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Low Vision: A Guide for Educators

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Low Vision: A Guide for Educators

  1. 1. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Low Vision:Developed by:Julie Garden-Robinson, Ph.D., R.D., L.R.D., Food and Nutrition SpecialistSherri Stastny, Ph.D., R.D., C.S.S.D., L.R.D., Assistant Professor, Health, Nutrition and Exercise SciencesCasey Kjera, R.D., Program Assistant (former)Krystle McNeal, R.D., Program Assistant (former)Stacy Wang, R.D., L.R.D., Extension AssociateA Guide for Educators
  2. 2. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Support and review of this project was provided by:• A Healthy Vision Community Grant from theNational Eye Institute in collaboration with theNorth Dakota Optometric Association• Dr. Michael Ranum,Low-vision Specialist, Dakota Eye Institute• Susan Ray-Deggs,NDSU College of Human Development andEducation
  3. 3. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|What is low vision?Adapting theenvironmentOverview
  4. 4. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|What is low vision?
  5. 5. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|20/70 to 20/400Cannot be corrected withglasses, contact lenses or surgeryInterferes with daily activitiesLow Vision
  6. 6. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|What is having lowvision like?20/70 20/200 20/400Photo courtesy of theCao Thang International Eye Hospital
  7. 7. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Symptoms• Loss of central vision• Loss of visual field• Loss of color vision• Loss of ability to adjust to glare• Loss of ability to see in dark areas
  8. 8. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|CausesMaculardegenerationCataractsGlaucomaDiabeticretinopathy
  9. 9. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|NormalVisionPhoto courtesy ofthe National EyeInstitute
  10. 10. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|MacularDegenerationPhoto courtesy ofthe National EyeInstitute
  11. 11. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|CataractsPhoto courtesy ofthe National EyeInstitute
  12. 12. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|GlaucomaPhoto courtesy ofthe National EyeInstitute
  13. 13. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|DiabeticRetinopathyPhoto courtesy ofthe National EyeInstitute
  14. 14. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Risk FactorsUncontrolled diabetesPoor diet and obesitySmokingPoor health habitsAging
  15. 15. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Statistics3.5 million Americanshave low vision180 million peopleworldwide have low visionThe number of peopleaffected is expected todouble in the coming years
  16. 16. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Presenting to Thosewith Low Vision
  17. 17. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font Styles•Do not useBroadwayNo•Do not use LucidaCalligraphyNo
  18. 18. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font: PrintGeorgiaCourierNewTimes NewRomanArialBookmanOld Style
  19. 19. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font: ProjectingArial TahomaVerdanaCenturyGothic
  20. 20. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font Size: Print• Do not use12-pointNo• Do not use14-pointNo• 16- to 18-point fontis bestYes
  21. 21. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font Size:Projecting• Use at least32-point fontYes• Use at least36-point fontfor titlesYes
  22. 22. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Font Style• ItalicizedNo• StandardNo• BoldYes
  23. 23. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Color: PrintBlack letterson a whitebackground areideal for printedhandouts/brochures.
  24. 24. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Color: ProjectionWhite letters on ablack backgroundare easiest to read.
  25. 25. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|ColorColored letters on acolored backgroundare very hard toread.
  26. 26. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|DocumentAdaptationAllow extra space between lines of textAvoid shiny or glossy paperLimit the use of ALL CAPSUse a standard format
  27. 27. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Controlling GlareCover windows withblinds or drapesUse shadeson lamps
  28. 28. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Things to Note:The best method isto ask individualswhat the easiestway is for them tolearn.
  29. 29. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Remember This?DiabeticRetinopathy
  30. 30. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Peanut ButterSandwich andGlass of WaterChallenge!
  31. 31. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Resourceshttp://aota.org/Consumers/consumers/Adults/LowVision/35190.aspxhttp://nei.nih.gov/lowvisionhttp://ndvisionservices.comhttp://ndipat.orghttp://lowvisionchef.comwww.shoplowvision.comhttp://assistivetech.nethttp://ameds.com/daily-living-aids/eating-aids/adaptive-eating-utensils.html
  32. 32. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|Resourceshttp://Lowvision.orghttp://lighthouse.org/navhwww.visionaware.orgwww.lowvision.com/tipswww.afb.org/section.aspx?FolderID=2&SectionID=4&DocumentID=1452cclvi.org/large-print-guidelines.htmlwww.goingblindmovie.com: “Going Blind: Coming Out ofthe Dark About Vision Loss”
  33. 33. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|References• Adam R, and Pickering D. Where are all the clients? Barriers to referral for low visionrehabilitation. Visual Impairment Research. 2007;(9):45-50.• American Academy of Ophthalmology. 2001. There is hope for those with age-related maculardegeneration. Retrieved Nov. 13, 2004 from www.medem.com/medlb.• Holbrook EA, Caputo JL, Perry TL, Fuller DK, Morgan DW. Physical activity, bodycomposition, and perceived quality of life of adults with visual impairments. Journal of VisualImpairment & Blindness. 2009;103:17–29.• Kammer R, et al. Survey of optometric low vision rehabilitation training methods for themoderately visually impaired. Optometry. 2009;(80):185-192.• Lamoureux E, et al. The effectiveness of low-vision rehabilitation on participation in daily livingand quality of life. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2007;(48):1476-1482.• LowVisionFAQ.www.washington.edu/doit/Faculty/Strategies/Disability/Vision/low_vision_faq.html• Mamer L, et al. Food experiences and eating patterns of visually impaired and blind people.Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice & Research. 2009;(70)1:13-18. CINAHL Plus with FullText. Web. May 31, 2012.• Marinoff R. Referral patterns in low vision: a survey of mid-south tri-state eye care providers.Journal of Behavioral Optometry. 2012;(23):9-15.
  34. 34. P: 555.123.4568 F: 555.123.4567123 West Main Street, New York,NY 10001www.rightcare.com|References• Massof R. Low vision and blindness: changing perspective and increasing success. BrailleMonitor. 2006;(49)10:40-43. Web. June 6, 2012.https://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/bm/bm06/bm0610/bm061005.htm.• Misiano J. Low vision requires innovative prevention and treatment strategies. Ocular SurgeryNews. 2008;(26)2:41-42. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. Web. May 31, 2012.• National Eye Institute. www.nei.nih.gov• Pizzimenti J. Low vision rehabilitation for persons living with retinal disease. Presentation atthe North Dakota Optometric Congress, Bismarck, N.D. September 2012.• Pizzimenti J. The eye in obesity. Presentation at the North Dakota OptometricCongress, Bismarck, N.D. September 2012.• Ray-Deggs S. Peer review lighting and kitchen. Presentation at the North Dakota OptometricCongress, Bismarck, N.D. September 2012.• Russell-Minda E, Jutai JW, Strong G, Campbell KA, Gold D, Pretty L, Wilmot L. The legibilityof typefaces for readers with low vision: a research review. Journal of Visual Impairment andBlindness. 2007;(101):402-415.• Wilkin C. Designing educational programs for older adults. University of Florida IFASExtension. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy631 Publication Date: 2008. Accessed May 5, 2013• World Blind Union and Cornell University ILR School. PowerPoint accessibility.http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1299&context=gladnetcollect.Publication Date: 2006. Accessed Sept. 10, 2012.

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