feed the world, consumption continues to rise as predicted. If all cereals while our report Telling Porkies looks in detail at claims were fed to people rather than animals, we could feed an around the level of future food production needed. extra 3.5 billion people. If meat and dairy consumption were held at levels reached in 2000, 400 million tonnes of4 RIO+20
  7. 7. Tapping into Carbon Money - Noel N Mbaru The Mikoko Pamoja Project KenyaOver-harvesting of trees and degradation of tropical forest But why mangroves for carbon moneyland has been associated with 20% of greenhouse gas Although mangrove forests occupy only 0.1% of the earth’s(GHG) emissions – the principal cause of observed climate continental surface area, the forests account for 11% ofchange impacts in the world, including erratic rainfalls, the total input of terrestrial carbon into the ocean. KMFRIdesertification, floods, and disease outbreaks among scientists working with other partners have recently shownothers. A set of international policies known as Reducing that mangrove forests sequester six times more carbonEmissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation than any other productive terrestrial forest. Most of this(REDD+) is concerned with both reducing emissions and carbon is captured and stored into sediments. However,enhancing carbon stocks through actions that address loss and transformation of mangrove areas in Kenya isdeforestation, forest degradation, forest conservation affecting local livelihoods through shortage of firewoodand sustainable forest management. Under the REDD+ and building poles, reductions in fisheries, and increasedmechanism, countries that are willing and able to reduce erosion. Market based mechanisms such as REDD+emissions from deforestation and forest degradation will represent an important new mechanism to conserve andbe compensated for doing so. enhance mangrove forests and promote the livelihood of the local communities who depend on them.The Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute(KMFRI) is implementing an innovative, small-scale carbon Mikoko Pamoja is a Project of the Natural Environmentproject aimed at enhancing mangrove forest productivity Resource Council, UK. Other partners in include Kenyaand integrity, by carrying out activities that benefit local Forest Service, Earthwatch Institute, Aviva PLC andcommunities and that could be eligible for attracting Universities of Napier, Bangor and Edinburgh in UK.carbon investment. Dubbed Mikoko Pamoja, the project Mikoko Pamoja is an excellent example of linking researchwill initially protect 107 ha of mangrove forest at Gazi with community development; as well as Public-Privatebay and replant 0.4 ha degraded forest per annum, over aproject time-scale of 20 years. Technical Specifications ofthe project have been accredited by Plan Vivo Carbon to parts of the Kenya and WIO . Partnership. We hope to upscale this project to othersell 3000t CO2 equivalent/year into the voluntary carbon MORE INFOmarket, thus generating approximately US$15,000/yr. Mikoko Pamoja ProjectThe profits from selling carbon credits through Mikoko Cordinator: Noel N MbaruPamoja are channeled directly to the community in order Mobile No: (+254) 0723131086to finance further mangrove restoration effort, as well as Email: nmbaru@yahoo.com and nmbaru@kmfri.co.keto support community development projects. Project Email: mikokopamoja@gmail.com Find Us online on www.eafpes.org Sustainable cities Laura Valente de Macedo Sustainability Policies and Management Consultant, BrazilIn 2010, 84% of Brazilians lived in cities. More than 50% capacity of human beings to manage them. Reshaping theof the Earth’s human population share space, systems, way urban dwellers consume, produce, communicate andresources and rules – in cities. Consequently, encouraging the travel, must take this into consideration.debate about this complex ‘human ecosystem’ is essential. Sustainable cities are not an end, but a vision that guidesThe first cities arguably originated about 12,000 years the search for human quality of life in harmony with theago. Since then, many characteristics have developed that Planet, now, and for generations to come. However, thisdefine what we now call cities. Drivers of their development transition has more questions than answers. Where doesinclude geographical situation, technical innovation and the energy we use come from? Where should our wastepopulation growth. According to UN estimates, by 2050 go? As well as more complex ones such as: how can wethere will be 6.3 billion people living in cities, about 70%of the projected world population. Nonetheless, they willcontinue to rely on limited natural resources, and the the debate that will most likely shape our future. manage a city in order to meet sustainability goals? This is 5 RIO+20
  8. 8. Valuation of Ecosystem Services and its role Tomas Badura Policy Analyst, IEEP in Green Economy and Society The implementation of the valuation of ecosystem services (VES) into policy- Global Warning making represents a great opportunity Martin Powell to create a better, more equal and Poet and Earth Debates participant greener society. Given the vast and Tsunamis sweeping across the deep seas often unrecognised reliance of humans Hurricanes howling with deafening breeze on biodiversity and ecosystems, it Earthquakes shaking our tectonic plates Volcanoes erupting ‘round Earth as it breaks is crucial to appreciate the value they bring to people and the economy. Dinosaurs died and allowed man to stand Millions of years changed the face of the land This is reflected in both the CBD A new world was born and with life it did flourish Biodiversity Action plan and the Enough natural resources to keep us all nourished National Biodiversity Action Plan For a long time the man and the Earth were as one Strategies, and should be more widely We drank from its rivers, bathed in light from the sun recognised in Rio+20. The soil was rich, and ideal for seeds The planet attended to all of our needs VES has a key role to play in the formation of national green economy strategies and can help to identify But Earth for its pleasures could not comprehend the sectors and issues that are crucial for economies, The mentality of its so newly found friend environments and people, facilitating more transparent We used and consumed without fear, or care and better informed decisions. We scarred and we butchered a beauty so rare However, valuation practice should adhere to numerous Poisoning oceans and chopping down trees principles, including the following: Re-laying landscapes to build as we pleased Taking for granted our grand evolution • A variety of valuation methods and approaches Seeds that were planted, replaced by pollution should be used (including non-economic tools, participatory approaches and ethical considerations) Have we not wondered why it’s so called “Mother Earth?” to better evaluate the wide set of values associated Throughout all of history it has given birth! with ecosystems and biodiversity. This bluish-green ball, gently floating through space Has potential for life, quite like no other place • The intrinsic value of nature and inter- and intra- generational equity needs to be widely recognised. It gives and it gives and has nothing to ask • Caveats and assumptions of research should be To treat it with love and respect is our task openly admitted and the quality of research needs For the moment the future we can’t comprehend to be the guiding principle. Is the world that we know, may soon come to an end • The communication of valuation results But there is still some time to undo what’s been done represents a crucial challenge, as the complexities Requiring our species to all act as one embodied in the VES and socio-ecological systems, With wind turbines turning and running on air including environmental thresholds, need to be Solar panels sourcing our suns constant glare widely understood. We could cut our emissions and clean up with care Make it our mission to heal and repair The establishment of an open scientific platform, acting Salvage and save for all that its worth to support interdisciplinary research and the sharing of Secure our existence as people of Earth best practices, is important for promoting the wide and . transparent implementation of VES into policy-making, and ultimately the shift towards a green economy6 RIO+20
  9. 9. Beyond Rio+20: sustaining momentumNicolò WojewodaDirector, Road to Rio+20 and focusing action Rio+YOU and MyCity+20 are enablers: they inspire and inform, and get people hooked on this crazy idea that you don’t need permission from anybody to start changing the world, and make it more sustainable. But they’re just the beginning, the first step in what is a locally-based, globally-coordinated, and action-oriented long-term effort. At Rio, through a couple of side events and other conversations, we’ll engage fellow youth and other stakeholders in dialogue and reflection about our movement: where do we want to go after Rio? How are we going to work together? What will we focus our efforts on? We’ll be inviting key players from the main youth initiatives leading up to Rio+20 to develop briefing notes on the possible directions our movement can take after the summit. We’ll be performing a much needed self-assessment of our strengths and achievements, but also weaknesses and shortcomings – and discuss how we can learn from them, When we started our work, we knew we in order to give a new targeted boost to our post-Rio efforts. were in for the long run. Rio+20 – as Are we going to focus our energy on monitoring much as we would like it to – is not governments’ commitments coming out of the Summit? Or going to solve all of our problems are we going to lead the way on education and training for sustainable development? Is our priority going to instead at once. Whether the agreement is an be growing a new generation of green entrepreneurs? ambitious and inspiring one, or one Is youth involvement in shaping the SDGs the best way of using our resources? And how can we do any of that,that is watered down by compromise and together, without going back to our sector-specific corners special interests, on June 23rd the of climate change, food, employment, gender, and other world will wake up to a hard reality: issues, that would fail to address the root causes of such a complex interlinked system? that a lot of work still needs to be done, and that everybody has to pitch Last week, at Stockholm+40, Maurice Strong – former Secretary General of the historical 1972 and 1992 in to do it. summits – said it clearly: “We need a revolution”. In November of last year, when Liz Thompson, Rio+20Throughout the last 15 months, our efforts have been Executive Coordinator, met with us at the UN, she wasbased on the belief that the UN summit needs to reach out very clear as well, urging young generations to start ato people everywhere – on the streets, and in living rooms ‘Global Spring’ for our planet.around the world. Long-term responsibility for futuregenerations, and a sense of empowerment and urgency to We’re taking the challenges at hand very seriously, andmake a more sustainable future happen, will come about are excited to know that our role, as agents of changeonly when people know how unique this UN gathering is, on the front lines of sustainable development, is nowand how fundamental the challenges it addresses are. more widely recognised. Now, we just need to give a moreOurs has always been a work of outreach, advocacy, and focused boost to our efforts, in order to better fulfill thatmobilisation. We have strongly supported and helped role. As Paulo Coelho wrote, “When you want something,establish, grow action-focused outreach efforts such asthe Rio+YOU campaign and the MyCity+20 series ofevents, because they allowed us to go boldly where Rio+20 Let’s keep conspiring at Rio, and beyond . all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.”hadn’t gone before: into the hearts and minds of people MORE INFOoutside of our committed (but often insular) community. Road to Rio+20, is a coalition of more than 90 partner organisations, weaving together a global youth-led movementOn Earth Day, April 22nd, over 50 cities across the world to realsze the potential of the Earth Summit 2012.organised Rio+YOU gatherings. The number of MyCity+20events planned are over a dozen. And thousands ofsupporters are engaged with our coalition’s initiativesonline, sharing stories, learning about sustainable 7development, and forging collaborations. RIO+20
  10. 10. The future we want for people and the planet Marie Rumsby Policy Adviser, Royal Society On 26 April, the Royal Society published its ‘People and the planet’ report, the result of a 21 month study, conducted by 23 experts from around the world, including representatives from China, Brazil, India, Malawi and Ethiopia. The report focuses on the critical links between population, consumption and the environment, and what they mean for sustainable development efforts. This concept is not a new one; it has been recognised by the Deputy Permanent Representative to the UK Mission to international community on several occasions. For example, the UN, His Excellency Philip Parham, said: “It is very Principle 8 of the Rio declaration states: ‘to achieve welcome that the Royal Society has chosen to launch sustainable development and a higher quality of life for all this report. The report is a very timely and valuable people, States should reduce and eliminate unsustainable contribution to the Rio+20 process”. patterns of production and consumption, and promote appropriate demographic policies’. Yet there is a danger that Dr Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of UNFPA Rio+20 will not make progress in this area in any way. offered his thoughts on including population in sustainable development discussions. “People are at the centre of The chair of the People and the planet report, Nobel sustainable development. It matters how many people we Laureate Sir John Sulston FRS, spoke at a joint United are, how old we are, and where we live.” Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Royal Society side- event at the Rio negotiations in New York. John stressed As the people and the planet report shows, the world that it is the combination of increasing consumption and is demographically diverse, and different regions of increasing population, along with changing demographic the world are presented with a range of challenges and dynamics, which presents us all with challenges: opportunities as their populations grow or decline, as • Firstly, worldwide there are 1.3 billion people they become more urban or as they age. While policies living in absolute poverty and this must be are not able to influence all of these trends, they are addressed. This will mean that these individuals able to improve the wellbeing of individuals, by planning need to consume more in order to achieve wellbeing. for change and ensuring that good infrastructure and Global inequality must be reduced. support systems are in place. • Secondly, in the most developed and emerging The wellbeing of individuals depends on these critical economies, unsustainable material consumption must be reduced, to ensure a sustainable future for all. . population – consumption – environment links that are therefore an essential component of sustainable development • Thirdly, global population growth should be slowed in a voluntary manner. It is estimated that MORE INFO currently more than 200 million women worldwide The report is available at have an unmet need for family planning. Meeting www.royalsociety.org/policy/projects/people-planet/report/ their needs will require political and financial commitment from the international community. Education and empowerment of women will also play an important role here.8 RIO+20
  11. 11. A generation seeks to mold the future Willice Okoth Onyango National Chairperson, The International Youth Council Kenya Chapter & Co-founder-Kenya Youth Network for Rio+20 and Beyond ‘We do not inherit the earth Prevailing challenges notwithstanding, the majority of youth are eager to contribute meaningfully to sustainability from our ancestors, we borrow it – from former communist bloc nations, to the pluralistic from our children’ goes a Native and capitalist Americas; from the secular, progressive European Union, to the deeply religious Middle East; American Proverb. from tribal Africa to the diversity and energy of Asia. The Rio+20 Summit is an opportunity to improve the wellbeing As world leaders meet to make decisions on our future and social equity of people, while reducing environmental at Rio+20, they must consider that youth have the most risks with young people at the centre. At The International important voice, as the inheritors of the impacts of their Youth Council of Kenya, we have mobilised and provided decisions. Our involvement, participation and leadership young people with a platform to substantively participate are key in the development of climate change mitigation, in the preparatory process for Rio+20, and to share and adaptation, and sustainable development pathways. In identify strategies for tackling sustainable development light of this, it is critical that we retain the relevance of challenges in the country. Through the Council, we are youth voice before, during, and after the Rio+20 Summit. engendering innovations with regard to the transition This requires using targeted communication to decision to a green economy and the institutional framework for makers, defining terms, synthesising information, sustainable development, enhancing good governance, spelling out our vision, assessing the political landscape, and public education towards achieving green economy. coordinating with other stakeholders, strategising our Our ongoing plans for sustainability include: Kenya demands, and magnifying our voice. Ultimately, we aim to National Rio+20 Student Essay Contest; recruitment and increase our efficacy in calling upon the moral conscience empowerment of youth Green Economy Ambassadors of world leaders to move to a development module that in every Kenyan district; awareness building among safeguards the Earth and its people. youth on opportunities available under green economy, involving media in climate change and Rio+20 process; The transition to a green economy is a staircase to community clean-up, and a concert during Global Day of sustainable development. It is critical, and yet pigeonholed Action under a campaign dubbed ‘Rio+YOUth’, Rio+20 by low political will, weak governance structures, lack of Kenya National Youth Music Contest. institutional frameworks for sustainable development, and corporate social irresponsibility. This has led to Rio+20 is a once in a generation opportunity that requires all uncertainty, unpredictability and volatility arising out of stakeholders to agree on sustainable solutions to build the inter-related food, fuel, energy, financial, environmental, future we want. The International Youth Council of Kenya has and climatic crises adversely exacerbating youth been actively involved in the Rio+20 preparatory processes, vulnerability to economic shocks. Our planet’s future including our role drafting the Nairobi Declaration for is in peril from unfulfilled promises. The youth witness Rio+20 together with other youth organisations. firsthand poverty, climate change, harmful pollution, and depleting natural resources. We have watched warning We recently organised The Green Economy Stakeholders signs become reality. The trends and the science tell us Workshop. It offered a perfect opportunity to discuss and that we cannot wait another 20 years, until a Rio+40, identify Kenya’s priorities and expectations for outcomes before we act. The future we want starts NOW. from the Summit, as well as the sustainable development challenges affecting the country, in our efforts ofpic: PictureNarrative transition to a green economy. The workshop aimed to identify green economy needs and ways to support the efforts been made, as well as to share knowledge and learn how to participate, by facilitating the transition and addressing these needs. The workshop, made possible with partnership from the Office of the Prime Minster and Transparency International Kenya, brought together young people, government officials, media, and representatives from CSOs, NGOs, UN Agencies and development partners to help enrich the Green Economy discussions and offer concrete recommendations . 9 RIO+20
  12. 12. Incorporating intergenerational equity within international environmental law Mary Turnipseed National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California The notion of intergenerational My coalition of legal scholars and ecologists have proposed that a widespread but often overlooked equity springs from the idea that it doctrine called the Public Trust Doctrine (PTD) could is unfair for the current generation uniquely provide a legal foundation and implementation framework for achieving intergenerational equity via to limit the choices of future enhanced governmental accountability. The PTD offers generations by destroying natural the simple mandate that governments must manage resources, and it appears throughout common natural resources in the sole interest of their citizens and appears in the laws of many States, including international environmental law. Canada, Eritrea, India, Kenya, Philippines, South Africa, Since the 1972 Stockholm Declaration, Sri Lanka, Uganda, and the United States. Critically, the beneficiaries of the ‘Public Trust’ are both current international environmental and future generations; and governmental trustees may instruments have repeatedly invoked not discriminate in favor of current generations in their decision-making regarding the Trust. the need to protect the interests of future generations. However, doing so By requiring trustees to treat the interests of current and future citizens equally in their decision-making has proven difficult. about common natural resources, the PTD provides a philosophical framework for structuring the relationship Consequently, one of the key topics of conversation leading among generations of citizens, governmental bodies, up to Rio+20 has been how to secure intergenerational and natural resources. Additionally, in States with strong equity in international environmental governance. For PTDs, the doctrine affords citizens a broad suite of rights, example, the 2011 Nobel Laureate Symposium on including the right to access information about the status Global Sustainability discussed the pressing need for the of trust resources, and the right to seek judicial relief international community to explore new institutions to when trustees alienate their duties. “address the legitimate interests of future generations.” Improving accountability of governments to citizens is Because the PTD encompasses both the imperative considered a linchpin in this endeavor. The UN Secretary- of intergenerational equity and the need for greater General’s High level Panel on Global Sustainability governmental accountability to achieve it, the PTD could discussed the intersection of governmental accountability supply a strong legal basis to the proposed establishment and intergenerational equity in the achievement of of an Ombudsperson, or High Commissioner for Future sustainable development: Generations. A bold framework rooted in the notion of ‘Public Trusteeship’ could also contribute key Sustainable development demands substantially increased accountability mechanisms to national and international . levels of accountability – not only for results in the short institutions charged with protecting the rights of future term, but also for the long-term consequences of our generations to functioning ecosystems actions, both for today’s generation and for those who will inherit the world we have left for them. The Zero Draft of the Outcome Document at Rio+20 MORE INFO discusses the need to protect the interests of This article was adapted from Turnipseed, M., J. Berkman, future generations and the possibility of creating M. Blumm, L. Crowder, D. Currie, K. Gjerde, R. Longest, G. an Ombudsperson or High Commissioner for Future Osherenko, P Parenteau, S. Roady, R. Sagarin, P Sand, . . Generations within the United Nations to further this key and M. Wood. 2012. Policy Brief: The Public Trust Doctrine goal. Previously, Principle 10 of the 1992 Rio Principles and RIO+20. also emphasised the role of accountability in achieving sustainable development, by citing the importance of Please direct correspondence to turnipseed@nceas.ucsb.edu. public participation, information sharing, and access to judicial remedy. The Zero Draft reaffirmed the necessity for substantive ‘steps to give further effect to Rio Principle 10 at the global, regional and national level.’10 RIO+20
  13. 13. StartgameCharlie YoungGlobal Changemaker and Harvard student currently working for the New Economics FoundationRio+20 is just another conference. To the detriment of Wellbeing and progress2011, 2012 is meant to be the year the world wakes up from It is common knowledge that GDP is de-coupled from lifeits dopamine stupor and the tide turns. This year, we are satisfaction. We know human connection makes us happy,led to expect, will deliver a sea-change in our relationship material possessions are no substitute. We must providewith the planet. In fact, Shakespeares original use of the time, community structure and space for that to bephrase is more applicable to our context - a slight shift, possible. That means modifying and replacing the metricsor turn, over an extended period of time. And yet what we on which our society measures progress, spreadingneed is systemic change beyond incrementalism, to build employment and working hours, re-skilling the population,institutional capacity, and deconstruct the paranoia that and de-cluttering the mental environment by reducing theholds back ideas from developing into the messy fabric of amount of advertising in public spaces.realpolitik and physical reality. As Einstein reminds us, thephysical reality is after all the only truth we can awaken to. Labour, work and time Ownership of the workplace must be reconsidered ifThe recalcitrant, cantankerous old men whose internal we are to have a just and democratically sustainablemusings drove the latest economic revolution kicking and economy. Mondragon and the Evergreen Projectscreaming from the estate had no such qualms. Milton symbolise the pragmatic utopian benefits of co-operativeFriedman, Friedrich Hayek and their gang of Mont Pelerin culture, while enhancing local participatory democracy. Inscholars wanted their ideas to be globally embraced, but Rios home nation alone, 50m peasants, ex-convicts andhad little time for the childish quibbles of democratic homeless people have formed self-sufficient co-operativeprocess. Successful movements build their support bases communities of engineers, professors, activists, judgesand refine their thinking before trumpeting their ideas. and spiritual leaders. This differential is also heavily impacted by the pay ratio between rich and poor, oneAny theory and practice of change robust enough to Plato said should never exceed 6:1 - which is now at leastfacilitate systemic transformation, requires a rigorous 500:1 in the financial sector.intellectual and clear moral framework and narrative.One built around equity, wellbeing, ecological resilience,plurality and justice. Buckminster Fuller argued that to Politics and agencysupersede a damaging, redundant system, we must make it While overall trust in institutions remains low around theobsolete. The revelations of Occupy, the recent proliferation world, surveys also imply that individual agency over localof new economic think tanks and collaboration between and national decision-making is decreasing. Peoplessocial justice, labour, and environmental organisations are courts, like the crowd-justice that arose from the ashesin the formative stages of doing just that. of the Rwandan genocide, have much to teach any World Environmental Court to combat Ecocide. Crowd-sourcedWe need a coherent movement with a constituency to scientific knowledge and local decision making, along withadvocate for these ideas. the empowerment of community activists will be key to the success of this movement.Finance And the movement is gathering pace. Last month thereThe recent financial crisis has proved not only that was a high level UN summit on happiness and wellbeing,investment and retail banking need to be separated, but the UC Berkeley protests and Harvard Economics walk-outalso that the creation of money is central to any discussion may see the beginnings of an educational revolution in theof long-term social and environmental sustainability. US. Governments are now paying more than lip-service toLocal and democratically controlled production of hard Financial Transaction Taxes, local currencies, measures ofcurrency should be on the agenda at Rio. So should wellbeing and Gross National Happiness.reconnecting currency with physical produce. As William Gibson famously quipped, “The future is alreadyEnvironment here - it’s just not very evenly distributed.”We are passing 3 of the 7 known planetary boundaries,markers of ecological resilience. According to the Stockholm Our responsibility is to engage with this, intellectually,Institute, we are half way across the Rubicon. Ourfrontiersman approach to wilderness, and the appropriationof what is unfettered has driven extractive consumption emotionally and, most importantly, physically in the deepest possible sense. We have great work ahead of us .beyond capacity. We must embrace cradle to cradletechnology, the regionalisation of manufacture, production,and consumption, and reassert our notions of the commonsin the face of coming ecospherical crises. In order tounderstand nature, we need to spend more time in it. 11 RIO+20
  14. 14. Only One Earth Only One Earth, the new book “It is a privilege to review the recent by Felix Dodds & Michael history of a remarkable initiative that Strauss with Maurice Strong, changed attitudes and perceptions, and will be released on 1st June introduced a new approach for determining the future of Planet Earth. Written by outstanding 2012 players that contributed effectively to the success of this major effort, it covers in Forty years after the United detail scientific, diplomatic and strategic Nations Conference on aspects of a process that peacefully brought the Human Environment together all nations.” in Stockholm, the goal of   sustainable development Henrique B. Cavalcanti, Former Federal Minister of continues via the Rio+20 Environment in Brazil. Former Chairman of the UN conference in 2012. This book Commission on Sustainable Development will enable a broad readership to understand what has been "The authors use their intimate experience of achieved in the past forty years and what hasn’t. It shows the UN processes to detail the long and sometimes continuing threat of our present way of living to the planet. painful journey from the Stockholm summit of It looks to the challenges that we face twenty years from the 1972 towards Rio+20 in 2012. The distillation original "Earth Summit" in Rio, in particular in the areas of of history would be useful to anyone new economics and governance and the role of stakeholders. It to the issues. But more important is the puts forward a set of recommendations that the international dissection of the various forces at play, including trade, competitive development, aid community must address now and in the future. It reminds and environmental awareness. Those forces us of the planetary boundaries we must all live within and are still here, and will play a major role in what needs to be addressed in the next twenty years for shaping the path towards global sustainability democracy, equity and justice to survive. Finally it proposes - or not - well beyond Rio." through the survival agenda a bare minimum of what needs to be done, arguing for a series of absolute minimum policy Richard Black, BBC Environment Correspondent changes we need to move forward. Missing voices: green business leaders Martha Shaw Earth Advertising - 360º media speak out about Rio+20 Nearly 100 sustainable business leaders crowded into the of CSRwire, made it clear that these are businesses that 10th floor of the UN Church Center on May 1st, to join have people and planet in their DNA. Around the world are a conversation with Chantal Line Carpentier, Sustainable examples of mission driven business enterprises solving Development Officer & Major Groups Program Coordinator many social and environmental problems, including of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the eradication of poverty. This was compared to the and other UN representatives. restraints of multinational corporations, who are bound by law to act in the best interest of shareholder profits. The topic was ‘Missing Voices’ in the Rio+20 process, in reference to a sustainable business community comprised Many examples were given of supply chain relationships of over 200,000 entrepreneurs, among organisations among green businesses and corporations going green, including American Sustainable Business Council, Social which highlighted that other models do exist for ways Venture Network, Business Alliance for Local Living the world can do business. Speaking engagements at Economies (BALLE), B-Corporation, Green America, and Rio+20 were made, and the group learned more about UN ‘buy local’ green business networks. engagement and post Rio+20. The meeting was hosted by The Temple of Understanding, to David Levine, CEO of the American Sustainable Business explore ways that founders of socially and environmentally Network agreed to consult with its members about joining responsible, ‘triple bottom line’ businesses might bring the Business & Industry Major Group. Tess Mateo, an advisor their voices to Rio+20, and beyond. The definition of a sustainable business was discussed and Joe Sibilia, CEO People Major Groups would also be good allies . to DESA also pointed out that the Women, and Indigenous12 RIO+20
  15. 15. Pledge for a Better PlanetKrushil PatelYouth Coordinator Intern, Zoological Society of London This June, world leaders, government planet for future generations. In 2002, 188 countries promised to significantly reduce the rate of biodiversity officials, the private sector and loss by 2010, but nothing changed. During the ConferenceNGOs will gather in Rio de Janeiro for of the Parties UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) held at Nagoya in October 2010, 193 countries promised Rio+20. This conference will provide to halt the rate of loss by 2020. world leaders and decision makers a platform to discuss urgent issues Pledge for a Better Planet wants to ensure that these promises are turned into binding commitments and that facing the world including social governments are held accountable in meeting the goals. equity, poverty and environmental The Youth Declaration demands a commitment to meet, by 2020, the key targets agreed in Nagoya, particularly: protection. In the build up to, and to reduce or stop the loss of biodiversity, to stop the during, Rio+20, many initiatives extinction of species, to reduce pollution to safe levels, to restore and safeguard ecosystems and the services they and projects are being undertaken provide, to manage and harvest fish sustainably without to involve the participation of damaging the marine environment and ecosystems, to ensure that terrestrial and inland waters and coastal and people from around the world. This marine areas are sufficiently protected and managed contribution is essential to ensure sustainably, and to conserve and restore nature and living organisms so that they can withstand and help to combat that the voice of future generations climate change and desertification. is heard, and accounted for, in the decisions that will be taken. Every generation has an equal right to all plants and animals, and the ecosystems in which they live. It isOceans, biodiversity, ecosystems and conservation are key up to each generation to use the world’s species andareas of discussion during the Rio+20 conference. Oceans ecosystems so as to permit equal use by all generations.are an essential global resource - which helps to combat The excessive use of the earth’s resources is currentlyglobal warming by absorbing 30% of CO2 produced by unsustainable and is adversely affecting all future life.humans and supports over three billion people dependent It is the responsibility of this generation to take the necessary steps to ensure that future generations have .on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods.The Zoological Society of London (ZSL) in partnership the right to a healthy planet. Sign Pledge for a Betterwith Client Earth has produced a Youth Declaration called, Planet to shape the future we want‘Pledge for a Better Planet’, which is looking to gain acommitment from decision makers to put in place and MORE INFOimplement practices that will ensure the right to a healthy To sign the pledge visit www.zsl.org/betterplanetRio+20 Side Event Calendar Date Time Room Title Organisers Towards an Inclusive Green Economy - A think exchange at the second 1:15-2:45 7 Federal Ministry for the Environment, Germany 03 May 2012 round of informal-informal negotiations on the zero draft 1:15-2:45 3 Natural Wealth Accounting World Bank Institute for Plenary Synthesis and Commons Action for 1:15-2:45 3 Creating a sustainable economy: top down and bottom up 04 May 2012 the UN 1:15-2:45 7 UN-Water Report on Water Resources Management for Rio+20 Summit UN WATER, UNEP 13 RIO+20
  16. 16. Reflections on the negotiations - Wednesday, 2nd MayMarion Dahan Naomi KumazawaUnited Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service MGCY/Environmental Partnership CouncilThe US moved to delete the role of States in the promotion of “Only six more days of negotiations…are we ever going to finish?”investments in sustainable tourism, as much of this comes from Concerns were heard everywhere today as the negotiations thisthe private sector. Despite some concerns, the G77 accepted this week have drastically slowed down, largely due to the Co-Chairsdeletion. The EU insisted on the importance of local communities real-time presentations of new text proposals and attempts toand indigenous people, while New Zealand called for a mention come to agreements on the most critical issues for Member States.of cultural tourism in addition to the eco-tourism. Only six negotiating days... 21,000 children will die each day,The US, EU, Kazakhstan, and the G77 stated that they were comfortable adding up to 1,008,000 in the 48 days until the Summit, all fromwith Russia’s proposal to include road safety as an integrated part preventable causes. In the meantime, we are holding back moneyof sustainable development. G77 asked for the deletion of transport and technology for the sake of national interest, in a world thatemissions, which the EU and the US strongly opposed. is divided up by invisible borders, and bracketing the future of those who may not have a future.On Harmony with Nature, the Holy See’s proposal to integratethe language of the Rio Declaration was heavily criticized by I am very grateful for the amount of work Member State delegations,New Zealand, Australia and Canada, who refused to single out the Co-Chairs and the Secretariat are putting into these two weeks. Iany Rio principle. The US, supported by Switzerland, Australia imagine they have endured almost no sleep or rest.and Canada, also proposed to define harmony with nature asa central challenge rather than ‘the most important challenge’. Is this really the best way to achieve the future we want? This is urgent. Urgent because, once we do finally agree on commitmentsOn cities, Korea proposed to replace the mention of ‘slum for active participation of civil society – which was negotiatedupgrading’ with ‘urban regeneration’. The G77 seemed sceptical once again today – we are still at a starting point. Speaking asof this notion, while the EU and the US expressed their will to a member of the Children and Youth Major Group, our senseretain terms. The EU also called for a commitment to improve the of participation is mostly built through trust in individuals. Ourconservation and valorisation of the natural and cultural heritage, involvement and weekly online meetings across borders are notthe revitalisation of historic districts and the rehabilitation of city based on statistics or the categorisation of people, but throughcentres. The US and the G77 asked for clarification on that point. respect of individuals. If a UN High Commissioner for Future Generations is created, it may need time to function effectively,The Women Major Group stressed the need to focus on rural but it is a first step towards change.women, as well as the necessity to strengthen the commitmentson sexual and reproductive rights. Farmers urged governments to What I hope for Rio, is for people to come out of the conferencebetter recognise decent work for fishers. Indigenous Peoples called happy and confident that we will have a sustainable world forfor a clear recognition of the rights of Mother Earth. Lastly, LocalAuthorities expressed their satisfaction about the strong efforts . future generations. So, please, focus on the priorities of the world and its people, and not only the countries. .related to cities, but asked for a greater recognition of local networks,regional planning and the need to develop cohesive territories.Outreach is made possible by the support of