Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 2


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Outreach Magazine: Rio+20 March meetings - Day 2

  1. 1. inside: Taking the Plunge Global Transition Dialogue #2 a multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development outreach. RIO+20 20 March 2012www.outreachlive.org
  2. 2. Taking the Plunge contents. Derek Osborn President, Stakeholder Forum 150 stakeholder representatives gathered Poverty still blights the lives of many people and communities. 1 Taking the Plunge, Global Transition 2012 over the weekend at Pace University for The Neither environmental nor social goals are being met. The 1 Global Transition Dialogue#2, to review progress on the road to Rio and emerging transition to sustainability must be accelerated. What can Rio do to bring this about? Several messages 2 Global Transition Dialogue #2 thinking about the green economy. that have been directed from stakeholders towards the official negotiators were reinforced over the weekend 3 Join us in Mapping a Green and Fair World! All were agreed that sustainable • Clarify the concept and principles development remains the goal - development of the green economy that meets the needs of the present while 4 Global Transition Challenge Papers protecting the health of the planet and • Establish better metrics and indicators for the interests of future generations. The tracking progress towards sustainable greening of the global economy must be development 6 Global Transition Challenge Papers 5 understood not as an end in itself, but • Set more integrated goals and targets for as a way of creating or strengthening the progress on sustainable development by 2030 means or instruments for moving faster • Establish a new framework for corporate social 7 Global Transition Challenge Papers towards a more sustainable pattern of responsibility and reporting so as to encourage development in the future. businesses to operate in a more sustainable way 8 Global Transition Challenge Papers There is not one single global economy, but many different • Guide the flows of public and private investment in the world to support more sustainable projects interconnected regional, national and local economies. and products By the same token, there is not one single blueprint for 9 Profiles. Robert Bakiika, Keneilwe Moseki, Ajay B Mathema greening the economy, but many different green transitions • Pinpoint the kind of fiscal and regulatory changes needed to incentivise more sustainable behaviour needed to suit different local and sectoral situations. 10 Can principles unite armies, roadmaps and waves? 10 by all economic actors • Embed the teaching of sustainable development Greening the economy may be a relatively new term to throughout the world of education and training describe this process, but the various elements of the concept have also been contained within the sustainable • Equity and fairness must be at the heart of any development discourse from the outset – pricing externalities, transition to a new and green economy eliminating perverse subsidies, enforcing regulatory standards, redirecting investment flows, promoting equity The current economic crisis is tending to make and social protection, fulfilling oft-repeated pledges about governments timid and cautious. But the transition to the international co-operation and assistance, recognising green economy is urgent and needs bold and ambitious common but differentiated responsibilities. leadership. Properly managed, these changes will themselves assist the economic recovery everyone desires. What is new is the growing recognition that the pace of Business as usual policies can only lead to failure as usual. OUTREACH IS PUBLISHED BY: change needs to be stepped up. There are already numerous But in many small and encouraging ways, stakeholders Outreach is a multi-stakeholder publication on OUTREACH EDITORIAL TEAM examples of the sustainable development model working climate change and sustainable development. are already showing on the ground that the sustainability well in particular settings and localities. The concept is well transition can, and does, work for the benefit of all. There Outreach is the longest continually produced Editorial Advisors Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum proven, and several encouraging examples were presented is nothing to fear about the green revolution but fear itself. stakeholder magazine in the sustainable Farooq Ullah Stakeholder Forum over the weekend. But far too many of the world’s economies development arena and has been produced at international meetings on the environment, Editor Georgie Macdonald Stakeholder Forum and economic actors are still locked into unsustainable We have been shivering timidly for too long on the brink of including the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) and at COP15 and COP16. Published as a daily edition, in both print Co-editor Editorial Assistant Amy Cutter Leonardo Rocha Stakeholder Forum ANPED patterns of production and consumption. Natural resources are being degraded and depleted. Inequity is increasing. It is warmer in than out. . the sustainability pool. Now is the time to take the plunge. and web form, Outreach provides a vehicle for critical analysis on key thematic topics Print Designer Jessica Wolf Jessica Wolf Design in the sustainability arena as well as a voice Web Designer Thomas Harrisson Stakeholder Forum of regional and local governments, women, MORE INFORMATIONAbout Stakeholder Forum indigenous peoples, trade unions, industry, The Global Transition outcome from Rio +20 that catalyses a global transition youth and NGOs. To fully ensure a multi- Dialogue #2 on the New to an economy that maximises wellbeing, operates withinStakeholder Forum is an international stakeholder perspective, we aim to engage CONTRIBUTING WRITERS CHALLENGE PAPER WRITERS Economy was held as part environmental limits, and is capable of coping andorganisation working to advance sustainabledevelopment and promote democracy at aglobal level. Our work aims to enhance open, a wide range of stakeholders for article contributions and project funding. Derek Osborn Kirsty Stakeholder Forum Stakeholder Forum Tim Jenkins and Andrew Simms; Charles Seaford, Sorcha Mahoney, Mathis Wackernagel, Joy Larson, Réne Ramírez Gallegos; David Woodward, of the Global Transition 2012 Initiative. Global Transition 2012 is an . adapting to global environmental change in an equitable manner. www.globaltransition2012.orgaccountable and participatory international Schneeberger If you are interested in contributing Saamah Abdallah; Sue Riddlestone; Rupert Crilly, international network ofdecision-making on sustainable developmentthrough enhancing the involvement to Outreach, please contact the team Carina Millstone New Economics Institute Aniol Esteban; Viki Johnson, Niclas Hälström; organisations and leading thinkers from the Global Northof stakeholders in intergovernmental (gmacdonald@stakeholderforum.org) Aksel Nærstad; Oliver Greenfield; Simon Zadek; and South. The goal of the Initiative is to achieve an Emily Benson Green Economy Coalitionprocesses. For more information, visit: You can also follow us on Twitter: Anabella Rosemberg with Philip Pearson; 1www.stakeholderforum.org @OutreachLive Guy Shrubsole. RIO+20
  3. 3. Global Transition Dialogue #2 Join us in Mapping a Green and Fair World! Kirsty Schneeberger on the New Economy Carina Millstone Senior Project Officer, Stakeholder Forum Program Director, New Economics Institute Stakeholder Forum and nef (the new economics The Green Economy Coalition has been engaging in a foundation) are working in partnership with the New national dialogue process for the last eighteen months - On March 17th, at the Global Economics Institute and the Green Economy Coalition Nicole Leotaud, Aron Belinky, Vijay Chaturvedi, and José- Transition 2012 dialogue #2 held a to organise a series of Dialogues on the new economy. Arturo Santos from the Coalition were all able to offer Pace University, the New Economics practical examples and share their experiences and stories Institute, the new economics foundation Dialogue # 1 – New York, 13th October 2011: of the flourishing new and green economy on the ground. This one day event, hosted at the New Economics Institute, (nef), Stakeholder Forum and the Green brought together 25 of the lead authors and peer reviewers The first day wrapped up with Oliver Greenfield, Green Economy Coalition launched our Global to discuss the ideas and proposals contained in a set of Economy Coalition; Anabella Rosemberg, ITUC; and Rick Transition to a New Economy Map, to an Challenge Papers, and identify principles for the Global Clugstone, Earth Charter, who in their presentations were Transition to a Green Economy. able to draw upon the experiences offered by the Green enthusiastic audience of 140 delegates Economy Coalition partners and share thinking on the from civil society groups, governments Following the dialogue, a core advocacy group presented overall principles that should guide a transition. and UN agencies. initial findings from the dialogue to the Rio+20 secretariat Other panel discussions focused on ‘enabling conditions’ – UN DESA – as well as G77 missions to the UN and and Daniel Abreu, National Climate Change Council of the The online, open-source map creates a compelling vision we are gathering extensive information on new economy members of the Rio+20 bureau. This was an opportunity Dominican Republic; Paul Dickinson Chairman, Carbon of a green and fair economy, rooted in projects on the projects - their aims, location, size and activities. We plan to test the robustness of the outputs of the dialogue and Disclosure Project; and Fulai Sheng, Senior Economist at ground. It opens a space to share information and best to analyse and share this information in order to celebrate develop the policy aspects of the emerging principles UNEP’s Economics and Trade Branch, offered thoughts on practice, to build the future we want, from the bottom success stories and highlight best practice approaches and policy recommendations that were synthesised into the action that individuals, as well as collectives of people, up. The map capitalises on the momentum created for the new economy. the Global Transition-Green Economy element of the can do to build on the momentum that is gathering pace. through the Global Transition 2012 dialogues, and on the Stakeholder Forum submission to the UN zero draft. opportunities presented by Rio+20, to continue to build a Bob Massie, President and Chief Executive of the New Cameron Allen, UN DESA; and Farooq Ullah, Stakeholder global civil society movement for a new economy. Economics Institute said: “Our map shows that an Dialogue # 2 Forum; each offered a presentation on how the shift to the economy built on the principles of sustainability and On March 17th and 18th the second Dialogue focused new and green economy can be facilitated by a range of Our map shows that an economy geared towards the equity is not only possible, but that it is already coming on the ‘priority areas’, as roughly outlined in the zero tools such as an online ‘knowledge sharing platform’ and creation of a green and fair world is possible and workable, into being all around us. Hastening its arrival is the task draft. The two days were framed by the overall objective ensuring that practices and approaches are aligned in the and that communities and organisations around the world we have set ourselves at the New Economics Institute, and of considering how new economic policy can deliver lead up to Rio+20 - and beyond. Nis Christensen, Chief are already putting in place its foundations, through our Global Transition project with our partners in the UK poverty reduction and create resilient and resource- Advisor to the Danish Government, shared updates on the inspiring, replicable projects. The map showcases and is a key part of this work” efficient sectors and industries. In addition, roundtable EU position going into the informals and Dr Greg Julian celebrates the work of these social change agents and discussions provided a forum for participants to share offered a rousing closing address that hailed the hard work illustrates how small-scale, local, and community projects To get the ball rolling, we have put 600+ projects on the their experiences of transitioning to a new economy and of the participants in building an economy to be proud of. add up to tangible global change. map. We now invite all activists, community groups and showcase their own projects. organisations to share their experience of building the new Global Transition Dialogue #2 Supporting Organisations Our map showcases a myriad of projects, policy and economy by putting their project on the map. We aim to Presentations were offered by many experts and The Global Transition 2012 coordinating team is practices, including cooperatives and social enterprises, put 2012 projects on the map to take with us to Rio+20, practitioners in the field, including Veerle Vanderweed, extremely grateful to all the support that has been local currencies, municipalities measuring wellbeing, and show governments what the new economy looks like! Director of the Group of Energy and Environment, UNDP shown in preparation for the Dialogue. Many people community energy micro-generation, green skills training, who offered a very interesting perspective on the ways have contributed their time, expertise, thoughts and and many more. Rooted in their locality and responding Join us on Thursday 22nd March for a drinks reception in which the transition is already underway in many suggestions; and the programme and panel discussions to local need, these projects vary greatly, and highlight at our New York office, where New Economics Institute places around the world; and Liz Thompson, Executive were all the more interesting for this shared knowledge. how our common path to a green and fair world takes staff will be on hand to provide training about how to Coordinator, Rio+20 who reminded participants of the different forms in the Global North and Global South, and use the map, including navigating entries and uploading responsibility they had to future generations in leaving a The first and second Global Transition Dialogues, within countries. Common to all the projects is their role your own projects. legacy of a new and green economy. including supporting participants from the global south, in challenging business as usual, and their contribution have been made possible by the generous support of the to the systemic transformation of nine key economic and The event will be held at the New Economic Institute, 437 Other speakers included Tara Rao, Danish 92 group; Viki VELUX Foundations; and the broader initiative activities societal areas, which we see as critical in building a green Madison Avenue, Floor 37 from 5.30-7.30pm. Johnson, Head of Energy and Climate, new economics are made possible by the generous support of the Ford and fair world. These include: Citizens and Communities, foundation; and Soledad Ghione, Latin American Center Foundation and the EU. The venue and catering was kindly Currencies, Finance, Global Justice, Governance, Local To view and use the map please visit www.gtne.org or write . of Social Ecology presenting on how a green economy co-sponsored by Pace University, NYC. Economies, Models and Metrics, The Commons, and to us at globaltransition@neweconomicsinstitute.org for can genuinely deliver poverty eradication and be a vehicle Enterprise and Ownership. more information for sustainable development; reinforcing the view that a The full Dialogue #2 information pack, including background business as usual scenario with a hint of ‘green’ would papers and the full list of speakers and participants is . In addition to showcasing new economy initiatives, the not be sufficient. available here: www.globaltransition2012.org/dialogues/global-transition map also provides a platform for knowledge-sharing. It ABOUT THE AUTHOR -dialogue-2-on-the-new-economy-resources offers a space for groups, organisations and activists to Carina Millstone is a Program Director at the New signpost resources and share tips with others engaged Economics Institute, a US non-profit organisation based in similar projects, or those thinking about starting in New York City that combines vision, theory, action, and projects in their communities. Through this exchange, communication to effect a transition to a new economy.2 3 RIO+20 RIO+20
  4. 4. Global Transition Challenge Papers The Global Transition 2012 initiative has commissioned a series of Global Inequality: Why we need a plenty line peer reviewed challenge papers on key themes of the Green Economy. David Woodward, Saamah Abdallah The challenge paper themes were selected to develop a clear This paper proposes the establishment of a ‘plenty least some European countries. So, while we cannot yet perspective on the emerging priority areas for Rio+20 including: line’ as a counterpart to the poverty line, as a means identify where the plenty line lies with great precision, Beyond GDP, Global Inequality, One Planet Living, The Blue Economy, of focusing public and political attention on the issue it seems clear that there is one. This is consistent with of over-consumption. In other words, is there a level research in the United States which showed that there Energy, Food Security, Global trade, Global finance, Employment and of income such that people with incomes above this was no increase in well-being (defined in terms of skills, and Natural Capital. level have minimally greater well-being than those with affect) once household incomes reached $75,000. incomes at this level? This suggests a case for policies designed to limit the Snapshots of the challenge papers can be seen below. The paper presents indicative evidence for the existence growth of incomes beyond societal plenty lines – primarily The full papers can be accessed on the Global Transition 2012 website: of ‘plenty lines’ ranging between household incomes higher incomes in developed countries (but also those www.globaltransition2012.org/challenge-papers/ of $35,000 and $107,000 in six Western European of elites, particularly in highly unequal middle-income countries (and at $20,000 in one Eastern European developing countries). However, the implications of the country), where well-being is defined in terms of life plenty line concept potentially reach much further. By satisfaction. While the reliability of these findings for highlighting – and potentially allowing us to quantify – Green Economy: Charting the path individual countries is limited by the sample sizes, the fact that in only one of 22 countries (Switzerland) do the the divergence between total income and societal well- being, the plenty line has the potential to provide a to the global transition to a green economy . data appear clearly inconsistent with the existence of basis for a whole new economics, directed towards the an (overall income) plenty line at some level of income achievement of our ultimate goals as society and not would appear to suggest that such a line exists in at merely the maximisation of total production. Tim Jenkins and Andrew Simms Two decades after the Earth Summit in 1992, attempts transition plan that puts countries on paths to operate to govern, sustainably, the global environment and within planetary boundaries, and on timescales manage the world economy without destabilising sufficiently quick to preserve key, ecological life support pic: Benjamin Chan crises, are hopelessly disconnected. Since the functions; don’t start from a growth perspective; agree original Earth Summit conference, we have lived to develop and implement new measures of economic with an economic model based on debt-fuelled over success; commit to reduce income and wealth consumption that co-exists with vast levels of poverty inequalities between and within nations; put fiscal and inequality. Comparable dynamics are visible in policy and public expenditure centre stage in managing most economic sectors. Many working in the fields economic transition; and recapture the financial sector of environment and development now find that for the public good. Other worlds are possible but . systematic problems require a systemic solution. the task is to shape and fashion them in the course of the next decade before ‘business-as-usual’ locks in This paper puts forward 6 challenges to lay the catastrophic climatic upheaval. foundations for systemic change: Develop a national Beyond GDP: Measuring our progress One Planet Living: How to transition to a green and fair Charles Seaford, Sorcha Mahoney, Mathis Wackernagel, Joy Larson, Réne Ramírez Gallegos economy and stay within planetary boundaries For decades governments have allowed a single indicator, • Amend their national accounting systems to Sue Riddlestone Gross Domestic Product (GDP), to assume dominance align what they measure with what really as the critical measure of a nation’s progress. It is now matters, and If everyone lived the global middle class lifestyle of leaders should agree to recognise planetary boundaries widely accepted by politicians and officials across the London or Shanghai, we would need three planets to in world with a large, growing human population and • Use those measures as a guide for policy world that we must move beyond GDP and recognise it support us. And yet, the average citizen of Bangladesh commit to take action through a multilateral framework and political action. for what it is – a measure of economic exchange consumes the equivalent of just a third of a planet. In to enable the world to define and deliver a safe . this paper we argue that what we need is One Planet operating space within the time frame that science This paper focuses on ways of measuring environmental Once governments move beyond GDP to measure Living, a way of life that engenders happy healthy lives and morality tell us is necessary. Key components of sustainability and well-being, and offers a view from the what matters, they can turn their attention to the within a fair share of the world’s resources, whilst leaving this multilateral framework would include: Global and global South which combines both of these. The authors equally important business of ensuring that these new sufficient space for wildlife and wilderness. Sustainable national roadmaps to enable citizens to achieve One call for governments around the world to: measures are used as the basis of policy and political communities and businesses around the world show Planet Living supported by a new ‘Intergovernmental . . action. Then, the global community can be hopeful that how One Planet Living is attractive and achievable. And, Panel on Resources’; a peer-reviewed ‘Solutions Bank’; lives really will improve and that improvements are a simple approach and framework makes it easy to and a raft of policy solutions to support the transition made within environmental limits. deliver. We argue that at The Earth Summit 2012, world to a One Planet Living with a fair and green economy.4 5 RIO+20 RIO+20
  5. 5. Global Transition Challenge Papers Snapshots of the challenge papers can be seen below. The full papers can be accessed on the Global Transition 2012 website: www.globaltransition2012.org/challenge-papers/ Blue Economy: Fishing Public Resources For Public Benefit Managing Natural Capital: One part of a big picture Oliver Greenfield The natural world has a lot to teach us. Above all, it environment and economy. The logic is that we can have Rupert Crilly, Aniol Esteban teaches us about systems and cycles; that altering one ‘more environment’ if we are prepared to put up with The marine world has been a cornerstone of human weighed against each other based on their economic, component of a system, however small, can have wider ‘less economy’, or we can have ‘less environment’ if economic activity for centuries. Once the realm of social and environmental impacts, particularly with an implications within and beyond a given cycle. Human we want a bigger economy. The traditional economic inexhaustible abundance, the Blue Economy has emphasis on sustainability. To make them comparable, society, the planet and the economy are all systems world view that dominates the political spectrum is become one of scarcity and unsustainable human it can be helpful to monetise these impacts using an and are all bound together in intricate relationships. based on infinite resources, substitution, and ultimately impacts. Fisheries, for example, are plagued by extended cost-benefit analysis framework. We illustrate Only when we begin to understand this bigger picture this trade-off between environment and economy. endemic overfishing, discarding, and an increasingly this with a case study of cod fishing in the North Sea, can we tackle the systemic problems facing us. inefficient and subsidy-dependent fishing industry. where the principles are equally applicable not just In this paper we take a systemic view of natural capital and Marine resources, from fish to broader ecosystem in global fisheries but all marine resources. With a Economic theory (and common sense) tells us that the role that it plays in sustaining the human species and services, should be used for public benefit. Using complete picture of their associated impacts, economic when something is valuable, and it is free, its use our economic system. Taking stock of the solutions being . profits or financial returns alone rarely serve as activities and their public resource, requirements can tends to infinity - this explains why trees, biodiversity, offered by current economic thinking, the paper posits complete indicators of an activity’s public value, and then be planned to ensure the most beneficial ones are freshwater and atmospheric space for carbon are the role of green economy in transforming the current can in some cases be entirely misleading. Alternative prioritised with access to marine resources. all being used ‘like there is no tomorrow’. It also trajectory and considers what is necessary to ensure that uses of marine resources must be independently . assumes that when something is exhausted (or too the operating system on which we all depend continues to expensive), a substitute is almost certain to be found. provide people, communities and all economic activity with a safe space in which to exist. Economic theory then takes this substitution concept up to a macro level and thinks of the ‘trade-off’ between Global Trade & Outsourced Emissions in the Green Economy Guy Shrubsole pic: UN Photo/Milton Grant Outsourced emissions are a major loophole in current between states and regions, would come to replace Free efforts to tackle climate change and build a green Trade Areas and build mutually-agreed carbon constraints economy. International flows of carbon embedded in into the terms of trade. Energy Resources and Services: Achieving universal access to trade have grown considerably since the original Rio summit, with developed northern nations benefiting Clean Trade Agreements would aim to halt the ‘race to energy and a low carbon, high well-being economy unjustly from effectively outsourcing pollution to the bottom’ witnessed as globalisation has unfolded – . developing southern states. where industry invariably migrates to regions with the least stringent environmental regulations – and reverse Viki Johnson, Niclas Hälström At Rio+20, the world needs to agree to the principle of the growth in outsourced emissions. Three perspectives frame this challenge paper: 1) energy Further, we propose a bold, transformative approach Clean Trade Agreements. These arrangements, negotiated is at the very core of sustainable development, and not to set up a global programme of national feed-in just a sector among others; 2) the combined challenges of inadequate access to energy among the world’s poor, tariffs formulated by UN-DESA and supported by an increasing number of organisations. We argue that: Food Security: The earth summit 2012 should give strong the imperative to avoid climate catastrophe and the need to deal with rising and volatile energy prices require • Public policies can help produce a decline in support to small scale sustainable agriculture Aksel Nærstad an unprecedented, fundamental transformation of the the global price of renewable energy that will Agriculture is the main problem in the nexus of food through traditional forms of agriculture, and are now world’s energy system, and 3) that there are technological make it affordable within a decade. security. Industrial food systems and other unsustainable more relevant than ever. They can be combined, if solutions that already exist that can effectively tackle practices are causing dramatic environmental damage, appropriate, with latest knowledge on agro-ecology • A ‘big push’ in investment to scale up renewable these challenges over the course of 10-15 years. including reduction of biodiversity and soil fertility, and other forms of sustainable production. Small scale energy will lead to rapid cost reduction, technology improvement, and learning by doing. overuse and pollution of water, and are substantially food producers provide the food for about 70% of The wide development benefit from access to modern contributing to climate change. These kinds of the population today, and small scale agro-ecological This will generate a ‘virtuous cycle’ of energy services, specifically electricity, implies this is food systems and food production undermine the and other forms of sustainable agriculture and food additional investment, economic growth, a vital social investment. As such, increased access possibilities for producing enough healthy food for production, developed in the framework of food employment generation, etc. to modern energy services should not be assessed on current and future generations. At the same time sovereignty, can just the financial costs and benefits alone, but rather a • In the first decade, investments will have to be these industrial food systems impoverish millions framework that takes into account the multiple additional subsidized through globally funded guarantees of small-scale food producers, create increasingly • eliminate most of the hunger and poverty, benefits and/or costs of different energy sources. In this or price supports (e.g. feed-in tariffs). The ‘virtuous large waves of poverty, hunger and migration, and paper, we argue that it is not simply access to energy cycle’ will then make renewable energy the • drastically reduce climate change and its cause health problems at a large scale. There are one services that matters, but how that access is delivered default option for new energy investment worldwide. impact, restore biodiversity, soil fertility and billion people food insecure, but at the same time from the planning, installation and operation stage. water resources, • Price supports will be complemented by a global abundant, unhealthy foods and diets are affecting at extension program: research, technical, and least 2 billion people, causing obesity, heart disease, • improve livelihoods and provide rewarding policy support designed to accelerate the process. cancer, type 2 diabetes and other diseases, and serious employment for billions of people, Energy, and the kind of solutions outlined here, must be at the centre of the Earth Summit 2012 process. . pandemics are likely to occur in the near future. Agriculture can also be the main solution. Viable food • produce enough, high quality, diverse and nutritious food for 9 billion people or more. . systems have evolved and adapted over millennia,6 7 RIO+20 RIO+20
  6. 6. Global Transition Challenge Papers Robert Bakiika profiles. Global Finance and Banking: What are the key elements of the green economy project or initiative you are involved in? What do you believe should be achieved at Rio+20 in terms of the green economy in the context of sustainable Shaping a public fiduciary for financial markets development and poverty eradication? Inclusion, awareness and poverty reduction. Simon Zadek At Rio+20, a framework of action for implementing Current financial market reform efforts have focused on of remuneration, investors’ fiduciary arrangements, Based on your experience at the national/local level, in green economy initiatives should be achieved. securing stable and resilient financial markets. The public investment principles of sovereign wealth funds, sovereign what ways are green economy initiatives helping the lives There should be no more diversions on issues of Nationality: Uganda purpose of financial markets, however, concerns the and corporate credit rating methods, fiscal interventions definitions, but a focus on how to help developing . Country of residence: of the poorest communities? countries initiatives achieve poverty reduction and resilience of the broader economic, social and ecological and transparency requirements. These proposals are all systems within which financial markets operate, a based on existing practice that demonstrates technically Uganda improve human wellbeing. The economies are showing potential to provide purpose largely ignored in the current policy debate feasibility and indications of likely impacts. Current Position: Deputy more decent jobs and improve livelihoods, though and practice. Sustainable investing has demonstrated Executive Director, public investment in these initiatives is still low. proof of concept but will not have systemic impacts in Advancing such an extensive, high-impact programme to Environmental its current forms and trajectories. Needed is a ‘public secure an alignment of financial markets to sustainability Management for fiduciary’ for financial markets that reflects more outcomes clearly requires further debate and analysis. Livelihood Improvement effectively the interests of existing, intended beneficiaries and also those without influential voice: future Crucially, its implementation raises profound governance issues resulting from the political influence of financial Bwaise Facility Keneilwe Moseki generations, excluded communities and natural capital. market actors, and associated and competitive constraints to co-ordinated action. Financial market What are the key elements of the green economy project based natural resource management with rural Advancing a public fiduciary for the world’s invested reform requires action on governance internationally if communities, doing hands on projects with fisheries, financial assets would require a multi-faceted programme serious progress is to be made in the face of plain-to-see or initiative you are involved in? . organic horticulture and sustainable agriculture, as of policy interventions, including fiscal, regulatory and threats and practice of regulatory arbitrage by leading well as conservation of water features and other voluntary. Described here are six high-potential policy actors in today’s financial markets. I’m the former Sector Coordinator for a civil society extractive industries. In Botswana, outreach on proposals focused on changes in fund managers’ basis group of NGOs under Environment and Agriculture, the Green Economy has just formally begun - two and currently a Board Secretary of Botswana major workshops have been held with the most Nationality: Botswana . Community based organisations network. Our pic: Gavin Mackintosh role at BOCOBONET is to domesticate community relevant stakeholders, including Government, the Country of residence: private sector and civil society. Botswana Current Position: Chief Executive Officer, Ajay B Mathema Somarelang Tikologo Green and Decent Jobs and Skills: What are the key elements of the green economy project What do you believe should be achieved at Rio+20 in a step towards sustainable development Nationality: Nepali or initiative you are involved in? terms of the green economy in the context of sustainable Country of residence: development and poverty eradication? Anabella Rosemberg with Philip Pearson Nepal One of the prerequisites of the green economy When leaders meet in Rio de Janeiro for the Earth Summit Generating millions of new green and decent jobs is safeguarding environment. We at AEMS/ • Commitments from governments with concrete Current Position: Executive SchEMS have started a process of reviewing in June this year, unemployment, precarious work and and transforming existing ones into more greener and plans to implement green economy in their Director, Asian Center for Nepal’s initiatives of integrating environment inequality will be central to their domestic agendas. At more decent ones could be one of the most positive respective countries. Environment Management into the development process and procedures. the same time, global environmental change is increasing consequences of a Rio+20 summit. This agenda could • Formation of an efficient/effective multilateral and Sustainable Environment was officially addressed by the stress on the most vulnerable, affecting all domains of kick start the Global Transition, giving people hope body that could support governments in Development, Nepal Government of Nepal about 30 years ago. We society. If the Summit is going to deliver for people, it needs about the positive impacts of a more sustainable society, implementing green economy. to take all these elements into account. It will also need to particularly those suffering from poverty, precarious think it is the right time to look back at Nepal • Adaptation of academic programs to include take concrete steps that will lead to changes on the ground. employment or unemployment. experiences and build further on more efficiently the green economy as part of their curricula – addressing the environmental issues. in order to prepare skilled human resources – The proposal presented in this Challenge Paper calls on all A green/decent job pledge would also be part of a as well undertaking of on-the-job training. governments to take a country-based ‘policy package’ to solution to environmental and social imbalances created In October 2012, together with the Government • Implementation of ‘Green GDP’ to monitor the Rio+20. This should include a target on decent job creation by the current unsustainable production mode. This of Nepal, IIED and UNEP we carried out a , progress of green economy. in the next 5-10 years, achieved by environmentally- would occur by driving a new kind of investments in national environmental mainstreaming workshop • An awarding system for the countries following friendly investments and regulations accounting for 2% of GDP and a series of social and decent work policies , which will ensure green jobs contribute to workers’ and model of development. . developing countries whilst giving them access to a new in Pokhara, Nepal. We have also prepared a country paper ‘Environmental Mainstreaming in Nepal: An overview of initiatives and experiences’ . this path, (and also punishments for those who ignore it). communities’ prosperity. and a workshop report ‘Safeguarding the future, securing Shangrila’ have been prepared. Now we are preparing to organise a Regional Workshop of8 9 Environmental Mainstreaming for Green Economy RIO+20 in the first week of May 2012. RIO+20
  7. 7. Can principles unitearmies, roadmaps and waves?Emily BensonProject Manager, Green Economy Coalition‘Transition’ is defined as ‘movement, passage, or change fromone position, state, to another’. So, what might the transitionpathway from our current economy (one characterised by ourdependence on fossil fuels, dominance of the financial marketsand increasing inequality) - to an alternative economic model(founded on renewable energies, a different relationship to thenatural world, and one that explicitly tackles equity), look like?This was the question at the heart of the Global TransitionDialogue held last weekend in preparation for the UNCSDIntersessional. For some, the transition is a ‘battle ground’ and,as revolutionaries, we need to arm ourselves with weapons of The Rio+20 negotiations are unearthing fault lines – old andwar to cut off the life blood of the enemy lines. For others, new. Thorny issues, such as fears of trade protectionism onthe transition is a more orderly, more strategic, affair – like a the part of developing countries, the implications of subsidyroadmap. While for others, the global transition is more akin to reform for different sectors or the role of the private sector asa groundswell of energy, a ‘crest of a wave’, which will propel a threat or a delivery agent of sustainable development, are atus into a better future. So, with less than 100 days to Rio, is the forefront of the negotiations. Many of these issues do notthere any evidence of a transition? have easy or win-win solutions. The recent example of fossil fuel subsidy reform in Nigeria - which resulted in riots amongstOur national dialogues have shown us that something exciting the poorest of society for whom these subsidies were vital tois already underway across the world. From rural electrification making ends meet - provides a vivid example of the complexity- using renewable energy in remote parts of India or solar of the problems we face.energy solutions for social housing in Brazil (My House/My Life)- to innovative natural resource management schemes in the So, if the transition to a green and fair economy involves manyCaribbean. Communities may not see themselves as the armies different pathways, with some very bumpy sections and aof a global transition but they are certainly leading the charge multitude of different threats, then how can we stay united andfor more resilient and equitable economies. focused? If do need to steel ourselves with ‘maps’ or ‘weapons’, then let those be a shared set of principles. A green economyEvery country around the world has its own set of ecological, must be one founded on equity, justice, ecological limits,economic and cultural contexts, so the pathway towards inclusion and poverty eradication. Such principles can helpachieving a different economic structure will be unique. The forge a shared vision of progress and a common understandingrange of policy tools under discussion at Rio+20 - from fiscal of an alternative economic order.reform, sustainable public procurement, fossil fuel subsidyreform, payment for ecosystem services, to full cost accounting, The Green Economy Coalition is running an online consultationcapacity building initiatives and green job targets - is testament to hear what you think about the principles of a green economyto the sheer diversity of different approaches that can be taken. org/updates/9-principles-green-economy-online-consultation . – do check it out and do add your voice: www.greeneconomycoalition. Outreach is made possible by the support of Outreach is printed on FSC paper